Abstract

In this paper, a novel photonic-assisted Doppler frequency shift (DFS) measurement scheme based on an integrated dual-polarization Mach–Zehnder modulator is presented. In the proposed scheme, the DFS to be identified is transformed into a low-frequency electrical signal through an optical frequency-conversion link. The value of the DFS can be acquired by analyzing the spectrum of the low-frequency electrical signal. Meanwhile, the orientation of the DFS can be easily determined utilizing a 90° hybrid coupler. If the receiver is moving toward the transmitter, only the positive port has an output signal, while only the negative port has an output signal if the receiver is moving away from the transmitter. The scheme can simultaneously obtain the value and the orientation of the DFS. In addition, to investigate the frequency tunability of the proposed scheme, the DFS, which varies from 100 to 100 KHz at a step of 10 KHz for different microwave signals at frequencies of 10, 15, and 18 GHz, is demonstrated experimentally, and the errors are within ±5×106  Hz.

© 2017 Optical Society of America

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