Abstract

Optimization-based semi-analytical methods (OSMs) and empirical methods (EMs) have been developed to derive bathymetry maps from satellite-based multispectral data of coral reefs, allowing for the management, monitoring, and protection of coral reefs. However, OSMs are often criticized due to the time-consuming requirements of iterative computations, yet they are praised for working without the need for in situ bathymetry data. EMs are praised for their time-saving characteristics and criticized for their need for in situ measurements. To estimate the water depth from multispectral data quickly without in situ bathymetry data, we provide a new EM that combines our previously developed OSM called the unmixing-based multispectral optimization process exemplar method (UMOPE) and an EM called Stumpf’s ratio method (SRM). In the new method, reflectance values from a small number of sampled pixels and the corresponding water depths estimated by UMOPE are used to determine the regression parameters for SRM. Thus, SRM determines the upper limit of accuracy for the new method, and UMOPE determines the possibility of reaching the upper limit. The new method was evaluated using three types of imagery of Xisha Islands, namely, WorldView-2 imagery with three traditional visible bands (WV-2a), Landsat 8 imagery with four visible bands, and WV-2 imagery with six visible bands (WV-2b). The results show that the new method can perform as well as SRM for Landsat 8 data and WV-2b data with similar root mean square error values at different depths. The lack of a coastal band in WV-2a imagery may cause large errors for the new method in deep water regions, especially when the water-leaving reflectance is noise perturbed. We found that even though the depths estimated by UMOPE are not error free at different ranges of water depth, if the regression line between the depths estimated by UMOPE and the measured depths is near the 1:1 line, the new method can perform as well as SRM. The new method may facilitate the rapid estimation of bathymetry from free Landsat 8 data of optically shallow waters around the world without in situ bathymetry data.

© 2019 Optical Society of America

Full Article  |  PDF Article
More Like This
Model for deriving benthic irradiance in the Great Barrier Reef from MODIS satellite imagery

Marites M. Magno-Canto, Lachlan I. W. McKinna, Barbara J. Robson, and Katharina E. Fabricius
Opt. Express 27(20) A1350-A1371 (2019)

Development and evaluation of a genetic algorithm-based ocean color inversion model for simultaneously retrieving optical properties and bottom types in coral reef regions

Chih-Hua Chang, Cheng-Chien Liu, Hsiao-Wei Chung, Long-Jeng Lee, and Wen-Chang Yang
Appl. Opt. 53(4) 605-617 (2014)

Approach for identifying optically shallow pixels when processing ocean-color imagery

Lachlan I. W. McKinna and P. Jeremy Werdell
Opt. Express 26(22) A915-A928 (2018)

References

You do not have subscription access to this journal. Citation lists with outbound citation links are available to subscribers only. You may subscribe either as an OSA member, or as an authorized user of your institution.

Contact your librarian or system administrator
or
Login to access OSA Member Subscription

Cited By

You do not have subscription access to this journal. Cited by links are available to subscribers only. You may subscribe either as an OSA member, or as an authorized user of your institution.

Contact your librarian or system administrator
or
Login to access OSA Member Subscription

Figures (14)

You do not have subscription access to this journal. Figure files are available to subscribers only. You may subscribe either as an OSA member, or as an authorized user of your institution.

Contact your librarian or system administrator
or
Login to access OSA Member Subscription

Tables (1)

You do not have subscription access to this journal. Article tables are available to subscribers only. You may subscribe either as an OSA member, or as an authorized user of your institution.

Contact your librarian or system administrator
or
Login to access OSA Member Subscription

Equations (27)

You do not have subscription access to this journal. Equations are available to subscribers only. You may subscribe either as an OSA member, or as an authorized user of your institution.

Contact your librarian or system administrator
or
Login to access OSA Member Subscription

Metrics

You do not have subscription access to this journal. Article level metrics are available to subscribers only. You may subscribe either as an OSA member, or as an authorized user of your institution.

Contact your librarian or system administrator
or
Login to access OSA Member Subscription