Abstract

All-optical fractional-order temporal differentiators with bandwidths reaching terahertz (THz) values are demonstrated with transmissive fiber Bragg gratings. Since the designed fractional-order differentiator is a minimum phase function, the reflective phase of the designed function can be chosen arbitrarily. As examples, we first design several 0.5th-order differentiators with bandwidths reaching the THz range for comparison. The reflective phases of the 0.5th-order differentiators are chosen to be linear phase, quadratic phase, cubic phase, and biquadratic phase, respectively. We find that both the maximum coupling coefficient and the spatial resolution of the designed grating increase when the reflective phase varies from quadratic function to cubic function to biquadratic function. Furthermore, when the reflective phase is chosen to be a quadratic function, the obtained grating coupling coefficient and period are more likely to be achieved in practice. Then we design fractional-order differentiators with different orders when the reflective phase is chosen to be a quadratic function. We see that when the designed order of the differentiator increases, the obtained maximum coupling coefficient also increases while the oscillation of the coupling coefficient decreases. Finally, we give the numerical performance of the designed 0.5th-order differentiator by showing its temporal response and calculating its cross-correlation coefficient.

© 2017 Optical Society of America

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