Abstract

In the conventional microlens-array-based light field imaging system, there is a trade-off between the angular and spatial resolutions. Light field reconstruction from images captured by focal plane sweeping, such as light field moment imaging (LFMI) and light field reconstruction with back projection (LFBP), can achieve high transverse resolution comparable to the modern camera sensor. However, the acquisition of a series of focal plane sweeping images along the optical axis is time consuming and requires fine alignment. Furthermore, different focal-plane-based light field reconstruction techniques require images with different characteristics. To solve these problems, we present an efficient approach for fast light field acquisition with precise focal plane sweeping capture by defocus modulation, rather than mechanical movement. Also, we verify the validity and the improvement of our system. With the controllable point spread function, we can capture images for light field reconstruction with both LFMI and LFBP. Otherwise, we quantitatively compare the two methods using images captured with the proposed systems.

© 2017 Optical Society of America

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References

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2017 (2)

M. Martnez-Corral, A. Dorado, J. C. Barreiro, G. Saavedra, and B. Javidi, “Recent advances in the capture and display of macroscopic and microscopic 3-D scenes by integral imaging,” Proc. IEEE 105, 825–836 (2017).
[Crossref]

N. Chen, Z. Ren, D. Li, E. Y. Lam, and G. Situ, “Analysis of the noise in back-projection light field acquisition and its optimization,” Appl. Opt. 56, F20–F26 (2017).
[Crossref]

2016 (5)

2015 (4)

2014 (6)

C. Zuo, Q. Chen, and A. Asundi, “Light field moment imaging: comment,” Opt. Lett 39, 654 (2014).
[Crossref]

S.-G. Park, J. Yeom, Y. Jeong, N. Chen, J.-Y. Hong, and B. Lee, “Recent issues on integral imaging and its applications,” J. Inf. Disp. 15, 37–46 (2014).
[Crossref]

R. Prevedel, Y.-G. Yoon, M. Hoffmann, N. Pak, G. Wetzstein, S. Kato, T. Schrödel, R. Raskar, M. Zimmer, E. S. Boyden, and A. Vaziri, “Simultaneous whole-animal 3D imaging of neuronal activity using light-field microscopy,” Nat. Methods 11, 727–730 (2014).
[Crossref]

K. Falaggis, T. Kozacki, and M. Kujawinska, “Optimum plane selection criteria for single-beam phase retrieval techniques based on the contrast transfer function,” Opt. Lett. 39, 30–33 (2014).
[Crossref]

J.-H. Park, S.-K. Lee, N.-Y. Jo, H.-J. Kim, Y.-S. Kim, and H.-G. Lim, “Light ray field capture using focal plane sweeping and its optical reconstruction using 3D displays,” Opt. Express 22, 25444–25454 (2014).
[Crossref]

J. Martinez-Carranza, K. Falaggis, and T. Kozacki, “Optimum measurement criteria for the axial derivative intensity used in transport of intensity-equation-based solvers,” Opt. Lett 39, 182–185 (2014).
[Crossref]

2013 (3)

2012 (1)

2011 (2)

2010 (5)

2009 (1)

M. Levoy, Z. Zhang, and I. McDowall, “Recording and controlling the 4D light field in a microscope using microlens arrays,” J. Microsc. 235, 144–162 (2009).
[Crossref]

2007 (1)

A. Veeraraghavan, R. Raskar, A. Agrawal, A. Mohan, and J. Tumblin, “Dappled photography: mask enhanced cameras for heterodyned light fields and coded aperture refocusing,” ACM Trans. Graph. 26, 69 (2007).
[Crossref]

2006 (3)

M. Levoy, “Light fields and computational imaging,” Computer 39, 46–55 (2006).
[Crossref]

M. Levoy, R. Ng, A. Adams, M. Footer, and M. Horowitz, “Light field microscopy,” ACM Trans. Graph. 25, 924–934 (2006).
[Crossref]

S. Djidel, J. K. Gansel, H. I. Campbell, and A. H. Greenaway, “High-speed, 3-dimensional, telecentric imaging,” Opt. Express 14, 8269–8277 (2006).
[Crossref]

2005 (1)

B. Wilburn, N. Joshi, V. Vaish, E.-V. Talvala, E. Antunez, A. Barth, A. Adams, M. Horowitz, and M. Levoy, “High performance imaging using large camera arrays,” ACM Trans. Graph. 24, 765–776 (2005).
[Crossref]

2004 (2)

Adams, A.

M. Levoy, R. Ng, A. Adams, M. Footer, and M. Horowitz, “Light field microscopy,” ACM Trans. Graph. 25, 924–934 (2006).
[Crossref]

B. Wilburn, N. Joshi, V. Vaish, E.-V. Talvala, E. Antunez, A. Barth, A. Adams, M. Horowitz, and M. Levoy, “High performance imaging using large camera arrays,” ACM Trans. Graph. 24, 765–776 (2005).
[Crossref]

Agrawal, A.

A. Veeraraghavan, R. Raskar, A. Agrawal, A. Mohan, and J. Tumblin, “Dappled photography: mask enhanced cameras for heterodyned light fields and coded aperture refocusing,” ACM Trans. Graph. 26, 69 (2007).
[Crossref]

Andalman, A.

Antunez, E.

B. Wilburn, N. Joshi, V. Vaish, E.-V. Talvala, E. Antunez, A. Barth, A. Adams, M. Horowitz, and M. Levoy, “High performance imaging using large camera arrays,” ACM Trans. Graph. 24, 765–776 (2005).
[Crossref]

Asundi, A.

C. Zuo, Q. Chen, J. Sun, and A. Asundi, “Non-interferometric phase retrieval and quantitative phase microscopy based on transport of intensity equation: a review,” Chin. J. Lasers 43, 219–249 (2016).

C. Zuo, Q. Chen, L. Tian, L. Waller, and A. Asundi, “Transport of intensity phase retrieval and computational imaging for partially coherent fields: the phase space perspective,” Opt. Laser Eng. 71, 20–32 (2015).
[Crossref]

C. Zuo, Q. Chen, and A. Asundi, “Light field moment imaging: comment,” Opt. Lett 39, 654 (2014).
[Crossref]

Bando, Y.

K. Marwah, G. Wetzstein, Y. Bando, and R. Raskar, “Compressive light field photography using overcomplete dictionaries and optimized projections,” ACM Trans. Graph. 32, 46 (2013).
[Crossref]

Barbastathis, G.

Barreiro, J. C.

M. Martnez-Corral, A. Dorado, J. C. Barreiro, G. Saavedra, and B. Javidi, “Recent advances in the capture and display of macroscopic and microscopic 3-D scenes by integral imaging,” Proc. IEEE 105, 825–836 (2017).
[Crossref]

Barth, A.

B. Wilburn, N. Joshi, V. Vaish, E.-V. Talvala, E. Antunez, A. Barth, A. Adams, M. Horowitz, and M. Levoy, “High performance imaging using large camera arrays,” ACM Trans. Graph. 24, 765–776 (2005).
[Crossref]

Bernet, S.

Boyden, E. S.

R. Prevedel, Y.-G. Yoon, M. Hoffmann, N. Pak, G. Wetzstein, S. Kato, T. Schrödel, R. Raskar, M. Zimmer, E. S. Boyden, and A. Vaziri, “Simultaneous whole-animal 3D imaging of neuronal activity using light-field microscopy,” Nat. Methods 11, 727–730 (2014).
[Crossref]

Brédif, M.

R. Ng, M. Levoy, M. Brédif, G. Duval, M. Horowitz, and P. Hanrahan, “Light field photography with a hand-held plenoptic camera,” in Computer Science Technical Report (Stanford University, 2005), Vol. 2, pp. 1–11.

Broxton, M.

Campbell, H. I.

Chen, C.-W.

Chen, N.

N. Chen, Z. Ren, D. Li, E. Y. Lam, and G. Situ, “Analysis of the noise in back-projection light field acquisition and its optimization,” Appl. Opt. 56, F20–F26 (2017).
[Crossref]

N. Chen, Z. Ren, H. Ou, and E. Y. Lam, “Resolution enhancement of optical scanning holography with a modulated point spread function,” Photon. Res. 4, 1–6 (2016).
[Crossref]

N. Chen, Z. Ren, and E. Y. Lam, “High-resolution Fourier hologram synthesis from photographic images through computing the light field,” Appl. Opt. 55, 1751–1756 (2016).
[Crossref]

S.-G. Park, J. Yeom, Y. Jeong, N. Chen, J.-Y. Hong, and B. Lee, “Recent issues on integral imaging and its applications,” J. Inf. Disp. 15, 37–46 (2014).
[Crossref]

J. Hong, Y. Kim, H.-J. Choi, J. Hahn, J.-H. Park, H. Kim, S.-W. Min, N. Chen, and B. Lee, “Three-dimensional display technologies of recent interest: principles, status, and issues [Invited],” Appl. Opt. 50, H87–H115 (2011).
[Crossref]

N. Chen, J. Yeom, J.-H. Jung, J.-H. Park, and B. Lee, “Resolution comparison between integral-imaging-based hologram synthesis methods using rectangular and hexagonal lens arrays,” Opt. Express 19, 26917–26927 (2011).
[Crossref]

N. Chen, J.-H. Park, and N. Kim, “Parameter analysis of integral Fourier hologram and its resolution enhancement,” Opt. Express 18, 2152–2167 (2010).
[Crossref]

J.-H. Park, S.-W. Seo, N. Chen, and N. Kim, “Fourier hologram generation from multiple incoherent defocused images,” Proc. SPIE 7690, 76900F (2010).
[Crossref]

H. Wang, N. Chen, J. Liu, and G. Situ, “Light field imaging based on defocused photographic images,” in Digital Holography and Three-Dimensional Imaging (Optical Society of America, 2017), paper W3A–3.

J.-H. Park, S.-W. Seo, N. Chen, and N. Kim, “Hologram synthesis from defocused images captured under incoherent illumination,” in Biomedical Optics and 3-D Imaging (Optical Society of America, 2010), paper JMA29.

Chen, Q.

C. Zuo, Q. Chen, J. Sun, and A. Asundi, “Non-interferometric phase retrieval and quantitative phase microscopy based on transport of intensity equation: a review,” Chin. J. Lasers 43, 219–249 (2016).

C. Zuo, Q. Chen, L. Tian, L. Waller, and A. Asundi, “Transport of intensity phase retrieval and computational imaging for partially coherent fields: the phase space perspective,” Opt. Laser Eng. 71, 20–32 (2015).
[Crossref]

C. Zuo, Q. Chen, and A. Asundi, “Light field moment imaging: comment,” Opt. Lett 39, 654 (2014).
[Crossref]

Cho, M.

Choi, H.-J.

Cohen, N.

Crozier, K. B.

Dai, Q.

Deisseroth, K.

Djidel, S.

Dorado, A.

M. Martnez-Corral, A. Dorado, J. C. Barreiro, G. Saavedra, and B. Javidi, “Recent advances in the capture and display of macroscopic and microscopic 3-D scenes by integral imaging,” Proc. IEEE 105, 825–836 (2017).
[Crossref]

Duval, G.

R. Ng, M. Levoy, M. Brédif, G. Duval, M. Horowitz, and P. Hanrahan, “Light field photography with a hand-held plenoptic camera,” in Computer Science Technical Report (Stanford University, 2005), Vol. 2, pp. 1–11.

Falaggis, K.

J. Martinez-Carranza, K. Falaggis, and T. Kozacki, “Optimum measurement criteria for the axial derivative intensity used in transport of intensity-equation-based solvers,” Opt. Lett 39, 182–185 (2014).
[Crossref]

K. Falaggis, T. Kozacki, and M. Kujawinska, “Optimum plane selection criteria for single-beam phase retrieval techniques based on the contrast transfer function,” Opt. Lett. 39, 30–33 (2014).
[Crossref]

Fassl, S.

Footer, M.

M. Levoy, R. Ng, A. Adams, M. Footer, and M. Horowitz, “Light field microscopy,” ACM Trans. Graph. 25, 924–934 (2006).
[Crossref]

Gansel, J. K.

Greenaway, A. H.

Grosenick, L.

Guillemot, C.

A. Mousnier, E. Vural, and C. Guillemot, “Partial light field tomographic reconstruction from a fixed-camera focal stack,” arXiv:1503.01903 (2015).

Hahn, J.

Hanrahan, P.

R. Ng, M. Levoy, M. Brédif, G. Duval, M. Horowitz, and P. Hanrahan, “Light field photography with a hand-held plenoptic camera,” in Computer Science Technical Report (Stanford University, 2005), Vol. 2, pp. 1–11.

Hennelly, B.

M. Testorf, B. Hennelly, and J. Ojeda-Castañeda, Phase-Space Optics (McGraw-Hill Professional Publishing, 2009).

Hoffmann, M.

R. Prevedel, Y.-G. Yoon, M. Hoffmann, N. Pak, G. Wetzstein, S. Kato, T. Schrödel, R. Raskar, M. Zimmer, E. S. Boyden, and A. Vaziri, “Simultaneous whole-animal 3D imaging of neuronal activity using light-field microscopy,” Nat. Methods 11, 727–730 (2014).
[Crossref]

Hong, J.

Hong, J.-Y.

S.-G. Park, J. Yeom, Y. Jeong, N. Chen, J.-Y. Hong, and B. Lee, “Recent issues on integral imaging and its applications,” J. Inf. Disp. 15, 37–46 (2014).
[Crossref]

Hong, S.-H.

Horowitz, M.

M. Levoy, R. Ng, A. Adams, M. Footer, and M. Horowitz, “Light field microscopy,” ACM Trans. Graph. 25, 924–934 (2006).
[Crossref]

B. Wilburn, N. Joshi, V. Vaish, E.-V. Talvala, E. Antunez, A. Barth, A. Adams, M. Horowitz, and M. Levoy, “High performance imaging using large camera arrays,” ACM Trans. Graph. 24, 765–776 (2005).
[Crossref]

R. Ng, M. Levoy, M. Brédif, G. Duval, M. Horowitz, and P. Hanrahan, “Light field photography with a hand-held plenoptic camera,” in Computer Science Technical Report (Stanford University, 2005), Vol. 2, pp. 1–11.

Huang, Y.-P.

Jang, J.-S.

Javidi, B.

Jeong, Y.

S.-G. Park, J. Yeom, Y. Jeong, N. Chen, J.-Y. Hong, and B. Lee, “Recent issues on integral imaging and its applications,” J. Inf. Disp. 15, 37–46 (2014).
[Crossref]

Jo, N.-Y.

Joshi, N.

B. Wilburn, N. Joshi, V. Vaish, E.-V. Talvala, E. Antunez, A. Barth, A. Adams, M. Horowitz, and M. Levoy, “High performance imaging using large camera arrays,” ACM Trans. Graph. 24, 765–776 (2005).
[Crossref]

Jung, J.-H.

Kato, S.

R. Prevedel, Y.-G. Yoon, M. Hoffmann, N. Pak, G. Wetzstein, S. Kato, T. Schrödel, R. Raskar, M. Zimmer, E. S. Boyden, and A. Vaziri, “Simultaneous whole-animal 3D imaging of neuronal activity using light-field microscopy,” Nat. Methods 11, 727–730 (2014).
[Crossref]

Khan, S.

Kim, H.

Kim, H.-J.

Kim, N.

N. Chen, J.-H. Park, and N. Kim, “Parameter analysis of integral Fourier hologram and its resolution enhancement,” Opt. Express 18, 2152–2167 (2010).
[Crossref]

J.-H. Park, S.-W. Seo, N. Chen, and N. Kim, “Fourier hologram generation from multiple incoherent defocused images,” Proc. SPIE 7690, 76900F (2010).
[Crossref]

J.-H. Park, S.-W. Seo, N. Chen, and N. Kim, “Hologram synthesis from defocused images captured under incoherent illumination,” in Biomedical Optics and 3-D Imaging (Optical Society of America, 2010), paper JMA29.

Kim, Y.

Kim, Y.-S.

Kozacki, T.

K. Falaggis, T. Kozacki, and M. Kujawinska, “Optimum plane selection criteria for single-beam phase retrieval techniques based on the contrast transfer function,” Opt. Lett. 39, 30–33 (2014).
[Crossref]

J. Martinez-Carranza, K. Falaggis, and T. Kozacki, “Optimum measurement criteria for the axial derivative intensity used in transport of intensity-equation-based solvers,” Opt. Lett 39, 182–185 (2014).
[Crossref]

Kujawinska, M.

Lam, E. Y.

Lee, B.

Lee, S.-K.

Levoy, M.

M. Broxton, L. Grosenick, S. Yang, N. Cohen, A. Andalman, K. Deisseroth, and M. Levoy, “Wave optics theory and 3-D deconvolution for the light field microscope,” Opt. Express 21, 25418–25439 (2013).
[Crossref]

M. Levoy, Z. Zhang, and I. McDowall, “Recording and controlling the 4D light field in a microscope using microlens arrays,” J. Microsc. 235, 144–162 (2009).
[Crossref]

M. Levoy, “Light fields and computational imaging,” Computer 39, 46–55 (2006).
[Crossref]

M. Levoy, R. Ng, A. Adams, M. Footer, and M. Horowitz, “Light field microscopy,” ACM Trans. Graph. 25, 924–934 (2006).
[Crossref]

B. Wilburn, N. Joshi, V. Vaish, E.-V. Talvala, E. Antunez, A. Barth, A. Adams, M. Horowitz, and M. Levoy, “High performance imaging using large camera arrays,” ACM Trans. Graph. 24, 765–776 (2005).
[Crossref]

R. Ng, M. Levoy, M. Brédif, G. Duval, M. Horowitz, and P. Hanrahan, “Light field photography with a hand-held plenoptic camera,” in Computer Science Technical Report (Stanford University, 2005), Vol. 2, pp. 1–11.

Z. Zhang and M. Levoy, “Wigner distributions and how they relate to the light field,” in IEEE International Conference on Computational Photography (ICCP) (IEEE, 2009), pp. 1–10.

Li, D.

Li, W.

Liao, Q.

Lim, H.-G.

Lin, X.

Lin, Y.-H.

Liu, J.

J. Liu, T. Xu, W. Yue, J. Sun, and G. Situ, “Light-field moment microscopy with noise reduction,” Opt. Express 23, 29154–29162 (2015).
[Crossref]

H. Wang, N. Chen, J. Liu, and G. Situ, “Light field imaging based on defocused photographic images,” in Digital Holography and Three-Dimensional Imaging (Optical Society of America, 2017), paper W3A–3.

Llavador, A.

Martinez-Carranza, J.

J. Martinez-Carranza, K. Falaggis, and T. Kozacki, “Optimum measurement criteria for the axial derivative intensity used in transport of intensity-equation-based solvers,” Opt. Lett 39, 182–185 (2014).
[Crossref]

Martnez-Corral, M.

M. Martnez-Corral, A. Dorado, J. C. Barreiro, G. Saavedra, and B. Javidi, “Recent advances in the capture and display of macroscopic and microscopic 3-D scenes by integral imaging,” Proc. IEEE 105, 825–836 (2017).
[Crossref]

A. Llavador, J. Sola-Pikabea, G. Saavedra, B. Javidi, and M. Martnez-Corral, “Resolution improvements in integral microscopy with fourier plane recording,” Opt. Express 24, 20792–20798 (2016).
[Crossref]

Marwah, K.

K. Marwah, G. Wetzstein, Y. Bando, and R. Raskar, “Compressive light field photography using overcomplete dictionaries and optimized projections,” ACM Trans. Graph. 32, 46 (2013).
[Crossref]

Maurer, C.

McDowall, I.

M. Levoy, Z. Zhang, and I. McDowall, “Recording and controlling the 4D light field in a microscope using microlens arrays,” J. Microsc. 235, 144–162 (2009).
[Crossref]

McIntyre, T. J.

Min, S.-W.

Mohan, A.

A. Veeraraghavan, R. Raskar, A. Agrawal, A. Mohan, and J. Tumblin, “Dappled photography: mask enhanced cameras for heterodyned light fields and coded aperture refocusing,” ACM Trans. Graph. 26, 69 (2007).
[Crossref]

Mousnier, A.

A. Mousnier, E. Vural, and C. Guillemot, “Partial light field tomographic reconstruction from a fixed-camera focal stack,” arXiv:1503.01903 (2015).

Ng, R.

M. Levoy, R. Ng, A. Adams, M. Footer, and M. Horowitz, “Light field microscopy,” ACM Trans. Graph. 25, 924–934 (2006).
[Crossref]

R. Ng, M. Levoy, M. Brédif, G. Duval, M. Horowitz, and P. Hanrahan, “Light field photography with a hand-held plenoptic camera,” in Computer Science Technical Report (Stanford University, 2005), Vol. 2, pp. 1–11.

Ojeda-Castañeda, J.

M. Testorf, B. Hennelly, and J. Ojeda-Castañeda, Phase-Space Optics (McGraw-Hill Professional Publishing, 2009).

Orth, A.

Ou, H.

Pak, N.

R. Prevedel, Y.-G. Yoon, M. Hoffmann, N. Pak, G. Wetzstein, S. Kato, T. Schrödel, R. Raskar, M. Zimmer, E. S. Boyden, and A. Vaziri, “Simultaneous whole-animal 3D imaging of neuronal activity using light-field microscopy,” Nat. Methods 11, 727–730 (2014).
[Crossref]

Park, J.-H.

Park, S.-G.

S.-G. Park, J. Yeom, Y. Jeong, N. Chen, J.-Y. Hong, and B. Lee, “Recent issues on integral imaging and its applications,” J. Inf. Disp. 15, 37–46 (2014).
[Crossref]

Prevedel, R.

R. Prevedel, Y.-G. Yoon, M. Hoffmann, N. Pak, G. Wetzstein, S. Kato, T. Schrödel, R. Raskar, M. Zimmer, E. S. Boyden, and A. Vaziri, “Simultaneous whole-animal 3D imaging of neuronal activity using light-field microscopy,” Nat. Methods 11, 727–730 (2014).
[Crossref]

Raskar, R.

R. Prevedel, Y.-G. Yoon, M. Hoffmann, N. Pak, G. Wetzstein, S. Kato, T. Schrödel, R. Raskar, M. Zimmer, E. S. Boyden, and A. Vaziri, “Simultaneous whole-animal 3D imaging of neuronal activity using light-field microscopy,” Nat. Methods 11, 727–730 (2014).
[Crossref]

K. Marwah, G. Wetzstein, Y. Bando, and R. Raskar, “Compressive light field photography using overcomplete dictionaries and optimized projections,” ACM Trans. Graph. 32, 46 (2013).
[Crossref]

A. Veeraraghavan, R. Raskar, A. Agrawal, A. Mohan, and J. Tumblin, “Dappled photography: mask enhanced cameras for heterodyned light fields and coded aperture refocusing,” ACM Trans. Graph. 26, 69 (2007).
[Crossref]

Ren, Z.

Ritsch-Marte, M.

Saavedra, G.

M. Martnez-Corral, A. Dorado, J. C. Barreiro, G. Saavedra, and B. Javidi, “Recent advances in the capture and display of macroscopic and microscopic 3-D scenes by integral imaging,” Proc. IEEE 105, 825–836 (2017).
[Crossref]

A. Llavador, J. Sola-Pikabea, G. Saavedra, B. Javidi, and M. Martnez-Corral, “Resolution improvements in integral microscopy with fourier plane recording,” Opt. Express 24, 20792–20798 (2016).
[Crossref]

Schrödel, T.

R. Prevedel, Y.-G. Yoon, M. Hoffmann, N. Pak, G. Wetzstein, S. Kato, T. Schrödel, R. Raskar, M. Zimmer, E. S. Boyden, and A. Vaziri, “Simultaneous whole-animal 3D imaging of neuronal activity using light-field microscopy,” Nat. Methods 11, 727–730 (2014).
[Crossref]

Seo, S.-W.

J.-H. Park, S.-W. Seo, N. Chen, and N. Kim, “Fourier hologram generation from multiple incoherent defocused images,” Proc. SPIE 7690, 76900F (2010).
[Crossref]

J.-H. Park, S.-W. Seo, N. Chen, and N. Kim, “Hologram synthesis from defocused images captured under incoherent illumination,” in Biomedical Optics and 3-D Imaging (Optical Society of America, 2010), paper JMA29.

Shen, X.

Situ, G.

Sola-Pikabea, J.

Sun, J.

C. Zuo, Q. Chen, J. Sun, and A. Asundi, “Non-interferometric phase retrieval and quantitative phase microscopy based on transport of intensity equation: a review,” Chin. J. Lasers 43, 219–249 (2016).

J. Liu, T. Xu, W. Yue, J. Sun, and G. Situ, “Light-field moment microscopy with noise reduction,” Opt. Express 23, 29154–29162 (2015).
[Crossref]

Talvala, E.-V.

B. Wilburn, N. Joshi, V. Vaish, E.-V. Talvala, E. Antunez, A. Barth, A. Adams, M. Horowitz, and M. Levoy, “High performance imaging using large camera arrays,” ACM Trans. Graph. 24, 765–776 (2005).
[Crossref]

Testorf, M.

M. Testorf, B. Hennelly, and J. Ojeda-Castañeda, Phase-Space Optics (McGraw-Hill Professional Publishing, 2009).

Tian, L.

C. Zuo, Q. Chen, L. Tian, L. Waller, and A. Asundi, “Transport of intensity phase retrieval and computational imaging for partially coherent fields: the phase space perspective,” Opt. Laser Eng. 71, 20–32 (2015).
[Crossref]

L. Waller, L. Tian, and G. Barbastathis, “Transport of intensity phase-amplitude imaging with higher order intensity derivatives,” Opt. Express 18, 12552–12561 (2010).
[Crossref]

Tumblin, J.

A. Veeraraghavan, R. Raskar, A. Agrawal, A. Mohan, and J. Tumblin, “Dappled photography: mask enhanced cameras for heterodyned light fields and coded aperture refocusing,” ACM Trans. Graph. 26, 69 (2007).
[Crossref]

Vaish, V.

B. Wilburn, N. Joshi, V. Vaish, E.-V. Talvala, E. Antunez, A. Barth, A. Adams, M. Horowitz, and M. Levoy, “High performance imaging using large camera arrays,” ACM Trans. Graph. 24, 765–776 (2005).
[Crossref]

Vaziri, A.

R. Prevedel, Y.-G. Yoon, M. Hoffmann, N. Pak, G. Wetzstein, S. Kato, T. Schrödel, R. Raskar, M. Zimmer, E. S. Boyden, and A. Vaziri, “Simultaneous whole-animal 3D imaging of neuronal activity using light-field microscopy,” Nat. Methods 11, 727–730 (2014).
[Crossref]

Veeraraghavan, A.

A. Veeraraghavan, R. Raskar, A. Agrawal, A. Mohan, and J. Tumblin, “Dappled photography: mask enhanced cameras for heterodyned light fields and coded aperture refocusing,” ACM Trans. Graph. 26, 69 (2007).
[Crossref]

Vural, E.

A. Mousnier, E. Vural, and C. Guillemot, “Partial light field tomographic reconstruction from a fixed-camera focal stack,” arXiv:1503.01903 (2015).

Waller, L.

C. Zuo, Q. Chen, L. Tian, L. Waller, and A. Asundi, “Transport of intensity phase retrieval and computational imaging for partially coherent fields: the phase space perspective,” Opt. Laser Eng. 71, 20–32 (2015).
[Crossref]

L. Waller, L. Tian, and G. Barbastathis, “Transport of intensity phase-amplitude imaging with higher order intensity derivatives,” Opt. Express 18, 12552–12561 (2010).
[Crossref]

Wang, G.

Wang, H.

H. Wang, N. Chen, J. Liu, and G. Situ, “Light field imaging based on defocused photographic images,” in Digital Holography and Three-Dimensional Imaging (Optical Society of America, 2017), paper W3A–3.

Wang, Y.-J.

Wetzstein, G.

R. Prevedel, Y.-G. Yoon, M. Hoffmann, N. Pak, G. Wetzstein, S. Kato, T. Schrödel, R. Raskar, M. Zimmer, E. S. Boyden, and A. Vaziri, “Simultaneous whole-animal 3D imaging of neuronal activity using light-field microscopy,” Nat. Methods 11, 727–730 (2014).
[Crossref]

K. Marwah, G. Wetzstein, Y. Bando, and R. Raskar, “Compressive light field photography using overcomplete dictionaries and optimized projections,” ACM Trans. Graph. 32, 46 (2013).
[Crossref]

Wilburn, B.

B. Wilburn, N. Joshi, V. Vaish, E.-V. Talvala, E. Antunez, A. Barth, A. Adams, M. Horowitz, and M. Levoy, “High performance imaging using large camera arrays,” ACM Trans. Graph. 24, 765–776 (2005).
[Crossref]

Wu, J.

Xu, T.

Yang, S.

Yeom, J.

Yin, X.

Yoon, Y.-G.

R. Prevedel, Y.-G. Yoon, M. Hoffmann, N. Pak, G. Wetzstein, S. Kato, T. Schrödel, R. Raskar, M. Zimmer, E. S. Boyden, and A. Vaziri, “Simultaneous whole-animal 3D imaging of neuronal activity using light-field microscopy,” Nat. Methods 11, 727–730 (2014).
[Crossref]

Yue, W.

Zhang, Z.

M. Levoy, Z. Zhang, and I. McDowall, “Recording and controlling the 4D light field in a microscope using microlens arrays,” J. Microsc. 235, 144–162 (2009).
[Crossref]

Z. Zhang and M. Levoy, “Wigner distributions and how they relate to the light field,” in IEEE International Conference on Computational Photography (ICCP) (IEEE, 2009), pp. 1–10.

Zheng, G.

Zimmer, M.

R. Prevedel, Y.-G. Yoon, M. Hoffmann, N. Pak, G. Wetzstein, S. Kato, T. Schrödel, R. Raskar, M. Zimmer, E. S. Boyden, and A. Vaziri, “Simultaneous whole-animal 3D imaging of neuronal activity using light-field microscopy,” Nat. Methods 11, 727–730 (2014).
[Crossref]

Zuo, C.

C. Zuo, Q. Chen, J. Sun, and A. Asundi, “Non-interferometric phase retrieval and quantitative phase microscopy based on transport of intensity equation: a review,” Chin. J. Lasers 43, 219–249 (2016).

C. Zuo, Q. Chen, L. Tian, L. Waller, and A. Asundi, “Transport of intensity phase retrieval and computational imaging for partially coherent fields: the phase space perspective,” Opt. Laser Eng. 71, 20–32 (2015).
[Crossref]

C. Zuo, Q. Chen, and A. Asundi, “Light field moment imaging: comment,” Opt. Lett 39, 654 (2014).
[Crossref]

ACM Trans. Graph. (4)

M. Levoy, R. Ng, A. Adams, M. Footer, and M. Horowitz, “Light field microscopy,” ACM Trans. Graph. 25, 924–934 (2006).
[Crossref]

B. Wilburn, N. Joshi, V. Vaish, E.-V. Talvala, E. Antunez, A. Barth, A. Adams, M. Horowitz, and M. Levoy, “High performance imaging using large camera arrays,” ACM Trans. Graph. 24, 765–776 (2005).
[Crossref]

A. Veeraraghavan, R. Raskar, A. Agrawal, A. Mohan, and J. Tumblin, “Dappled photography: mask enhanced cameras for heterodyned light fields and coded aperture refocusing,” ACM Trans. Graph. 26, 69 (2007).
[Crossref]

K. Marwah, G. Wetzstein, Y. Bando, and R. Raskar, “Compressive light field photography using overcomplete dictionaries and optimized projections,” ACM Trans. Graph. 32, 46 (2013).
[Crossref]

Appl. Opt. (4)

Biomed. Opt. Express (1)

Chin. J. Lasers (1)

C. Zuo, Q. Chen, J. Sun, and A. Asundi, “Non-interferometric phase retrieval and quantitative phase microscopy based on transport of intensity equation: a review,” Chin. J. Lasers 43, 219–249 (2016).

Computer (1)

M. Levoy, “Light fields and computational imaging,” Computer 39, 46–55 (2006).
[Crossref]

J. Inf. Disp. (1)

S.-G. Park, J. Yeom, Y. Jeong, N. Chen, J.-Y. Hong, and B. Lee, “Recent issues on integral imaging and its applications,” J. Inf. Disp. 15, 37–46 (2014).
[Crossref]

J. Microsc. (1)

M. Levoy, Z. Zhang, and I. McDowall, “Recording and controlling the 4D light field in a microscope using microlens arrays,” J. Microsc. 235, 144–162 (2009).
[Crossref]

Nat. Methods (1)

R. Prevedel, Y.-G. Yoon, M. Hoffmann, N. Pak, G. Wetzstein, S. Kato, T. Schrödel, R. Raskar, M. Zimmer, E. S. Boyden, and A. Vaziri, “Simultaneous whole-animal 3D imaging of neuronal activity using light-field microscopy,” Nat. Methods 11, 727–730 (2014).
[Crossref]

Opt. Express (11)

M. Broxton, L. Grosenick, S. Yang, N. Cohen, A. Andalman, K. Deisseroth, and M. Levoy, “Wave optics theory and 3-D deconvolution for the light field microscope,” Opt. Express 21, 25418–25439 (2013).
[Crossref]

J. Liu, T. Xu, W. Yue, J. Sun, and G. Situ, “Light-field moment microscopy with noise reduction,” Opt. Express 23, 29154–29162 (2015).
[Crossref]

J.-H. Park, S.-K. Lee, N.-Y. Jo, H.-J. Kim, Y.-S. Kim, and H.-G. Lim, “Light ray field capture using focal plane sweeping and its optical reconstruction using 3D displays,” Opt. Express 22, 25444–25454 (2014).
[Crossref]

N. Chen, J. Yeom, J.-H. Jung, J.-H. Park, and B. Lee, “Resolution comparison between integral-imaging-based hologram synthesis methods using rectangular and hexagonal lens arrays,” Opt. Express 19, 26917–26927 (2011).
[Crossref]

S.-H. Hong, J.-S. Jang, and B. Javidi, “Three-dimensional volumetric object reconstruction using computational integral imaging,” Opt. Express 12, 483–491 (2004).
[Crossref]

S. Djidel, J. K. Gansel, H. I. Campbell, and A. H. Greenaway, “High-speed, 3-dimensional, telecentric imaging,” Opt. Express 14, 8269–8277 (2006).
[Crossref]

N. Chen, J.-H. Park, and N. Kim, “Parameter analysis of integral Fourier hologram and its resolution enhancement,” Opt. Express 18, 2152–2167 (2010).
[Crossref]

C. Maurer, S. Khan, S. Fassl, S. Bernet, and M. Ritsch-Marte, “Depth of field multiplexing in microscopy,” Opt. Express 18, 3023–3034 (2010).
[Crossref]

L. Waller, L. Tian, and G. Barbastathis, “Transport of intensity phase-amplitude imaging with higher order intensity derivatives,” Opt. Express 18, 12552–12561 (2010).
[Crossref]

T. J. McIntyre, C. Maurer, S. Fassl, S. Khan, S. Bernet, and M. Ritsch-Marte, “Quantitative slm-based differential interference contrast imaging,” Opt. Express 18, 14063–14078 (2010).
[Crossref]

A. Llavador, J. Sola-Pikabea, G. Saavedra, B. Javidi, and M. Martnez-Corral, “Resolution improvements in integral microscopy with fourier plane recording,” Opt. Express 24, 20792–20798 (2016).
[Crossref]

Opt. Laser Eng. (1)

C. Zuo, Q. Chen, L. Tian, L. Waller, and A. Asundi, “Transport of intensity phase retrieval and computational imaging for partially coherent fields: the phase space perspective,” Opt. Laser Eng. 71, 20–32 (2015).
[Crossref]

Opt. Lett (3)

C. Zuo, Q. Chen, and A. Asundi, “Light field moment imaging: comment,” Opt. Lett 39, 654 (2014).
[Crossref]

J.-S. Jang and B. Javidi, “Three-dimensional integral imaging of micro-objects,” Opt. Lett 29, 1230–1232 (2004).
[Crossref]

J. Martinez-Carranza, K. Falaggis, and T. Kozacki, “Optimum measurement criteria for the axial derivative intensity used in transport of intensity-equation-based solvers,” Opt. Lett 39, 182–185 (2014).
[Crossref]

Opt. Lett. (4)

Photon. Res. (1)

Proc. IEEE (1)

M. Martnez-Corral, A. Dorado, J. C. Barreiro, G. Saavedra, and B. Javidi, “Recent advances in the capture and display of macroscopic and microscopic 3-D scenes by integral imaging,” Proc. IEEE 105, 825–836 (2017).
[Crossref]

Proc. SPIE (1)

J.-H. Park, S.-W. Seo, N. Chen, and N. Kim, “Fourier hologram generation from multiple incoherent defocused images,” Proc. SPIE 7690, 76900F (2010).
[Crossref]

Other (6)

J.-H. Park, S.-W. Seo, N. Chen, and N. Kim, “Hologram synthesis from defocused images captured under incoherent illumination,” in Biomedical Optics and 3-D Imaging (Optical Society of America, 2010), paper JMA29.

M. Testorf, B. Hennelly, and J. Ojeda-Castañeda, Phase-Space Optics (McGraw-Hill Professional Publishing, 2009).

Z. Zhang and M. Levoy, “Wigner distributions and how they relate to the light field,” in IEEE International Conference on Computational Photography (ICCP) (IEEE, 2009), pp. 1–10.

H. Wang, N. Chen, J. Liu, and G. Situ, “Light field imaging based on defocused photographic images,” in Digital Holography and Three-Dimensional Imaging (Optical Society of America, 2017), paper W3A–3.

R. Ng, M. Levoy, M. Brédif, G. Duval, M. Horowitz, and P. Hanrahan, “Light field photography with a hand-held plenoptic camera,” in Computer Science Technical Report (Stanford University, 2005), Vol. 2, pp. 1–11.

A. Mousnier, E. Vural, and C. Guillemot, “Partial light field tomographic reconstruction from a fixed-camera focal stack,” arXiv:1503.01903 (2015).

Supplementary Material (8)

NameDescription
» Visualization 1       Reconstructed from LFMI with 11 images
» Visualization 2       Reconstructed from LFBP with 11 images
» Visualization 3       Reconstructed from LFMI with 11 images of larve
» Visualization 4       Reconstructed from LFBP with 11 images of larve
» Visualization 5       Reconstructed from LFMI with 2 images
» Visualization 6       Reconstructed from LFBP with 2 images
» Visualization 7       Reconstructed from LFMI with 7 images
» Visualization 8       Reconstructed from LFBP with 7 images

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Figures (9)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

(a) Images of a point located at different planes of a focal sweeping imaging system, and (b) corresponding WDFs.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Principle of LFMI represented by WDF.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Principle of LFBP represented by WDF.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Schematic of the experimental setup. M is a mirror, F is a light filter, A1,A2 are apertures, and L1,L2 are thin lens. In the microscope, T is a tube lens, O is an objective, OT is the objective table, CL is a condenser lens, and S is the white light source. The focal lengths of L1 and L2 are 200 mm. The distances between the L1 and the SLM, and the L2 and the SLM are 300 mm. The distances between the L1 and the A1, and the L2 and the CCD are 200 mm.

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

Schematic of SBP changing in propagation.

Fig. 6.
Fig. 6.

Captured images at two focal planes with (a) translation movement and (b) PSF modulation, respectively.

Fig. 7.
Fig. 7.

Captured images of the PSF at several focal depths with (a) conventional translation system and (b) proposed PSF modulation system, respectively.

Fig. 8.
Fig. 8.

Reconstructed parallax view images with (a), (c) LFMI (see Visualization 1 and Visualization 3) and (b), (d) LFBP (see Visualization 2 and Visualization 4) for mosquito’s mouth and mosquito larva.

Fig. 9.
Fig. 9.

Reconstructed parallax view images with the LFMI using (a) two and (b) seven images, and with the LFBP using (c) two and (d) seven images, respectively (see Visualization 5 and Visualization 7), and with LFBP using two and seven images (see Visualization 6 and Visualization 8).

Equations (9)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

L(x,y,ξ,η,zm)=I(x,y,zm)exp{[ξs(x,y)]2+[ηt(x,y)]2σ2}=I(x,y,zm)δ[ξs(x,y),ηt(x,y)]*G(ξ,η,σ),
L(x,y,ξ,η,z0)=m=1MI(x+zmξα,y+zmηα,zm),
fSLM=fr2zi,
ϕ(x,y)=πλfSLMp2(m2+n2)=πziλfr2p2(m2+n2),
|Δϕ|<π,
|zmax|=λfr22prl,
|Δzmin|=λfr2128r2.
VAR=1MNmMnN(I(m,n)I¯)2,
GRA=1(M1)(N1)mM1nN1((I(m+1,n)I(m,n))2+(I(m,n+1)I(m,n))2).

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