Abstract

This paper presents a special design of a new kind of silicon nitride/titanium oxide hybrid waveguide with multi-layer materials laminate structure aiming at broadband athermal operation. By incorporating three layers of titanium oxide whose thermo-optic coefficient (TOC) is negative in the waveguide core and upper cladding regions, the thermal drift of the conventional strip waveguide induced by the positive TOC of silicon nitride is fully compensated, with the effective TOC of the hybrid waveguide achieving zero at 1550 nm and only varying extremely slightly within ±6×107/K in the wavelength band from 1350 to 1850 nm. In addition, due to the inherent alternate growth manner of titanium dioxide and silicon nitride thin layers, this new kind of multi-layer material laminate structure waveguide holds the potential of avoiding the challenging growth of low-stress crack-free single-layer silicon nitride film thick enough for realizing an anomalous dispersion waveguide. Furthermore, we numerically demonstrate the different influences of the temperature change on optical frequency comb generation between the traditional waveguide and the hybrid waveguide, and we find that the athermal hybrid waveguide is much more temperature insensitive than the strip waveguide.

© 2019 Optical Society of America

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