Abstract

In previous research, the thermal distortion and far-field beam quality of a spectral beam combining grating were analyzed by theory and experiment under the irradiation of a high-power continuous-wave laser. It was concluded that the thermal expansion of the substrate was the main cause of the grating distortion and decrease in the beam quality. However, there was no further study to determine a method to decrease the heat deposition on the grating surface and far-field beam quality factor, M2. In this paper, we theoretically simulate the influence of the substrate thickness on the temperature field distribution and far-field beam quality of a multilayer dielectric grating. An experimental setup is proposed to verify the theoretical calculations. The experimental results are in good agreement with the calculations. The conclusions indicate that the temperature rise of the grating and M2 are effectively reduced by increasing the thickness of the substrate.

© 2018 Optical Society of America

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