Abstract

The phase-coding method has been widely used for 3D shape measurement, which uses sinusoidal phase-shifting patterns to recover the wrapped phase and the stair phase-coding patterns to determine the fringe order. However, due to random noises and image blurring, the fringe order is always misaligned with the wrapped phase, which will lead to fringe order errors. This paper presents an enhanced phase-coding method to address this misalignment problem by using half-period codewords, in which each codeword is aligned to the half-period of the sinusoidal patterns. Then, two complementary fringe orders with half-period dislocation can be calculated, which can effectively eliminate the fringe order errors. To extend the coding range of stair phase, this paper further develops a computational scheme based on the geometric constraint method. Simulations and experiments have been carried out, and their results confirm that the enhanced method can reliably recover the 3D shape of the measured objects.

© 2019 Optical Society of America

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