Abstract

A near-eye visor is one of the most vital components in a head-mounted display. Currently, freeform optics and waveguides are used to design near-eye visors, but these structures are complex and their field of view is limited when the visor is placed near the eye. In this paper, we propose a flat, freeform near-eye visor that uses a subwavelength patterned metasurface reflector. The visor design imparts a spatial phase profile on a projected display pattern and can be implemented using a micron-scale-thick metasurface. As the resulting metaform visor relies on diffraction, it can preserve a large field of view (77.3° both horizontally and vertically) when placed only 2.5 cm away from the eye. We simulate the metasurface visor to estimate the modulation transfer function, and find that the projected image quality is sufficiently high for human vision. While the design of the metasurface is initially performed via ray optics, using full-wave finite-difference time-domain simulation we validate a scaled version of our visor design.

© 2017 Optical Society of America

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