Abstract

Optical imaging systems use a light source that illuminates a sample and a photodetector that detects light reflected from or transmitted through the sample. The sample surface curvature, surface-to-camera distance, and illumination-source-to-surface distance significantly affect the measured signal, resulting in image artifacts. To correct the images, a three-dimensional (3D) profilometry system was used to obtain 3D surface information. The 3D information enables image correction using Lambert cosine law and height correction. In this study, the feasibility of the correction method for push-broom hyperspectral imaging of three different objects is presented. Results show a significant reduction of image artifacts, making further image analysis more accurate and robust. The presented 3D profilometry method is applicable to all push-broom imaging systems and the described correction procedure can be applied to all spectral or monochromatic imaging systems.

© 2019 Optical Society of America

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