Abstract

Two-dimensional (2D) materials have realized significant new applications in photonics, electronics, and optoelectronics. Among these materials is tungsten disulphide (WS2), which is a 2D material that shows excellent optoelectronic properties, tunable/sizable bandgap in the visible range, and good absorption. A polycrystalline WS2 thin film is successfully deposited on a substrate using radio frequency magnetron sputtering at room temperature. The x-ray diffraction pattern reveals two hexagonal structured peaks along the (100) and (110) planes. Energy-dispersive x-ray spectroscopy reveals a non-stoichiometric WS2 film with 1.25 ratio of S/W for a 156.3 nm thick film, while Raman shifts are observed at the E2g1 and A1g phonon modes located at 350.70cm1 and 415.60cm1, respectively. A sandwiched heterojunction photodetector device is successfully fabricated and illuminated within the violet range at 441 nm and 10 V of bias voltage. The maximum photocurrent values are calculated as 0.95 μA, while the responsivity is observed at 169.3mAW1 and detectivity 1.48×108 Jones at illuminated power of 0.6124 μm. These results highlight the adaptability of the present technique for large-scale applications as well as the flexibility to promote development of advanced optoelectronic devices.

© 2019 Optical Society of America

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