Abstract

Based on the Hadamard and Hπ/4 operators, a new quantum signature scheme is proposed. In our scheme, the signer’s private key is generated by a trusted private key generator (PKG), while the identity information of the signer is used as the corresponding public key. Both of the private key and public key of the signer are classical bit strings, which can be easily stored and reused. Given a quantum signature, anyone can verify the validity of the quantum signature with the signer’s identity. Therefore, our scheme is a public-key quantum signature without a digital certificate, which has the merits of an identity-based cryptosystem and can simplify the key management of the quantum signature system. On the other hand, our scheme need not use any quantum swap test during the signature verification phase. Furthermore, by the signature proof, our scheme can arbitrate the potential disputation of losing quantum signature, which cannot be arbitrated in most of the quantum signature schemes. So our scheme has the property of strong non-repudiation. It also has the security properties of information-theoretic security, unforgeability, etc. Our scheme can achieve a high efficiency of 70%. Therefore, our quantum signature scheme is more secure, practicable, and efficient than the similar schemes.

© 2019 Optical Society of America

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