Abstract

We propose a portable phantom system for calibration and validation of medical optical devices in a clinical setting. The phantom system comprises a perfusion module and an exchangeable tissue-simulating phantom that simulates tissue oxygenation and blood perfusion. The perfusion module consists of a peristaltic pump, two liquid storage units, and two pressure suppressors. The tissue-simulating phantom is fabricated by a three-dimensional (3D) printing process with microchannels embedded to simulate blood vessels. Optical scattering and absorption properties of biologic tissue are simulated by mixing graphite powder and titanium dioxide powder with clear photoreactive resin at specific ratios. Tissue oxygen saturation (StO2) and blood perfusion are simulated by circulating the mixture of blood and intralipid at different oxygenation levels and flow rates. A house-made multimodal imaging system that combines multispectral imaging and laser speckle imaging are used for non-invasive detection of phantom oxygenation and perfusion, and the measurements are compared with those of a commercial Moor device as well as numerical simulation. By acquiring multimodal imaging data from one phantom and applying the calibration factors in different settings, we demonstrate the technical feasibility to calibrate optical devices for consistent measurements. By simulating retina tissue vasculature and acquiring functional images at different tissue oxygenation and blood perfusion levels, we demonstrate the clinical potential to simulate tissue anomalies. Our experiments imply the clinical potential of a portable, low-cost, and traceable phantom standard to calibrate and validate medical optical devices for improved performance.

© 2018 Optical Society of America

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