The generation and storage properties of different spike codes in vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers with an embedded saturable absorber (VCSELs-SA) are investigated numerically. The results show that different spike codes are generated by injecting an optical pulse into one single VCSEL-SA and can be stored in two mutually coupled VCSELs-SA. In particular, in the case of the generation of spike codes, the effects of the input strength and the temporal duration of the input optical pulse are studied; in the case of the storage of spike codes, the roles of the coupling weight and the coupling delay between the two mutually coupled VCSELs-SA are examined. Simulations reveal that spikes can be triggered if the input strength and the temporal duration exceed the threshold values, and higher values of the input strength and the temporal duration are beneficial for generating more spikes. Moreover, successful storage of a perfectly formed train of spike codes in two mutually coupled VCSELs-SA can also be realized provided that the coupling weight and the coupling delay are larger than the corresponding threshold values.
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