Abstract

In this paper, the tunable properties of metamaterial absorbers based on 3D Dirac semimetal films (DSFs) in the terahertz (THz) regime are discussed in theory. We consider the absorbers with square-shaped, circular-patch, and cross-shaped resonators. These resonances are theoretically polarization-insensitive at normal incidence because of their 90° rotational symmetry and can achieve perfect absorption in numerical simulation. We then introduce dual-band and broadband absorbers by combining two DSF-based square-shaped (or circular-patch) resonators into one unit cell with different sizes. Unlike with a conventional metal-based absorber, the absorption of a DSF-based absorber can be dynamically tuned by varying the Fermi energy instead of refabricating the structures. Moreover, the DSFs can be regarded as a “Salisbury screen” of an absorber to block the transmission at the THz frequencies, which can be more convenient than graphene in the application of a tunable absorber. Our designs have potential applications in various fields such as sensors, thermal detectors, and imagers.

© 2018 Optical Society of America

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