Abstract

A single-pass, compact, and low-power-consumption methane sensing system is presented, and its sensitivity is examined for a set of reference cells with pressures of 7.4, 74, and 740 Torr and the same methane concentration at laboratory temperature of 23°C. A GaSb-based continuous-wave distributed feedback tunable diode laser at 3270 nm and wavelength modulation spectroscopy were employed to collect 2f spectra in the ν3, R3 band of CH412. The collected 2f spectra were fitted to a modulated Voigt line profile model. An Allan–Werle variance analysis shows that the best detectivity, 4 ppbm, is obtained for the highest pressure cell. At pressures of 74 and 7.4 Torr the detectivities are 16 and 28 ppbm, respectively. For these low-pressure cells, further sensitivity improvements were achieved using a large modulation depth (m>2.2) at the expense of spectral resolution.

© 2019 Optical Society of America

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