Abstract

The performance of passive fiber optic gyroscopes involving ring resonators is limited mainly by the loss and finesse of the cavity. In this work, we show performance enhancement of the recently studied resonant fiber optic gyroscope with a “reflector” using active loss compensation. Our gyroscope does not require expensive ultra-narrow linewidth lasers, expensive lock-in detection methods, or polarization-maintaining fibers, which are mandatory for all standard resonant fiber optic gyroscopes. The performance of this gyroscope shows four-fold enhancement in the $Q$ factor $ (2.2 \times {10^8}) $, compared to an earlier experimental setup involving losses. Enhanced sensitivity to rotation is experimentally demonstrated using loss compensation as well as tuning the embedded reflector in the resonator. A shot-noise-limited sensitivity of 0.03 deg/h is possible with this experimental realization. This work demonstrates that our gyroscope can provide a cost-effective alternative, even in the navigational grade.

© 2019 Optical Society of America

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