Abstract

The laser damage of transmission elements contains a series of complex processes and physical phenomena. The final morphology is a crater structure with different sizes and shapes. The formation and development of the crater are also accompanied by the generation, extension, and submersion of cracks. The growth characteristics of craters and cracks are important in the thermal-mechanism damage research. By using pump–probe detection and an imaging technique with a nanosecond pulsewidth probe laser, we obtained the formation time of the crack structure in the radial and circumferential directions. We carried out statistical analysis in angle, number, and crack length. We further analyzed the relationship between cracks and stress intensity or laser irradiation energy as well as the crack evolution process and the inner link between cracks and pit growth. We used an artificial indentation defect to investigate the time-domain evolution of crack growth, growth speed, transient morphology, and the characteristics of crater expansion. The results can be used to elucidate thermal stress effects on cracks, time-domain evolution of the damage structure, and the damage growth mechanism.

© 2016 Optical Society of America

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