Abstract

In this paper, a closed-form two-dimensional reconstruction technique for hybrid frequency and mechanical scanning millimeter-wave (MMW) imaging systems is proposed. Although being commercially implemented in many imaging systems as a low-cost real-time solution, the results of frequency scanning systems have been reconstructed numerically or have been reported as the captured raw data with no clear details. Furthermore, this paper proposes a new framework to utilize the captured data of different frequencies for three-dimensional (3D) reconstruction based on novel proposed closed-form relations. The hybrid frequency and mechanical scanning structure, together with the proposed reconstruction method, yields a low-cost MMW imaging system with a satisfying performance. The extracted reconstruction formulations are validated through numerical simulations, which show comparable image quality with conventional MMW imaging systems, i.e., switched-array (SA) and phased-array (PA) structures. Extensive simulations are also performed in the presence of additive noise, demonstrating the acceptable robustness of the system against system noise compared to SA and comparable performance with PA. Finally, 3D reconstruction of the simulated data shows a depth resolution of better than 10 cm with minimum degradation of lateral resolution in the 10 GHz frequency bandwidth.

© 2017 Optical Society of America

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