We report here for the first time, to the best of our knowledge, a 100-kW-peak-power, GHz-linewidth, sub-nanosecond, 1.9-μm laser source by gas stimulated Raman scattering (SRS) in hollow-core fiber. A -filled, anti-resonance, hollow-core fiber is pumped with a sub-nanosecond, high-peak-power, 1064-nm microchip laser, generating a 1908-nm Stokes wave by vibrational SRS of molecules. A maximum peak power of about 150 kW (average power 55 mW, pulse energy 55 μJ) is achieved with a 1.4-m fiber length and only 3 bar pressure. The maximum quantum efficiency is about 54%, and the corresponding slope efficiency is about 37%. The linewidth of the Stokes wave is about 2 GHz, which decreases about 1–2 orders compared with the rare-earth-doped fiber lasers of the same peak-power level. Operation close to atmospheric pressure makes it more convenient in future applications. If a tunable pump laser is used, a high-peak-power, narrow-linewidth, broadly tunable, 2-μm fiber laser source can be easily achieved.
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