Abstract

The graded bandgap AlxGa1xAs/GaAs photocathode with graded composition and exponential doping structure has shown great potential for improving photoemission capability. In order to better study the performance of transmission-mode AlxGa1xAs/GaAs photocathode with the complex graded bandgap structure, the experimental optical properties and quantum efficiency are measured by comparison with uniform composition and exponential doping Al0.7Ga0.3As/GaAs photocathode. The theoretical optical properties of the multilayer AlxGa1xAs/GaAs photocathode modules are calculated by matrix formula on the basis of thin-film optical principles. The effect of cathode thickness and aluminum proportion on optical properties are analyzed by simulation. The results show that these parameters have complicated effects on the optical properties. Different parameters are presented as the changes of peak and valley of the optical property curves. Meanwhile, the emission layer has a significant effect on the absorptivity values of the photocathode modules, which will obviously influence photoemission performance. By using the optical properties via calculation, a better fit of the experimental data with the theoretical model can be achieved, which would make reasonable guidance for further investigation of these complex graded bandgap photoemitters.

© 2017 Optical Society of America

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