Abstract

There have been few investigations dealing with the force model on grinding brittle materials. However, the dynamic material removal mechanisms have not yet been sufficiently explicated through the grain–workpiece interaction statuses while considering the brittle material characteristics. This paper proposes an improved grinding force model for Zerodur, which contains ductile removal force, brittle removal force, and frictional force, corresponding to the ductile and brittle material removal phases, as well as the friction process, respectively. The critical uncut chip thickness agc of brittle–ductile transition and the maximum uncut chip thickness agmax of a single abrasive grain are calculated to identify the specified material removal mode, while the comparative result between agmax and agc can be applied to determine the selection of effective grinding force components. Subsequently, indentation fracture tests are carried out to acquire accurate material mechanical properties of Zerodur in establishing the brittle removal force model. Then, the experiments were conducted to derive the coefficients in the grinding force prediction model. Simulated through this model, correlations between the grinding force and grinding parameters can be predicted. Finally, three groups of grinding experiments are carried out to validate the mathematical grinding force model. The experimental results indicate that the improved model is capable of predicting the realistic grinding force accurately with the relative mean errors of 6.04% to the normal grinding force and 7.22% to the tangential grinding force, respectively.

© 2018 Optical Society of America

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