Abstract

In this study, a novel batch-producible fiber-optic Fabry–Perot (FP) pressure sensor based on a low-temperature co-fired ceramic technology is proposed and experimentally demonstrated for high-temperature applications. The sensor is fabricated by inserting a well-cut single-mode fiber (SMF) into a zirconia fiber ferrule, followed by insertion of the overall structure into an alumina sensor head. The FP cavity in the sensor is formed by placing the end face of the SMF in parallel to the diaphragm. The external pressure can be detected by demodulating the FP cavity length of the sensor. A theoretical analysis indicates that the pressure sensitivity can be designed flexibly by adjusting the parameters of the ceramic diaphragm, radius, and thickness. Experimental results demonstrate that the pressure sensor exhibits a high linear sensitivity of approximately 0.1 μm/kPa at room temperature in the pressure range up to 160 kPa. The repeatability error and nonlinear error of three repeatable experiments are approximately 2.60% and smaller than 0.101%, respectively. The temperature coefficient and coefficient of the pressure-sensitivity changes with temperature are 0.023 μm/°C and 0.205 nm/(kPa°C) in the temperature range of 20°C–300°C.

© 2018 Optical Society of America

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