Abstract

We present a practical wide-field optical design for a 60 m aperture submillimeter telescope, which is currently under conceptual design study in China. The telescope is specified to operate over a wavelength range of 0.65–3 mm and provide a wide field of view (FOV) of 1° in diameter. We designed an F/6 Ritchey Chrétien (RC) system with a quasi-planar tertiary corrector, which cancels all spherical, coma, and astigmatism aberrations. It also achieves a good balance among the mirror sizes, central obscuration, and focal-plane curvature. The problems of focal surface curvature and nontelecentricity are treated in the subfield instrumental design, which employs a simple silicon wedge prism to obtain flat and telecentric focal planes for each subfield instrument module. Our studies show that by such a design, more than ${{10}^5}$ detector pixels can be efficiently and uniformly fed at the shortest wavelength band with Strehl ratios above 0.85 across the entire 1° FOV. Several practical issues related to the telescope optics are also discussed.

© 2020 Optical Society of America

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