Abstract

Underwater imaging is a promising but challenging topic due to the scattering particles in water, which result in serious light attenuation. Therefore, underwater images suffer from low-contrast and low-resolution issues. In this study, in order to recover high-quality underwater images, the point spread functions (PSFs) are estimated by a slant-edge method. The experiment modulates the illumination source to deal with backscattering and the imager to take two images in orthogonally polarized states. This imaging method benefits the satisfactory edge extraction. The PSF estimation is performed based on the extracted slant edge to enable recovery of the image. In addition, the modulation transfer function (MTF) is introduced to evaluate the resolution variation with the spatial frequencies. It manifests considerable resolution enhancement in the recovered images. Moreover, the proposed underwater image recovery method also reduces the effect from the scattering as an effective compensation to the polarization imaging approach.

© 2017 Optical Society of America

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