Abstract

Various optics applications require a low-cost twisted nematic LCD that can modulate phase and amplitude independently. We propose a high spatial resolution light-synthesis structure that achieves full-complex amplitude modulation with a twisted nematic LCD. The synthesis structure uses two sparse lateral-shift pixel arrays for the x direction and four sparse lateral-shift pixel arrays for the y direction. The structure recreates an image with two superpixels formed from pairs of adjacent pixels in both directions, and as a result, the spatial resolution is only halved in both directions, which yields an appropriate image quality for the synthesis technique. In experiments, we demonstrate the precise control of amplitude and phase using a twisted nematic LCD.

© 2019 Optical Society of America

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