Abstract

Phacoemulsification technique with intraocular lens implantation has been a common treatment for cataract patients. With rising demand among the public, new technologies for lens design have emerged to minimize intraocular aberrations, improving visual quality to the largest extent. This paper systematically reviews the development of materials applied in lens manufacturing, the different categories of intraocular lenses, and respective design principles. The advantages and potential drawbacks of intraocular lenses are illustrated in the paper, and prospective research to improve the design are presented in the end.

© 2018 Optical Society of America

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2018 (1)

2017 (4)

R. N. McNeely, E. Pazo, A. Spence, O. Richoz, M. A. Nesbit, T. C. Moore, and J. E. Moore, “Visual quality and performance comparison between 2 refractive rotationally asymmetric multifocal intraocular lenses,” J. Cataract Refract. Surg. 43, 1020–1026 (2017).
[Crossref]

P. Gracia and A. Hartwig, “Optimal orientation for angularly segmented multifocal corrections,” Ophthalmic Physiolog. Opt. 37, 610–623 (2017).
[Crossref]

J. L. Alió, J. L. A. del Barrio, and A. Vega-Estrada, “Accommodative intraocular lenses: where are we and where we are going,” Eye Vision 4, 16 (2017).
[Crossref]

G. N. Wörtz and P. R. Wörtz, “Refractive IOL pipeline: innovations, predictions, and needs,” Curr. Ophthalmol. Rep. 5, 255–263 (2017).

2016 (3)

B. Cochener, “Clinical outcomes of a new extended range of vision intraocular lens: International Multicenter Concerto Study,” J. Cataract Refract. Surg. 42, 1268–1275 (2016).
[Crossref]

P. de Gracia, “Optical properties of monovision corrections using multifocal designs for near vision,” J. Cataract Refract. Surg. 42, 1501–1510 (2016).
[Crossref]

P. Studeny, D. Krizova, and J. Urminsky, “Clinical experience with the WIOL-CF accommodative bioanalogic intraocular lens: Czech national observational registry,” Eur. J. Ophthalmol. 26, 230–235 (2016).
[Crossref]

2015 (1)

G. Grabner, R. E. Ang, and S. Vilupuru, “The small-aperture IC-8 intraocular lens: a new concept for added depth of focus in cataract patients,” Am. J. Ophthalmol. 160, 1176–1184 (2015).
[Crossref]

2014 (2)

E. A. Villegas, E. Alcón, and P. Artal, “Minimum amount of astigmatism that should be corrected,” J. Cataract Refract. Surg. 40, 13–19 (2014).
[Crossref]

E. Mozayan and J. K. Lee, “Update on astigmatism management,” Curr. Opin. Ophthalmol. 25, 286–290 (2014).
[Crossref]

2013 (6)

J. C. Vryghem and S. Heireman, “Visual performance after the implantation of a new trifocal intraocular lens,” Clin. Ophthalmol. 7, 1957–1965 (2013).
[Crossref]

D. Gatinel and Y. Houbrechts, “Comparison of bifocal and trifocal diffractive and refractive intraocular lenses using an optical bench,” J. Cataract Refract. Surg. 39, 1093–1099 (2013).
[Crossref]

N. E. de Vries and R. M. Nuijts, “Multifocal intraocular lenses in cataract surgery: literature review of benefits and side effects,” J. Cataract Refract. Surg. 39, 268–278 (2013).
[Crossref]

F. Fang, X. Zhang, A. Weckenmann, G. Zhang, and C. Evans, “Manufacturing and measurement of freeform optics,” CIRP Ann. 62, 823–846 (2013).
[Crossref]

F. Fang, Y. Cheng, and X. Zhang, “Design of freeform optics,” Adv. Opt. Technol. 2, 445–453 (2013).
[Crossref]

P. de Gracia, C. Dorronsoro, and S. Marcos, “Multiple zone multifocal phase designs,” Opt. Lett. 38, 3526–3529 (2013).
[Crossref]

2011 (4)

J. L. Alió, G. Grabner, A. B. Plaza-Puche, M. Rasp, D. P. Piñero, O. Seyeddain, J. L. Rodríguez-Prats, M. J. Ayala, R. Moreu, and M. Hohensinn, “Postoperative bilateral reading performance with 4 intraocular lens models: six-month results,” J. Cataract Refract. Surg. 37, 842–852 (2011).
[Crossref]

A. R. Vasavada, S. M. Raj, A. Shah, G. Shah, V. Vasavada, and V. Vasavada, “Comparison of posterior capsule opacification with hydrophobic acrylic and hydrophilic acrylic intraocular lenses,” J. Cataract Refract. Surg. 37, 1050–1059 (2011).
[Crossref]

L. Espandar, S. Sikder, and M. Moshirfar, “Softec HD hydrophilic acrylic intraocular lens: biocompatibility and precision,” Clin. Ophthalmol. 5, 65–70 (2011).
[Crossref]

D. Gatinel, C. Pagnoulle, Y. Houbrechts, and L. Gobin, “Design and qualification of a diffractive trifocal optical profile for intraocular lenses,” J. Cataract Refract. Surg. 37, 2060–2067 (2011).
[Crossref]

2010 (4)

V. Bohórquez and R. Alarcon, “Long-term reading performance in patients with bilateral dual-optic accommodating intraocular lenses,” J. Cataract Refract. Surg. 36, 1880–1886 (2010).
[Crossref]

C. Mesci, H. H. Erbil, A. Olgun, and S. A. Yaylali, “Visual performances with monofocal, accommodating, and multifocal intraocular lenses in patients with unilateral cataract,” Am. J. Ophthalmol. 150, 609–618 (2010).
[Crossref]

J. S. Wolffsohn, L. N. Davies, N. Gupta, S. A. Naroo, G. A. Gibson, T. Mihashi, and S. Shah, “Mechanism of action of the tetraflex accommodative intraocular lens,” J. Refractive Surg. 26, 858–862 (2010).
[Crossref]

L. Werner, “Glistenings and surface light scattering in intraocular lenses,” J. Cataract Refract. Surg. 36, 1398–1420 (2010).
[Crossref]

2009 (5)

J. L. Alió, J. Ben-nun, J. L. Rodríguez-Prats, and A. B. Plaza, “Visual and accommodative outcomes 1 year after implantation of an accommodating intraocular lens based on a new concept,” J. Cataract Refract. Surg. 35, 1671–1678 (2009).
[Crossref]

D. M. Portaliou, G. D. Kymionis, and I. G. Pallikaris, “The WIOL-CF accommodative intraocular lens,” Eur. Ophthal. Rev. 03, 54–56 (2009).
[Crossref]

W. A. Maxwell, R. J. Cionni, R. P. Lehmann, and S. S. Modi, “Functional outcomes after bilateral implantation of apodized diffractive aspheric acrylic intraocular lenses with a +3.0 or +4.0 diopter addition power: randomized multicenter clinical study,” J. Cataract Refract. Surg. 35, 2054–2061 (2009).
[Crossref]

K. Hayashi, S.-I. Manabe, and H. Hayashi, “Visual acuity from far to near and contrast sensitivity in eyes with a diffractive multifocal intraocular lens with a low addition power,” J. Cataract Refract. Surg. 35, 2070–2076 (2009).
[Crossref]

T. Kohnen, R. Nuijts, P. Levy, E. Haefliger, and J. F. Alfonso, “Visual function after bilateral implantation of apodized diffractive aspheric multifocal intraocular lenses with a +3.0  D addition,” J. Cataract Refract. Surg. 35, 2062–2069 (2009).
[Crossref]

2008 (5)

S. Cillino, A. Casuccio, F. Di Pace, R. Morreale, F. Pillitteri, G. Cillino, and G. Lodato, “One-year outcomes with new-generation multifocal intraocular lenses,” Ophthalmology 115, 1508–1516 (2008).
[Crossref]

N. J. Bauer, N. E. de Vries, C. A. Webers, F. Hendrikse, and R. M. Nuijts, “Astigmatism management in cataract surgery with the AcrySof toric intraocular lens,” J. Cataract Refract. Surg. 34, 1483–1488 (2008).
[Crossref]

L. Yuen, W. Trattler, and B. S. B. Wachler, “Two cases of Z syndrome with the Crystalens after uneventful cataract surgery,” J. Cataract Refract. Surg. 34, 1986–1989 (2008).
[Crossref]

L. Werner, “Biocompatibility of intraocular lens materials,” Curr. Opin. Ophthalmol. 19, 41–49 (2008).
[Crossref]

D. Ortiz, J. L. Alió, G. Bernabéu, and V. Pongo, “Optical performance of monofocal and multifocal intraocular lenses in the human eye,” J. Cataract Refract. Surg. 34, 755–762 (2008).
[Crossref]

2007 (8)

J. F. Alfonso, L. Fernández-Vega, M. B. Baamonde, and R. Montés-Micó, “Prospective visual evaluation of apodized diffractive intraocular lenses,” J. Cataract Refract. Surg. 33, 1235–1243 (2007).
[Crossref]

L. Werner, “Causes of intraocular lens opacification or discoloration,” J. Cataract Refract. Surg. 33, 713–726 (2007).
[Crossref]

J.-W. Cheng, R.-L. Wei, J.-P. Cai, G.-L. Xi, H. Zhu, Y. Li, and X.-Y. Ma, “Efficacy of different intraocular lens materials and optic edge designs in preventing posterior capsular opacification: a meta-analysis,” Am. J. Ophthalmol. 143, 428–436 (2007).
[Crossref]

D. R. Sanders and M. L. Sanders, “Visual performance results after Tetraflex accommodating intraocular lens implantation,” Ophthalmology 114, 1679–1684 (2007).
[Crossref]

R. Menapace, O. Findl, K. Kriechbaum, and C. Leydolt-Koeppl, “Accommodating intraocular lenses: a critical review of present and future concepts,” Graefe Arch. Clin. Exp. Ophthalmol. 245, 473–489 (2007).
[Crossref]

S. D. McLeod, L. G. Vargas, V. Portney, and A. Ting, “Synchrony dual-optic accommodating intraocular lens: part 1: optical and biomechanical principles and design considerations,” J. Cataract Refract. Surg. 33, 37–46 (2007).
[Crossref]

E. M. Vingolo, P. Grenga, L. Iacobelli, and R. Grenga, “Visual acuity and contrast sensitivity: AcrySof ReSTOR apodized diffractive versus AcrySof SA60AT monofocal intraocular lenses,” J. Cataract Refract. Surg. 33, 1244–1247 (2007).
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J. S. Pepose, M. A. Qazi, J. Davies, J. F. Doane, J. C. Loden, V. Sivalingham, and A. M. Mahmoud, “Visual performance of patients with bilateral vs combination Crystalens, ReZoom, and ReSTOR intraocular lens implants,” Am. J. Ophthalmol. 144, 347–357 (2007).
[Crossref]

2006 (6)

J. A. Davison and M. J. Simpson, “History and development of the apodized diffractive intraocular lens,” J. Cataract Refract. Surg. 32, 849–858 (2006).
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W. W. Hütz, H. B. Eckhardt, B. Röhrig, and R. Grolmus, “Reading ability with 3 multifocal intraocular lens models,” J. Cataract Refract. Surg. 32, 2015–2021 (2006).
[Crossref]

J. S. Cumming, D. M. Colvard, S. J. Dell, J. Doane, I. H. Fine, R. S. Hoffman, M. Packer, and S. G. Slade, “Clinical evaluation of the Crystalens AT-45 accommodating intraocular lens: results of the US Food and Drug Administration clinical trial,” J. Cataract Refract. Surg. 32, 812–825 (2006).
[Crossref]

D. Allen and A. Vasavada, “Cataract and surgery for cataract,” Br. Med. J. 333, 128–132 (2006).
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S. S. Lane, M. Morris, L. Nordan, M. Packer, N. Tarantino, and R. B. Wallace, “Multifocal intraocular lenses,” Ophthalmol. Clin. North Am. 19, 89–105 (2006).
[Crossref]

A. N. Simonov, G. Vdovin, and M. C. Rombach, “Cubic optical elements for an accommodative intraocular lens,” Opt. Express 14, 7757–7775 (2006).
[Crossref]

2005 (5)

O. Findl, R. Menapace, S. Sacu, W. Buehl, and G. Rainer, “Effect of optic material on posterior capsule opacification in intraocular lenses with sharp-edge optics: randomized clinical trial,” Ophthalmology 112, 67–72 (2005).
[Crossref]

C. J. Heatley, D. J. Spalton, A. Kumar, R. Jose, J. Boyce, and L. E. Bender, “Comparison of posterior capsule opacification rates between hydrophilic and hydrophobic single-piece acrylic intraocular lenses,” J. Cataract Refract. Surg. 31, 718–724 (2005).
[Crossref]

C. Koeppl, O. Findl, R. Menapace, K. Kriechbaum, M. Wirtitsch, W. Buehl, S. Sacu, and W. Drexler, “Pilocarpine-induced shift of an accommodating intraocular lens: AT-45 Crystalens,” J. Cataract Refract. Surg. 31, 1290–1297 (2005).
[Crossref]

J. Ben-Nun and J. L. Alió, “Feasibility and development of a high-power real accommodating intraocular lens,” J. Cataract Refract. Surg. 31, 1802–1808 (2005).
[Crossref]

A. Viestenz, B. Seitz, and A. Langenbucher, “Evaluating the eye’s rotational stability during standard photography: effect on determining the axial orientation of toric intraocular lenses,” J. Cataract Refract. Surg. 31, 557–561 (2005).
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2004 (5)

M. Tehrani, H. B. Dick, B. Wolters, T. Pakula, and E. Wolf, “Material properties of various intraocular lenses in an experimental study,” Ophthalmologica 218, 57–63 (2004).
[Crossref]

A. Pineda-Fernández, J. Jaramillo, J. Vargas, M. Jaramillo, J. Jaramillo, and A. Galíndez, “Phakic posterior chamber intraocular lens for high myopia,” J. Cataract Refract. Surg. 30, 2277–2283 (2004).
[Crossref]

R. F. Steinert, “Cataract Surgery Technique, Complications, Management,” Clin. Exp. Optom. 87, 413–416 (2004).

V. Petternel, C.-M. Köppl, I. Dejaco-Ruhswurm, O. Findl, C. Skorpik, and W. Drexler, “Effect of accommodation and pupil size on the movement of a posterior chamber lens in the phakic eye,” Ophthalmology 111, 325–331 (2004).
[Crossref]

J. L. Alió, M. Tavolato, F. De la Hoz, P. Claramonte, J.-L. Rodríguez-Prats, and A. Galal, “Near vision restoration with refractive lens exchange and pseudoaccommodating and multifocal refractive and diffractive intraocular lenses: comparative clinical study,” J. Cataract Refract. Surg. 30, 2494–2503 (2004).
[Crossref]

2003 (2)

R. J. Olson, N. Mamalis, L. Werner, and D. J. Apple, “Cataract treatment in the beginning of the 21st century,” Am. J. Ophthalmol. 136, 146–154 (2003).
[Crossref]

M. Wilson, S. Pandey, and J. Thakur, “Paediatric cataract blindness in the developing world: surgical techniques and intraocular lenses in the new millennium,” Br. J. Ophthalmol. 87, 14–19 (2003).
[Crossref]

2002 (2)

P. C. Jacobi, T. S. Dietlein, C. Lüke, B. Engels, and G. K. Krieglstein, “Primary phacoemulsification and intraocular lens implantation for acute angle-closure glaucoma 1,” Ophthalmology 109, 1597–1603 (2002).
[Crossref]

J. D. Hunkeler, T. M. Coffman, J. Paugh, A. Lang, P. Smith, and N. Tarantino, “Characterization of visual phenomena with the Array multifocal intraocular lens,” J. Cataract Refract. Surg. 28, 1195–1204 (2002).
[Crossref]

2001 (4)

R. A. Schachar and A. J. Bax, “Mechanism of human accommodation as analyzed by nonlinear finite element analysis,” Ann. Ophthalmol. 33, 103–112 (2001).
[Crossref]

J. P. Whitcher, M. Srinivasan, and M. P. Upadhyay, “Corneal blindness: a global perspective,” Bull. W. H. O. 79, 214–221 (2001).

L. Werner, D. J. Apple, M. Kaskaloglu, and S. K. Pandey, “Dense opacification of the optical component of a hydrophilic acrylic intraocular lens: a clinicopathological analysis of 9 explanted lenses,” J. Cataract Refract. Surg. 27, 1485–1492 (2001).
[Crossref]

D. C. Brown and S. L. Ziémba, “Collamer intraocular lens: clinical results from the US FDA core study,” J. Cataract Refract. Surg. 27, 833–840 (2001).
[Crossref]

2000 (4)

D. Apple, J. Ram, A. Foster, and Q. Peng, “Elimination of cataract blindness: a global perspective entering the new millennium,” Surv. Ophthalmol. 45, S1–S196 (2000).
[Crossref]

R. J. Linnola, L. Werner, S. K. Pandey, M. Escobar-Gomez, S. L. Znoiko, and D. J. Apple, “Adhesion of fibronectin, vitronectin, laminin, and collagen type IV to intraocular lens materials in pseudophakic human autopsy eyes: part 1: histological sections,” J. Cataract Refract. Surg. 26, 1792–1806 (2000).
[Crossref]

Q. Peng, N. Visessook, D. J. Apple, S. K. Pandey, L. Werner, M. Escobar-Gomez, R. Schoderbek, K. D. Solomon, and A. Guindi, “Surgical prevention of posterior capsule opacification. Part 3: intraocular lens optic barrier effect as a second line of defense,” J. Cataract Refract. Surg. 26, 198–213 (2000).
[Crossref]

X.-Y. Sun, D. Vicary, P. Montgomery, and M. Griffiths, “Toric intraocular lenses for correcting astigmatism in 130 eyes,” Ophthalmology 107, 1776–1781 (2000).
[Crossref]

1999 (2)

R. F. Steinert, B. L. Aker, D. J. Trentacost, P. J. Smith, and N. Tarantino, “A prospective comparative study of the AMO array zonal-progressive multifocal silicone intraocular lens and a monofocal intraocular lens,” Ophthalmology 106, 1243–1255 (1999).
[Crossref]

R. Zaldivar, J. M. Davidorf, S. Oscherow, G. Ricur, and V. Piezzi, “Combined posterior chamber phakic intraocular lens and laser in situ keratomileusis: bioptics for extreme myopia,” J. Refractive Surg. 15, 299–308 (1999).

1997 (1)

M. Chehade and M. J. Elder, “Intraocular lens materials and styles: a review,” Aust. N. Z. J. Ophthalmol. 25, 255–263 (1997).
[Crossref]

1995 (1)

1994 (1)

G. D. Barrett, “A new hydrogel intraocular lens design,” J. Cataract Refract. Surg. 20, 18–25 (1994).
[Crossref]

1991 (1)

H. H. Kochounian, W. A. Maxwell, and A. Gupta, “Complement activation by surface modified poly(methyl methacrylate) intraocular lenses,” J. Cataract Refract. Surg. 17, 139–142 (1991).
[Crossref]

1988 (1)

1987 (1)

T. H. Mader and W. G. Carey, “US Army experience,” Environ. Med. 58, 690–694 (1987).

1977 (1)

R. Fisher, “The force of contraction of the human ciliary muscle during accommodation,” J. Physiol. 270, 51–74 (1977).
[Crossref]

Aker, B. L.

R. F. Steinert, B. L. Aker, D. J. Trentacost, P. J. Smith, and N. Tarantino, “A prospective comparative study of the AMO array zonal-progressive multifocal silicone intraocular lens and a monofocal intraocular lens,” Ophthalmology 106, 1243–1255 (1999).
[Crossref]

Alarcon, R.

V. Bohórquez and R. Alarcon, “Long-term reading performance in patients with bilateral dual-optic accommodating intraocular lenses,” J. Cataract Refract. Surg. 36, 1880–1886 (2010).
[Crossref]

Alcón, E.

E. A. Villegas, E. Alcón, and P. Artal, “Minimum amount of astigmatism that should be corrected,” J. Cataract Refract. Surg. 40, 13–19 (2014).
[Crossref]

Alfonso, J. F.

T. Kohnen, R. Nuijts, P. Levy, E. Haefliger, and J. F. Alfonso, “Visual function after bilateral implantation of apodized diffractive aspheric multifocal intraocular lenses with a +3.0  D addition,” J. Cataract Refract. Surg. 35, 2062–2069 (2009).
[Crossref]

J. F. Alfonso, L. Fernández-Vega, M. B. Baamonde, and R. Montés-Micó, “Prospective visual evaluation of apodized diffractive intraocular lenses,” J. Cataract Refract. Surg. 33, 1235–1243 (2007).
[Crossref]

Alió, J. L.

J. L. Alió, J. L. A. del Barrio, and A. Vega-Estrada, “Accommodative intraocular lenses: where are we and where we are going,” Eye Vision 4, 16 (2017).
[Crossref]

J. L. Alió, G. Grabner, A. B. Plaza-Puche, M. Rasp, D. P. Piñero, O. Seyeddain, J. L. Rodríguez-Prats, M. J. Ayala, R. Moreu, and M. Hohensinn, “Postoperative bilateral reading performance with 4 intraocular lens models: six-month results,” J. Cataract Refract. Surg. 37, 842–852 (2011).
[Crossref]

J. L. Alió, J. Ben-nun, J. L. Rodríguez-Prats, and A. B. Plaza, “Visual and accommodative outcomes 1 year after implantation of an accommodating intraocular lens based on a new concept,” J. Cataract Refract. Surg. 35, 1671–1678 (2009).
[Crossref]

D. Ortiz, J. L. Alió, G. Bernabéu, and V. Pongo, “Optical performance of monofocal and multifocal intraocular lenses in the human eye,” J. Cataract Refract. Surg. 34, 755–762 (2008).
[Crossref]

J. Ben-Nun and J. L. Alió, “Feasibility and development of a high-power real accommodating intraocular lens,” J. Cataract Refract. Surg. 31, 1802–1808 (2005).
[Crossref]

J. L. Alió, M. Tavolato, F. De la Hoz, P. Claramonte, J.-L. Rodríguez-Prats, and A. Galal, “Near vision restoration with refractive lens exchange and pseudoaccommodating and multifocal refractive and diffractive intraocular lenses: comparative clinical study,” J. Cataract Refract. Surg. 30, 2494–2503 (2004).
[Crossref]

J. L. Alió and J. J. Perez-Santonja, Refractive Surgery with Phakic IOLS: Fundamentals and Clinical Practice (JP Medical Ltd, 2012).

Allen, D.

D. Allen and A. Vasavada, “Cataract and surgery for cataract,” Br. Med. J. 333, 128–132 (2006).
[Crossref]

Ang, R. E.

G. Grabner, R. E. Ang, and S. Vilupuru, “The small-aperture IC-8 intraocular lens: a new concept for added depth of focus in cataract patients,” Am. J. Ophthalmol. 160, 1176–1184 (2015).
[Crossref]

Apple, D.

D. Apple, J. Ram, A. Foster, and Q. Peng, “Elimination of cataract blindness: a global perspective entering the new millennium,” Surv. Ophthalmol. 45, S1–S196 (2000).
[Crossref]

Apple, D. J.

R. J. Olson, N. Mamalis, L. Werner, and D. J. Apple, “Cataract treatment in the beginning of the 21st century,” Am. J. Ophthalmol. 136, 146–154 (2003).
[Crossref]

L. Werner, D. J. Apple, M. Kaskaloglu, and S. K. Pandey, “Dense opacification of the optical component of a hydrophilic acrylic intraocular lens: a clinicopathological analysis of 9 explanted lenses,” J. Cataract Refract. Surg. 27, 1485–1492 (2001).
[Crossref]

Q. Peng, N. Visessook, D. J. Apple, S. K. Pandey, L. Werner, M. Escobar-Gomez, R. Schoderbek, K. D. Solomon, and A. Guindi, “Surgical prevention of posterior capsule opacification. Part 3: intraocular lens optic barrier effect as a second line of defense,” J. Cataract Refract. Surg. 26, 198–213 (2000).
[Crossref]

R. J. Linnola, L. Werner, S. K. Pandey, M. Escobar-Gomez, S. L. Znoiko, and D. J. Apple, “Adhesion of fibronectin, vitronectin, laminin, and collagen type IV to intraocular lens materials in pseudophakic human autopsy eyes: part 1: histological sections,” J. Cataract Refract. Surg. 26, 1792–1806 (2000).
[Crossref]

D. J. Apple, Intraocular Lenses: Evolution, Designs, Complications, and Pathology (Williams & Wilkins, 1989).

D. J. Apple, Foldable Intraocular Lenses: Evolution, Clinicopathologic Correlations, and Complications (Slack Incorporated, 2000).

Artal, P.

E. A. Villegas, E. Alcón, and P. Artal, “Minimum amount of astigmatism that should be corrected,” J. Cataract Refract. Surg. 40, 13–19 (2014).
[Crossref]

P. Artal, Handbook of Visual Optics, Volume Two: Instrumentation and Vision Correction (CRC Press, 2017).

Ayala, M. J.

J. L. Alió, G. Grabner, A. B. Plaza-Puche, M. Rasp, D. P. Piñero, O. Seyeddain, J. L. Rodríguez-Prats, M. J. Ayala, R. Moreu, and M. Hohensinn, “Postoperative bilateral reading performance with 4 intraocular lens models: six-month results,” J. Cataract Refract. Surg. 37, 842–852 (2011).
[Crossref]

Baamonde, M. B.

J. F. Alfonso, L. Fernández-Vega, M. B. Baamonde, and R. Montés-Micó, “Prospective visual evaluation of apodized diffractive intraocular lenses,” J. Cataract Refract. Surg. 33, 1235–1243 (2007).
[Crossref]

Barrett, G. D.

G. D. Barrett, “A new hydrogel intraocular lens design,” J. Cataract Refract. Surg. 20, 18–25 (1994).
[Crossref]

Bauer, N. J.

N. J. Bauer, N. E. de Vries, C. A. Webers, F. Hendrikse, and R. M. Nuijts, “Astigmatism management in cataract surgery with the AcrySof toric intraocular lens,” J. Cataract Refract. Surg. 34, 1483–1488 (2008).
[Crossref]

Bauer, P.

O. Findl, W. Buehl, P. Bauer, and T. Sycha, “Interventions for preventing posterior capsule opacification,” The Cochrane Library (2010).

Bax, A. J.

R. A. Schachar and A. J. Bax, “Mechanism of human accommodation as analyzed by nonlinear finite element analysis,” Ann. Ophthalmol. 33, 103–112 (2001).
[Crossref]

Bender, L. E.

C. J. Heatley, D. J. Spalton, A. Kumar, R. Jose, J. Boyce, and L. E. Bender, “Comparison of posterior capsule opacification rates between hydrophilic and hydrophobic single-piece acrylic intraocular lenses,” J. Cataract Refract. Surg. 31, 718–724 (2005).
[Crossref]

Ben-nun, J.

J. L. Alió, J. Ben-nun, J. L. Rodríguez-Prats, and A. B. Plaza, “Visual and accommodative outcomes 1 year after implantation of an accommodating intraocular lens based on a new concept,” J. Cataract Refract. Surg. 35, 1671–1678 (2009).
[Crossref]

J. Ben-Nun and J. L. Alió, “Feasibility and development of a high-power real accommodating intraocular lens,” J. Cataract Refract. Surg. 31, 1802–1808 (2005).
[Crossref]

Bernabéu, G.

D. Ortiz, J. L. Alió, G. Bernabéu, and V. Pongo, “Optical performance of monofocal and multifocal intraocular lenses in the human eye,” J. Cataract Refract. Surg. 34, 755–762 (2008).
[Crossref]

Blum, R. D.

R. D. Blum and W. Kokonaski, “Electro-active intraocular lenses,” U.S. patent8,778,022 (15July2014).

Boccuzzi, D.

L. Buratto, S. F. Brint, and D. Boccuzzi, Cataract Surgery and Intraocular Lenses (Slack Incorporated, 2014).

Bohórquez, V.

V. Bohórquez and R. Alarcon, “Long-term reading performance in patients with bilateral dual-optic accommodating intraocular lenses,” J. Cataract Refract. Surg. 36, 1880–1886 (2010).
[Crossref]

Born, M.

M. Born and E. Wolf, Principles of Optics: Electromagnetic Theory of Propagation, Interference and Diffraction of Light (Elsevier, 2013).

Boyce, J.

C. J. Heatley, D. J. Spalton, A. Kumar, R. Jose, J. Boyce, and L. E. Bender, “Comparison of posterior capsule opacification rates between hydrophilic and hydrophobic single-piece acrylic intraocular lenses,” J. Cataract Refract. Surg. 31, 718–724 (2005).
[Crossref]

Brady, D. G.

A. Gwon and D. G. Brady, “Accommodating intraocular lens,” U.S. patent6,176,878 (23January2001).

Brint, S. F.

L. Buratto, S. F. Brint, and D. Boccuzzi, Cataract Surgery and Intraocular Lenses (Slack Incorporated, 2014).

Brown, D. C.

D. C. Brown and S. L. Ziémba, “Collamer intraocular lens: clinical results from the US FDA core study,” J. Cataract Refract. Surg. 27, 833–840 (2001).
[Crossref]

Buehl, W.

C. Koeppl, O. Findl, R. Menapace, K. Kriechbaum, M. Wirtitsch, W. Buehl, S. Sacu, and W. Drexler, “Pilocarpine-induced shift of an accommodating intraocular lens: AT-45 Crystalens,” J. Cataract Refract. Surg. 31, 1290–1297 (2005).
[Crossref]

O. Findl, R. Menapace, S. Sacu, W. Buehl, and G. Rainer, “Effect of optic material on posterior capsule opacification in intraocular lenses with sharp-edge optics: randomized clinical trial,” Ophthalmology 112, 67–72 (2005).
[Crossref]

O. Findl, W. Buehl, P. Bauer, and T. Sycha, “Interventions for preventing posterior capsule opacification,” The Cochrane Library (2010).

Buratto, L.

L. Buratto, S. F. Brint, and D. Boccuzzi, Cataract Surgery and Intraocular Lenses (Slack Incorporated, 2014).

Cai, J.-P.

J.-W. Cheng, R.-L. Wei, J.-P. Cai, G.-L. Xi, H. Zhu, Y. Li, and X.-Y. Ma, “Efficacy of different intraocular lens materials and optic edge designs in preventing posterior capsular opacification: a meta-analysis,” Am. J. Ophthalmol. 143, 428–436 (2007).
[Crossref]

Carey, W. G.

T. H. Mader and W. G. Carey, “US Army experience,” Environ. Med. 58, 690–694 (1987).

Casuccio, A.

S. Cillino, A. Casuccio, F. Di Pace, R. Morreale, F. Pillitteri, G. Cillino, and G. Lodato, “One-year outcomes with new-generation multifocal intraocular lenses,” Ophthalmology 115, 1508–1516 (2008).
[Crossref]

Chehade, M.

M. Chehade and M. J. Elder, “Intraocular lens materials and styles: a review,” Aust. N. Z. J. Ophthalmol. 25, 255–263 (1997).
[Crossref]

Cheng, J.-W.

J.-W. Cheng, R.-L. Wei, J.-P. Cai, G.-L. Xi, H. Zhu, Y. Li, and X.-Y. Ma, “Efficacy of different intraocular lens materials and optic edge designs in preventing posterior capsular opacification: a meta-analysis,” Am. J. Ophthalmol. 143, 428–436 (2007).
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Cheng, Y.

F. Fang, Y. Cheng, and X. Zhang, “Design of freeform optics,” Adv. Opt. Technol. 2, 445–453 (2013).
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Adv. Opt. Technol. (1)

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Am. J. Ophthalmol. (5)

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[Crossref]

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Ann. Ophthalmol. (1)

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Appl. Opt. (2)

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Br. Med. J. (1)

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Figures (18)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1. Schematics of possible configurations for multifocal lenses: simplistic split bifocal, bullet bifocal, triangulate trifocal, and multiple rings [45].
Fig. 2.
Fig. 2. Lentis Mplus bifocal IOL design with open-loop haptics, with a near add power positioned inferiorly [46].
Fig. 3.
Fig. 3. Diagram of refractive lens design: the outer zone (blue) is for intermediate vision, the red zone is for far vision, and the inner zone (black) is for near vision.
Fig. 4.
Fig. 4. Schematic of an AMO ARRAY multifocal IOL with a design of annular rings providing distance and near correction power in different zones [53].
Fig. 5.
Fig. 5. Diagram of a whole diffractive lens [62].
Fig. 6.
Fig. 6. Diagram of a Tetraflex IOL, which is a single-piece IOL with two closed-loop and flexible haptics [82].
Fig. 7.
Fig. 7. Schematic of a Crystalens IOL [85].
Fig. 8.
Fig. 8. Diagram of a dual-optic IOL: a Synchrony IOL [82].
Fig. 9.
Fig. 9. Diagram of a dual-optic IOL: a Lumina IOL (AkkoLens) [82].
Fig. 10.
Fig. 10. Diagram of a dual-optic IOL: a Sarfarazi IOL (EA IOL, Bausch + Lomb) [82].
Fig. 11.
Fig. 11. Schematic of the principle of a NuLens IOL, using a small chamber filled with a flexible silicone gel and a posterior piston operated by an empty capsular bag, which applies pressure on the gel to allow accommodation [82].
Fig. 12.
Fig. 12. Diagram of a FluidVision IOL, in which optic properties can be changed using a fluid, which is stored in the haptics as the accommodation mechanism [82].
Fig. 13.
Fig. 13. Diagram of a Sapphire IOL, with an aspheric central optic and an electro-active liquid crystal section [71].
Fig. 14.
Fig. 14. Schematic of the extended depth of focus technology of a TECNIS Symfony IOL [97].
Fig. 15.
Fig. 15. Comparison of the conventional trifocal technology and the ENLIGHTEN optical technology [98].
Fig. 16.
Fig. 16. IC-8 IOL with the pinhole technology [99].
Fig. 17.
Fig. 17. Schematic of a Mini WELL Ready IOL, based on the wavefront technology [100].
Fig. 18.
Fig. 18. Schematic of the geometry of the WIOL-CF [101].

Tables (3)

Tables Icon

Table 1. Commercial Toric IOLs

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Table 2. Technic Design of Five Types of Accommodating IOLs

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Table 3. Comparison of Technic Design among Three Types of Dual-Optic IOLs

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