Abstract

Because the underwater channel environment is complicated, it is difficult to do an actual experiment in the ocean to analyze the performance of underwater wireless optical communication (UWOC) systems. In this study, the spot-expansion characteristics and time-domain broadening characteristics of underwater wireless optical signals are simulated and analyzed by a Monte Carlo statistical method. Thus, what we believe is an improved underwater channel transmission-attenuation model and time-domain broadening model based on UWOC are proposed, so the transmission distance characteristics of the UWOC system are obtained by combining the system parameters, and the transmission-rate characteristics can be analyzed by using the Shannon-Hartley theorem. The results show that the transmission distance is linear with the receiver sensitivity, and the transmission rate decays exponentially with the transmission distance and is limited by the receiver sensitivity in the UWOC system.

© 2019 Optical Society of America

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