Abstract

A two-dimensional (2D) scatter plot method based on the 2D hyperspectral correlation spectrum is proposed to detect diluted blood, bile, and feces from the cecum and duodenum on chicken carcasses. First, from the collected hyperspectral data, a set of uncontaminated regions of interest (ROIs) and four sets of contaminated ROIs were selected, whose average spectra were treated as the original spectrum and influenced spectra, respectively. Then, the difference spectra were obtained and used to conduct correlation analysis, from which the 2D hyperspectral correlation spectrum was constructed using the analogy method of 2D IR correlation spectroscopy. Two maximum auto-peaks and a pair of cross peaks appeared at 656 and 474 nm. Therefore, 656 and 474 nm were selected as the characteristic bands because they were most sensitive to the spectral change induced by the contaminants. The 2D scatter plots of the contaminants, clean skin, and background in the 474- and 656-nm space were used to distinguish the contaminants from the clean skin and background. The threshold values of the 474- and 656-nm bands were determined by receiver operating characteristic (ROC) analysis. According to the ROC results, a pixel whose relative reflectance at 656 nm was greater than 0.5 and relative reflectance at 474 nm was lower than 0.3 was judged as a contaminated pixel. A region with more than 50 pixels identified was marked in the detection graph. This detection method achieved a recognition rate of up to 95.03% at the region level and 31.84% at the pixel level. The false-positive rate was only 0.82% at the pixel level. The results of this study confirm that the 2D scatter plot method based on the 2D hyperspectral correlation spectrum is an effective method for detecting diluted contaminants on chicken carcasses.

© 2017 Optical Society of America

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