Abstract

2 μm laser oscillation with a low threshold has been achieved in Ho3+:Tm3+-codoped silica microspheres (HTCSMs). Ho3+:Tm3+-codoped solgel functionalization film is applied to the surface of a silica microsphere, and an optical tapered fiber is adopted to couple an 808 nm continuous-wave laser to serve as the pump light source. Multimode and single-mode laser oscillations around 2 μm within the eye-safe wave band are observed due to the I75I85 transitions of Ho3+ ions sensitized by Tm3+. The morphology characteristics of microspheres determine the multimode laser oscillation spectrum. The free spectral range is in good accordance with the calculated value based on Mie scattering theory. The HTCSM laser oscillation shows characteristics of good capability, simple process, high flexibility, and low cost.

© 2017 Optical Society of America

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