Abstract

This paper presents a novel approach to optimizing the design of phase-only computer-generated holograms (CGH) for the creation of binary images in an optical Fourier transform system. Optimization begins by selecting an image pixel with a temporal change in amplitude. The modulated image function undergoes an inverse Fourier transform followed by the imposition of a CGH constraint and the Fourier transform to yield an image function associated with the change in amplitude of the selected pixel. In iterations where the quality of the image is improved, that image function is adopted as the input for the next iteration. In cases where the image quality is not improved, the image function before the pixel changed is used as the input. Thus, the proposed approach is referred to as the pixelwise hybrid input–output (PHIO) algorithm. The PHIO algorithm was shown to achieve image quality far exceeding that of the Gerchberg–Saxton (GS) algorithm. The benefits were particularly evident when the PHIO algorithm was equipped with a dynamic range of image intensities equivalent to the amplitude freedom of the image signal. The signal variation of images reconstructed from the GS algorithm was 1.0223, but only 0.2537 when using PHIO, i.e., a 75% improvement. Nonetheless, the proposed scheme resulted in a 10% degradation in diffraction efficiency and signal-to-noise ratio.

© 2017 Optical Society of America

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