Abstract

To improve our understanding of the complex role of aerosols in the climate system and on air quality, measurements are needed of optical and microphysical aerosol. From many studies, it has become evident that a satellite-based multiangle, multiwavelength polarimeter will be essential to provide such measurements. Here, high accuracy (0.003) on the degree of linear polarization (DoLP) measurements is important to retrieve aerosol properties with an accuracy needed to advance our understanding of the aerosol effect on climate. SPEX airborne, a multiangle hyperspectral polarimeter, has been developed for observing and characterizing aerosols from NASA’s high-altitude research aircraft ER-2. It delivers measurements of radiance and DoLP at visual wavelengths with a spectral resolution of 3 and 7–30 nm, respectively, for radiance and polarization, at nine fixed equidistant viewing angles from 56° to +56° oriented along the ground track, and a swath of 7° oriented across-track. SPEX airborne uses spectral polarization modulation to determine the state of linear polarization of scattered sunlight. This technique has been developed in the Netherlands and has been demonstrated with ground-based instruments. SPEX airborne serves as a demonstrator for a family of space-based SPEX instruments that have the ability to measure and characterize atmospheric aerosol by multiangle hyperspectral polarimetric imaging remotely from a satellite platform. SPEX airborne was calibrated radiometrically and polarimetrically using Jet Propulsion Laboratory (JPL) facilities including the Polarization Stage Generator-2 (PSG-2), which is designed for polarimetric calibration and validation of the Airborne Multiangle SpectroPolarimetric Imager (AirMSPI). Using the PSG-2, the accuracy of the SPEX airborne DoLP measurements in the laboratory setup is found to be 0.002–0.004. Radiometric calibration is realized with an estimated accuracy of 4%. In 2017, SPEX airborne took part in the “Aerosol Characterization from Polarimeters and Lidar” campaign on the ER-2 that included four polarimeters and two lidars. Polarization measurements of SPEX airborne and the coflying Research Scanning Polarimeter (RSP), recorded during the campaign, were compared and display root-mean-square (RMS) differences ranging from 0.004 (at 555 nm) up to 0.02 (at 410 nm). For radiance measurements, excellent agreement between SPEX airborne and RSP is obtained with an RMS difference of 4%. The lab- and flight-performance values for polarization are similar to those recently published for AirMSPI, where also an intercomparison with RSP was made using data from field campaigns in 2013. The intercomparison of radiometric and polarimetric data both display negligible bias. The in-flight comparison results provide verification of SPEX airborne’s capability to deliver high-quality data.

© 2019 Optical Society of America

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2019 (2)

O. P. Hasekamp, G. Fu, S. P. Rusli, L. Wu, A. Di Noia, J. Aan de Brugh, J. Landgraf, J. M. Smit, J. R. Rietjens, and A. Amerongen, “Aerosol measurements by SPEXone on the NASA PACE mission: expected retrieval capabilities,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 227, 170–184 (2019).
[Crossref]

K. D. Knobelspiesse, Q. Tan, C. Bruegge, B. Cairns, J. Chowdhary, B. Van Diedenhoven, D. J. Diner, R. Ferrare, G. Van Harten, V. Jovanovic, M. Ottaviani, J. Redemann, F. Seidel, and K. Sinclair, “Intercomparison of airborne multi-angle polarimeter observations from the polarimeter definition experiment,” Appl. Opt. 58, 650–669 (2019).
[Crossref]

2018 (4)

C. H. L. Patty, D. A. Luo, F. Snik, F. Ariese, W. J. Buma, I. L. Ten Kate, R. J. M. Van Spanning, W. B. Sparks, T. A. Germer, G. Garab, and M. W. Kudenov, “Imaging linear and circular polarization features in leaves with complete Mueller matrix polarimetry,” Biochim. Biophys. Acta 1862, 1350–1363 (2018).
[Crossref]

B. Fougnie, T. Marbach, A. Lacan, R. Lang, P. Schlüssel, G. Poli, R. Munro, and A. B. Couto, “The multi-viewing multi-channel multipolarisation imager: overview of the 3MI polarimetric mission for aerosol and cloud characterization,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 219, 23–32 (2018).
[Crossref]

G. Van Harten, D. J. Diner, B. J. S. Daugherty, B. E. Rheingans, M. A. Bull, F. C. Seidel, R. A. Chipman, B. Cairns, A. P. Wasilewski, and K. D. Knobelspiesse, “Calibration and validation of Airborne Multiangle SpectroPolarimetric Imager (AirMSPI) polarization measurements,” Appl. Opt. 57, 4499–4513 (2018).
[Crossref]

D. J. Diner, K. Burke, F. Xu, M. J. Garay, O. V. Kalashnikova, Y. Liu, X. Meng, J. Wang, R. Martin, and B. Ostro, “Advances in multiangle satellite remote sensing of speciated airborne particulate matter and association with adverse health effects: from MISR to MAIA,” J. Appl. Remote Sens. 12, 042603 (2018).
[Crossref]

2017 (4)

C. Lacagnina, O. P. Hasekamp, and O. Torres, “Direct radiative effect of aerosols based on PARASOL and OMI satellite observations,” J. Geophys. Res. Atmos. 122, 2366–2388 (2017).
[Crossref]

E. Laan, D. Stam, F. Snik, T. Karalidi, C. U. Keller, R. Ter Horst, R. Navarro, G. Oomen, J. de Vries, and R. Hoogeveen, “The spectropolarimeter for planetary exploration: SPEX,” Proc. SPIE 10566, 105662G (2017.
[Crossref]

S. Grabarnik, J.-L. Bezy, M. Betto, G. Mason, I. Manolis, J. Caron, H. Barré, and R. Meynart, “The MetOp second generation 3MI mission,” Proc. SPIE 10564, 105640A (2017).
[Crossref]

I. Manolis, J.-L. Bézy, R. Meynart, M. Porciani, M. Loiselet, G. Mason, D. Labate, U. Bruno, and R. De Vidi, “The 3MI instrument on the Metop second generation,” Proc. SPIE 10563, 1056324 (2017).
[Crossref]

2016 (2)

P. Stier, “Limitations of passive remote sensing to constrain global cloud condensation nuclei,” Atmos. Chem. Phys. 16, 6595–6607 (2016).
[Crossref]

L. Wu, O. P. Hasekamp, B. Van Diedenhoven, B. Cairns, J. E. Yorks, and J. Chowdhary, “Passive remote sensing of aerosol layer height using near-UV multiangle polarization measurements,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 43, 8783–8790 (2016).
[Crossref]

2015 (3)

L. Wu, O. P. Hasekamp, B. Van Diedenhoven, and B. Cairns, “Aerosol retrieval from multiangle, multispectral photopolarimetric measurements: importance of spectral range and angular resolution,” Atmos. Meas. Tech. 8, 2625–2638 (2015).
[Crossref]

C. Lacagnina, O. P. Hasekamp, H. Bian, G. Curci, G. Myhre, T. Van Noije, M. Schultz, R. B. Skeie, T. Takemura, and K. Zhang, “Aerosol single-scattering albedo over the global oceans: comparing PARASOL retrievals with AERONET, OMI, and AeroCom models estimates,” J. Geophys. Res. Atmos. 120, 9814–9836 (2015).
[Crossref]

J. H. H. Rietjens, J. M. Smit, G. Van Harten, A. Di Noia, O. P. Hasekamp, J. De Boer, H. Volten, and F. Snik, and C. U. Keller, “Accurate spectrally modulating polarimeters for atmospheric aerosol characterization,” Proc. SPIE 9613, 96130S (2015).
[Crossref]

J. H. H. Rietjens, J. M. Smit, G. Van Harten, A. Di Noia, O. P. Hasekamp, J. De Boer, H. Volten, and F. Snik, and C. U. Keller, “Accurate spectrally modulating polarimeters for atmospheric aerosol characterization,” Proc. SPIE 9613, 96130S (2015).
[Crossref]

2014 (2)

J. H. H. Rietjens, J. M. Smit, A. Di Noia, O. P. Hasekamp, G. Van Harten, F. Snik, and C. U. Keller, “SPEX: a highly accurate spectropolarimeter for atmospheric aerosol characterization,” Proc. ICSO 10563, 1056344 (2014).

B. R. Philip, K. Meloë, J. M. Livingston, O. P. Hasekamp, S. P. Burton, G. L. Schuster, M. S. Johnson, K. D. Knobelspiesse, J. Redemann, S. Ramachandran, and B. Holben, “A multiparameter aerosol classification method and its application to retrievals from spaceborne polarimetry,” J. Geophys. Res. Atmos. 119, 98389863 (2014).
[Crossref]

2013 (2)

I. Manolis, S. Grabarnik, J. Caron, J.-L. Bézy, M. Loiselet, M. Betto, H. Barré, G. Mason, and R. Meynart, “The MetOp second generation 3MI instrument,” Proc. SPIE 8889, 88890J (2013).
[Crossref]

D. J. Diner, F. Xu, M. J. Garay, J. V. Martonchik, B. E. Rheingans, S. Geier, A. Davis, B. R. Hancock, V. M. Jovanovic, M. A. Bull, K. Capraro, R. A. Chipman, and S. C. McClain, “The Airborne Multiangle SpectroPolarimetric Imager (AirMSPI): a new tool for aerosol and cloud remote sensing,” Atmos. Meas. Tech. 6, 2007–2025 (2013).
[Crossref]

2012 (2)

J. Krall, G. B. Anderson, F. Dominici, M. Bell, and R. Peng, “Mortality effects of particulate matter constituents in a national study of U.S. urban communities,” Epidemiology 23, 1 (2012).

D. L. Crouse, P. A. Peters, and A. Van Donkelaar, “Risk of nonaccidental and cardiovascular mortality in relation to long-term exposure to low concentrations of fine particulate matter: a Canadian national-level cohort study,” Environ. Health Perspect. 120, 708–714 (2012).
[Crossref]

2011 (2)

O. P. Hasekamp, P. Litvinov, and A. Butz, “Aerosol properties over the ocean from PARASOL multiangle photopolarimetric measurements,” J. Geophys. Res. 116, D14204 (2011).
[Crossref]

G. Van Harten, F. Snik, J. H. H. Rietjens, J. M. Smit, J. De Boer, R. Diamantopoulou, O. P. Hasekamp, D. M. Stam, C. U. Keller, E. C. Laan, A. L. Verlaan, W. A. Vliegenthart, R. Ter Horst, R. Navarro, K. Wielinga, S. G. Moon, and R. Voors, “Prototyping for the Spectropolarimeter for Planetary EXploration (SPEX): calibration and sky measurements,” Proc. SPIE 8160, 81600Z (2011).
[Crossref]

2010 (4)

N. G. Loeb and W. Su, “Direct aerosol radiative forcing uncertainty based on a radiative perturbation analysis,” J. Clim. 23, 5288–5293 (2010).
[Crossref]

D. J. Diner, A. Davis, B. Hancock, S. Geier, B. Rheingans, V. Jovanovic, M. Bull, D. M. Rider, R. A. Chipman, A. Mahler, and S. C. McClain, “First results from a dual photoelastic- modulator-based polarimetric camera,” Appl. Opt. 49, 2929–2946 (2010).
[Crossref]

J. H. H. Rietjens, F. Snik, D. M. Stam, J. M. Smit, G. Van Harten, C. U. Keller, A. L. Verlaan, E. C. Laan, T. Ter Horst, R. Navarro, K. Wielinga, S. G. Moon, and R. Voors, “SPEX: the spectropolarimeter for planetary exploration,” Proc. ICSO 10565, 105651C (2010).
[Crossref]

F. Snik, J. H. H. Rietjens, G. van Harten, D. M. Stam, C. U. Keller, J. M. Smit, E. C. Laan, A. L. Verlaan, R. Ter Horst, R. Navarra, K. Wielinga, S. G. Moon, and R. Voors, “SPEX: the spectropolarimeter for planetary exploration,” Proc. SPIE 7731, 77311B (2010).
[Crossref]

2009 (3)

F. Snik, T. Karalidi, and C. U. Keller, “Spectral modulation for full linear polarimetry,” Appl. Opt. 48, 1337–1346 (2009).
[Crossref]

F. Waquet, B. Cairns, K. Knobelspiesse, J. Chowdhary, L. D. Travis, B. Schmid, and M. I. Mishchenko, “Polarimetric remote sensing of aerosols over land,” J. Geophys. Res. 114, D01206 (2009).
[Crossref]

W. B. Sparks, J. H. Hough, L. Kolokolov, T. A. Germer, F. Chen, S. DasSarma, P. DasSarma, F. T. Robb, N. Manset, I. N. Reid, F. D. Machetto, and W. Martin, “Circular polarization in scattered light as a possible biomarker,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 110, 1771–1779 (2009).
[Crossref]

2008 (1)

F. Snik, T. Karalida, C. U. Keller, E. C. Laan, E. Ter Horst, R. Navarro, D. M. Stam, C. Aas, J. De Vries, G. M. Oomen, and R. Hoogeveen, “SPEX: an in-orbit spectropolarimeter for planetary exploration,” Proc. SPIE 7010, 701015 (2008).
[Crossref]

2007 (3)

O. P. Hasekamp and J. Landgraf, “Retrieval of aerosol properties over land surfaces: capabilities of multiple-viewing-angle intensity and polarization measurements,” Appl. Opt. 46, 3332–3344 (2007).
[Crossref]

R. J. Peralta, C. Nardell, B. Cairns, E. E. Russell, L. D. Travis, M. I. Mishchenko, B. A. Fafaul, and R. J. Hooker, “Aerosol polarimetry sensor for the Glory Mission,” Proc. SPIE 6786, 67865L (2007).
[Crossref]

M. I. Mishchenko, B. Cairns, G. Kopp, C. F. Schueler, B. A. Fafaul, J. E. Hansen, R. J. Hooker, T. Itchkawich, H. B. Maring, and L. D. Travis, “Accurate monitoring of terrestrial aerosols and total solar irradiance: introducing the Glory Mission,” Bull. Am. Meteorol. Soc. 88(5), 677–692 (2007).
[Crossref]

2006 (3)

D. Rosenfeld, “Aerosols, clouds, and climate,” Science 312, 1323–1324 (2006).
[Crossref]

H. Yu, Y. J. Kaufman, M. Chin, G. Feingold, L. A. Remer, T. L. Anderson, Y. Balkanski, N. Bellouin, O. Boucher, S. Christopher, P. DeCola, R. Kahn, D. Koch, N. Loeb, M. S. Reddy, M. Schulz, T. Takemura, and M. Zhou, “A review of measurement-based assessment of aerosol direct radiative effect and forcing,” Atmos. Chem. Phys. 6, 613–666 (2006).
[Crossref]

C. A. Pope and D. W. Dockery, “Health effects of fine particulate air pollution: lines that connect,” J. Air Waste Manage. Assoc. 56, 709–742 (2006).
[Crossref]

2005 (1)

J. Chowdhary, B. Cairns, M. I. Mishchenko, P. V. Hobbs, G. F. Cota, J. Redemann, K. Rutledge, B. N. Holben, and E. Russell, “Retrieval of aerosol scattering and absorption properties from photopolarimetric observations over the ocean during the CLAMS experiment,” J. Atmos. Sci. 62, 1093–1117 (2005).
[Crossref]

2003 (1)

H. Akimoto, “Global air quality and pollution,” Science 302, 1716–1719 (2003).
[Crossref]

2000 (1)

1999 (1)

B. Cairns, E. E. Russell, and L. D. Travis, “Research scanning polarimeter: calibration and ground-based measurements,” Proc. SPIE 3754, 186–196 (1999).
[Crossref]

1997 (1)

M. I. Mishchenko and L. D. Travis, “Satellite retrieval of aerosol properties over the ocean using polarization as well as intensity of reflected sunlight,” J. Geophys. Res. 102, 16989–17013 (1997).
[Crossref]

1994 (1)

P. Y. Deschamps, F. M. Bréon, M. Leroy, A. Podaire, A. Bricaud, J. C. Buriez, and G. Séze, “The POLDER mission: instrument characteristics and scientific objectives,” IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens. 32, 598–615 (1994).
[Crossref]

Aan de Brugh, J.

O. P. Hasekamp, G. Fu, S. P. Rusli, L. Wu, A. Di Noia, J. Aan de Brugh, J. Landgraf, J. M. Smit, J. R. Rietjens, and A. Amerongen, “Aerosol measurements by SPEXone on the NASA PACE mission: expected retrieval capabilities,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 227, 170–184 (2019).
[Crossref]

Aas, C.

F. Snik, T. Karalida, C. U. Keller, E. C. Laan, E. Ter Horst, R. Navarro, D. M. Stam, C. Aas, J. De Vries, G. M. Oomen, and R. Hoogeveen, “SPEX: an in-orbit spectropolarimeter for planetary exploration,” Proc. SPIE 7010, 701015 (2008).
[Crossref]

Akimoto, H.

H. Akimoto, “Global air quality and pollution,” Science 302, 1716–1719 (2003).
[Crossref]

Amerongen, A.

O. P. Hasekamp, G. Fu, S. P. Rusli, L. Wu, A. Di Noia, J. Aan de Brugh, J. Landgraf, J. M. Smit, J. R. Rietjens, and A. Amerongen, “Aerosol measurements by SPEXone on the NASA PACE mission: expected retrieval capabilities,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 227, 170–184 (2019).
[Crossref]

Anderson, G. B.

J. Krall, G. B. Anderson, F. Dominici, M. Bell, and R. Peng, “Mortality effects of particulate matter constituents in a national study of U.S. urban communities,” Epidemiology 23, 1 (2012).

Anderson, T. L.

H. Yu, Y. J. Kaufman, M. Chin, G. Feingold, L. A. Remer, T. L. Anderson, Y. Balkanski, N. Bellouin, O. Boucher, S. Christopher, P. DeCola, R. Kahn, D. Koch, N. Loeb, M. S. Reddy, M. Schulz, T. Takemura, and M. Zhou, “A review of measurement-based assessment of aerosol direct radiative effect and forcing,” Atmos. Chem. Phys. 6, 613–666 (2006).
[Crossref]

Ariese, F.

C. H. L. Patty, D. A. Luo, F. Snik, F. Ariese, W. J. Buma, I. L. Ten Kate, R. J. M. Van Spanning, W. B. Sparks, T. A. Germer, G. Garab, and M. W. Kudenov, “Imaging linear and circular polarization features in leaves with complete Mueller matrix polarimetry,” Biochim. Biophys. Acta 1862, 1350–1363 (2018).
[Crossref]

Balkanski, Y.

H. Yu, Y. J. Kaufman, M. Chin, G. Feingold, L. A. Remer, T. L. Anderson, Y. Balkanski, N. Bellouin, O. Boucher, S. Christopher, P. DeCola, R. Kahn, D. Koch, N. Loeb, M. S. Reddy, M. Schulz, T. Takemura, and M. Zhou, “A review of measurement-based assessment of aerosol direct radiative effect and forcing,” Atmos. Chem. Phys. 6, 613–666 (2006).
[Crossref]

Barbosa, H. M.

B. McBride, J.-V. Marting, H. M. Barbosa, R. A. F. Borda, O. P. Hasekamp, J. M. Smit, J. H. H. Rietjens, G. Van Harten, D. J. Diner, B. Cairns, A. Wasilewski, and L. A. Remer, “Validation of AirHARP calibration with coincident observations by SPEX Airborne, AirMSPI, and RSP polarimeters during the ACEPOL field campaign” presented at American Geophysical Union fall meeting, 2018.

Barbosa, H. M. J.

J.-V. Martins, R. Fernandez-Borda, B. McBride, L. Remer, and H. M. J. Barbosa, “The HARP hyperangular imaging polarimeter and the need for small satellite payloads with high science payoff for Earth science remote sensing,” in IGARSS—IEEE International Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium, Valencia (2018), pp. 6304–6307.

Barré, H.

S. Grabarnik, J.-L. Bezy, M. Betto, G. Mason, I. Manolis, J. Caron, H. Barré, and R. Meynart, “The MetOp second generation 3MI mission,” Proc. SPIE 10564, 105640A (2017).
[Crossref]

I. Manolis, S. Grabarnik, J. Caron, J.-L. Bézy, M. Loiselet, M. Betto, H. Barré, G. Mason, and R. Meynart, “The MetOp second generation 3MI instrument,” Proc. SPIE 8889, 88890J (2013).
[Crossref]

Bell, M.

J. Krall, G. B. Anderson, F. Dominici, M. Bell, and R. Peng, “Mortality effects of particulate matter constituents in a national study of U.S. urban communities,” Epidemiology 23, 1 (2012).

Bellouin, N.

H. Yu, Y. J. Kaufman, M. Chin, G. Feingold, L. A. Remer, T. L. Anderson, Y. Balkanski, N. Bellouin, O. Boucher, S. Christopher, P. DeCola, R. Kahn, D. Koch, N. Loeb, M. S. Reddy, M. Schulz, T. Takemura, and M. Zhou, “A review of measurement-based assessment of aerosol direct radiative effect and forcing,” Atmos. Chem. Phys. 6, 613–666 (2006).
[Crossref]

Betto, M.

S. Grabarnik, J.-L. Bezy, M. Betto, G. Mason, I. Manolis, J. Caron, H. Barré, and R. Meynart, “The MetOp second generation 3MI mission,” Proc. SPIE 10564, 105640A (2017).
[Crossref]

I. Manolis, S. Grabarnik, J. Caron, J.-L. Bézy, M. Loiselet, M. Betto, H. Barré, G. Mason, and R. Meynart, “The MetOp second generation 3MI instrument,” Proc. SPIE 8889, 88890J (2013).
[Crossref]

Bezy, J.-L.

S. Grabarnik, J.-L. Bezy, M. Betto, G. Mason, I. Manolis, J. Caron, H. Barré, and R. Meynart, “The MetOp second generation 3MI mission,” Proc. SPIE 10564, 105640A (2017).
[Crossref]

Bézy, J.-L.

I. Manolis, J.-L. Bézy, R. Meynart, M. Porciani, M. Loiselet, G. Mason, D. Labate, U. Bruno, and R. De Vidi, “The 3MI instrument on the Metop second generation,” Proc. SPIE 10563, 1056324 (2017).
[Crossref]

I. Manolis, S. Grabarnik, J. Caron, J.-L. Bézy, M. Loiselet, M. Betto, H. Barré, G. Mason, and R. Meynart, “The MetOp second generation 3MI instrument,” Proc. SPIE 8889, 88890J (2013).
[Crossref]

Bian, H.

C. Lacagnina, O. P. Hasekamp, H. Bian, G. Curci, G. Myhre, T. Van Noije, M. Schultz, R. B. Skeie, T. Takemura, and K. Zhang, “Aerosol single-scattering albedo over the global oceans: comparing PARASOL retrievals with AERONET, OMI, and AeroCom models estimates,” J. Geophys. Res. Atmos. 120, 9814–9836 (2015).
[Crossref]

Borda, R. A. F.

B. McBride, J.-V. Marting, H. M. Barbosa, R. A. F. Borda, O. P. Hasekamp, J. M. Smit, J. H. H. Rietjens, G. Van Harten, D. J. Diner, B. Cairns, A. Wasilewski, and L. A. Remer, “Validation of AirHARP calibration with coincident observations by SPEX Airborne, AirMSPI, and RSP polarimeters during the ACEPOL field campaign” presented at American Geophysical Union fall meeting, 2018.

Boucher, O.

H. Yu, Y. J. Kaufman, M. Chin, G. Feingold, L. A. Remer, T. L. Anderson, Y. Balkanski, N. Bellouin, O. Boucher, S. Christopher, P. DeCola, R. Kahn, D. Koch, N. Loeb, M. S. Reddy, M. Schulz, T. Takemura, and M. Zhou, “A review of measurement-based assessment of aerosol direct radiative effect and forcing,” Atmos. Chem. Phys. 6, 613–666 (2006).
[Crossref]

Bréon, F. M.

P. Y. Deschamps, F. M. Bréon, M. Leroy, A. Podaire, A. Bricaud, J. C. Buriez, and G. Séze, “The POLDER mission: instrument characteristics and scientific objectives,” IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens. 32, 598–615 (1994).
[Crossref]

Bricaud, A.

P. Y. Deschamps, F. M. Bréon, M. Leroy, A. Podaire, A. Bricaud, J. C. Buriez, and G. Séze, “The POLDER mission: instrument characteristics and scientific objectives,” IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens. 32, 598–615 (1994).
[Crossref]

Bruegge, C.

Bruno, U.

I. Manolis, J.-L. Bézy, R. Meynart, M. Porciani, M. Loiselet, G. Mason, D. Labate, U. Bruno, and R. De Vidi, “The 3MI instrument on the Metop second generation,” Proc. SPIE 10563, 1056324 (2017).
[Crossref]

Bull, M.

Bull, M. A.

G. Van Harten, D. J. Diner, B. J. S. Daugherty, B. E. Rheingans, M. A. Bull, F. C. Seidel, R. A. Chipman, B. Cairns, A. P. Wasilewski, and K. D. Knobelspiesse, “Calibration and validation of Airborne Multiangle SpectroPolarimetric Imager (AirMSPI) polarization measurements,” Appl. Opt. 57, 4499–4513 (2018).
[Crossref]

D. J. Diner, F. Xu, M. J. Garay, J. V. Martonchik, B. E. Rheingans, S. Geier, A. Davis, B. R. Hancock, V. M. Jovanovic, M. A. Bull, K. Capraro, R. A. Chipman, and S. C. McClain, “The Airborne Multiangle SpectroPolarimetric Imager (AirMSPI): a new tool for aerosol and cloud remote sensing,” Atmos. Meas. Tech. 6, 2007–2025 (2013).
[Crossref]

Buma, W. J.

C. H. L. Patty, D. A. Luo, F. Snik, F. Ariese, W. J. Buma, I. L. Ten Kate, R. J. M. Van Spanning, W. B. Sparks, T. A. Germer, G. Garab, and M. W. Kudenov, “Imaging linear and circular polarization features in leaves with complete Mueller matrix polarimetry,” Biochim. Biophys. Acta 1862, 1350–1363 (2018).
[Crossref]

Buriez, J. C.

P. Y. Deschamps, F. M. Bréon, M. Leroy, A. Podaire, A. Bricaud, J. C. Buriez, and G. Séze, “The POLDER mission: instrument characteristics and scientific objectives,” IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens. 32, 598–615 (1994).
[Crossref]

Burke, K.

D. J. Diner, K. Burke, F. Xu, M. J. Garay, O. V. Kalashnikova, Y. Liu, X. Meng, J. Wang, R. Martin, and B. Ostro, “Advances in multiangle satellite remote sensing of speciated airborne particulate matter and association with adverse health effects: from MISR to MAIA,” J. Appl. Remote Sens. 12, 042603 (2018).
[Crossref]

Burton, S. P.

B. R. Philip, K. Meloë, J. M. Livingston, O. P. Hasekamp, S. P. Burton, G. L. Schuster, M. S. Johnson, K. D. Knobelspiesse, J. Redemann, S. Ramachandran, and B. Holben, “A multiparameter aerosol classification method and its application to retrievals from spaceborne polarimetry,” J. Geophys. Res. Atmos. 119, 98389863 (2014).
[Crossref]

Butz, A.

O. P. Hasekamp, P. Litvinov, and A. Butz, “Aerosol properties over the ocean from PARASOL multiangle photopolarimetric measurements,” J. Geophys. Res. 116, D14204 (2011).
[Crossref]

Cairns, B.

K. D. Knobelspiesse, Q. Tan, C. Bruegge, B. Cairns, J. Chowdhary, B. Van Diedenhoven, D. J. Diner, R. Ferrare, G. Van Harten, V. Jovanovic, M. Ottaviani, J. Redemann, F. Seidel, and K. Sinclair, “Intercomparison of airborne multi-angle polarimeter observations from the polarimeter definition experiment,” Appl. Opt. 58, 650–669 (2019).
[Crossref]

G. Van Harten, D. J. Diner, B. J. S. Daugherty, B. E. Rheingans, M. A. Bull, F. C. Seidel, R. A. Chipman, B. Cairns, A. P. Wasilewski, and K. D. Knobelspiesse, “Calibration and validation of Airborne Multiangle SpectroPolarimetric Imager (AirMSPI) polarization measurements,” Appl. Opt. 57, 4499–4513 (2018).
[Crossref]

L. Wu, O. P. Hasekamp, B. Van Diedenhoven, B. Cairns, J. E. Yorks, and J. Chowdhary, “Passive remote sensing of aerosol layer height using near-UV multiangle polarization measurements,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 43, 8783–8790 (2016).
[Crossref]

L. Wu, O. P. Hasekamp, B. Van Diedenhoven, and B. Cairns, “Aerosol retrieval from multiangle, multispectral photopolarimetric measurements: importance of spectral range and angular resolution,” Atmos. Meas. Tech. 8, 2625–2638 (2015).
[Crossref]

F. Waquet, B. Cairns, K. Knobelspiesse, J. Chowdhary, L. D. Travis, B. Schmid, and M. I. Mishchenko, “Polarimetric remote sensing of aerosols over land,” J. Geophys. Res. 114, D01206 (2009).
[Crossref]

M. I. Mishchenko, B. Cairns, G. Kopp, C. F. Schueler, B. A. Fafaul, J. E. Hansen, R. J. Hooker, T. Itchkawich, H. B. Maring, and L. D. Travis, “Accurate monitoring of terrestrial aerosols and total solar irradiance: introducing the Glory Mission,” Bull. Am. Meteorol. Soc. 88(5), 677–692 (2007).
[Crossref]

R. J. Peralta, C. Nardell, B. Cairns, E. E. Russell, L. D. Travis, M. I. Mishchenko, B. A. Fafaul, and R. J. Hooker, “Aerosol polarimetry sensor for the Glory Mission,” Proc. SPIE 6786, 67865L (2007).
[Crossref]

J. Chowdhary, B. Cairns, M. I. Mishchenko, P. V. Hobbs, G. F. Cota, J. Redemann, K. Rutledge, B. N. Holben, and E. Russell, “Retrieval of aerosol scattering and absorption properties from photopolarimetric observations over the ocean during the CLAMS experiment,” J. Atmos. Sci. 62, 1093–1117 (2005).
[Crossref]

B. Cairns, E. E. Russell, and L. D. Travis, “Research scanning polarimeter: calibration and ground-based measurements,” Proc. SPIE 3754, 186–196 (1999).
[Crossref]

B. McBride, J.-V. Marting, H. M. Barbosa, R. A. F. Borda, O. P. Hasekamp, J. M. Smit, J. H. H. Rietjens, G. Van Harten, D. J. Diner, B. Cairns, A. Wasilewski, and L. A. Remer, “Validation of AirHARP calibration with coincident observations by SPEX Airborne, AirMSPI, and RSP polarimeters during the ACEPOL field campaign” presented at American Geophysical Union fall meeting, 2018.

Campo, J.

A. H. Van Amerongen, J. H. H. Rietjens, J. Campo, E. Dogan, J. Dingjan, R. Nalla, J. Caron, and O. P. Hasekamp, “SPEXone: a compact multi-angle spectro-polarimeter,” in Proceedings ICSO (2018).

Capraro, K.

D. J. Diner, F. Xu, M. J. Garay, J. V. Martonchik, B. E. Rheingans, S. Geier, A. Davis, B. R. Hancock, V. M. Jovanovic, M. A. Bull, K. Capraro, R. A. Chipman, and S. C. McClain, “The Airborne Multiangle SpectroPolarimetric Imager (AirMSPI): a new tool for aerosol and cloud remote sensing,” Atmos. Meas. Tech. 6, 2007–2025 (2013).
[Crossref]

Caron, J.

S. Grabarnik, J.-L. Bezy, M. Betto, G. Mason, I. Manolis, J. Caron, H. Barré, and R. Meynart, “The MetOp second generation 3MI mission,” Proc. SPIE 10564, 105640A (2017).
[Crossref]

I. Manolis, S. Grabarnik, J. Caron, J.-L. Bézy, M. Loiselet, M. Betto, H. Barré, G. Mason, and R. Meynart, “The MetOp second generation 3MI instrument,” Proc. SPIE 8889, 88890J (2013).
[Crossref]

A. H. Van Amerongen, J. H. H. Rietjens, J. Campo, E. Dogan, J. Dingjan, R. Nalla, J. Caron, and O. P. Hasekamp, “SPEXone: a compact multi-angle spectro-polarimeter,” in Proceedings ICSO (2018).

Chen, F.

W. B. Sparks, J. H. Hough, L. Kolokolov, T. A. Germer, F. Chen, S. DasSarma, P. DasSarma, F. T. Robb, N. Manset, I. N. Reid, F. D. Machetto, and W. Martin, “Circular polarization in scattered light as a possible biomarker,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 110, 1771–1779 (2009).
[Crossref]

Chin, M.

H. Yu, Y. J. Kaufman, M. Chin, G. Feingold, L. A. Remer, T. L. Anderson, Y. Balkanski, N. Bellouin, O. Boucher, S. Christopher, P. DeCola, R. Kahn, D. Koch, N. Loeb, M. S. Reddy, M. Schulz, T. Takemura, and M. Zhou, “A review of measurement-based assessment of aerosol direct radiative effect and forcing,” Atmos. Chem. Phys. 6, 613–666 (2006).
[Crossref]

Chipman, R. A.

Chowdhary, J.

K. D. Knobelspiesse, Q. Tan, C. Bruegge, B. Cairns, J. Chowdhary, B. Van Diedenhoven, D. J. Diner, R. Ferrare, G. Van Harten, V. Jovanovic, M. Ottaviani, J. Redemann, F. Seidel, and K. Sinclair, “Intercomparison of airborne multi-angle polarimeter observations from the polarimeter definition experiment,” Appl. Opt. 58, 650–669 (2019).
[Crossref]

L. Wu, O. P. Hasekamp, B. Van Diedenhoven, B. Cairns, J. E. Yorks, and J. Chowdhary, “Passive remote sensing of aerosol layer height using near-UV multiangle polarization measurements,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 43, 8783–8790 (2016).
[Crossref]

F. Waquet, B. Cairns, K. Knobelspiesse, J. Chowdhary, L. D. Travis, B. Schmid, and M. I. Mishchenko, “Polarimetric remote sensing of aerosols over land,” J. Geophys. Res. 114, D01206 (2009).
[Crossref]

J. Chowdhary, B. Cairns, M. I. Mishchenko, P. V. Hobbs, G. F. Cota, J. Redemann, K. Rutledge, B. N. Holben, and E. Russell, “Retrieval of aerosol scattering and absorption properties from photopolarimetric observations over the ocean during the CLAMS experiment,” J. Atmos. Sci. 62, 1093–1117 (2005).
[Crossref]

Chrien, T. G.

Christopher, S.

H. Yu, Y. J. Kaufman, M. Chin, G. Feingold, L. A. Remer, T. L. Anderson, Y. Balkanski, N. Bellouin, O. Boucher, S. Christopher, P. DeCola, R. Kahn, D. Koch, N. Loeb, M. S. Reddy, M. Schulz, T. Takemura, and M. Zhou, “A review of measurement-based assessment of aerosol direct radiative effect and forcing,” Atmos. Chem. Phys. 6, 613–666 (2006).
[Crossref]

Cota, G. F.

J. Chowdhary, B. Cairns, M. I. Mishchenko, P. V. Hobbs, G. F. Cota, J. Redemann, K. Rutledge, B. N. Holben, and E. Russell, “Retrieval of aerosol scattering and absorption properties from photopolarimetric observations over the ocean during the CLAMS experiment,” J. Atmos. Sci. 62, 1093–1117 (2005).
[Crossref]

Couto, A. B.

B. Fougnie, T. Marbach, A. Lacan, R. Lang, P. Schlüssel, G. Poli, R. Munro, and A. B. Couto, “The multi-viewing multi-channel multipolarisation imager: overview of the 3MI polarimetric mission for aerosol and cloud characterization,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 219, 23–32 (2018).
[Crossref]

Crouse, D. L.

D. L. Crouse, P. A. Peters, and A. Van Donkelaar, “Risk of nonaccidental and cardiovascular mortality in relation to long-term exposure to low concentrations of fine particulate matter: a Canadian national-level cohort study,” Environ. Health Perspect. 120, 708–714 (2012).
[Crossref]

Curci, G.

C. Lacagnina, O. P. Hasekamp, H. Bian, G. Curci, G. Myhre, T. Van Noije, M. Schultz, R. B. Skeie, T. Takemura, and K. Zhang, “Aerosol single-scattering albedo over the global oceans: comparing PARASOL retrievals with AERONET, OMI, and AeroCom models estimates,” J. Geophys. Res. Atmos. 120, 9814–9836 (2015).
[Crossref]

DasSarma, P.

W. B. Sparks, J. H. Hough, L. Kolokolov, T. A. Germer, F. Chen, S. DasSarma, P. DasSarma, F. T. Robb, N. Manset, I. N. Reid, F. D. Machetto, and W. Martin, “Circular polarization in scattered light as a possible biomarker,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 110, 1771–1779 (2009).
[Crossref]

DasSarma, S.

W. B. Sparks, J. H. Hough, L. Kolokolov, T. A. Germer, F. Chen, S. DasSarma, P. DasSarma, F. T. Robb, N. Manset, I. N. Reid, F. D. Machetto, and W. Martin, “Circular polarization in scattered light as a possible biomarker,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 110, 1771–1779 (2009).
[Crossref]

Daugherty, B. J. S.

Davis, A.

D. J. Diner, F. Xu, M. J. Garay, J. V. Martonchik, B. E. Rheingans, S. Geier, A. Davis, B. R. Hancock, V. M. Jovanovic, M. A. Bull, K. Capraro, R. A. Chipman, and S. C. McClain, “The Airborne Multiangle SpectroPolarimetric Imager (AirMSPI): a new tool for aerosol and cloud remote sensing,” Atmos. Meas. Tech. 6, 2007–2025 (2013).
[Crossref]

D. J. Diner, A. Davis, B. Hancock, S. Geier, B. Rheingans, V. Jovanovic, M. Bull, D. M. Rider, R. A. Chipman, A. Mahler, and S. C. McClain, “First results from a dual photoelastic- modulator-based polarimetric camera,” Appl. Opt. 49, 2929–2946 (2010).
[Crossref]

De Boer, J.

J. H. H. Rietjens, J. M. Smit, G. Van Harten, A. Di Noia, O. P. Hasekamp, J. De Boer, H. Volten, and F. Snik, and C. U. Keller, “Accurate spectrally modulating polarimeters for atmospheric aerosol characterization,” Proc. SPIE 9613, 96130S (2015).
[Crossref]

G. Van Harten, F. Snik, J. H. H. Rietjens, J. M. Smit, J. De Boer, R. Diamantopoulou, O. P. Hasekamp, D. M. Stam, C. U. Keller, E. C. Laan, A. L. Verlaan, W. A. Vliegenthart, R. Ter Horst, R. Navarro, K. Wielinga, S. G. Moon, and R. Voors, “Prototyping for the Spectropolarimeter for Planetary EXploration (SPEX): calibration and sky measurements,” Proc. SPIE 8160, 81600Z (2011).
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De Vidi, R.

I. Manolis, J.-L. Bézy, R. Meynart, M. Porciani, M. Loiselet, G. Mason, D. Labate, U. Bruno, and R. De Vidi, “The 3MI instrument on the Metop second generation,” Proc. SPIE 10563, 1056324 (2017).
[Crossref]

de Vries, J.

E. Laan, D. Stam, F. Snik, T. Karalidi, C. U. Keller, R. Ter Horst, R. Navarro, G. Oomen, J. de Vries, and R. Hoogeveen, “The spectropolarimeter for planetary exploration: SPEX,” Proc. SPIE 10566, 105662G (2017.
[Crossref]

F. Snik, T. Karalida, C. U. Keller, E. C. Laan, E. Ter Horst, R. Navarro, D. M. Stam, C. Aas, J. De Vries, G. M. Oomen, and R. Hoogeveen, “SPEX: an in-orbit spectropolarimeter for planetary exploration,” Proc. SPIE 7010, 701015 (2008).
[Crossref]

DeCola, P.

H. Yu, Y. J. Kaufman, M. Chin, G. Feingold, L. A. Remer, T. L. Anderson, Y. Balkanski, N. Bellouin, O. Boucher, S. Christopher, P. DeCola, R. Kahn, D. Koch, N. Loeb, M. S. Reddy, M. Schulz, T. Takemura, and M. Zhou, “A review of measurement-based assessment of aerosol direct radiative effect and forcing,” Atmos. Chem. Phys. 6, 613–666 (2006).
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P. Y. Deschamps, F. M. Bréon, M. Leroy, A. Podaire, A. Bricaud, J. C. Buriez, and G. Séze, “The POLDER mission: instrument characteristics and scientific objectives,” IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens. 32, 598–615 (1994).
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Di Noia, A.

O. P. Hasekamp, G. Fu, S. P. Rusli, L. Wu, A. Di Noia, J. Aan de Brugh, J. Landgraf, J. M. Smit, J. R. Rietjens, and A. Amerongen, “Aerosol measurements by SPEXone on the NASA PACE mission: expected retrieval capabilities,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 227, 170–184 (2019).
[Crossref]

J. H. H. Rietjens, J. M. Smit, G. Van Harten, A. Di Noia, O. P. Hasekamp, J. De Boer, H. Volten, and F. Snik, and C. U. Keller, “Accurate spectrally modulating polarimeters for atmospheric aerosol characterization,” Proc. SPIE 9613, 96130S (2015).
[Crossref]

J. H. H. Rietjens, J. M. Smit, A. Di Noia, O. P. Hasekamp, G. Van Harten, F. Snik, and C. U. Keller, “SPEX: a highly accurate spectropolarimeter for atmospheric aerosol characterization,” Proc. ICSO 10563, 1056344 (2014).

Diamantopoulou, R.

G. Van Harten, F. Snik, J. H. H. Rietjens, J. M. Smit, J. De Boer, R. Diamantopoulou, O. P. Hasekamp, D. M. Stam, C. U. Keller, E. C. Laan, A. L. Verlaan, W. A. Vliegenthart, R. Ter Horst, R. Navarro, K. Wielinga, S. G. Moon, and R. Voors, “Prototyping for the Spectropolarimeter for Planetary EXploration (SPEX): calibration and sky measurements,” Proc. SPIE 8160, 81600Z (2011).
[Crossref]

Diner, D. J.

K. D. Knobelspiesse, Q. Tan, C. Bruegge, B. Cairns, J. Chowdhary, B. Van Diedenhoven, D. J. Diner, R. Ferrare, G. Van Harten, V. Jovanovic, M. Ottaviani, J. Redemann, F. Seidel, and K. Sinclair, “Intercomparison of airborne multi-angle polarimeter observations from the polarimeter definition experiment,” Appl. Opt. 58, 650–669 (2019).
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G. Van Harten, D. J. Diner, B. J. S. Daugherty, B. E. Rheingans, M. A. Bull, F. C. Seidel, R. A. Chipman, B. Cairns, A. P. Wasilewski, and K. D. Knobelspiesse, “Calibration and validation of Airborne Multiangle SpectroPolarimetric Imager (AirMSPI) polarization measurements,” Appl. Opt. 57, 4499–4513 (2018).
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D. J. Diner, K. Burke, F. Xu, M. J. Garay, O. V. Kalashnikova, Y. Liu, X. Meng, J. Wang, R. Martin, and B. Ostro, “Advances in multiangle satellite remote sensing of speciated airborne particulate matter and association with adverse health effects: from MISR to MAIA,” J. Appl. Remote Sens. 12, 042603 (2018).
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D. J. Diner, F. Xu, M. J. Garay, J. V. Martonchik, B. E. Rheingans, S. Geier, A. Davis, B. R. Hancock, V. M. Jovanovic, M. A. Bull, K. Capraro, R. A. Chipman, and S. C. McClain, “The Airborne Multiangle SpectroPolarimetric Imager (AirMSPI): a new tool for aerosol and cloud remote sensing,” Atmos. Meas. Tech. 6, 2007–2025 (2013).
[Crossref]

D. J. Diner, A. Davis, B. Hancock, S. Geier, B. Rheingans, V. Jovanovic, M. Bull, D. M. Rider, R. A. Chipman, A. Mahler, and S. C. McClain, “First results from a dual photoelastic- modulator-based polarimetric camera,” Appl. Opt. 49, 2929–2946 (2010).
[Crossref]

B. McBride, J.-V. Marting, H. M. Barbosa, R. A. F. Borda, O. P. Hasekamp, J. M. Smit, J. H. H. Rietjens, G. Van Harten, D. J. Diner, B. Cairns, A. Wasilewski, and L. A. Remer, “Validation of AirHARP calibration with coincident observations by SPEX Airborne, AirMSPI, and RSP polarimeters during the ACEPOL field campaign” presented at American Geophysical Union fall meeting, 2018.

Dingjan, J.

A. H. Van Amerongen, J. H. H. Rietjens, J. Campo, E. Dogan, J. Dingjan, R. Nalla, J. Caron, and O. P. Hasekamp, “SPEXone: a compact multi-angle spectro-polarimeter,” in Proceedings ICSO (2018).

Dockery, D. W.

C. A. Pope and D. W. Dockery, “Health effects of fine particulate air pollution: lines that connect,” J. Air Waste Manage. Assoc. 56, 709–742 (2006).
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Dogan, E.

A. H. Van Amerongen, J. H. H. Rietjens, J. Campo, E. Dogan, J. Dingjan, R. Nalla, J. Caron, and O. P. Hasekamp, “SPEXone: a compact multi-angle spectro-polarimeter,” in Proceedings ICSO (2018).

Dominici, F.

J. Krall, G. B. Anderson, F. Dominici, M. Bell, and R. Peng, “Mortality effects of particulate matter constituents in a national study of U.S. urban communities,” Epidemiology 23, 1 (2012).

Fafaul, B. A.

R. J. Peralta, C. Nardell, B. Cairns, E. E. Russell, L. D. Travis, M. I. Mishchenko, B. A. Fafaul, and R. J. Hooker, “Aerosol polarimetry sensor for the Glory Mission,” Proc. SPIE 6786, 67865L (2007).
[Crossref]

M. I. Mishchenko, B. Cairns, G. Kopp, C. F. Schueler, B. A. Fafaul, J. E. Hansen, R. J. Hooker, T. Itchkawich, H. B. Maring, and L. D. Travis, “Accurate monitoring of terrestrial aerosols and total solar irradiance: introducing the Glory Mission,” Bull. Am. Meteorol. Soc. 88(5), 677–692 (2007).
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Feingold, G.

H. Yu, Y. J. Kaufman, M. Chin, G. Feingold, L. A. Remer, T. L. Anderson, Y. Balkanski, N. Bellouin, O. Boucher, S. Christopher, P. DeCola, R. Kahn, D. Koch, N. Loeb, M. S. Reddy, M. Schulz, T. Takemura, and M. Zhou, “A review of measurement-based assessment of aerosol direct radiative effect and forcing,” Atmos. Chem. Phys. 6, 613–666 (2006).
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Fernandez-Borda, R.

J.-V. Martins, R. Fernandez-Borda, B. McBride, L. Remer, and H. M. J. Barbosa, “The HARP hyperangular imaging polarimeter and the need for small satellite payloads with high science payoff for Earth science remote sensing,” in IGARSS—IEEE International Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium, Valencia (2018), pp. 6304–6307.

Ferrare, R.

Fougnie, B.

B. Fougnie, T. Marbach, A. Lacan, R. Lang, P. Schlüssel, G. Poli, R. Munro, and A. B. Couto, “The multi-viewing multi-channel multipolarisation imager: overview of the 3MI polarimetric mission for aerosol and cloud characterization,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 219, 23–32 (2018).
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Fu, G.

O. P. Hasekamp, G. Fu, S. P. Rusli, L. Wu, A. Di Noia, J. Aan de Brugh, J. Landgraf, J. M. Smit, J. R. Rietjens, and A. Amerongen, “Aerosol measurements by SPEXone on the NASA PACE mission: expected retrieval capabilities,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 227, 170–184 (2019).
[Crossref]

Garab, G.

C. H. L. Patty, D. A. Luo, F. Snik, F. Ariese, W. J. Buma, I. L. Ten Kate, R. J. M. Van Spanning, W. B. Sparks, T. A. Germer, G. Garab, and M. W. Kudenov, “Imaging linear and circular polarization features in leaves with complete Mueller matrix polarimetry,” Biochim. Biophys. Acta 1862, 1350–1363 (2018).
[Crossref]

Garay, M. J.

D. J. Diner, K. Burke, F. Xu, M. J. Garay, O. V. Kalashnikova, Y. Liu, X. Meng, J. Wang, R. Martin, and B. Ostro, “Advances in multiangle satellite remote sensing of speciated airborne particulate matter and association with adverse health effects: from MISR to MAIA,” J. Appl. Remote Sens. 12, 042603 (2018).
[Crossref]

D. J. Diner, F. Xu, M. J. Garay, J. V. Martonchik, B. E. Rheingans, S. Geier, A. Davis, B. R. Hancock, V. M. Jovanovic, M. A. Bull, K. Capraro, R. A. Chipman, and S. C. McClain, “The Airborne Multiangle SpectroPolarimetric Imager (AirMSPI): a new tool for aerosol and cloud remote sensing,” Atmos. Meas. Tech. 6, 2007–2025 (2013).
[Crossref]

Geier, S.

D. J. Diner, F. Xu, M. J. Garay, J. V. Martonchik, B. E. Rheingans, S. Geier, A. Davis, B. R. Hancock, V. M. Jovanovic, M. A. Bull, K. Capraro, R. A. Chipman, and S. C. McClain, “The Airborne Multiangle SpectroPolarimetric Imager (AirMSPI): a new tool for aerosol and cloud remote sensing,” Atmos. Meas. Tech. 6, 2007–2025 (2013).
[Crossref]

D. J. Diner, A. Davis, B. Hancock, S. Geier, B. Rheingans, V. Jovanovic, M. Bull, D. M. Rider, R. A. Chipman, A. Mahler, and S. C. McClain, “First results from a dual photoelastic- modulator-based polarimetric camera,” Appl. Opt. 49, 2929–2946 (2010).
[Crossref]

Germer, T. A.

C. H. L. Patty, D. A. Luo, F. Snik, F. Ariese, W. J. Buma, I. L. Ten Kate, R. J. M. Van Spanning, W. B. Sparks, T. A. Germer, G. Garab, and M. W. Kudenov, “Imaging linear and circular polarization features in leaves with complete Mueller matrix polarimetry,” Biochim. Biophys. Acta 1862, 1350–1363 (2018).
[Crossref]

W. B. Sparks, J. H. Hough, L. Kolokolov, T. A. Germer, F. Chen, S. DasSarma, P. DasSarma, F. T. Robb, N. Manset, I. N. Reid, F. D. Machetto, and W. Martin, “Circular polarization in scattered light as a possible biomarker,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 110, 1771–1779 (2009).
[Crossref]

Grabarnik, S.

S. Grabarnik, J.-L. Bezy, M. Betto, G. Mason, I. Manolis, J. Caron, H. Barré, and R. Meynart, “The MetOp second generation 3MI mission,” Proc. SPIE 10564, 105640A (2017).
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I. Manolis, S. Grabarnik, J. Caron, J.-L. Bézy, M. Loiselet, M. Betto, H. Barré, G. Mason, and R. Meynart, “The MetOp second generation 3MI instrument,” Proc. SPIE 8889, 88890J (2013).
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Green, R. O.

Guevara, R.

A. Jarvis, H. I. Reuter, A. Nelson, and R. Guevara, “Hole-filled seamless SRTM data V4,” (International Centre for Tropical Agriculture (CIAT), 2008).

Hancock, B.

Hancock, B. R.

D. J. Diner, F. Xu, M. J. Garay, J. V. Martonchik, B. E. Rheingans, S. Geier, A. Davis, B. R. Hancock, V. M. Jovanovic, M. A. Bull, K. Capraro, R. A. Chipman, and S. C. McClain, “The Airborne Multiangle SpectroPolarimetric Imager (AirMSPI): a new tool for aerosol and cloud remote sensing,” Atmos. Meas. Tech. 6, 2007–2025 (2013).
[Crossref]

Hansen, J. E.

M. I. Mishchenko, B. Cairns, G. Kopp, C. F. Schueler, B. A. Fafaul, J. E. Hansen, R. J. Hooker, T. Itchkawich, H. B. Maring, and L. D. Travis, “Accurate monitoring of terrestrial aerosols and total solar irradiance: introducing the Glory Mission,” Bull. Am. Meteorol. Soc. 88(5), 677–692 (2007).
[Crossref]

Hasekamp, O. P.

O. P. Hasekamp, G. Fu, S. P. Rusli, L. Wu, A. Di Noia, J. Aan de Brugh, J. Landgraf, J. M. Smit, J. R. Rietjens, and A. Amerongen, “Aerosol measurements by SPEXone on the NASA PACE mission: expected retrieval capabilities,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 227, 170–184 (2019).
[Crossref]

C. Lacagnina, O. P. Hasekamp, and O. Torres, “Direct radiative effect of aerosols based on PARASOL and OMI satellite observations,” J. Geophys. Res. Atmos. 122, 2366–2388 (2017).
[Crossref]

L. Wu, O. P. Hasekamp, B. Van Diedenhoven, B. Cairns, J. E. Yorks, and J. Chowdhary, “Passive remote sensing of aerosol layer height using near-UV multiangle polarization measurements,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 43, 8783–8790 (2016).
[Crossref]

C. Lacagnina, O. P. Hasekamp, H. Bian, G. Curci, G. Myhre, T. Van Noije, M. Schultz, R. B. Skeie, T. Takemura, and K. Zhang, “Aerosol single-scattering albedo over the global oceans: comparing PARASOL retrievals with AERONET, OMI, and AeroCom models estimates,” J. Geophys. Res. Atmos. 120, 9814–9836 (2015).
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L. Wu, O. P. Hasekamp, B. Van Diedenhoven, and B. Cairns, “Aerosol retrieval from multiangle, multispectral photopolarimetric measurements: importance of spectral range and angular resolution,” Atmos. Meas. Tech. 8, 2625–2638 (2015).
[Crossref]

J. H. H. Rietjens, J. M. Smit, G. Van Harten, A. Di Noia, O. P. Hasekamp, J. De Boer, H. Volten, and F. Snik, and C. U. Keller, “Accurate spectrally modulating polarimeters for atmospheric aerosol characterization,” Proc. SPIE 9613, 96130S (2015).
[Crossref]

J. H. H. Rietjens, J. M. Smit, A. Di Noia, O. P. Hasekamp, G. Van Harten, F. Snik, and C. U. Keller, “SPEX: a highly accurate spectropolarimeter for atmospheric aerosol characterization,” Proc. ICSO 10563, 1056344 (2014).

B. R. Philip, K. Meloë, J. M. Livingston, O. P. Hasekamp, S. P. Burton, G. L. Schuster, M. S. Johnson, K. D. Knobelspiesse, J. Redemann, S. Ramachandran, and B. Holben, “A multiparameter aerosol classification method and its application to retrievals from spaceborne polarimetry,” J. Geophys. Res. Atmos. 119, 98389863 (2014).
[Crossref]

O. P. Hasekamp, P. Litvinov, and A. Butz, “Aerosol properties over the ocean from PARASOL multiangle photopolarimetric measurements,” J. Geophys. Res. 116, D14204 (2011).
[Crossref]

G. Van Harten, F. Snik, J. H. H. Rietjens, J. M. Smit, J. De Boer, R. Diamantopoulou, O. P. Hasekamp, D. M. Stam, C. U. Keller, E. C. Laan, A. L. Verlaan, W. A. Vliegenthart, R. Ter Horst, R. Navarro, K. Wielinga, S. G. Moon, and R. Voors, “Prototyping for the Spectropolarimeter for Planetary EXploration (SPEX): calibration and sky measurements,” Proc. SPIE 8160, 81600Z (2011).
[Crossref]

O. P. Hasekamp and J. Landgraf, “Retrieval of aerosol properties over land surfaces: capabilities of multiple-viewing-angle intensity and polarization measurements,” Appl. Opt. 46, 3332–3344 (2007).
[Crossref]

B. McBride, J.-V. Marting, H. M. Barbosa, R. A. F. Borda, O. P. Hasekamp, J. M. Smit, J. H. H. Rietjens, G. Van Harten, D. J. Diner, B. Cairns, A. Wasilewski, and L. A. Remer, “Validation of AirHARP calibration with coincident observations by SPEX Airborne, AirMSPI, and RSP polarimeters during the ACEPOL field campaign” presented at American Geophysical Union fall meeting, 2018.

A. H. Van Amerongen, J. H. H. Rietjens, J. Campo, E. Dogan, J. Dingjan, R. Nalla, J. Caron, and O. P. Hasekamp, “SPEXone: a compact multi-angle spectro-polarimeter,” in Proceedings ICSO (2018).

Hobbs, P. V.

J. Chowdhary, B. Cairns, M. I. Mishchenko, P. V. Hobbs, G. F. Cota, J. Redemann, K. Rutledge, B. N. Holben, and E. Russell, “Retrieval of aerosol scattering and absorption properties from photopolarimetric observations over the ocean during the CLAMS experiment,” J. Atmos. Sci. 62, 1093–1117 (2005).
[Crossref]

Holben, B.

B. R. Philip, K. Meloë, J. M. Livingston, O. P. Hasekamp, S. P. Burton, G. L. Schuster, M. S. Johnson, K. D. Knobelspiesse, J. Redemann, S. Ramachandran, and B. Holben, “A multiparameter aerosol classification method and its application to retrievals from spaceborne polarimetry,” J. Geophys. Res. Atmos. 119, 98389863 (2014).
[Crossref]

Holben, B. N.

J. Chowdhary, B. Cairns, M. I. Mishchenko, P. V. Hobbs, G. F. Cota, J. Redemann, K. Rutledge, B. N. Holben, and E. Russell, “Retrieval of aerosol scattering and absorption properties from photopolarimetric observations over the ocean during the CLAMS experiment,” J. Atmos. Sci. 62, 1093–1117 (2005).
[Crossref]

Hoogeveen, R.

E. Laan, D. Stam, F. Snik, T. Karalidi, C. U. Keller, R. Ter Horst, R. Navarro, G. Oomen, J. de Vries, and R. Hoogeveen, “The spectropolarimeter for planetary exploration: SPEX,” Proc. SPIE 10566, 105662G (2017.
[Crossref]

F. Snik, T. Karalida, C. U. Keller, E. C. Laan, E. Ter Horst, R. Navarro, D. M. Stam, C. Aas, J. De Vries, G. M. Oomen, and R. Hoogeveen, “SPEX: an in-orbit spectropolarimeter for planetary exploration,” Proc. SPIE 7010, 701015 (2008).
[Crossref]

Hooker, R. J.

M. I. Mishchenko, B. Cairns, G. Kopp, C. F. Schueler, B. A. Fafaul, J. E. Hansen, R. J. Hooker, T. Itchkawich, H. B. Maring, and L. D. Travis, “Accurate monitoring of terrestrial aerosols and total solar irradiance: introducing the Glory Mission,” Bull. Am. Meteorol. Soc. 88(5), 677–692 (2007).
[Crossref]

R. J. Peralta, C. Nardell, B. Cairns, E. E. Russell, L. D. Travis, M. I. Mishchenko, B. A. Fafaul, and R. J. Hooker, “Aerosol polarimetry sensor for the Glory Mission,” Proc. SPIE 6786, 67865L (2007).
[Crossref]

Hough, J. H.

W. B. Sparks, J. H. Hough, L. Kolokolov, T. A. Germer, F. Chen, S. DasSarma, P. DasSarma, F. T. Robb, N. Manset, I. N. Reid, F. D. Machetto, and W. Martin, “Circular polarization in scattered light as a possible biomarker,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 110, 1771–1779 (2009).
[Crossref]

Itchkawich, T.

M. I. Mishchenko, B. Cairns, G. Kopp, C. F. Schueler, B. A. Fafaul, J. E. Hansen, R. J. Hooker, T. Itchkawich, H. B. Maring, and L. D. Travis, “Accurate monitoring of terrestrial aerosols and total solar irradiance: introducing the Glory Mission,” Bull. Am. Meteorol. Soc. 88(5), 677–692 (2007).
[Crossref]

Jarvis, A.

A. Jarvis, H. I. Reuter, A. Nelson, and R. Guevara, “Hole-filled seamless SRTM data V4,” (International Centre for Tropical Agriculture (CIAT), 2008).

Johnson, M. S.

B. R. Philip, K. Meloë, J. M. Livingston, O. P. Hasekamp, S. P. Burton, G. L. Schuster, M. S. Johnson, K. D. Knobelspiesse, J. Redemann, S. Ramachandran, and B. Holben, “A multiparameter aerosol classification method and its application to retrievals from spaceborne polarimetry,” J. Geophys. Res. Atmos. 119, 98389863 (2014).
[Crossref]

Jovanovic, V.

Jovanovic, V. M.

D. J. Diner, F. Xu, M. J. Garay, J. V. Martonchik, B. E. Rheingans, S. Geier, A. Davis, B. R. Hancock, V. M. Jovanovic, M. A. Bull, K. Capraro, R. A. Chipman, and S. C. McClain, “The Airborne Multiangle SpectroPolarimetric Imager (AirMSPI): a new tool for aerosol and cloud remote sensing,” Atmos. Meas. Tech. 6, 2007–2025 (2013).
[Crossref]

Kahn, R.

H. Yu, Y. J. Kaufman, M. Chin, G. Feingold, L. A. Remer, T. L. Anderson, Y. Balkanski, N. Bellouin, O. Boucher, S. Christopher, P. DeCola, R. Kahn, D. Koch, N. Loeb, M. S. Reddy, M. Schulz, T. Takemura, and M. Zhou, “A review of measurement-based assessment of aerosol direct radiative effect and forcing,” Atmos. Chem. Phys. 6, 613–666 (2006).
[Crossref]

Kalashnikova, O. V.

D. J. Diner, K. Burke, F. Xu, M. J. Garay, O. V. Kalashnikova, Y. Liu, X. Meng, J. Wang, R. Martin, and B. Ostro, “Advances in multiangle satellite remote sensing of speciated airborne particulate matter and association with adverse health effects: from MISR to MAIA,” J. Appl. Remote Sens. 12, 042603 (2018).
[Crossref]

Karalida, T.

F. Snik, T. Karalida, C. U. Keller, E. C. Laan, E. Ter Horst, R. Navarro, D. M. Stam, C. Aas, J. De Vries, G. M. Oomen, and R. Hoogeveen, “SPEX: an in-orbit spectropolarimeter for planetary exploration,” Proc. SPIE 7010, 701015 (2008).
[Crossref]

Karalidi, T.

E. Laan, D. Stam, F. Snik, T. Karalidi, C. U. Keller, R. Ter Horst, R. Navarro, G. Oomen, J. de Vries, and R. Hoogeveen, “The spectropolarimeter for planetary exploration: SPEX,” Proc. SPIE 10566, 105662G (2017.
[Crossref]

F. Snik, T. Karalidi, and C. U. Keller, “Spectral modulation for full linear polarimetry,” Appl. Opt. 48, 1337–1346 (2009).
[Crossref]

Kaufman, Y. J.

H. Yu, Y. J. Kaufman, M. Chin, G. Feingold, L. A. Remer, T. L. Anderson, Y. Balkanski, N. Bellouin, O. Boucher, S. Christopher, P. DeCola, R. Kahn, D. Koch, N. Loeb, M. S. Reddy, M. Schulz, T. Takemura, and M. Zhou, “A review of measurement-based assessment of aerosol direct radiative effect and forcing,” Atmos. Chem. Phys. 6, 613–666 (2006).
[Crossref]

Keller, C. U.

E. Laan, D. Stam, F. Snik, T. Karalidi, C. U. Keller, R. Ter Horst, R. Navarro, G. Oomen, J. de Vries, and R. Hoogeveen, “The spectropolarimeter for planetary exploration: SPEX,” Proc. SPIE 10566, 105662G (2017.
[Crossref]

J. H. H. Rietjens, J. M. Smit, G. Van Harten, A. Di Noia, O. P. Hasekamp, J. De Boer, H. Volten, and F. Snik, and C. U. Keller, “Accurate spectrally modulating polarimeters for atmospheric aerosol characterization,” Proc. SPIE 9613, 96130S (2015).
[Crossref]

J. H. H. Rietjens, J. M. Smit, A. Di Noia, O. P. Hasekamp, G. Van Harten, F. Snik, and C. U. Keller, “SPEX: a highly accurate spectropolarimeter for atmospheric aerosol characterization,” Proc. ICSO 10563, 1056344 (2014).

G. Van Harten, F. Snik, J. H. H. Rietjens, J. M. Smit, J. De Boer, R. Diamantopoulou, O. P. Hasekamp, D. M. Stam, C. U. Keller, E. C. Laan, A. L. Verlaan, W. A. Vliegenthart, R. Ter Horst, R. Navarro, K. Wielinga, S. G. Moon, and R. Voors, “Prototyping for the Spectropolarimeter for Planetary EXploration (SPEX): calibration and sky measurements,” Proc. SPIE 8160, 81600Z (2011).
[Crossref]

J. H. H. Rietjens, F. Snik, D. M. Stam, J. M. Smit, G. Van Harten, C. U. Keller, A. L. Verlaan, E. C. Laan, T. Ter Horst, R. Navarro, K. Wielinga, S. G. Moon, and R. Voors, “SPEX: the spectropolarimeter for planetary exploration,” Proc. ICSO 10565, 105651C (2010).
[Crossref]

F. Snik, J. H. H. Rietjens, G. van Harten, D. M. Stam, C. U. Keller, J. M. Smit, E. C. Laan, A. L. Verlaan, R. Ter Horst, R. Navarra, K. Wielinga, S. G. Moon, and R. Voors, “SPEX: the spectropolarimeter for planetary exploration,” Proc. SPIE 7731, 77311B (2010).
[Crossref]

F. Snik, T. Karalidi, and C. U. Keller, “Spectral modulation for full linear polarimetry,” Appl. Opt. 48, 1337–1346 (2009).
[Crossref]

F. Snik, T. Karalida, C. U. Keller, E. C. Laan, E. Ter Horst, R. Navarro, D. M. Stam, C. Aas, J. De Vries, G. M. Oomen, and R. Hoogeveen, “SPEX: an in-orbit spectropolarimeter for planetary exploration,” Proc. SPIE 7010, 701015 (2008).
[Crossref]

Knobelspiesse, K.

F. Waquet, B. Cairns, K. Knobelspiesse, J. Chowdhary, L. D. Travis, B. Schmid, and M. I. Mishchenko, “Polarimetric remote sensing of aerosols over land,” J. Geophys. Res. 114, D01206 (2009).
[Crossref]

Knobelspiesse, K. D.

Koch, D.

H. Yu, Y. J. Kaufman, M. Chin, G. Feingold, L. A. Remer, T. L. Anderson, Y. Balkanski, N. Bellouin, O. Boucher, S. Christopher, P. DeCola, R. Kahn, D. Koch, N. Loeb, M. S. Reddy, M. Schulz, T. Takemura, and M. Zhou, “A review of measurement-based assessment of aerosol direct radiative effect and forcing,” Atmos. Chem. Phys. 6, 613–666 (2006).
[Crossref]

Kolokolov, L.

W. B. Sparks, J. H. Hough, L. Kolokolov, T. A. Germer, F. Chen, S. DasSarma, P. DasSarma, F. T. Robb, N. Manset, I. N. Reid, F. D. Machetto, and W. Martin, “Circular polarization in scattered light as a possible biomarker,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 110, 1771–1779 (2009).
[Crossref]

Kopp, G.

M. I. Mishchenko, B. Cairns, G. Kopp, C. F. Schueler, B. A. Fafaul, J. E. Hansen, R. J. Hooker, T. Itchkawich, H. B. Maring, and L. D. Travis, “Accurate monitoring of terrestrial aerosols and total solar irradiance: introducing the Glory Mission,” Bull. Am. Meteorol. Soc. 88(5), 677–692 (2007).
[Crossref]

Krall, J.

J. Krall, G. B. Anderson, F. Dominici, M. Bell, and R. Peng, “Mortality effects of particulate matter constituents in a national study of U.S. urban communities,” Epidemiology 23, 1 (2012).

Kudenov, M. W.

C. H. L. Patty, D. A. Luo, F. Snik, F. Ariese, W. J. Buma, I. L. Ten Kate, R. J. M. Van Spanning, W. B. Sparks, T. A. Germer, G. Garab, and M. W. Kudenov, “Imaging linear and circular polarization features in leaves with complete Mueller matrix polarimetry,” Biochim. Biophys. Acta 1862, 1350–1363 (2018).
[Crossref]

Laan, E.

E. Laan, D. Stam, F. Snik, T. Karalidi, C. U. Keller, R. Ter Horst, R. Navarro, G. Oomen, J. de Vries, and R. Hoogeveen, “The spectropolarimeter for planetary exploration: SPEX,” Proc. SPIE 10566, 105662G (2017.
[Crossref]

Laan, E. C.

G. Van Harten, F. Snik, J. H. H. Rietjens, J. M. Smit, J. De Boer, R. Diamantopoulou, O. P. Hasekamp, D. M. Stam, C. U. Keller, E. C. Laan, A. L. Verlaan, W. A. Vliegenthart, R. Ter Horst, R. Navarro, K. Wielinga, S. G. Moon, and R. Voors, “Prototyping for the Spectropolarimeter for Planetary EXploration (SPEX): calibration and sky measurements,” Proc. SPIE 8160, 81600Z (2011).
[Crossref]

F. Snik, J. H. H. Rietjens, G. van Harten, D. M. Stam, C. U. Keller, J. M. Smit, E. C. Laan, A. L. Verlaan, R. Ter Horst, R. Navarra, K. Wielinga, S. G. Moon, and R. Voors, “SPEX: the spectropolarimeter for planetary exploration,” Proc. SPIE 7731, 77311B (2010).
[Crossref]

J. H. H. Rietjens, F. Snik, D. M. Stam, J. M. Smit, G. Van Harten, C. U. Keller, A. L. Verlaan, E. C. Laan, T. Ter Horst, R. Navarro, K. Wielinga, S. G. Moon, and R. Voors, “SPEX: the spectropolarimeter for planetary exploration,” Proc. ICSO 10565, 105651C (2010).
[Crossref]

F. Snik, T. Karalida, C. U. Keller, E. C. Laan, E. Ter Horst, R. Navarro, D. M. Stam, C. Aas, J. De Vries, G. M. Oomen, and R. Hoogeveen, “SPEX: an in-orbit spectropolarimeter for planetary exploration,” Proc. SPIE 7010, 701015 (2008).
[Crossref]

Labate, D.

I. Manolis, J.-L. Bézy, R. Meynart, M. Porciani, M. Loiselet, G. Mason, D. Labate, U. Bruno, and R. De Vidi, “The 3MI instrument on the Metop second generation,” Proc. SPIE 10563, 1056324 (2017).
[Crossref]

Lacagnina, C.

C. Lacagnina, O. P. Hasekamp, and O. Torres, “Direct radiative effect of aerosols based on PARASOL and OMI satellite observations,” J. Geophys. Res. Atmos. 122, 2366–2388 (2017).
[Crossref]

C. Lacagnina, O. P. Hasekamp, H. Bian, G. Curci, G. Myhre, T. Van Noije, M. Schultz, R. B. Skeie, T. Takemura, and K. Zhang, “Aerosol single-scattering albedo over the global oceans: comparing PARASOL retrievals with AERONET, OMI, and AeroCom models estimates,” J. Geophys. Res. Atmos. 120, 9814–9836 (2015).
[Crossref]

Lacan, A.

B. Fougnie, T. Marbach, A. Lacan, R. Lang, P. Schlüssel, G. Poli, R. Munro, and A. B. Couto, “The multi-viewing multi-channel multipolarisation imager: overview of the 3MI polarimetric mission for aerosol and cloud characterization,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 219, 23–32 (2018).
[Crossref]

Landgraf, J.

O. P. Hasekamp, G. Fu, S. P. Rusli, L. Wu, A. Di Noia, J. Aan de Brugh, J. Landgraf, J. M. Smit, J. R. Rietjens, and A. Amerongen, “Aerosol measurements by SPEXone on the NASA PACE mission: expected retrieval capabilities,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 227, 170–184 (2019).
[Crossref]

O. P. Hasekamp and J. Landgraf, “Retrieval of aerosol properties over land surfaces: capabilities of multiple-viewing-angle intensity and polarization measurements,” Appl. Opt. 46, 3332–3344 (2007).
[Crossref]

Lang, R.

B. Fougnie, T. Marbach, A. Lacan, R. Lang, P. Schlüssel, G. Poli, R. Munro, and A. B. Couto, “The multi-viewing multi-channel multipolarisation imager: overview of the 3MI polarimetric mission for aerosol and cloud characterization,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 219, 23–32 (2018).
[Crossref]

Leroy, M.

P. Y. Deschamps, F. M. Bréon, M. Leroy, A. Podaire, A. Bricaud, J. C. Buriez, and G. Séze, “The POLDER mission: instrument characteristics and scientific objectives,” IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens. 32, 598–615 (1994).
[Crossref]

Litvinov, P.

O. P. Hasekamp, P. Litvinov, and A. Butz, “Aerosol properties over the ocean from PARASOL multiangle photopolarimetric measurements,” J. Geophys. Res. 116, D14204 (2011).
[Crossref]

Liu, Y.

D. J. Diner, K. Burke, F. Xu, M. J. Garay, O. V. Kalashnikova, Y. Liu, X. Meng, J. Wang, R. Martin, and B. Ostro, “Advances in multiangle satellite remote sensing of speciated airborne particulate matter and association with adverse health effects: from MISR to MAIA,” J. Appl. Remote Sens. 12, 042603 (2018).
[Crossref]

Livingston, J. M.

B. R. Philip, K. Meloë, J. M. Livingston, O. P. Hasekamp, S. P. Burton, G. L. Schuster, M. S. Johnson, K. D. Knobelspiesse, J. Redemann, S. Ramachandran, and B. Holben, “A multiparameter aerosol classification method and its application to retrievals from spaceborne polarimetry,” J. Geophys. Res. Atmos. 119, 98389863 (2014).
[Crossref]

Loeb, N.

H. Yu, Y. J. Kaufman, M. Chin, G. Feingold, L. A. Remer, T. L. Anderson, Y. Balkanski, N. Bellouin, O. Boucher, S. Christopher, P. DeCola, R. Kahn, D. Koch, N. Loeb, M. S. Reddy, M. Schulz, T. Takemura, and M. Zhou, “A review of measurement-based assessment of aerosol direct radiative effect and forcing,” Atmos. Chem. Phys. 6, 613–666 (2006).
[Crossref]

Loeb, N. G.

N. G. Loeb and W. Su, “Direct aerosol radiative forcing uncertainty based on a radiative perturbation analysis,” J. Clim. 23, 5288–5293 (2010).
[Crossref]

Loiselet, M.

I. Manolis, J.-L. Bézy, R. Meynart, M. Porciani, M. Loiselet, G. Mason, D. Labate, U. Bruno, and R. De Vidi, “The 3MI instrument on the Metop second generation,” Proc. SPIE 10563, 1056324 (2017).
[Crossref]

I. Manolis, S. Grabarnik, J. Caron, J.-L. Bézy, M. Loiselet, M. Betto, H. Barré, G. Mason, and R. Meynart, “The MetOp second generation 3MI instrument,” Proc. SPIE 8889, 88890J (2013).
[Crossref]

Luo, D. A.

C. H. L. Patty, D. A. Luo, F. Snik, F. Ariese, W. J. Buma, I. L. Ten Kate, R. J. M. Van Spanning, W. B. Sparks, T. A. Germer, G. Garab, and M. W. Kudenov, “Imaging linear and circular polarization features in leaves with complete Mueller matrix polarimetry,” Biochim. Biophys. Acta 1862, 1350–1363 (2018).
[Crossref]

Machetto, F. D.

W. B. Sparks, J. H. Hough, L. Kolokolov, T. A. Germer, F. Chen, S. DasSarma, P. DasSarma, F. T. Robb, N. Manset, I. N. Reid, F. D. Machetto, and W. Martin, “Circular polarization in scattered light as a possible biomarker,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 110, 1771–1779 (2009).
[Crossref]

Mahler, A.

Manolis, I.

S. Grabarnik, J.-L. Bezy, M. Betto, G. Mason, I. Manolis, J. Caron, H. Barré, and R. Meynart, “The MetOp second generation 3MI mission,” Proc. SPIE 10564, 105640A (2017).
[Crossref]

I. Manolis, J.-L. Bézy, R. Meynart, M. Porciani, M. Loiselet, G. Mason, D. Labate, U. Bruno, and R. De Vidi, “The 3MI instrument on the Metop second generation,” Proc. SPIE 10563, 1056324 (2017).
[Crossref]

I. Manolis, S. Grabarnik, J. Caron, J.-L. Bézy, M. Loiselet, M. Betto, H. Barré, G. Mason, and R. Meynart, “The MetOp second generation 3MI instrument,” Proc. SPIE 8889, 88890J (2013).
[Crossref]

Manset, N.

W. B. Sparks, J. H. Hough, L. Kolokolov, T. A. Germer, F. Chen, S. DasSarma, P. DasSarma, F. T. Robb, N. Manset, I. N. Reid, F. D. Machetto, and W. Martin, “Circular polarization in scattered light as a possible biomarker,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 110, 1771–1779 (2009).
[Crossref]

Marbach, T.

B. Fougnie, T. Marbach, A. Lacan, R. Lang, P. Schlüssel, G. Poli, R. Munro, and A. B. Couto, “The multi-viewing multi-channel multipolarisation imager: overview of the 3MI polarimetric mission for aerosol and cloud characterization,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 219, 23–32 (2018).
[Crossref]

Maring, H. B.

M. I. Mishchenko, B. Cairns, G. Kopp, C. F. Schueler, B. A. Fafaul, J. E. Hansen, R. J. Hooker, T. Itchkawich, H. B. Maring, and L. D. Travis, “Accurate monitoring of terrestrial aerosols and total solar irradiance: introducing the Glory Mission,” Bull. Am. Meteorol. Soc. 88(5), 677–692 (2007).
[Crossref]

Martin, R.

D. J. Diner, K. Burke, F. Xu, M. J. Garay, O. V. Kalashnikova, Y. Liu, X. Meng, J. Wang, R. Martin, and B. Ostro, “Advances in multiangle satellite remote sensing of speciated airborne particulate matter and association with adverse health effects: from MISR to MAIA,” J. Appl. Remote Sens. 12, 042603 (2018).
[Crossref]

Martin, W.

W. B. Sparks, J. H. Hough, L. Kolokolov, T. A. Germer, F. Chen, S. DasSarma, P. DasSarma, F. T. Robb, N. Manset, I. N. Reid, F. D. Machetto, and W. Martin, “Circular polarization in scattered light as a possible biomarker,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 110, 1771–1779 (2009).
[Crossref]

Marting, J.-V.

B. McBride, J.-V. Marting, H. M. Barbosa, R. A. F. Borda, O. P. Hasekamp, J. M. Smit, J. H. H. Rietjens, G. Van Harten, D. J. Diner, B. Cairns, A. Wasilewski, and L. A. Remer, “Validation of AirHARP calibration with coincident observations by SPEX Airborne, AirMSPI, and RSP polarimeters during the ACEPOL field campaign” presented at American Geophysical Union fall meeting, 2018.

Martins, J.-V.

J.-V. Martins, “HARP: hyper-angular rainbow polarimeter CubeSat,” in presented at ESTO Science and Technology Forum, 2016.

J.-V. Martins, R. Fernandez-Borda, B. McBride, L. Remer, and H. M. J. Barbosa, “The HARP hyperangular imaging polarimeter and the need for small satellite payloads with high science payoff for Earth science remote sensing,” in IGARSS—IEEE International Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium, Valencia (2018), pp. 6304–6307.

Martonchik, J. V.

D. J. Diner, F. Xu, M. J. Garay, J. V. Martonchik, B. E. Rheingans, S. Geier, A. Davis, B. R. Hancock, V. M. Jovanovic, M. A. Bull, K. Capraro, R. A. Chipman, and S. C. McClain, “The Airborne Multiangle SpectroPolarimetric Imager (AirMSPI): a new tool for aerosol and cloud remote sensing,” Atmos. Meas. Tech. 6, 2007–2025 (2013).
[Crossref]

Mason, G.

S. Grabarnik, J.-L. Bezy, M. Betto, G. Mason, I. Manolis, J. Caron, H. Barré, and R. Meynart, “The MetOp second generation 3MI mission,” Proc. SPIE 10564, 105640A (2017).
[Crossref]

I. Manolis, J.-L. Bézy, R. Meynart, M. Porciani, M. Loiselet, G. Mason, D. Labate, U. Bruno, and R. De Vidi, “The 3MI instrument on the Metop second generation,” Proc. SPIE 10563, 1056324 (2017).
[Crossref]

I. Manolis, S. Grabarnik, J. Caron, J.-L. Bézy, M. Loiselet, M. Betto, H. Barré, G. Mason, and R. Meynart, “The MetOp second generation 3MI instrument,” Proc. SPIE 8889, 88890J (2013).
[Crossref]

McBride, B.

J.-V. Martins, R. Fernandez-Borda, B. McBride, L. Remer, and H. M. J. Barbosa, “The HARP hyperangular imaging polarimeter and the need for small satellite payloads with high science payoff for Earth science remote sensing,” in IGARSS—IEEE International Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium, Valencia (2018), pp. 6304–6307.

B. McBride, J.-V. Marting, H. M. Barbosa, R. A. F. Borda, O. P. Hasekamp, J. M. Smit, J. H. H. Rietjens, G. Van Harten, D. J. Diner, B. Cairns, A. Wasilewski, and L. A. Remer, “Validation of AirHARP calibration with coincident observations by SPEX Airborne, AirMSPI, and RSP polarimeters during the ACEPOL field campaign” presented at American Geophysical Union fall meeting, 2018.

McClain, S. C.

D. J. Diner, F. Xu, M. J. Garay, J. V. Martonchik, B. E. Rheingans, S. Geier, A. Davis, B. R. Hancock, V. M. Jovanovic, M. A. Bull, K. Capraro, R. A. Chipman, and S. C. McClain, “The Airborne Multiangle SpectroPolarimetric Imager (AirMSPI): a new tool for aerosol and cloud remote sensing,” Atmos. Meas. Tech. 6, 2007–2025 (2013).
[Crossref]

D. J. Diner, A. Davis, B. Hancock, S. Geier, B. Rheingans, V. Jovanovic, M. Bull, D. M. Rider, R. A. Chipman, A. Mahler, and S. C. McClain, “First results from a dual photoelastic- modulator-based polarimetric camera,” Appl. Opt. 49, 2929–2946 (2010).
[Crossref]

Meloë, K.

B. R. Philip, K. Meloë, J. M. Livingston, O. P. Hasekamp, S. P. Burton, G. L. Schuster, M. S. Johnson, K. D. Knobelspiesse, J. Redemann, S. Ramachandran, and B. Holben, “A multiparameter aerosol classification method and its application to retrievals from spaceborne polarimetry,” J. Geophys. Res. Atmos. 119, 98389863 (2014).
[Crossref]

Meng, X.

D. J. Diner, K. Burke, F. Xu, M. J. Garay, O. V. Kalashnikova, Y. Liu, X. Meng, J. Wang, R. Martin, and B. Ostro, “Advances in multiangle satellite remote sensing of speciated airborne particulate matter and association with adverse health effects: from MISR to MAIA,” J. Appl. Remote Sens. 12, 042603 (2018).
[Crossref]

Meynart, R.

I. Manolis, J.-L. Bézy, R. Meynart, M. Porciani, M. Loiselet, G. Mason, D. Labate, U. Bruno, and R. De Vidi, “The 3MI instrument on the Metop second generation,” Proc. SPIE 10563, 1056324 (2017).
[Crossref]

S. Grabarnik, J.-L. Bezy, M. Betto, G. Mason, I. Manolis, J. Caron, H. Barré, and R. Meynart, “The MetOp second generation 3MI mission,” Proc. SPIE 10564, 105640A (2017).
[Crossref]

I. Manolis, S. Grabarnik, J. Caron, J.-L. Bézy, M. Loiselet, M. Betto, H. Barré, G. Mason, and R. Meynart, “The MetOp second generation 3MI instrument,” Proc. SPIE 8889, 88890J (2013).
[Crossref]

Mishchenko, M. I.

F. Waquet, B. Cairns, K. Knobelspiesse, J. Chowdhary, L. D. Travis, B. Schmid, and M. I. Mishchenko, “Polarimetric remote sensing of aerosols over land,” J. Geophys. Res. 114, D01206 (2009).
[Crossref]

R. J. Peralta, C. Nardell, B. Cairns, E. E. Russell, L. D. Travis, M. I. Mishchenko, B. A. Fafaul, and R. J. Hooker, “Aerosol polarimetry sensor for the Glory Mission,” Proc. SPIE 6786, 67865L (2007).
[Crossref]

M. I. Mishchenko, B. Cairns, G. Kopp, C. F. Schueler, B. A. Fafaul, J. E. Hansen, R. J. Hooker, T. Itchkawich, H. B. Maring, and L. D. Travis, “Accurate monitoring of terrestrial aerosols and total solar irradiance: introducing the Glory Mission,” Bull. Am. Meteorol. Soc. 88(5), 677–692 (2007).
[Crossref]

J. Chowdhary, B. Cairns, M. I. Mishchenko, P. V. Hobbs, G. F. Cota, J. Redemann, K. Rutledge, B. N. Holben, and E. Russell, “Retrieval of aerosol scattering and absorption properties from photopolarimetric observations over the ocean during the CLAMS experiment,” J. Atmos. Sci. 62, 1093–1117 (2005).
[Crossref]

M. I. Mishchenko and L. D. Travis, “Satellite retrieval of aerosol properties over the ocean using polarization as well as intensity of reflected sunlight,” J. Geophys. Res. 102, 16989–17013 (1997).
[Crossref]

Moon, S. G.

G. Van Harten, F. Snik, J. H. H. Rietjens, J. M. Smit, J. De Boer, R. Diamantopoulou, O. P. Hasekamp, D. M. Stam, C. U. Keller, E. C. Laan, A. L. Verlaan, W. A. Vliegenthart, R. Ter Horst, R. Navarro, K. Wielinga, S. G. Moon, and R. Voors, “Prototyping for the Spectropolarimeter for Planetary EXploration (SPEX): calibration and sky measurements,” Proc. SPIE 8160, 81600Z (2011).
[Crossref]

J. H. H. Rietjens, F. Snik, D. M. Stam, J. M. Smit, G. Van Harten, C. U. Keller, A. L. Verlaan, E. C. Laan, T. Ter Horst, R. Navarro, K. Wielinga, S. G. Moon, and R. Voors, “SPEX: the spectropolarimeter for planetary exploration,” Proc. ICSO 10565, 105651C (2010).
[Crossref]

F. Snik, J. H. H. Rietjens, G. van Harten, D. M. Stam, C. U. Keller, J. M. Smit, E. C. Laan, A. L. Verlaan, R. Ter Horst, R. Navarra, K. Wielinga, S. G. Moon, and R. Voors, “SPEX: the spectropolarimeter for planetary exploration,” Proc. SPIE 7731, 77311B (2010).
[Crossref]

Mouroulis, P.

Munro, R.

B. Fougnie, T. Marbach, A. Lacan, R. Lang, P. Schlüssel, G. Poli, R. Munro, and A. B. Couto, “The multi-viewing multi-channel multipolarisation imager: overview of the 3MI polarimetric mission for aerosol and cloud characterization,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 219, 23–32 (2018).
[Crossref]

Myhre, G.

C. Lacagnina, O. P. Hasekamp, H. Bian, G. Curci, G. Myhre, T. Van Noije, M. Schultz, R. B. Skeie, T. Takemura, and K. Zhang, “Aerosol single-scattering albedo over the global oceans: comparing PARASOL retrievals with AERONET, OMI, and AeroCom models estimates,” J. Geophys. Res. Atmos. 120, 9814–9836 (2015).
[Crossref]

Nalla, R.

A. H. Van Amerongen, J. H. H. Rietjens, J. Campo, E. Dogan, J. Dingjan, R. Nalla, J. Caron, and O. P. Hasekamp, “SPEXone: a compact multi-angle spectro-polarimeter,” in Proceedings ICSO (2018).

Nardell, C.

R. J. Peralta, C. Nardell, B. Cairns, E. E. Russell, L. D. Travis, M. I. Mishchenko, B. A. Fafaul, and R. J. Hooker, “Aerosol polarimetry sensor for the Glory Mission,” Proc. SPIE 6786, 67865L (2007).
[Crossref]

Navarra, R.

F. Snik, J. H. H. Rietjens, G. van Harten, D. M. Stam, C. U. Keller, J. M. Smit, E. C. Laan, A. L. Verlaan, R. Ter Horst, R. Navarra, K. Wielinga, S. G. Moon, and R. Voors, “SPEX: the spectropolarimeter for planetary exploration,” Proc. SPIE 7731, 77311B (2010).
[Crossref]

Navarro, R.

E. Laan, D. Stam, F. Snik, T. Karalidi, C. U. Keller, R. Ter Horst, R. Navarro, G. Oomen, J. de Vries, and R. Hoogeveen, “The spectropolarimeter for planetary exploration: SPEX,” Proc. SPIE 10566, 105662G (2017.
[Crossref]

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J. H. H. Rietjens, F. Snik, D. M. Stam, J. M. Smit, G. Van Harten, C. U. Keller, A. L. Verlaan, E. C. Laan, T. Ter Horst, R. Navarro, K. Wielinga, S. G. Moon, and R. Voors, “SPEX: the spectropolarimeter for planetary exploration,” Proc. ICSO 10565, 105651C (2010).
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E. Laan, D. Stam, F. Snik, T. Karalidi, C. U. Keller, R. Ter Horst, R. Navarro, G. Oomen, J. de Vries, and R. Hoogeveen, “The spectropolarimeter for planetary exploration: SPEX,” Proc. SPIE 10566, 105662G (2017.
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B. R. Philip, K. Meloë, J. M. Livingston, O. P. Hasekamp, S. P. Burton, G. L. Schuster, M. S. Johnson, K. D. Knobelspiesse, J. Redemann, S. Ramachandran, and B. Holben, “A multiparameter aerosol classification method and its application to retrievals from spaceborne polarimetry,” J. Geophys. Res. Atmos. 119, 98389863 (2014).
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Remer, L. A.

H. Yu, Y. J. Kaufman, M. Chin, G. Feingold, L. A. Remer, T. L. Anderson, Y. Balkanski, N. Bellouin, O. Boucher, S. Christopher, P. DeCola, R. Kahn, D. Koch, N. Loeb, M. S. Reddy, M. Schulz, T. Takemura, and M. Zhou, “A review of measurement-based assessment of aerosol direct radiative effect and forcing,” Atmos. Chem. Phys. 6, 613–666 (2006).
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A. Jarvis, H. I. Reuter, A. Nelson, and R. Guevara, “Hole-filled seamless SRTM data V4,” (International Centre for Tropical Agriculture (CIAT), 2008).

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Rheingans, B. E.

G. Van Harten, D. J. Diner, B. J. S. Daugherty, B. E. Rheingans, M. A. Bull, F. C. Seidel, R. A. Chipman, B. Cairns, A. P. Wasilewski, and K. D. Knobelspiesse, “Calibration and validation of Airborne Multiangle SpectroPolarimetric Imager (AirMSPI) polarization measurements,” Appl. Opt. 57, 4499–4513 (2018).
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Rietjens, J. H. H.

J. H. H. Rietjens, J. M. Smit, G. Van Harten, A. Di Noia, O. P. Hasekamp, J. De Boer, H. Volten, and F. Snik, and C. U. Keller, “Accurate spectrally modulating polarimeters for atmospheric aerosol characterization,” Proc. SPIE 9613, 96130S (2015).
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J. H. H. Rietjens, J. M. Smit, A. Di Noia, O. P. Hasekamp, G. Van Harten, F. Snik, and C. U. Keller, “SPEX: a highly accurate spectropolarimeter for atmospheric aerosol characterization,” Proc. ICSO 10563, 1056344 (2014).

G. Van Harten, F. Snik, J. H. H. Rietjens, J. M. Smit, J. De Boer, R. Diamantopoulou, O. P. Hasekamp, D. M. Stam, C. U. Keller, E. C. Laan, A. L. Verlaan, W. A. Vliegenthart, R. Ter Horst, R. Navarro, K. Wielinga, S. G. Moon, and R. Voors, “Prototyping for the Spectropolarimeter for Planetary EXploration (SPEX): calibration and sky measurements,” Proc. SPIE 8160, 81600Z (2011).
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F. Snik, J. H. H. Rietjens, G. van Harten, D. M. Stam, C. U. Keller, J. M. Smit, E. C. Laan, A. L. Verlaan, R. Ter Horst, R. Navarra, K. Wielinga, S. G. Moon, and R. Voors, “SPEX: the spectropolarimeter for planetary exploration,” Proc. SPIE 7731, 77311B (2010).
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J. H. H. Rietjens, F. Snik, D. M. Stam, J. M. Smit, G. Van Harten, C. U. Keller, A. L. Verlaan, E. C. Laan, T. Ter Horst, R. Navarro, K. Wielinga, S. G. Moon, and R. Voors, “SPEX: the spectropolarimeter for planetary exploration,” Proc. ICSO 10565, 105651C (2010).
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A. H. Van Amerongen, J. H. H. Rietjens, J. Campo, E. Dogan, J. Dingjan, R. Nalla, J. Caron, and O. P. Hasekamp, “SPEXone: a compact multi-angle spectro-polarimeter,” in Proceedings ICSO (2018).

B. McBride, J.-V. Marting, H. M. Barbosa, R. A. F. Borda, O. P. Hasekamp, J. M. Smit, J. H. H. Rietjens, G. Van Harten, D. J. Diner, B. Cairns, A. Wasilewski, and L. A. Remer, “Validation of AirHARP calibration with coincident observations by SPEX Airborne, AirMSPI, and RSP polarimeters during the ACEPOL field campaign” presented at American Geophysical Union fall meeting, 2018.

Rietjens, J. R.

O. P. Hasekamp, G. Fu, S. P. Rusli, L. Wu, A. Di Noia, J. Aan de Brugh, J. Landgraf, J. M. Smit, J. R. Rietjens, and A. Amerongen, “Aerosol measurements by SPEXone on the NASA PACE mission: expected retrieval capabilities,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 227, 170–184 (2019).
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W. B. Sparks, J. H. Hough, L. Kolokolov, T. A. Germer, F. Chen, S. DasSarma, P. DasSarma, F. T. Robb, N. Manset, I. N. Reid, F. D. Machetto, and W. Martin, “Circular polarization in scattered light as a possible biomarker,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 110, 1771–1779 (2009).
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O. P. Hasekamp, G. Fu, S. P. Rusli, L. Wu, A. Di Noia, J. Aan de Brugh, J. Landgraf, J. M. Smit, J. R. Rietjens, and A. Amerongen, “Aerosol measurements by SPEXone on the NASA PACE mission: expected retrieval capabilities,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 227, 170–184 (2019).
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J. Chowdhary, B. Cairns, M. I. Mishchenko, P. V. Hobbs, G. F. Cota, J. Redemann, K. Rutledge, B. N. Holben, and E. Russell, “Retrieval of aerosol scattering and absorption properties from photopolarimetric observations over the ocean during the CLAMS experiment,” J. Atmos. Sci. 62, 1093–1117 (2005).
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Russell, E. E.

R. J. Peralta, C. Nardell, B. Cairns, E. E. Russell, L. D. Travis, M. I. Mishchenko, B. A. Fafaul, and R. J. Hooker, “Aerosol polarimetry sensor for the Glory Mission,” Proc. SPIE 6786, 67865L (2007).
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B. Cairns, E. E. Russell, and L. D. Travis, “Research scanning polarimeter: calibration and ground-based measurements,” Proc. SPIE 3754, 186–196 (1999).
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Rutledge, K.

J. Chowdhary, B. Cairns, M. I. Mishchenko, P. V. Hobbs, G. F. Cota, J. Redemann, K. Rutledge, B. N. Holben, and E. Russell, “Retrieval of aerosol scattering and absorption properties from photopolarimetric observations over the ocean during the CLAMS experiment,” J. Atmos. Sci. 62, 1093–1117 (2005).
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Schlüssel, P.

B. Fougnie, T. Marbach, A. Lacan, R. Lang, P. Schlüssel, G. Poli, R. Munro, and A. B. Couto, “The multi-viewing multi-channel multipolarisation imager: overview of the 3MI polarimetric mission for aerosol and cloud characterization,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 219, 23–32 (2018).
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H. Yu, Y. J. Kaufman, M. Chin, G. Feingold, L. A. Remer, T. L. Anderson, Y. Balkanski, N. Bellouin, O. Boucher, S. Christopher, P. DeCola, R. Kahn, D. Koch, N. Loeb, M. S. Reddy, M. Schulz, T. Takemura, and M. Zhou, “A review of measurement-based assessment of aerosol direct radiative effect and forcing,” Atmos. Chem. Phys. 6, 613–666 (2006).
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Schuster, G. L.

B. R. Philip, K. Meloë, J. M. Livingston, O. P. Hasekamp, S. P. Burton, G. L. Schuster, M. S. Johnson, K. D. Knobelspiesse, J. Redemann, S. Ramachandran, and B. Holben, “A multiparameter aerosol classification method and its application to retrievals from spaceborne polarimetry,” J. Geophys. Res. Atmos. 119, 98389863 (2014).
[Crossref]

Seidel, F.

Seidel, F. C.

Séze, G.

P. Y. Deschamps, F. M. Bréon, M. Leroy, A. Podaire, A. Bricaud, J. C. Buriez, and G. Séze, “The POLDER mission: instrument characteristics and scientific objectives,” IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens. 32, 598–615 (1994).
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Sinclair, K.

Skeie, R. B.

C. Lacagnina, O. P. Hasekamp, H. Bian, G. Curci, G. Myhre, T. Van Noije, M. Schultz, R. B. Skeie, T. Takemura, and K. Zhang, “Aerosol single-scattering albedo over the global oceans: comparing PARASOL retrievals with AERONET, OMI, and AeroCom models estimates,” J. Geophys. Res. Atmos. 120, 9814–9836 (2015).
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Smit, J. M.

O. P. Hasekamp, G. Fu, S. P. Rusli, L. Wu, A. Di Noia, J. Aan de Brugh, J. Landgraf, J. M. Smit, J. R. Rietjens, and A. Amerongen, “Aerosol measurements by SPEXone on the NASA PACE mission: expected retrieval capabilities,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 227, 170–184 (2019).
[Crossref]

J. H. H. Rietjens, J. M. Smit, G. Van Harten, A. Di Noia, O. P. Hasekamp, J. De Boer, H. Volten, and F. Snik, and C. U. Keller, “Accurate spectrally modulating polarimeters for atmospheric aerosol characterization,” Proc. SPIE 9613, 96130S (2015).
[Crossref]

J. H. H. Rietjens, J. M. Smit, A. Di Noia, O. P. Hasekamp, G. Van Harten, F. Snik, and C. U. Keller, “SPEX: a highly accurate spectropolarimeter for atmospheric aerosol characterization,” Proc. ICSO 10563, 1056344 (2014).

G. Van Harten, F. Snik, J. H. H. Rietjens, J. M. Smit, J. De Boer, R. Diamantopoulou, O. P. Hasekamp, D. M. Stam, C. U. Keller, E. C. Laan, A. L. Verlaan, W. A. Vliegenthart, R. Ter Horst, R. Navarro, K. Wielinga, S. G. Moon, and R. Voors, “Prototyping for the Spectropolarimeter for Planetary EXploration (SPEX): calibration and sky measurements,” Proc. SPIE 8160, 81600Z (2011).
[Crossref]

F. Snik, J. H. H. Rietjens, G. van Harten, D. M. Stam, C. U. Keller, J. M. Smit, E. C. Laan, A. L. Verlaan, R. Ter Horst, R. Navarra, K. Wielinga, S. G. Moon, and R. Voors, “SPEX: the spectropolarimeter for planetary exploration,” Proc. SPIE 7731, 77311B (2010).
[Crossref]

J. H. H. Rietjens, F. Snik, D. M. Stam, J. M. Smit, G. Van Harten, C. U. Keller, A. L. Verlaan, E. C. Laan, T. Ter Horst, R. Navarro, K. Wielinga, S. G. Moon, and R. Voors, “SPEX: the spectropolarimeter for planetary exploration,” Proc. ICSO 10565, 105651C (2010).
[Crossref]

B. McBride, J.-V. Marting, H. M. Barbosa, R. A. F. Borda, O. P. Hasekamp, J. M. Smit, J. H. H. Rietjens, G. Van Harten, D. J. Diner, B. Cairns, A. Wasilewski, and L. A. Remer, “Validation of AirHARP calibration with coincident observations by SPEX Airborne, AirMSPI, and RSP polarimeters during the ACEPOL field campaign” presented at American Geophysical Union fall meeting, 2018.

Snik, F.

C. H. L. Patty, D. A. Luo, F. Snik, F. Ariese, W. J. Buma, I. L. Ten Kate, R. J. M. Van Spanning, W. B. Sparks, T. A. Germer, G. Garab, and M. W. Kudenov, “Imaging linear and circular polarization features in leaves with complete Mueller matrix polarimetry,” Biochim. Biophys. Acta 1862, 1350–1363 (2018).
[Crossref]

E. Laan, D. Stam, F. Snik, T. Karalidi, C. U. Keller, R. Ter Horst, R. Navarro, G. Oomen, J. de Vries, and R. Hoogeveen, “The spectropolarimeter for planetary exploration: SPEX,” Proc. SPIE 10566, 105662G (2017.
[Crossref]

J. H. H. Rietjens, J. M. Smit, G. Van Harten, A. Di Noia, O. P. Hasekamp, J. De Boer, H. Volten, and F. Snik, and C. U. Keller, “Accurate spectrally modulating polarimeters for atmospheric aerosol characterization,” Proc. SPIE 9613, 96130S (2015).
[Crossref]

J. H. H. Rietjens, J. M. Smit, A. Di Noia, O. P. Hasekamp, G. Van Harten, F. Snik, and C. U. Keller, “SPEX: a highly accurate spectropolarimeter for atmospheric aerosol characterization,” Proc. ICSO 10563, 1056344 (2014).

G. Van Harten, F. Snik, J. H. H. Rietjens, J. M. Smit, J. De Boer, R. Diamantopoulou, O. P. Hasekamp, D. M. Stam, C. U. Keller, E. C. Laan, A. L. Verlaan, W. A. Vliegenthart, R. Ter Horst, R. Navarro, K. Wielinga, S. G. Moon, and R. Voors, “Prototyping for the Spectropolarimeter for Planetary EXploration (SPEX): calibration and sky measurements,” Proc. SPIE 8160, 81600Z (2011).
[Crossref]

F. Snik, J. H. H. Rietjens, G. van Harten, D. M. Stam, C. U. Keller, J. M. Smit, E. C. Laan, A. L. Verlaan, R. Ter Horst, R. Navarra, K. Wielinga, S. G. Moon, and R. Voors, “SPEX: the spectropolarimeter for planetary exploration,” Proc. SPIE 7731, 77311B (2010).
[Crossref]

J. H. H. Rietjens, F. Snik, D. M. Stam, J. M. Smit, G. Van Harten, C. U. Keller, A. L. Verlaan, E. C. Laan, T. Ter Horst, R. Navarro, K. Wielinga, S. G. Moon, and R. Voors, “SPEX: the spectropolarimeter for planetary exploration,” Proc. ICSO 10565, 105651C (2010).
[Crossref]

F. Snik, T. Karalidi, and C. U. Keller, “Spectral modulation for full linear polarimetry,” Appl. Opt. 48, 1337–1346 (2009).
[Crossref]

F. Snik, T. Karalida, C. U. Keller, E. C. Laan, E. Ter Horst, R. Navarro, D. M. Stam, C. Aas, J. De Vries, G. M. Oomen, and R. Hoogeveen, “SPEX: an in-orbit spectropolarimeter for planetary exploration,” Proc. SPIE 7010, 701015 (2008).
[Crossref]

Sparks, W. B.

C. H. L. Patty, D. A. Luo, F. Snik, F. Ariese, W. J. Buma, I. L. Ten Kate, R. J. M. Van Spanning, W. B. Sparks, T. A. Germer, G. Garab, and M. W. Kudenov, “Imaging linear and circular polarization features in leaves with complete Mueller matrix polarimetry,” Biochim. Biophys. Acta 1862, 1350–1363 (2018).
[Crossref]

W. B. Sparks, J. H. Hough, L. Kolokolov, T. A. Germer, F. Chen, S. DasSarma, P. DasSarma, F. T. Robb, N. Manset, I. N. Reid, F. D. Machetto, and W. Martin, “Circular polarization in scattered light as a possible biomarker,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 110, 1771–1779 (2009).
[Crossref]

Stam, D.

E. Laan, D. Stam, F. Snik, T. Karalidi, C. U. Keller, R. Ter Horst, R. Navarro, G. Oomen, J. de Vries, and R. Hoogeveen, “The spectropolarimeter for planetary exploration: SPEX,” Proc. SPIE 10566, 105662G (2017.
[Crossref]

Stam, D. M.

G. Van Harten, F. Snik, J. H. H. Rietjens, J. M. Smit, J. De Boer, R. Diamantopoulou, O. P. Hasekamp, D. M. Stam, C. U. Keller, E. C. Laan, A. L. Verlaan, W. A. Vliegenthart, R. Ter Horst, R. Navarro, K. Wielinga, S. G. Moon, and R. Voors, “Prototyping for the Spectropolarimeter for Planetary EXploration (SPEX): calibration and sky measurements,” Proc. SPIE 8160, 81600Z (2011).
[Crossref]

F. Snik, J. H. H. Rietjens, G. van Harten, D. M. Stam, C. U. Keller, J. M. Smit, E. C. Laan, A. L. Verlaan, R. Ter Horst, R. Navarra, K. Wielinga, S. G. Moon, and R. Voors, “SPEX: the spectropolarimeter for planetary exploration,” Proc. SPIE 7731, 77311B (2010).
[Crossref]

J. H. H. Rietjens, F. Snik, D. M. Stam, J. M. Smit, G. Van Harten, C. U. Keller, A. L. Verlaan, E. C. Laan, T. Ter Horst, R. Navarro, K. Wielinga, S. G. Moon, and R. Voors, “SPEX: the spectropolarimeter for planetary exploration,” Proc. ICSO 10565, 105651C (2010).
[Crossref]

F. Snik, T. Karalida, C. U. Keller, E. C. Laan, E. Ter Horst, R. Navarro, D. M. Stam, C. Aas, J. De Vries, G. M. Oomen, and R. Hoogeveen, “SPEX: an in-orbit spectropolarimeter for planetary exploration,” Proc. SPIE 7010, 701015 (2008).
[Crossref]

Stier, P.

P. Stier, “Limitations of passive remote sensing to constrain global cloud condensation nuclei,” Atmos. Chem. Phys. 16, 6595–6607 (2016).
[Crossref]

Su, W.

N. G. Loeb and W. Su, “Direct aerosol radiative forcing uncertainty based on a radiative perturbation analysis,” J. Clim. 23, 5288–5293 (2010).
[Crossref]

Takemura, T.

C. Lacagnina, O. P. Hasekamp, H. Bian, G. Curci, G. Myhre, T. Van Noije, M. Schultz, R. B. Skeie, T. Takemura, and K. Zhang, “Aerosol single-scattering albedo over the global oceans: comparing PARASOL retrievals with AERONET, OMI, and AeroCom models estimates,” J. Geophys. Res. Atmos. 120, 9814–9836 (2015).
[Crossref]

H. Yu, Y. J. Kaufman, M. Chin, G. Feingold, L. A. Remer, T. L. Anderson, Y. Balkanski, N. Bellouin, O. Boucher, S. Christopher, P. DeCola, R. Kahn, D. Koch, N. Loeb, M. S. Reddy, M. Schulz, T. Takemura, and M. Zhou, “A review of measurement-based assessment of aerosol direct radiative effect and forcing,” Atmos. Chem. Phys. 6, 613–666 (2006).
[Crossref]

Tan, Q.

Ten Kate, I. L.

C. H. L. Patty, D. A. Luo, F. Snik, F. Ariese, W. J. Buma, I. L. Ten Kate, R. J. M. Van Spanning, W. B. Sparks, T. A. Germer, G. Garab, and M. W. Kudenov, “Imaging linear and circular polarization features in leaves with complete Mueller matrix polarimetry,” Biochim. Biophys. Acta 1862, 1350–1363 (2018).
[Crossref]

Ter Horst, E.

F. Snik, T. Karalida, C. U. Keller, E. C. Laan, E. Ter Horst, R. Navarro, D. M. Stam, C. Aas, J. De Vries, G. M. Oomen, and R. Hoogeveen, “SPEX: an in-orbit spectropolarimeter for planetary exploration,” Proc. SPIE 7010, 701015 (2008).
[Crossref]

Ter Horst, R.

E. Laan, D. Stam, F. Snik, T. Karalidi, C. U. Keller, R. Ter Horst, R. Navarro, G. Oomen, J. de Vries, and R. Hoogeveen, “The spectropolarimeter for planetary exploration: SPEX,” Proc. SPIE 10566, 105662G (2017.
[Crossref]

G. Van Harten, F. Snik, J. H. H. Rietjens, J. M. Smit, J. De Boer, R. Diamantopoulou, O. P. Hasekamp, D. M. Stam, C. U. Keller, E. C. Laan, A. L. Verlaan, W. A. Vliegenthart, R. Ter Horst, R. Navarro, K. Wielinga, S. G. Moon, and R. Voors, “Prototyping for the Spectropolarimeter for Planetary EXploration (SPEX): calibration and sky measurements,” Proc. SPIE 8160, 81600Z (2011).
[Crossref]

F. Snik, J. H. H. Rietjens, G. van Harten, D. M. Stam, C. U. Keller, J. M. Smit, E. C. Laan, A. L. Verlaan, R. Ter Horst, R. Navarra, K. Wielinga, S. G. Moon, and R. Voors, “SPEX: the spectropolarimeter for planetary exploration,” Proc. SPIE 7731, 77311B (2010).
[Crossref]

Ter Horst, T.

J. H. H. Rietjens, F. Snik, D. M. Stam, J. M. Smit, G. Van Harten, C. U. Keller, A. L. Verlaan, E. C. Laan, T. Ter Horst, R. Navarro, K. Wielinga, S. G. Moon, and R. Voors, “SPEX: the spectropolarimeter for planetary exploration,” Proc. ICSO 10565, 105651C (2010).
[Crossref]

Torres, O.

C. Lacagnina, O. P. Hasekamp, and O. Torres, “Direct radiative effect of aerosols based on PARASOL and OMI satellite observations,” J. Geophys. Res. Atmos. 122, 2366–2388 (2017).
[Crossref]

Travis, L. D.

F. Waquet, B. Cairns, K. Knobelspiesse, J. Chowdhary, L. D. Travis, B. Schmid, and M. I. Mishchenko, “Polarimetric remote sensing of aerosols over land,” J. Geophys. Res. 114, D01206 (2009).
[Crossref]

M. I. Mishchenko, B. Cairns, G. Kopp, C. F. Schueler, B. A. Fafaul, J. E. Hansen, R. J. Hooker, T. Itchkawich, H. B. Maring, and L. D. Travis, “Accurate monitoring of terrestrial aerosols and total solar irradiance: introducing the Glory Mission,” Bull. Am. Meteorol. Soc. 88(5), 677–692 (2007).
[Crossref]

R. J. Peralta, C. Nardell, B. Cairns, E. E. Russell, L. D. Travis, M. I. Mishchenko, B. A. Fafaul, and R. J. Hooker, “Aerosol polarimetry sensor for the Glory Mission,” Proc. SPIE 6786, 67865L (2007).
[Crossref]

B. Cairns, E. E. Russell, and L. D. Travis, “Research scanning polarimeter: calibration and ground-based measurements,” Proc. SPIE 3754, 186–196 (1999).
[Crossref]

M. I. Mishchenko and L. D. Travis, “Satellite retrieval of aerosol properties over the ocean using polarization as well as intensity of reflected sunlight,” J. Geophys. Res. 102, 16989–17013 (1997).
[Crossref]

Van Amerongen, A. H.

A. H. Van Amerongen, J. H. H. Rietjens, J. Campo, E. Dogan, J. Dingjan, R. Nalla, J. Caron, and O. P. Hasekamp, “SPEXone: a compact multi-angle spectro-polarimeter,” in Proceedings ICSO (2018).

Van Diedenhoven, B.

K. D. Knobelspiesse, Q. Tan, C. Bruegge, B. Cairns, J. Chowdhary, B. Van Diedenhoven, D. J. Diner, R. Ferrare, G. Van Harten, V. Jovanovic, M. Ottaviani, J. Redemann, F. Seidel, and K. Sinclair, “Intercomparison of airborne multi-angle polarimeter observations from the polarimeter definition experiment,” Appl. Opt. 58, 650–669 (2019).
[Crossref]

L. Wu, O. P. Hasekamp, B. Van Diedenhoven, B. Cairns, J. E. Yorks, and J. Chowdhary, “Passive remote sensing of aerosol layer height using near-UV multiangle polarization measurements,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 43, 8783–8790 (2016).
[Crossref]

L. Wu, O. P. Hasekamp, B. Van Diedenhoven, and B. Cairns, “Aerosol retrieval from multiangle, multispectral photopolarimetric measurements: importance of spectral range and angular resolution,” Atmos. Meas. Tech. 8, 2625–2638 (2015).
[Crossref]

Van Donkelaar, A.

D. L. Crouse, P. A. Peters, and A. Van Donkelaar, “Risk of nonaccidental and cardiovascular mortality in relation to long-term exposure to low concentrations of fine particulate matter: a Canadian national-level cohort study,” Environ. Health Perspect. 120, 708–714 (2012).
[Crossref]

Van Harten, G.

K. D. Knobelspiesse, Q. Tan, C. Bruegge, B. Cairns, J. Chowdhary, B. Van Diedenhoven, D. J. Diner, R. Ferrare, G. Van Harten, V. Jovanovic, M. Ottaviani, J. Redemann, F. Seidel, and K. Sinclair, “Intercomparison of airborne multi-angle polarimeter observations from the polarimeter definition experiment,” Appl. Opt. 58, 650–669 (2019).
[Crossref]

G. Van Harten, D. J. Diner, B. J. S. Daugherty, B. E. Rheingans, M. A. Bull, F. C. Seidel, R. A. Chipman, B. Cairns, A. P. Wasilewski, and K. D. Knobelspiesse, “Calibration and validation of Airborne Multiangle SpectroPolarimetric Imager (AirMSPI) polarization measurements,” Appl. Opt. 57, 4499–4513 (2018).
[Crossref]

J. H. H. Rietjens, J. M. Smit, G. Van Harten, A. Di Noia, O. P. Hasekamp, J. De Boer, H. Volten, and F. Snik, and C. U. Keller, “Accurate spectrally modulating polarimeters for atmospheric aerosol characterization,” Proc. SPIE 9613, 96130S (2015).
[Crossref]

J. H. H. Rietjens, J. M. Smit, A. Di Noia, O. P. Hasekamp, G. Van Harten, F. Snik, and C. U. Keller, “SPEX: a highly accurate spectropolarimeter for atmospheric aerosol characterization,” Proc. ICSO 10563, 1056344 (2014).

G. Van Harten, F. Snik, J. H. H. Rietjens, J. M. Smit, J. De Boer, R. Diamantopoulou, O. P. Hasekamp, D. M. Stam, C. U. Keller, E. C. Laan, A. L. Verlaan, W. A. Vliegenthart, R. Ter Horst, R. Navarro, K. Wielinga, S. G. Moon, and R. Voors, “Prototyping for the Spectropolarimeter for Planetary EXploration (SPEX): calibration and sky measurements,” Proc. SPIE 8160, 81600Z (2011).
[Crossref]

F. Snik, J. H. H. Rietjens, G. van Harten, D. M. Stam, C. U. Keller, J. M. Smit, E. C. Laan, A. L. Verlaan, R. Ter Horst, R. Navarra, K. Wielinga, S. G. Moon, and R. Voors, “SPEX: the spectropolarimeter for planetary exploration,” Proc. SPIE 7731, 77311B (2010).
[Crossref]

J. H. H. Rietjens, F. Snik, D. M. Stam, J. M. Smit, G. Van Harten, C. U. Keller, A. L. Verlaan, E. C. Laan, T. Ter Horst, R. Navarro, K. Wielinga, S. G. Moon, and R. Voors, “SPEX: the spectropolarimeter for planetary exploration,” Proc. ICSO 10565, 105651C (2010).
[Crossref]

G. Van Harten, “Spectropolarimetry for planetary exploration,” Ph.D. thesis (Leiden University, 2014).

B. McBride, J.-V. Marting, H. M. Barbosa, R. A. F. Borda, O. P. Hasekamp, J. M. Smit, J. H. H. Rietjens, G. Van Harten, D. J. Diner, B. Cairns, A. Wasilewski, and L. A. Remer, “Validation of AirHARP calibration with coincident observations by SPEX Airborne, AirMSPI, and RSP polarimeters during the ACEPOL field campaign” presented at American Geophysical Union fall meeting, 2018.

Van Noije, T.

C. Lacagnina, O. P. Hasekamp, H. Bian, G. Curci, G. Myhre, T. Van Noije, M. Schultz, R. B. Skeie, T. Takemura, and K. Zhang, “Aerosol single-scattering albedo over the global oceans: comparing PARASOL retrievals with AERONET, OMI, and AeroCom models estimates,” J. Geophys. Res. Atmos. 120, 9814–9836 (2015).
[Crossref]

Van Spanning, R. J. M.

C. H. L. Patty, D. A. Luo, F. Snik, F. Ariese, W. J. Buma, I. L. Ten Kate, R. J. M. Van Spanning, W. B. Sparks, T. A. Germer, G. Garab, and M. W. Kudenov, “Imaging linear and circular polarization features in leaves with complete Mueller matrix polarimetry,” Biochim. Biophys. Acta 1862, 1350–1363 (2018).
[Crossref]

Verlaan, A. L.

G. Van Harten, F. Snik, J. H. H. Rietjens, J. M. Smit, J. De Boer, R. Diamantopoulou, O. P. Hasekamp, D. M. Stam, C. U. Keller, E. C. Laan, A. L. Verlaan, W. A. Vliegenthart, R. Ter Horst, R. Navarro, K. Wielinga, S. G. Moon, and R. Voors, “Prototyping for the Spectropolarimeter for Planetary EXploration (SPEX): calibration and sky measurements,” Proc. SPIE 8160, 81600Z (2011).
[Crossref]

F. Snik, J. H. H. Rietjens, G. van Harten, D. M. Stam, C. U. Keller, J. M. Smit, E. C. Laan, A. L. Verlaan, R. Ter Horst, R. Navarra, K. Wielinga, S. G. Moon, and R. Voors, “SPEX: the spectropolarimeter for planetary exploration,” Proc. SPIE 7731, 77311B (2010).
[Crossref]

J. H. H. Rietjens, F. Snik, D. M. Stam, J. M. Smit, G. Van Harten, C. U. Keller, A. L. Verlaan, E. C. Laan, T. Ter Horst, R. Navarro, K. Wielinga, S. G. Moon, and R. Voors, “SPEX: the spectropolarimeter for planetary exploration,” Proc. ICSO 10565, 105651C (2010).
[Crossref]

Vliegenthart, W. A.

G. Van Harten, F. Snik, J. H. H. Rietjens, J. M. Smit, J. De Boer, R. Diamantopoulou, O. P. Hasekamp, D. M. Stam, C. U. Keller, E. C. Laan, A. L. Verlaan, W. A. Vliegenthart, R. Ter Horst, R. Navarro, K. Wielinga, S. G. Moon, and R. Voors, “Prototyping for the Spectropolarimeter for Planetary EXploration (SPEX): calibration and sky measurements,” Proc. SPIE 8160, 81600Z (2011).
[Crossref]

Volten, H.

J. H. H. Rietjens, J. M. Smit, G. Van Harten, A. Di Noia, O. P. Hasekamp, J. De Boer, H. Volten, and F. Snik, and C. U. Keller, “Accurate spectrally modulating polarimeters for atmospheric aerosol characterization,” Proc. SPIE 9613, 96130S (2015).
[Crossref]

Voors, R.

G. Van Harten, F. Snik, J. H. H. Rietjens, J. M. Smit, J. De Boer, R. Diamantopoulou, O. P. Hasekamp, D. M. Stam, C. U. Keller, E. C. Laan, A. L. Verlaan, W. A. Vliegenthart, R. Ter Horst, R. Navarro, K. Wielinga, S. G. Moon, and R. Voors, “Prototyping for the Spectropolarimeter for Planetary EXploration (SPEX): calibration and sky measurements,” Proc. SPIE 8160, 81600Z (2011).
[Crossref]

F. Snik, J. H. H. Rietjens, G. van Harten, D. M. Stam, C. U. Keller, J. M. Smit, E. C. Laan, A. L. Verlaan, R. Ter Horst, R. Navarra, K. Wielinga, S. G. Moon, and R. Voors, “SPEX: the spectropolarimeter for planetary exploration,” Proc. SPIE 7731, 77311B (2010).
[Crossref]

J. H. H. Rietjens, F. Snik, D. M. Stam, J. M. Smit, G. Van Harten, C. U. Keller, A. L. Verlaan, E. C. Laan, T. Ter Horst, R. Navarro, K. Wielinga, S. G. Moon, and R. Voors, “SPEX: the spectropolarimeter for planetary exploration,” Proc. ICSO 10565, 105651C (2010).
[Crossref]

Wang, J.

D. J. Diner, K. Burke, F. Xu, M. J. Garay, O. V. Kalashnikova, Y. Liu, X. Meng, J. Wang, R. Martin, and B. Ostro, “Advances in multiangle satellite remote sensing of speciated airborne particulate matter and association with adverse health effects: from MISR to MAIA,” J. Appl. Remote Sens. 12, 042603 (2018).
[Crossref]

Waquet, F.

F. Waquet, B. Cairns, K. Knobelspiesse, J. Chowdhary, L. D. Travis, B. Schmid, and M. I. Mishchenko, “Polarimetric remote sensing of aerosols over land,” J. Geophys. Res. 114, D01206 (2009).
[Crossref]

Wasilewski, A.

B. McBride, J.-V. Marting, H. M. Barbosa, R. A. F. Borda, O. P. Hasekamp, J. M. Smit, J. H. H. Rietjens, G. Van Harten, D. J. Diner, B. Cairns, A. Wasilewski, and L. A. Remer, “Validation of AirHARP calibration with coincident observations by SPEX Airborne, AirMSPI, and RSP polarimeters during the ACEPOL field campaign” presented at American Geophysical Union fall meeting, 2018.

Wasilewski, A. P.

Wielinga, K.

G. Van Harten, F. Snik, J. H. H. Rietjens, J. M. Smit, J. De Boer, R. Diamantopoulou, O. P. Hasekamp, D. M. Stam, C. U. Keller, E. C. Laan, A. L. Verlaan, W. A. Vliegenthart, R. Ter Horst, R. Navarro, K. Wielinga, S. G. Moon, and R. Voors, “Prototyping for the Spectropolarimeter for Planetary EXploration (SPEX): calibration and sky measurements,” Proc. SPIE 8160, 81600Z (2011).
[Crossref]

J. H. H. Rietjens, F. Snik, D. M. Stam, J. M. Smit, G. Van Harten, C. U. Keller, A. L. Verlaan, E. C. Laan, T. Ter Horst, R. Navarro, K. Wielinga, S. G. Moon, and R. Voors, “SPEX: the spectropolarimeter for planetary exploration,” Proc. ICSO 10565, 105651C (2010).
[Crossref]

F. Snik, J. H. H. Rietjens, G. van Harten, D. M. Stam, C. U. Keller, J. M. Smit, E. C. Laan, A. L. Verlaan, R. Ter Horst, R. Navarra, K. Wielinga, S. G. Moon, and R. Voors, “SPEX: the spectropolarimeter for planetary exploration,” Proc. SPIE 7731, 77311B (2010).
[Crossref]

Wu, L.

O. P. Hasekamp, G. Fu, S. P. Rusli, L. Wu, A. Di Noia, J. Aan de Brugh, J. Landgraf, J. M. Smit, J. R. Rietjens, and A. Amerongen, “Aerosol measurements by SPEXone on the NASA PACE mission: expected retrieval capabilities,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 227, 170–184 (2019).
[Crossref]

L. Wu, O. P. Hasekamp, B. Van Diedenhoven, B. Cairns, J. E. Yorks, and J. Chowdhary, “Passive remote sensing of aerosol layer height using near-UV multiangle polarization measurements,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 43, 8783–8790 (2016).
[Crossref]

L. Wu, O. P. Hasekamp, B. Van Diedenhoven, and B. Cairns, “Aerosol retrieval from multiangle, multispectral photopolarimetric measurements: importance of spectral range and angular resolution,” Atmos. Meas. Tech. 8, 2625–2638 (2015).
[Crossref]

Xu, F.

D. J. Diner, K. Burke, F. Xu, M. J. Garay, O. V. Kalashnikova, Y. Liu, X. Meng, J. Wang, R. Martin, and B. Ostro, “Advances in multiangle satellite remote sensing of speciated airborne particulate matter and association with adverse health effects: from MISR to MAIA,” J. Appl. Remote Sens. 12, 042603 (2018).
[Crossref]

D. J. Diner, F. Xu, M. J. Garay, J. V. Martonchik, B. E. Rheingans, S. Geier, A. Davis, B. R. Hancock, V. M. Jovanovic, M. A. Bull, K. Capraro, R. A. Chipman, and S. C. McClain, “The Airborne Multiangle SpectroPolarimetric Imager (AirMSPI): a new tool for aerosol and cloud remote sensing,” Atmos. Meas. Tech. 6, 2007–2025 (2013).
[Crossref]

Yorks, J. E.

L. Wu, O. P. Hasekamp, B. Van Diedenhoven, B. Cairns, J. E. Yorks, and J. Chowdhary, “Passive remote sensing of aerosol layer height using near-UV multiangle polarization measurements,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 43, 8783–8790 (2016).
[Crossref]

Yu, H.

H. Yu, Y. J. Kaufman, M. Chin, G. Feingold, L. A. Remer, T. L. Anderson, Y. Balkanski, N. Bellouin, O. Boucher, S. Christopher, P. DeCola, R. Kahn, D. Koch, N. Loeb, M. S. Reddy, M. Schulz, T. Takemura, and M. Zhou, “A review of measurement-based assessment of aerosol direct radiative effect and forcing,” Atmos. Chem. Phys. 6, 613–666 (2006).
[Crossref]

Zhang, K.

C. Lacagnina, O. P. Hasekamp, H. Bian, G. Curci, G. Myhre, T. Van Noije, M. Schultz, R. B. Skeie, T. Takemura, and K. Zhang, “Aerosol single-scattering albedo over the global oceans: comparing PARASOL retrievals with AERONET, OMI, and AeroCom models estimates,” J. Geophys. Res. Atmos. 120, 9814–9836 (2015).
[Crossref]

Zhou, M.

H. Yu, Y. J. Kaufman, M. Chin, G. Feingold, L. A. Remer, T. L. Anderson, Y. Balkanski, N. Bellouin, O. Boucher, S. Christopher, P. DeCola, R. Kahn, D. Koch, N. Loeb, M. S. Reddy, M. Schulz, T. Takemura, and M. Zhou, “A review of measurement-based assessment of aerosol direct radiative effect and forcing,” Atmos. Chem. Phys. 6, 613–666 (2006).
[Crossref]

Appl. Opt. (6)

O. P. Hasekamp and J. Landgraf, “Retrieval of aerosol properties over land surfaces: capabilities of multiple-viewing-angle intensity and polarization measurements,” Appl. Opt. 46, 3332–3344 (2007).
[Crossref]

D. J. Diner, A. Davis, B. Hancock, S. Geier, B. Rheingans, V. Jovanovic, M. Bull, D. M. Rider, R. A. Chipman, A. Mahler, and S. C. McClain, “First results from a dual photoelastic- modulator-based polarimetric camera,” Appl. Opt. 49, 2929–2946 (2010).
[Crossref]

G. Van Harten, D. J. Diner, B. J. S. Daugherty, B. E. Rheingans, M. A. Bull, F. C. Seidel, R. A. Chipman, B. Cairns, A. P. Wasilewski, and K. D. Knobelspiesse, “Calibration and validation of Airborne Multiangle SpectroPolarimetric Imager (AirMSPI) polarization measurements,” Appl. Opt. 57, 4499–4513 (2018).
[Crossref]

F. Snik, T. Karalidi, and C. U. Keller, “Spectral modulation for full linear polarimetry,” Appl. Opt. 48, 1337–1346 (2009).
[Crossref]

P. Mouroulis, R. O. Green, and T. G. Chrien, “Design of push broom imaging spectrometers for optimum recovery of spectroscopic and spatial information,” Appl. Opt. 39, 2210–2220 (2000).
[Crossref]

K. D. Knobelspiesse, Q. Tan, C. Bruegge, B. Cairns, J. Chowdhary, B. Van Diedenhoven, D. J. Diner, R. Ferrare, G. Van Harten, V. Jovanovic, M. Ottaviani, J. Redemann, F. Seidel, and K. Sinclair, “Intercomparison of airborne multi-angle polarimeter observations from the polarimeter definition experiment,” Appl. Opt. 58, 650–669 (2019).
[Crossref]

Atmos. Chem. Phys. (2)

P. Stier, “Limitations of passive remote sensing to constrain global cloud condensation nuclei,” Atmos. Chem. Phys. 16, 6595–6607 (2016).
[Crossref]

H. Yu, Y. J. Kaufman, M. Chin, G. Feingold, L. A. Remer, T. L. Anderson, Y. Balkanski, N. Bellouin, O. Boucher, S. Christopher, P. DeCola, R. Kahn, D. Koch, N. Loeb, M. S. Reddy, M. Schulz, T. Takemura, and M. Zhou, “A review of measurement-based assessment of aerosol direct radiative effect and forcing,” Atmos. Chem. Phys. 6, 613–666 (2006).
[Crossref]

Atmos. Meas. Tech. (2)

L. Wu, O. P. Hasekamp, B. Van Diedenhoven, and B. Cairns, “Aerosol retrieval from multiangle, multispectral photopolarimetric measurements: importance of spectral range and angular resolution,” Atmos. Meas. Tech. 8, 2625–2638 (2015).
[Crossref]

D. J. Diner, F. Xu, M. J. Garay, J. V. Martonchik, B. E. Rheingans, S. Geier, A. Davis, B. R. Hancock, V. M. Jovanovic, M. A. Bull, K. Capraro, R. A. Chipman, and S. C. McClain, “The Airborne Multiangle SpectroPolarimetric Imager (AirMSPI): a new tool for aerosol and cloud remote sensing,” Atmos. Meas. Tech. 6, 2007–2025 (2013).
[Crossref]

Biochim. Biophys. Acta (1)

C. H. L. Patty, D. A. Luo, F. Snik, F. Ariese, W. J. Buma, I. L. Ten Kate, R. J. M. Van Spanning, W. B. Sparks, T. A. Germer, G. Garab, and M. W. Kudenov, “Imaging linear and circular polarization features in leaves with complete Mueller matrix polarimetry,” Biochim. Biophys. Acta 1862, 1350–1363 (2018).
[Crossref]

Bull. Am. Meteorol. Soc. (1)

M. I. Mishchenko, B. Cairns, G. Kopp, C. F. Schueler, B. A. Fafaul, J. E. Hansen, R. J. Hooker, T. Itchkawich, H. B. Maring, and L. D. Travis, “Accurate monitoring of terrestrial aerosols and total solar irradiance: introducing the Glory Mission,” Bull. Am. Meteorol. Soc. 88(5), 677–692 (2007).
[Crossref]

Environ. Health Perspect. (1)

D. L. Crouse, P. A. Peters, and A. Van Donkelaar, “Risk of nonaccidental and cardiovascular mortality in relation to long-term exposure to low concentrations of fine particulate matter: a Canadian national-level cohort study,” Environ. Health Perspect. 120, 708–714 (2012).
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Epidemiology (1)

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Figures (17)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1. Principle of spectral polarization modulation. The colored arrows after the highly chromatic MOR denote the strongly wavelength-dependent polarization modulation. Analyzing this polarization leads to a characteristic intensity spectrum, containing the linear polarization information, according to Eq. (8). In the bottom section of the figure, the modulation spectrum for fully polarized incident light is displayed.
Fig. 2.
Fig. 2. Schematic representation of light rays through the SPEX airborne optical module.
Fig. 3.
Fig. 3. Zoom-in on slit array and mirror stack. Eight preslit optical units have been removed to display more clearly how light exiting the preslit optical unit is reflected onto one mirror of the stack and comes to focus on the slit array. Due to their small size, the picture cannot display each of the 18 individual slits separately; they appear as a single long slit.
Fig. 4.
Fig. 4. Top, schematic representation of light rays through SPEX airborne preslit optics. Light enters the optics from the left, passes through the Fresnel rhomb, then through the composite MOR system (quartz and MgF2) and the PBS. The orientation of the PBS is rotated by 90° in the figure to illustrate the beam-splitting. In reality, the beams are split in the plane normal to the paper. The bottom figure is a rendering of the mechanical design of the preoptics housing and the polarization encoder optics therein, including focusing lenslet. The housing measures 32 mm from left to right. Rays of an incident planar wave beam are shown, which comes to focus onto a slit via a folding mirror.
Fig. 5.
Fig. 5. Level 0 data product: raw detector image of SPEX airborne, collected during a flight over the ocean. Spectral bands appear in pairs, ordered vertically in the row direction, where each pair corresponds with one of the nine viewing angles. Spectral modulations are clearly present with different modulation depths, indicating various levels of polarization of the incident light. The spectral direction is along the column direction, with blue to the left and red towards the right. Note how modulations of one pair appear in opposite phase. The swath dimension is along the pixel row direction.
Fig. 6.
Fig. 6. Dark image used for dark image correction. The average value of 22 DUs originate from a deliberate analog offset in the camera settings. The image is a subframe of 1600pixels×1800pixels from the complete 2072pixel×2072pixel CCD. The spectral direction is along a row. Four different detector regions are labeled with quadrant numbers Q1Q4, which have separate readout circuits.
Fig. 7.
Fig. 7. Combined image of white-light point source and laser measurements where successive viewports have been exposed to the two sources. The white-light source is at a large distance from the instrument, such that in the focal plane the spectra appear as thin lines for LOS calibration. The laser appears as a series of dots near pixel column 1000. The image shows the logarithm of the counts; otherwise, the lines would be too thin for clear rendering.
Fig. 8.
Fig. 8. Spectral calibration map. 2D map of SPEX airborne spectral calibration. Each pixel is assigned a wavelength that is color-coded according to the bar on the right of the plot. Black lines mark the argon and xenon lines used in the spectral calibration. The “spectral smile” is apparent in the curved shape of the lines connecting pixels with equal wavelengths.
Fig. 9.
Fig. 9. Spectra of the polarization stimulus PSG-2 at JPL, recorded with SPEX airborne and the reference spectrometer FieldSpec exposed successively to 0% and 100% polarized light. The line labeled “DoLP = 100%, FieldSpec” is the reference measurement made with FieldSpec of unpolarized light. The line labeled “DoLP = 100%, S + P” is the measurement made with SPEX airborne, where the sum of the s and p spectrum is the radiance. The other curves are SPEX airborne recordings of 100% polarized light of the same source.
Fig. 10.
Fig. 10. Sample modulation function M(λ) constructed with SPEX airborne exposed to 100% polarized light from the PSG-2. The measurement is in light gray and hidden underneath the fit drawn with a dashed line. The polarimetric efficiency W(λ) is the envelope of the model modulation function Mmodel(λ) and drawn with dotted lines.
Fig. 11.
Fig. 11. Gray lines, polarimetric efficiency for viewport VP4, center swath angle, obtained with the polarizer at angles β=0, 360° in steps of 10°. The thick black line is the average over all polarizer angles.
Fig. 12.
Fig. 12. Temperature dependence of the polarimetric efficiency, expressed as W/T.
Fig. 13.
Fig. 13. Top panel, DoLP measured with SPEX versus wavelength at a range of DoLP values: 0%, 1%, 5%, 10%, 20% and 100%. Gray lines are the DoLP values for individual swath angles. The colored lines are the average of the swath-angle values. Two vertical bands mark the AirMSPI bands centered at 470 and 660 nm. Bottom panel, logarithmic DoLP scale. Right, linear scale, zoomed in on the PSG-2 glass plate DoLP 20%. The black line is the DoLP obtained with AoLP-averaged polarimetric efficiency.
Fig. 14.
Fig. 14. Difference between DoLP measured with SPEX airborne and PSG-2 calibrated values, versus DoLP, including all SPEX viewports and swath elements. Blue dots correspond to 470 nm, red dots to 660 nm. The gray band is the targeted uncertainty limit on the DoLP at 5×103. The measurement of unpolarized light is placed at DoLP=4×104 on the horizontal axis.
Fig. 15.
Fig. 15. SPEX airborne nadir viewport RGB push-broom image over California coastline in between Santa Barbara (left) and Oxnard (right), plotted over a reference map from World Imagery from ArcGIS, ESRI.
Fig. 16.
Fig. 16. Sample spectra recorded with SPEX airborne. Top, over ocean; middle, over forest; bottom, over clouds.
Fig. 17.
Fig. 17. DoLP and radiance recorded by SPEX airborne versus RSP at four RSP spectral bands: 410, 470, 555, and 670 nm, for three different scenes: ocean, cloud, and land scenes. Data point colors mark different viewing angles of SPEX airborne. Results for different spectral bands are offset vertically in each plot. Identity lines ⟦”DoLP”⟧_”SPEX” =⟦”DoLP”⟧_”RSP” and I_”SPEX” =I_”RSP” are marked with solid lines, and dashed lines are linear fits to the data, with fit coefficients listed in Table 2.

Tables (2)

Tables Icon

Table 1. Along-Track Viewing Angles for SPEX Airborne Viewports, in the Instrument Reference Frame, Relative to the Reference Cubea

Tables Icon

Table 2. Comparison SPEX Airborne and RSP Polarization and Radiometric Dataa

Equations (36)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

S(λ)=(I(λ)Q(λ)U(λ)V(λ))=I(λ)(1quv),
MQWR=(1000010000010010),
MMOR=(10000cos(2πδλ)0sin(2πδλ)00100sin(2πδλ)0cos(2πδλ)),
MPBS=12(1k00k10000000000),k=±1.
MPMO(k)=MPBSMMORMQWR.
MPMO(k)=12(1kcos(2πδλ)ksin(2πδλ)0kcos(2πδλ)sin(2πδλ)000000000),k=+1,1.
Is/p(λ)=12I(λ){1±q(λ)cos(2πδ(λ)λ)u(λ)sin(2πδ(λ)λ)}.
Is/p(λ)=12I(λ){1±DoLP(λ)cos(2πδ(λ)λ+2AoLP(λ))}.
Is(λ)+Ip(λ)=I(λ),
Is(λ)Ip(λ)Is(λ)+Ip(λ)=DoLP(λ)cos(2πδ(λ)λ+2AoLP(λ)),
δ=ΔnMgF2dMgF2ΔnSiO2dSiO2.
C[l,i]=C[l,i]rawCdark[l,i],l=1,1600,i=1,1800,
Is/p(λi)=12rs/p(λi)Ss/p(λi).
M(λ)=Is(λ)Ip(λ)Is(λ)+Ip(λ),
Mi=Is(λi)Ip(λi)Is(λi)+Ip(λi),i=1,Nfit.
Is/p(λ)=12I(λ)[1±W(λ)(qcos(2πδλ)usin(2πδλ))].
M(λ)=W(λ)(qcos(2πδ(λ)λ)usin(2πδ(λ)λ)).
Mfit(λ)=(q0+q1λ)F(λ)+(u0+u1λ)G(λ),
F(λ)=W(λ)cos(2πδ(λ)λ),G(λ)=W(λ)sin(2πδ(λ)λ).
i=1Nfit(MiMfit(λi,q0,q1,u0,u1))2.
DoLPk=(q0+q1λk)2+(u0+u1λk)2,
AoLPk=12tan1(u0+u1λkq0+q1λk).
I(λi)=Is(λi)+Ip(λi).
nEarth=REarthER2(αER2)RER2SPEX(αSPEX)nSPEX,
tanθ=(hPShPS,0)L.
rs/p(λ)=12IRef(λ)Ss/p(λ).
Mmodel(λ)=W(λ,αW)cos(2πδ(λ,αδ)λ+2β),
δ(λ,αδ)=δ0(λ)+m=04αδ,mλm.
MiMmodel(λi)i=1,Nλ,
y(x)=ax+b,
Δrms2=1Ni1N(yixi)2.
Δsys2=1Ni1N((a1)xi+b)2,
Δrand2=1Ni1N(yiy(xi))2.
Δrms2=Δsys2+Δrand2.
I=1Ni=1NIRSP,i.
αroll(t,F)=A+Bt+Ct2+DF,

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