We investigate the ability of a holographic laser vibrometer to mitigate noise introduced when operating on a moving platform or when measuring a moving target. This motion introduces a fundamental limitation on the measurement sensitivity due to the time-varying speckle pattern produced as the illumination beam scans across the target surface. In addition, since existing systems record the phase of only a single speckle grain, speckle fading imposes a limit on the coherent processing interval and thus the frequency resolution of these measurements. In this work, we show that by measuring speckle grains in parallel using holographic detection, we are able to provide a improvement in the system sensitivity while simultaneously overcoming the limitations on the coherent processing interval imposed by speckle fading. The ability to perform sensitive vibrational measurements of a moving target or from a moving platform could dramatically increase the applications available to laser vibrometry.
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