Abstract

Laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy (LIBS) was applied as a potential tool for the determination of xenobiotic metal in monosodium glutamate (MSG). In order to achieve a high-sensitivity LIBS system required to determine trace amounts of metallic silver in MSG and to attain the best detection limit, the parameters used in our experiment (impact of focusing laser energy on the intensity of LIBS emission signals, the influence of focusing lens distance on the intensity of LIBS signals, and time responses of the plasma emissions) were optimized. The spectra of MSG were obtained in air using a suitable detector with an optical resolution of 0.06 nm, covering a spectral region from 220 to 720 nm. Along with the detection of xenobiotic silver, other elements such as Ca, Mg, S, and Na were also detected in MSG. To determine the concentration of xenobiotic silver in MSG, the calibration curve was plotted by preparing standard samples having different silver abundances in an MSG matrix. The LIBS results of each sample were cross-verified by analyzing with a standard analytical technique such as inductively coupled plasma-atomic emission spectroscopy (ICP-AES). Both (LIBS and ICP-AES) results were in mutual agreement. The limit of detection of the LIBS setup was found to be 0.57 ppm for silver present in MSG samples.

© 2018 Optical Society of America

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