Abstract

Tracking moving targets behind a scattering medium is a challenge, and it has many important applications in various fields. Owing to the multiple scattering, instead of the object image, only a random speckle pattern can be received on the camera when light is passing through highly scattering layers. Significantly, an important feature of a speckle pattern has been found, and it showed the target information can be derived from the speckle correlation. In this work, inspired by the notions used in computer vision and deformation detection, by specific simulations and experiments, we demonstrate a simple object tracking method, in which by using the speckle correlation, the movement of a hidden object can be tracked in the lateral direction and axial direction. In addition, the rotation state of the moving target can also be recognized by utilizing the autocorrelation of a speckle. This work will be beneficial for biomedical applications in the fields of quantitative analysis of the working mechanisms of a micro-object and the acquisition of dynamical information of the micro-object motion.

© 2018 Optical Society of America

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