Abstract

To optically capture the topography of a hot measurement object with high precision, the light deflection by the inhomogeneous refractive index field—induced by the heat transfer from the measurement object to the ambient medium—has to be considered. We used the 2D background oriented schlieren method with illuminated wavelet background, an optical flow algorithm, and Ciddor’s equation to quantify the refractive index field located directly above a red-glowing, hot measurement object. A heat transfer simulation has been implemented to verify the magnitude and the shape of the measured refractive index field. Provided that no forced external flow is disturbing the shape of the convective flow originating from the hot object, a laminar flow can be observed directly above the object, resulting in a sharply bounded, inhomogeneous refractive index field.

© 2017 Optical Society of America

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