Abstract

To realize a real-time interactive holographic three-dimensional (3D) display system, we synthesize a set of 24 full high-definition (HD) binary computer-generated holograms (CGHs) based on a 3D fast-Fourier-transform-based approach. These 24 CGHs are streamed into a digital micromirror device (DMD) as a single 24-bit image at 60 Hz: 1440 CGHs are synthesized in less than a second. Continual updates of the CGHs displayed on the DMD and synchronization with a rotating mirror enlarges the horizontal viewing zone to 360° using a time-division approach. We successfully demonstrate interactive manipulation, such as object rotation, rendering mode switching, and threshold value alteration, for a medical dataset of a human head obtained by X-ray computed tomography.

© 2019 Optical Society of America

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References

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2018 (1)

2017 (1)

H. Araki, N. Takada, S. Ikawa, H. Niwase, Y. Maeda, M. Fujiwara, H. Nakayama, M. Oikawa, T. Kakue, T. Shimobaba, and T. Ito, “Fast time-division color electroholography using a multiple-graphics processing unit cluster system with a single spatial light modulator,” Chin. Opt. Lett. 15, 26722–26733 (2017).

2016 (3)

2015 (1)

2014 (2)

2013 (4)

2012 (1)

2009 (1)

Araki, H.

H. Araki, N. Takada, S. Ikawa, H. Niwase, Y. Maeda, M. Fujiwara, H. Nakayama, M. Oikawa, T. Kakue, T. Shimobaba, and T. Ito, “Fast time-division color electroholography using a multiple-graphics processing unit cluster system with a single spatial light modulator,” Chin. Opt. Lett. 15, 26722–26733 (2017).

Barada, D.

Chang, E.-Y.

Choo, H.-G.

Clark, K.

K. Clark, B. Vendt, K. Smith, J. Freymann, J. Kirby, P. Koppel, S. Moore, S. Phillips, D. Maffitt, M. Pringle, L. Tarbox, and F. Prior, “The Cancer Imaging Archive (TCIA): maintaining and operating a public information repository,” J. Digit. Imaging 26, 1045–1057(2013).
[Crossref]

Freymann, J.

K. Clark, B. Vendt, K. Smith, J. Freymann, J. Kirby, P. Koppel, S. Moore, S. Phillips, D. Maffitt, M. Pringle, L. Tarbox, and F. Prior, “The Cancer Imaging Archive (TCIA): maintaining and operating a public information repository,” J. Digit. Imaging 26, 1045–1057(2013).
[Crossref]

Fujiwara, M.

H. Araki, N. Takada, S. Ikawa, H. Niwase, Y. Maeda, M. Fujiwara, H. Nakayama, M. Oikawa, T. Kakue, T. Shimobaba, and T. Ito, “Fast time-division color electroholography using a multiple-graphics processing unit cluster system with a single spatial light modulator,” Chin. Opt. Lett. 15, 26722–26733 (2017).

Hahn, J.

Hayasaka, K.

K. Ito, H. Kikuchi, H. Sakurai, I. Kobayashi, H. Yasunaga, H. Mori, K. Tokuyama, H. Ishikawa, K. Hayasaka, and H. Yanagisawa, “360-degree autostereoscopic display,” in SIGGRAPH’10 ACM SIGGRAPH 2010 Emerging Technologies (2010), p. 1.

Hong, K.

Ikawa, S.

H. Araki, N. Takada, S. Ikawa, H. Niwase, Y. Maeda, M. Fujiwara, H. Nakayama, M. Oikawa, T. Kakue, T. Shimobaba, and T. Ito, “Fast time-division color electroholography using a multiple-graphics processing unit cluster system with a single spatial light modulator,” Chin. Opt. Lett. 15, 26722–26733 (2017).

Inoue, T.

Ishikawa, H.

K. Ito, H. Kikuchi, H. Sakurai, I. Kobayashi, H. Yasunaga, H. Mori, K. Tokuyama, H. Ishikawa, K. Hayasaka, and H. Yanagisawa, “360-degree autostereoscopic display,” in SIGGRAPH’10 ACM SIGGRAPH 2010 Emerging Technologies (2010), p. 1.

Ito, K.

K. Ito, H. Kikuchi, H. Sakurai, I. Kobayashi, H. Yasunaga, H. Mori, K. Tokuyama, H. Ishikawa, K. Hayasaka, and H. Yanagisawa, “360-degree autostereoscopic display,” in SIGGRAPH’10 ACM SIGGRAPH 2010 Emerging Technologies (2010), p. 1.

Ito, T.

H. Araki, N. Takada, S. Ikawa, H. Niwase, Y. Maeda, M. Fujiwara, H. Nakayama, M. Oikawa, T. Kakue, T. Shimobaba, and T. Ito, “Fast time-division color electroholography using a multiple-graphics processing unit cluster system with a single spatial light modulator,” Chin. Opt. Lett. 15, 26722–26733 (2017).

Kakue, T.

H. Araki, N. Takada, S. Ikawa, H. Niwase, Y. Maeda, M. Fujiwara, H. Nakayama, M. Oikawa, T. Kakue, T. Shimobaba, and T. Ito, “Fast time-division color electroholography using a multiple-graphics processing unit cluster system with a single spatial light modulator,” Chin. Opt. Lett. 15, 26722–26733 (2017).

Kang, H.

Kikuchi, H.

K. Ito, H. Kikuchi, H. Sakurai, I. Kobayashi, H. Yasunaga, H. Mori, K. Tokuyama, H. Ishikawa, K. Hayasaka, and H. Yanagisawa, “360-degree autostereoscopic display,” in SIGGRAPH’10 ACM SIGGRAPH 2010 Emerging Technologies (2010), p. 1.

Kim, D.-W.

Kim, H.

Kim, H.-E.

Kim, J.

Kim, T.

Kirby, J.

K. Clark, B. Vendt, K. Smith, J. Freymann, J. Kirby, P. Koppel, S. Moore, S. Phillips, D. Maffitt, M. Pringle, L. Tarbox, and F. Prior, “The Cancer Imaging Archive (TCIA): maintaining and operating a public information repository,” J. Digit. Imaging 26, 1045–1057(2013).
[Crossref]

Kobayashi, I.

K. Ito, H. Kikuchi, H. Sakurai, I. Kobayashi, H. Yasunaga, H. Mori, K. Tokuyama, H. Ishikawa, K. Hayasaka, and H. Yanagisawa, “360-degree autostereoscopic display,” in SIGGRAPH’10 ACM SIGGRAPH 2010 Emerging Technologies (2010), p. 1.

Koppel, P.

K. Clark, B. Vendt, K. Smith, J. Freymann, J. Kirby, P. Koppel, S. Moore, S. Phillips, D. Maffitt, M. Pringle, L. Tarbox, and F. Prior, “The Cancer Imaging Archive (TCIA): maintaining and operating a public information repository,” J. Digit. Imaging 26, 1045–1057(2013).
[Crossref]

Lee, S.

Lee, Y.-H.

Li, X.

Y. Pan, J. Liu, X. Li, and Y. Wang, “A review of dynamic holographic three-dimensional display: algorithms, devices, and systems,” IEEE Trans. Ind. Informat. 12, 1599–1610 (2016).
[Crossref]

Liang, X.

Lim, Y.

Liu, J.

Y. Pan, J. Liu, X. Li, and Y. Wang, “A review of dynamic holographic three-dimensional display: algorithms, devices, and systems,” IEEE Trans. Ind. Informat. 12, 1599–1610 (2016).
[Crossref]

Maeda, Y.

H. Araki, N. Takada, S. Ikawa, H. Niwase, Y. Maeda, M. Fujiwara, H. Nakayama, M. Oikawa, T. Kakue, T. Shimobaba, and T. Ito, “Fast time-division color electroholography using a multiple-graphics processing unit cluster system with a single spatial light modulator,” Chin. Opt. Lett. 15, 26722–26733 (2017).

Y. Maeda, D. Miyazaki, and T. Mukai, “Volumetric display using a rotating prism sheet as an optical image scanner,” Appl. Opt. 52, A182–A187 (2013).
[Crossref]

Maffitt, D.

K. Clark, B. Vendt, K. Smith, J. Freymann, J. Kirby, P. Koppel, S. Moore, S. Phillips, D. Maffitt, M. Pringle, L. Tarbox, and F. Prior, “The Cancer Imaging Archive (TCIA): maintaining and operating a public information repository,” J. Digit. Imaging 26, 1045–1057(2013).
[Crossref]

Miyazaki, D.

Moore, S.

K. Clark, B. Vendt, K. Smith, J. Freymann, J. Kirby, P. Koppel, S. Moore, S. Phillips, D. Maffitt, M. Pringle, L. Tarbox, and F. Prior, “The Cancer Imaging Archive (TCIA): maintaining and operating a public information repository,” J. Digit. Imaging 26, 1045–1057(2013).
[Crossref]

Mori, H.

K. Ito, H. Kikuchi, H. Sakurai, I. Kobayashi, H. Yasunaga, H. Mori, K. Tokuyama, H. Ishikawa, K. Hayasaka, and H. Yanagisawa, “360-degree autostereoscopic display,” in SIGGRAPH’10 ACM SIGGRAPH 2010 Emerging Technologies (2010), p. 1.

Mukai, T.

Nakayama, H.

H. Araki, N. Takada, S. Ikawa, H. Niwase, Y. Maeda, M. Fujiwara, H. Nakayama, M. Oikawa, T. Kakue, T. Shimobaba, and T. Ito, “Fast time-division color electroholography using a multiple-graphics processing unit cluster system with a single spatial light modulator,” Chin. Opt. Lett. 15, 26722–26733 (2017).

Nam, J.

Niwase, H.

H. Araki, N. Takada, S. Ikawa, H. Niwase, Y. Maeda, M. Fujiwara, H. Nakayama, M. Oikawa, T. Kakue, T. Shimobaba, and T. Ito, “Fast time-division color electroholography using a multiple-graphics processing unit cluster system with a single spatial light modulator,” Chin. Opt. Lett. 15, 26722–26733 (2017).

Ogihara, Y.

Oikawa, M.

H. Araki, N. Takada, S. Ikawa, H. Niwase, Y. Maeda, M. Fujiwara, H. Nakayama, M. Oikawa, T. Kakue, T. Shimobaba, and T. Ito, “Fast time-division color electroholography using a multiple-graphics processing unit cluster system with a single spatial light modulator,” Chin. Opt. Lett. 15, 26722–26733 (2017).

Onural, L.

Pan, Y.

Y. Pan, J. Liu, X. Li, and Y. Wang, “A review of dynamic holographic three-dimensional display: algorithms, devices, and systems,” IEEE Trans. Ind. Informat. 12, 1599–1610 (2016).
[Crossref]

Y. Pan, X. Xu, and X. Liang, “Fast distributed large-pixel-count hologram computation using a GPU cluster,” Appl. Opt. 52, 6562–6571 (2013).
[Crossref]

Phillips, S.

K. Clark, B. Vendt, K. Smith, J. Freymann, J. Kirby, P. Koppel, S. Moore, S. Phillips, D. Maffitt, M. Pringle, L. Tarbox, and F. Prior, “The Cancer Imaging Archive (TCIA): maintaining and operating a public information repository,” J. Digit. Imaging 26, 1045–1057(2013).
[Crossref]

Poon, T.-C.

Pringle, M.

K. Clark, B. Vendt, K. Smith, J. Freymann, J. Kirby, P. Koppel, S. Moore, S. Phillips, D. Maffitt, M. Pringle, L. Tarbox, and F. Prior, “The Cancer Imaging Archive (TCIA): maintaining and operating a public information repository,” J. Digit. Imaging 26, 1045–1057(2013).
[Crossref]

Prior, F.

K. Clark, B. Vendt, K. Smith, J. Freymann, J. Kirby, P. Koppel, S. Moore, S. Phillips, D. Maffitt, M. Pringle, L. Tarbox, and F. Prior, “The Cancer Imaging Archive (TCIA): maintaining and operating a public information repository,” J. Digit. Imaging 26, 1045–1057(2013).
[Crossref]

Sakamoto, Y.

Sakurai, H.

K. Ito, H. Kikuchi, H. Sakurai, I. Kobayashi, H. Yasunaga, H. Mori, K. Tokuyama, H. Ishikawa, K. Hayasaka, and H. Yanagisawa, “360-degree autostereoscopic display,” in SIGGRAPH’10 ACM SIGGRAPH 2010 Emerging Technologies (2010), p. 1.

Sando, Y.

Seo, Y.-H.

Shimobaba, T.

H. Araki, N. Takada, S. Ikawa, H. Niwase, Y. Maeda, M. Fujiwara, H. Nakayama, M. Oikawa, T. Kakue, T. Shimobaba, and T. Ito, “Fast time-division color electroholography using a multiple-graphics processing unit cluster system with a single spatial light modulator,” Chin. Opt. Lett. 15, 26722–26733 (2017).

Smith, K.

K. Clark, B. Vendt, K. Smith, J. Freymann, J. Kirby, P. Koppel, S. Moore, S. Phillips, D. Maffitt, M. Pringle, L. Tarbox, and F. Prior, “The Cancer Imaging Archive (TCIA): maintaining and operating a public information repository,” J. Digit. Imaging 26, 1045–1057(2013).
[Crossref]

Sugawara, T.

Takada, N.

H. Araki, N. Takada, S. Ikawa, H. Niwase, Y. Maeda, M. Fujiwara, H. Nakayama, M. Oikawa, T. Kakue, T. Shimobaba, and T. Ito, “Fast time-division color electroholography using a multiple-graphics processing unit cluster system with a single spatial light modulator,” Chin. Opt. Lett. 15, 26722–26733 (2017).

Takaki, Y.

Tarbox, L.

K. Clark, B. Vendt, K. Smith, J. Freymann, J. Kirby, P. Koppel, S. Moore, S. Phillips, D. Maffitt, M. Pringle, L. Tarbox, and F. Prior, “The Cancer Imaging Archive (TCIA): maintaining and operating a public information repository,” J. Digit. Imaging 26, 1045–1057(2013).
[Crossref]

Tokuyama, K.

K. Ito, H. Kikuchi, H. Sakurai, I. Kobayashi, H. Yasunaga, H. Mori, K. Tokuyama, H. Ishikawa, K. Hayasaka, and H. Yanagisawa, “360-degree autostereoscopic display,” in SIGGRAPH’10 ACM SIGGRAPH 2010 Emerging Technologies (2010), p. 1.

Tsang, P. W. M.

Vendt, B.

K. Clark, B. Vendt, K. Smith, J. Freymann, J. Kirby, P. Koppel, S. Moore, S. Phillips, D. Maffitt, M. Pringle, L. Tarbox, and F. Prior, “The Cancer Imaging Archive (TCIA): maintaining and operating a public information repository,” J. Digit. Imaging 26, 1045–1057(2013).
[Crossref]

Wang, Y.

Y. Pan, J. Liu, X. Li, and Y. Wang, “A review of dynamic holographic three-dimensional display: algorithms, devices, and systems,” IEEE Trans. Ind. Informat. 12, 1599–1610 (2016).
[Crossref]

Wu, Y. M.

Xu, X.

Yanagisawa, H.

K. Ito, H. Kikuchi, H. Sakurai, I. Kobayashi, H. Yasunaga, H. Mori, K. Tokuyama, H. Ishikawa, K. Hayasaka, and H. Yanagisawa, “360-degree autostereoscopic display,” in SIGGRAPH’10 ACM SIGGRAPH 2010 Emerging Technologies (2010), p. 1.

Yaras, F.

Yasunaga, H.

K. Ito, H. Kikuchi, H. Sakurai, I. Kobayashi, H. Yasunaga, H. Mori, K. Tokuyama, H. Ishikawa, K. Hayasaka, and H. Yanagisawa, “360-degree autostereoscopic display,” in SIGGRAPH’10 ACM SIGGRAPH 2010 Emerging Technologies (2010), p. 1.

Yatagai, T.

Yoo, J.-S.

Appl. Opt. (5)

Chin. Opt. Lett. (1)

H. Araki, N. Takada, S. Ikawa, H. Niwase, Y. Maeda, M. Fujiwara, H. Nakayama, M. Oikawa, T. Kakue, T. Shimobaba, and T. Ito, “Fast time-division color electroholography using a multiple-graphics processing unit cluster system with a single spatial light modulator,” Chin. Opt. Lett. 15, 26722–26733 (2017).

IEEE Trans. Ind. Informat. (1)

Y. Pan, J. Liu, X. Li, and Y. Wang, “A review of dynamic holographic three-dimensional display: algorithms, devices, and systems,” IEEE Trans. Ind. Informat. 12, 1599–1610 (2016).
[Crossref]

J. Digit. Imaging (1)

K. Clark, B. Vendt, K. Smith, J. Freymann, J. Kirby, P. Koppel, S. Moore, S. Phillips, D. Maffitt, M. Pringle, L. Tarbox, and F. Prior, “The Cancer Imaging Archive (TCIA): maintaining and operating a public information repository,” J. Digit. Imaging 26, 1045–1057(2013).
[Crossref]

J. Opt. Soc. Korea (1)

Opt. Express (3)

Opt. Lett. (1)

Photon. Res. (1)

Other (2)

K. Ito, H. Kikuchi, H. Sakurai, I. Kobayashi, H. Yasunaga, H. Mori, K. Tokuyama, H. Ishikawa, K. Hayasaka, and H. Yanagisawa, “360-degree autostereoscopic display,” in SIGGRAPH’10 ACM SIGGRAPH 2010 Emerging Technologies (2010), p. 1.

W. R. Bosch, W. L. Straube, J. W. Matthews, and J. A. Purdy, “Data from Head-Neck Cetuximab. The Cancer Imaging Archive,” 2015, http://doi.org/10.7937/K9/TCIA.2015.7AKGJUPZ .

Supplementary Material (1)

NameDescription
» Visualization 1       Real-time interactive holographic 3D reconstruction with full viewing zone has been demonstrated.

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Figures (6)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1. Framework of our real-time interactive holographic 3D display with a 360° horizontal viewing zone.
Fig. 2.
Fig. 2. Schematic of the 3D FFT-based fast calculation algorithm for generating multiple CGHs.
Fig. 3.
Fig. 3. Picture of the real-time interactive holographic 3D display system. The inset shows an enlarged view of the vertically diffusive rotating mirror.
Fig. 4.
Fig. 4. Sectional images of an X-ray computed tomography image of a human head [10,11]; (a)–(f) are arranged in this order from top down.
Fig. 5.
Fig. 5. 3D images of a human head optically reconstructed by our real-time interactive display system. The left and right columns show surface rendering mode “S” and volume rendering mode “V,” respectively. (a), (b), and (c), were captured by Cameras 1, 2, and 3, respectively. In (b), the bar graph indicated by “R” shows the display range of voxel values. The check boxes indicate the current rendering mode. Interactive manipulations are demonstrated in Visualization 1.
Fig. 6.
Fig. 6. Estimated calculation time required for synthesizing one full-HD CGH for an object consisting of 369,662 point light sources.

Tables (1)

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Table 1. Breakdown of the Calculation Time for 24 CGHs

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