Abstract

Modal decomposition (MD) plays an increasingly important role in characterizing fiber beams. Several promising MD techniques have been proposed in literature, all of which are based on a common hypothesis that the modal field is coherently superposed by transverse modes. However, the partially coherent conditions have to be expected in general. In order to take account of this ordinary case, a novel MD scheme employing the Wigner distribution function (WDF) is introduced, which allows the decomposition of fiber beams without any restrictions regarding their degree of coherence. The four-dimensional (4D) WDF (two spatial and two spatial frequency dimensions) of the 2D fiber beam is reconstructed using the coded aperture technique. Based on the measured WDF and orthogonal property of transverse modes, the modal coefficients as well as the mutual modal degree of coherence will be determined unambiguously. The validity and reliability of the proposed approach are illustrated with numerical examples.

© 2019 Optical Society of America

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