Abstract

Controlling dispersion of a whispering gallery mode resonator is of critical importance for many nonlinear applications, such as frequency comb generation, parametric oscillators, Raman lasers, stimulated Brillouin lasers, and ultrafast optics. Here, we show by numerical and theoretical modeling that dispersion can be strongly engineered in a three-layer-coated microsphere of high, low, and high refractive indices (RIs). We investigate the impact of the coating thickness, the gap between the two high-RI layers, the surrounding medium, and the coating materials on the group-velocity dispersion and discover that the dispersion is controllable over a broad range in both normal and anomalous dispersion regimes. Our approach provides dispersion engineering flexibility in any axisymmetric resonator with a three-layer-coating structure.

© 2017 Optical Society of America

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