Abstract

The large normal dispersion of the fundamental mode (TEn=1 mode) in the whispering gallery modes (WGM) microsphere is detrimental to the visible comb generation. Herein, we demonstrate that this fundamental limitation can be removed by considering the high-order radial modes (TEn=2 mode) of the hybrid microsphere cavity (HMC). The studied HMC consists of a high-refractive-index coating (TiO2 or HfO2) and silica microsphere. The simulated electric field energy distribution and measured Q value in our experiment show that optical confinement of the coating effectively excites the TEn=2 mode and reduces the free spectral range (FSR) and modal dispersion. In addition, the observed redshift of WGM and decreased trend of FSR are in accordance with simulations. The zero-dispersion wavelength can be linearly shifted to a shorter wavelength or even into the visible region with the reduction of coating thickness or refractive index and larger microcavity, which advances the visible comb generation.

© 2019 Optical Society of America

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