Abstract

Accurate information of soil macronutrient contents and fertilizer macronutrient contents is the precondition of precision fertilization; however, how to detect soil and fertilizer information rapidly, reliably, and inexpensively remains a great challenge. Visible and near-infrared (VIS/NIR) diffuse reflectance spectroscopy proves to be an effective tool for extensive investigation of soil and fertilizer properties. This study first collected many soil and chemical fertilizer samples and performed both spectral scanning and chemical analysis. During the correlation between the collected VIS/NIR spectra and the measured data, different spectral pretreatment, sample selection, and wavelength optimization methods were applied for improving the accuracy and robustness of the prediction models. After appropriate spectral processing and selection of representative samples, both principal component regression and genetic algorithm (GA) can adequately reduce the number of variables and pick out the characteristic variables, which not only enhanced prediction speed but also greatly improved prediction accuracy. In particular, using GA-based models, organic matter content (OMC), total N and pH value in soil and N, P, and K contents in fertilizer can all be accurately predicted.

© 2018 Optical Society of America

Full Article  |  PDF Article
OSA Recommended Articles
Quantitative analysis of bayberry juice acidity based on visible and near-infrared spectroscopy

Yongni Shao, Yong He, and Jingyuan Mao
Appl. Opt. 46(25) 6391-6396 (2007)

Optical system for tablet variety discrimination using visible/near-infrared spectroscopy

Yongni Shao, Yong He, and Xingyue Hu
Appl. Opt. 46(34) 8379-8384 (2007)

Spectral data mining for rapid measurement of organic matter in unsieved moist compost

Somsubhra Chakraborty, David C. Weindorf, Md. Nasim Ali, Bin Li, Yufeng Ge, and Jeremy L. Darilek
Appl. Opt. 52(4) B82-B92 (2013)

References

You do not have subscription access to this journal. Citation lists with outbound citation links are available to subscribers only. You may subscribe either as an OSA member, or as an authorized user of your institution.

Contact your librarian or system administrator
or
Login to access OSA Member Subscription

Cited By

You do not have subscription access to this journal. Cited by links are available to subscribers only. You may subscribe either as an OSA member, or as an authorized user of your institution.

Contact your librarian or system administrator
or
Login to access OSA Member Subscription

Figures (4)

You do not have subscription access to this journal. Figure files are available to subscribers only. You may subscribe either as an OSA member, or as an authorized user of your institution.

Contact your librarian or system administrator
or
Login to access OSA Member Subscription

Tables (4)

You do not have subscription access to this journal. Article tables are available to subscribers only. You may subscribe either as an OSA member, or as an authorized user of your institution.

Contact your librarian or system administrator
or
Login to access OSA Member Subscription

Metrics

You do not have subscription access to this journal. Article level metrics are available to subscribers only. You may subscribe either as an OSA member, or as an authorized user of your institution.

Contact your librarian or system administrator
or
Login to access OSA Member Subscription