Abstract

Light scattering and radiative transfer in optically soft particle systems are important problems in many fields of natural sciences and engineering, such as biology, ocean optics, atmospheric science, solar energy utilization, and so on. Due to the effects of particle agglomeration and dependent scattering, the radiative transfer problem will become more complex with the increase of particle volume fraction. In this study, the scattering properties and radiative transfer characteristics of densely packed optically soft particle systems, with consideration of the effects of dependent scattering and particle agglomeration, are investigated. The dependent scattering properties of densely packed silicon-dioxide spherical particles embedded in water are calculated by using the Lorenz–Mie theory and Percus–Yevick sticky hard-sphere model. The directional-hemispherical reflectance of the dispersed plane–parallel layer is obtained by using the Monte Carlo method. The results show that dependent scattering and particle agglomeration have significant influence on the scattering properties of particles. With the increase of particle agglomeration degree, the scattering coefficients and asymmetry factors of the particles increase obviously, which can be even larger than the results for independent scattering under certain circumstances. Due to the combined interaction of multiple scattering, dependent scattering, and particle agglomeration, for different size particles, the variation tendency of the hemispherical reflectance is obviously different with increasing particle agglomeration degree.

© 2019 Optical Society of America

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