Abstract

Laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy (LIBS) has attracted a lot of attention due to its potential to rapidly identify and quantify any chemical element with minimal sample preparation. Despite continuous improvements, the sensitivity of this technique still remains a challenge. In order to increase LIBS intensity, a laser-induced fluorescence (LIF) system can be coupled with LIBS to re-excite a transition of the element in the plasma by employing very expensive optical parametric oscillators (OPO). In this work, a homemade tunable continuum wave-diode laser (CW-DL) has been developed and coupled to a double pulse (DP) LIBS system to enhance the sensitivity of Pb detection in a soil sample at the transition 6s26p2P326s26p7sP31 at 405.78 nm. Before sample analysis, the production of no scattered light by the plasma was ascertained, and the optimal temperature of 10,000 K was estimated for this transition, feasible to be achieved in DP-LIBS systems. An increase of approximately 100% for the Pb I transition at 405.78 nm was obtained by DP-LIBS-CW-DL-LIF with respect to the DP-LIBS system alone. This result opens a new promising line of research to improve LIBS sensitivity using the CW-DL approach.

© 2018 Optical Society of America

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