Abstract

Target vibration introduces unexpected vibration phases in the echo signal of inverse synthetic aperture LADAR (ISAL). The vibration phases cause the imaging results to be defocused. How to estimate the vibration phases has always been one of the difficulties in ISAL imaging, and there has not been an effective solution. In this paper, two methods are proposed to estimate the vibration phases in different situations. The method based on multi-channel along-track interferometry (MCATI method) is for some cases that the target velocity vector is parallel to some baselines of ISAL. The method based on orthogonal interferometry (OI method) is for other cases that the target velocity vector is not parallel to any baseline of ISAL. In addition, a high signal to noise ratio (SNR) is essential for the MCATI and OI methods to get high estimation accuracy. Therefore, a large power-aperture product should be carefully considered in the ISAL system design. Furthermore, on the condition of low SNR, range cell accumulation is also helpful to reduce the influence of noise. Take the ISAL, which is utilized to image the satellite in 500 km orbit, as an example, the estimation accuracy can satisfy the demand of synthetic aperture imaging with 0 dB single-pulse SNR and 300 range cell accumulation. The proposed methods are verified with simulation and experiment.

© 2018 Optical Society of America

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