Abstract

In visual experiments that require real-time partial correction of wavefront aberrations, small errors occur that accumulate over time and lead to drifts in Zernike coefficients of the uncorrected aberrations. A simple algorithm that does not require the inclusion of an additional optical path to obtain independent measurements of the eye’s aberrations is described here, and its effectiveness in preventing these drifts is demonstrated.

© 2017 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. J. Liang, D. R. Williams, and D. T. Miller, “Supernormal vision and high-resolution retinal imaging through adaptive optics,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 14, 2884–2892 (1997).
    [Crossref]
  2. L. N. Thibos, “The new visual optics,” Optom. Vis. Sci. 74, 465–466 (1997).
    [Crossref]
  3. A. J. Adams, “The new visual optics,” Optom. Vis. Sci. 83, 329–330 (2006).
    [Crossref]
  4. D. T. Miller, “Retinal imaging and vision at the frontiers of adaptive optics,” Phys. Today 53(1), 31–36 (2000).
    [Crossref]
  5. S. Marcos, J. S. Werner, S. A. Burns, W. H. Merigan, P. Artal, D. A. Atchison, K. M. Hampson, R. Legras, L. Lundstrom, G. Yoon, J. Carroll, S. S. Choi, N. Doble, A. M. Dubis, A. Dubra, A. Elsner, R. Jonnal, D. T. Miller, M. Paques, H. E. Smithson, L. K. Young, Y. Zhang, M. Campbell, J. Hunter, A. Metha, G. Palczewska, J. Schallek, and L. C. Sincich, “Vision science and adaptive optics, the state of the field,” Vis. Res. 132, 3–33 (2017).
    [Crossref]
  6. A. Roorda, “Adaptive optics for studying visual function: a comprehensive review,” J. Vis. 11(5):6, 1–21 (2011).
    [Crossref]
  7. E. J. Fernández and P. Artal, “Membrane deformable mirror for adaptive optics: performance limits in visual optics,” Opt. Express 11, 1056–1069 (2003).
    [Crossref]
  8. J. B. Stewart, A. Diouf, Y. Zhou, and T. G. Bifano, “Open-loop control of a MEMS deformable mirror for large-amplitude wavefront control,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 24, 3827–3833 (2007).
    [Crossref]
  9. W. Zou and S. A. Burns, “High-accuracy wavefront control for retinal imaging with adaptive-influence-matrix adaptive optics,” Opt. Express 17, 20167–20177 (2009).
    [Crossref]
  10. K. M. Hampson, S. S. Chin, and E. A. H. Mallen, “Dual wavefront sensing channel monocular adaptive optics system for accommodation studies,” Opt. Express 17, 18229–18240 (2009).
    [Crossref]
  11. S. S. Chin, K. M. Hampson, and E. A. H. Mallen, “Effect of correction of ocular aberration dynamics on the accommodation response to a sinusoidally moving stimulus,” Opt. Lett. 34, 3274–3276 (2009).
    [Crossref]
  12. L. Chen, P. B. Kruger, H. Hofer, B. Singer, and D. R. Williams, “Accommodation with higher-order monochromatic aberrations corrected with adaptive optics,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 23, 1–8 (2006).
    [Crossref]
  13. M. Jaskulski, I. Marín-Franch, P. Bernal-Molina, and N. López-Gil, “The effect of longitudinal chromatic aberration on the lag of accommodation and depth of field,” Ophthalmic Physiol. Opt. 36, 657–663 (2016).
    [Crossref]
  14. A. J. Del Águila-Carrasco, I. Marín-Franch, P. Bernal-Molina, J. J. Esteve-Taboada, P. B. Kruger, R. Montés-Micó, and N. López-Gil, “Accommodation responds to optical vergence without feedback, but not to defocus blur alone,” Invest. Ophthalmol. Visual Sci. 58, 1758–1763 (2017).
    [Crossref]

2017 (2)

S. Marcos, J. S. Werner, S. A. Burns, W. H. Merigan, P. Artal, D. A. Atchison, K. M. Hampson, R. Legras, L. Lundstrom, G. Yoon, J. Carroll, S. S. Choi, N. Doble, A. M. Dubis, A. Dubra, A. Elsner, R. Jonnal, D. T. Miller, M. Paques, H. E. Smithson, L. K. Young, Y. Zhang, M. Campbell, J. Hunter, A. Metha, G. Palczewska, J. Schallek, and L. C. Sincich, “Vision science and adaptive optics, the state of the field,” Vis. Res. 132, 3–33 (2017).
[Crossref]

A. J. Del Águila-Carrasco, I. Marín-Franch, P. Bernal-Molina, J. J. Esteve-Taboada, P. B. Kruger, R. Montés-Micó, and N. López-Gil, “Accommodation responds to optical vergence without feedback, but not to defocus blur alone,” Invest. Ophthalmol. Visual Sci. 58, 1758–1763 (2017).
[Crossref]

2016 (1)

M. Jaskulski, I. Marín-Franch, P. Bernal-Molina, and N. López-Gil, “The effect of longitudinal chromatic aberration on the lag of accommodation and depth of field,” Ophthalmic Physiol. Opt. 36, 657–663 (2016).
[Crossref]

2011 (1)

A. Roorda, “Adaptive optics for studying visual function: a comprehensive review,” J. Vis. 11(5):6, 1–21 (2011).
[Crossref]

2009 (3)

2007 (1)

2006 (2)

2003 (1)

2000 (1)

D. T. Miller, “Retinal imaging and vision at the frontiers of adaptive optics,” Phys. Today 53(1), 31–36 (2000).
[Crossref]

1997 (2)

Adams, A. J.

A. J. Adams, “The new visual optics,” Optom. Vis. Sci. 83, 329–330 (2006).
[Crossref]

Artal, P.

S. Marcos, J. S. Werner, S. A. Burns, W. H. Merigan, P. Artal, D. A. Atchison, K. M. Hampson, R. Legras, L. Lundstrom, G. Yoon, J. Carroll, S. S. Choi, N. Doble, A. M. Dubis, A. Dubra, A. Elsner, R. Jonnal, D. T. Miller, M. Paques, H. E. Smithson, L. K. Young, Y. Zhang, M. Campbell, J. Hunter, A. Metha, G. Palczewska, J. Schallek, and L. C. Sincich, “Vision science and adaptive optics, the state of the field,” Vis. Res. 132, 3–33 (2017).
[Crossref]

E. J. Fernández and P. Artal, “Membrane deformable mirror for adaptive optics: performance limits in visual optics,” Opt. Express 11, 1056–1069 (2003).
[Crossref]

Atchison, D. A.

S. Marcos, J. S. Werner, S. A. Burns, W. H. Merigan, P. Artal, D. A. Atchison, K. M. Hampson, R. Legras, L. Lundstrom, G. Yoon, J. Carroll, S. S. Choi, N. Doble, A. M. Dubis, A. Dubra, A. Elsner, R. Jonnal, D. T. Miller, M. Paques, H. E. Smithson, L. K. Young, Y. Zhang, M. Campbell, J. Hunter, A. Metha, G. Palczewska, J. Schallek, and L. C. Sincich, “Vision science and adaptive optics, the state of the field,” Vis. Res. 132, 3–33 (2017).
[Crossref]

Bernal-Molina, P.

A. J. Del Águila-Carrasco, I. Marín-Franch, P. Bernal-Molina, J. J. Esteve-Taboada, P. B. Kruger, R. Montés-Micó, and N. López-Gil, “Accommodation responds to optical vergence without feedback, but not to defocus blur alone,” Invest. Ophthalmol. Visual Sci. 58, 1758–1763 (2017).
[Crossref]

M. Jaskulski, I. Marín-Franch, P. Bernal-Molina, and N. López-Gil, “The effect of longitudinal chromatic aberration on the lag of accommodation and depth of field,” Ophthalmic Physiol. Opt. 36, 657–663 (2016).
[Crossref]

Bifano, T. G.

Burns, S. A.

S. Marcos, J. S. Werner, S. A. Burns, W. H. Merigan, P. Artal, D. A. Atchison, K. M. Hampson, R. Legras, L. Lundstrom, G. Yoon, J. Carroll, S. S. Choi, N. Doble, A. M. Dubis, A. Dubra, A. Elsner, R. Jonnal, D. T. Miller, M. Paques, H. E. Smithson, L. K. Young, Y. Zhang, M. Campbell, J. Hunter, A. Metha, G. Palczewska, J. Schallek, and L. C. Sincich, “Vision science and adaptive optics, the state of the field,” Vis. Res. 132, 3–33 (2017).
[Crossref]

W. Zou and S. A. Burns, “High-accuracy wavefront control for retinal imaging with adaptive-influence-matrix adaptive optics,” Opt. Express 17, 20167–20177 (2009).
[Crossref]

Campbell, M.

S. Marcos, J. S. Werner, S. A. Burns, W. H. Merigan, P. Artal, D. A. Atchison, K. M. Hampson, R. Legras, L. Lundstrom, G. Yoon, J. Carroll, S. S. Choi, N. Doble, A. M. Dubis, A. Dubra, A. Elsner, R. Jonnal, D. T. Miller, M. Paques, H. E. Smithson, L. K. Young, Y. Zhang, M. Campbell, J. Hunter, A. Metha, G. Palczewska, J. Schallek, and L. C. Sincich, “Vision science and adaptive optics, the state of the field,” Vis. Res. 132, 3–33 (2017).
[Crossref]

Carroll, J.

S. Marcos, J. S. Werner, S. A. Burns, W. H. Merigan, P. Artal, D. A. Atchison, K. M. Hampson, R. Legras, L. Lundstrom, G. Yoon, J. Carroll, S. S. Choi, N. Doble, A. M. Dubis, A. Dubra, A. Elsner, R. Jonnal, D. T. Miller, M. Paques, H. E. Smithson, L. K. Young, Y. Zhang, M. Campbell, J. Hunter, A. Metha, G. Palczewska, J. Schallek, and L. C. Sincich, “Vision science and adaptive optics, the state of the field,” Vis. Res. 132, 3–33 (2017).
[Crossref]

Chen, L.

Chin, S. S.

Choi, S. S.

S. Marcos, J. S. Werner, S. A. Burns, W. H. Merigan, P. Artal, D. A. Atchison, K. M. Hampson, R. Legras, L. Lundstrom, G. Yoon, J. Carroll, S. S. Choi, N. Doble, A. M. Dubis, A. Dubra, A. Elsner, R. Jonnal, D. T. Miller, M. Paques, H. E. Smithson, L. K. Young, Y. Zhang, M. Campbell, J. Hunter, A. Metha, G. Palczewska, J. Schallek, and L. C. Sincich, “Vision science and adaptive optics, the state of the field,” Vis. Res. 132, 3–33 (2017).
[Crossref]

Del Águila-Carrasco, A. J.

A. J. Del Águila-Carrasco, I. Marín-Franch, P. Bernal-Molina, J. J. Esteve-Taboada, P. B. Kruger, R. Montés-Micó, and N. López-Gil, “Accommodation responds to optical vergence without feedback, but not to defocus blur alone,” Invest. Ophthalmol. Visual Sci. 58, 1758–1763 (2017).
[Crossref]

Diouf, A.

Doble, N.

S. Marcos, J. S. Werner, S. A. Burns, W. H. Merigan, P. Artal, D. A. Atchison, K. M. Hampson, R. Legras, L. Lundstrom, G. Yoon, J. Carroll, S. S. Choi, N. Doble, A. M. Dubis, A. Dubra, A. Elsner, R. Jonnal, D. T. Miller, M. Paques, H. E. Smithson, L. K. Young, Y. Zhang, M. Campbell, J. Hunter, A. Metha, G. Palczewska, J. Schallek, and L. C. Sincich, “Vision science and adaptive optics, the state of the field,” Vis. Res. 132, 3–33 (2017).
[Crossref]

Dubis, A. M.

S. Marcos, J. S. Werner, S. A. Burns, W. H. Merigan, P. Artal, D. A. Atchison, K. M. Hampson, R. Legras, L. Lundstrom, G. Yoon, J. Carroll, S. S. Choi, N. Doble, A. M. Dubis, A. Dubra, A. Elsner, R. Jonnal, D. T. Miller, M. Paques, H. E. Smithson, L. K. Young, Y. Zhang, M. Campbell, J. Hunter, A. Metha, G. Palczewska, J. Schallek, and L. C. Sincich, “Vision science and adaptive optics, the state of the field,” Vis. Res. 132, 3–33 (2017).
[Crossref]

Dubra, A.

S. Marcos, J. S. Werner, S. A. Burns, W. H. Merigan, P. Artal, D. A. Atchison, K. M. Hampson, R. Legras, L. Lundstrom, G. Yoon, J. Carroll, S. S. Choi, N. Doble, A. M. Dubis, A. Dubra, A. Elsner, R. Jonnal, D. T. Miller, M. Paques, H. E. Smithson, L. K. Young, Y. Zhang, M. Campbell, J. Hunter, A. Metha, G. Palczewska, J. Schallek, and L. C. Sincich, “Vision science and adaptive optics, the state of the field,” Vis. Res. 132, 3–33 (2017).
[Crossref]

Elsner, A.

S. Marcos, J. S. Werner, S. A. Burns, W. H. Merigan, P. Artal, D. A. Atchison, K. M. Hampson, R. Legras, L. Lundstrom, G. Yoon, J. Carroll, S. S. Choi, N. Doble, A. M. Dubis, A. Dubra, A. Elsner, R. Jonnal, D. T. Miller, M. Paques, H. E. Smithson, L. K. Young, Y. Zhang, M. Campbell, J. Hunter, A. Metha, G. Palczewska, J. Schallek, and L. C. Sincich, “Vision science and adaptive optics, the state of the field,” Vis. Res. 132, 3–33 (2017).
[Crossref]

Esteve-Taboada, J. J.

A. J. Del Águila-Carrasco, I. Marín-Franch, P. Bernal-Molina, J. J. Esteve-Taboada, P. B. Kruger, R. Montés-Micó, and N. López-Gil, “Accommodation responds to optical vergence without feedback, but not to defocus blur alone,” Invest. Ophthalmol. Visual Sci. 58, 1758–1763 (2017).
[Crossref]

Fernández, E. J.

Hampson, K. M.

S. Marcos, J. S. Werner, S. A. Burns, W. H. Merigan, P. Artal, D. A. Atchison, K. M. Hampson, R. Legras, L. Lundstrom, G. Yoon, J. Carroll, S. S. Choi, N. Doble, A. M. Dubis, A. Dubra, A. Elsner, R. Jonnal, D. T. Miller, M. Paques, H. E. Smithson, L. K. Young, Y. Zhang, M. Campbell, J. Hunter, A. Metha, G. Palczewska, J. Schallek, and L. C. Sincich, “Vision science and adaptive optics, the state of the field,” Vis. Res. 132, 3–33 (2017).
[Crossref]

K. M. Hampson, S. S. Chin, and E. A. H. Mallen, “Dual wavefront sensing channel monocular adaptive optics system for accommodation studies,” Opt. Express 17, 18229–18240 (2009).
[Crossref]

S. S. Chin, K. M. Hampson, and E. A. H. Mallen, “Effect of correction of ocular aberration dynamics on the accommodation response to a sinusoidally moving stimulus,” Opt. Lett. 34, 3274–3276 (2009).
[Crossref]

Hofer, H.

Hunter, J.

S. Marcos, J. S. Werner, S. A. Burns, W. H. Merigan, P. Artal, D. A. Atchison, K. M. Hampson, R. Legras, L. Lundstrom, G. Yoon, J. Carroll, S. S. Choi, N. Doble, A. M. Dubis, A. Dubra, A. Elsner, R. Jonnal, D. T. Miller, M. Paques, H. E. Smithson, L. K. Young, Y. Zhang, M. Campbell, J. Hunter, A. Metha, G. Palczewska, J. Schallek, and L. C. Sincich, “Vision science and adaptive optics, the state of the field,” Vis. Res. 132, 3–33 (2017).
[Crossref]

Jaskulski, M.

M. Jaskulski, I. Marín-Franch, P. Bernal-Molina, and N. López-Gil, “The effect of longitudinal chromatic aberration on the lag of accommodation and depth of field,” Ophthalmic Physiol. Opt. 36, 657–663 (2016).
[Crossref]

Jonnal, R.

S. Marcos, J. S. Werner, S. A. Burns, W. H. Merigan, P. Artal, D. A. Atchison, K. M. Hampson, R. Legras, L. Lundstrom, G. Yoon, J. Carroll, S. S. Choi, N. Doble, A. M. Dubis, A. Dubra, A. Elsner, R. Jonnal, D. T. Miller, M. Paques, H. E. Smithson, L. K. Young, Y. Zhang, M. Campbell, J. Hunter, A. Metha, G. Palczewska, J. Schallek, and L. C. Sincich, “Vision science and adaptive optics, the state of the field,” Vis. Res. 132, 3–33 (2017).
[Crossref]

Kruger, P. B.

A. J. Del Águila-Carrasco, I. Marín-Franch, P. Bernal-Molina, J. J. Esteve-Taboada, P. B. Kruger, R. Montés-Micó, and N. López-Gil, “Accommodation responds to optical vergence without feedback, but not to defocus blur alone,” Invest. Ophthalmol. Visual Sci. 58, 1758–1763 (2017).
[Crossref]

L. Chen, P. B. Kruger, H. Hofer, B. Singer, and D. R. Williams, “Accommodation with higher-order monochromatic aberrations corrected with adaptive optics,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 23, 1–8 (2006).
[Crossref]

Legras, R.

S. Marcos, J. S. Werner, S. A. Burns, W. H. Merigan, P. Artal, D. A. Atchison, K. M. Hampson, R. Legras, L. Lundstrom, G. Yoon, J. Carroll, S. S. Choi, N. Doble, A. M. Dubis, A. Dubra, A. Elsner, R. Jonnal, D. T. Miller, M. Paques, H. E. Smithson, L. K. Young, Y. Zhang, M. Campbell, J. Hunter, A. Metha, G. Palczewska, J. Schallek, and L. C. Sincich, “Vision science and adaptive optics, the state of the field,” Vis. Res. 132, 3–33 (2017).
[Crossref]

Liang, J.

López-Gil, N.

A. J. Del Águila-Carrasco, I. Marín-Franch, P. Bernal-Molina, J. J. Esteve-Taboada, P. B. Kruger, R. Montés-Micó, and N. López-Gil, “Accommodation responds to optical vergence without feedback, but not to defocus blur alone,” Invest. Ophthalmol. Visual Sci. 58, 1758–1763 (2017).
[Crossref]

M. Jaskulski, I. Marín-Franch, P. Bernal-Molina, and N. López-Gil, “The effect of longitudinal chromatic aberration on the lag of accommodation and depth of field,” Ophthalmic Physiol. Opt. 36, 657–663 (2016).
[Crossref]

Lundstrom, L.

S. Marcos, J. S. Werner, S. A. Burns, W. H. Merigan, P. Artal, D. A. Atchison, K. M. Hampson, R. Legras, L. Lundstrom, G. Yoon, J. Carroll, S. S. Choi, N. Doble, A. M. Dubis, A. Dubra, A. Elsner, R. Jonnal, D. T. Miller, M. Paques, H. E. Smithson, L. K. Young, Y. Zhang, M. Campbell, J. Hunter, A. Metha, G. Palczewska, J. Schallek, and L. C. Sincich, “Vision science and adaptive optics, the state of the field,” Vis. Res. 132, 3–33 (2017).
[Crossref]

Mallen, E. A. H.

Marcos, S.

S. Marcos, J. S. Werner, S. A. Burns, W. H. Merigan, P. Artal, D. A. Atchison, K. M. Hampson, R. Legras, L. Lundstrom, G. Yoon, J. Carroll, S. S. Choi, N. Doble, A. M. Dubis, A. Dubra, A. Elsner, R. Jonnal, D. T. Miller, M. Paques, H. E. Smithson, L. K. Young, Y. Zhang, M. Campbell, J. Hunter, A. Metha, G. Palczewska, J. Schallek, and L. C. Sincich, “Vision science and adaptive optics, the state of the field,” Vis. Res. 132, 3–33 (2017).
[Crossref]

Marín-Franch, I.

A. J. Del Águila-Carrasco, I. Marín-Franch, P. Bernal-Molina, J. J. Esteve-Taboada, P. B. Kruger, R. Montés-Micó, and N. López-Gil, “Accommodation responds to optical vergence without feedback, but not to defocus blur alone,” Invest. Ophthalmol. Visual Sci. 58, 1758–1763 (2017).
[Crossref]

M. Jaskulski, I. Marín-Franch, P. Bernal-Molina, and N. López-Gil, “The effect of longitudinal chromatic aberration on the lag of accommodation and depth of field,” Ophthalmic Physiol. Opt. 36, 657–663 (2016).
[Crossref]

Merigan, W. H.

S. Marcos, J. S. Werner, S. A. Burns, W. H. Merigan, P. Artal, D. A. Atchison, K. M. Hampson, R. Legras, L. Lundstrom, G. Yoon, J. Carroll, S. S. Choi, N. Doble, A. M. Dubis, A. Dubra, A. Elsner, R. Jonnal, D. T. Miller, M. Paques, H. E. Smithson, L. K. Young, Y. Zhang, M. Campbell, J. Hunter, A. Metha, G. Palczewska, J. Schallek, and L. C. Sincich, “Vision science and adaptive optics, the state of the field,” Vis. Res. 132, 3–33 (2017).
[Crossref]

Metha, A.

S. Marcos, J. S. Werner, S. A. Burns, W. H. Merigan, P. Artal, D. A. Atchison, K. M. Hampson, R. Legras, L. Lundstrom, G. Yoon, J. Carroll, S. S. Choi, N. Doble, A. M. Dubis, A. Dubra, A. Elsner, R. Jonnal, D. T. Miller, M. Paques, H. E. Smithson, L. K. Young, Y. Zhang, M. Campbell, J. Hunter, A. Metha, G. Palczewska, J. Schallek, and L. C. Sincich, “Vision science and adaptive optics, the state of the field,” Vis. Res. 132, 3–33 (2017).
[Crossref]

Miller, D. T.

S. Marcos, J. S. Werner, S. A. Burns, W. H. Merigan, P. Artal, D. A. Atchison, K. M. Hampson, R. Legras, L. Lundstrom, G. Yoon, J. Carroll, S. S. Choi, N. Doble, A. M. Dubis, A. Dubra, A. Elsner, R. Jonnal, D. T. Miller, M. Paques, H. E. Smithson, L. K. Young, Y. Zhang, M. Campbell, J. Hunter, A. Metha, G. Palczewska, J. Schallek, and L. C. Sincich, “Vision science and adaptive optics, the state of the field,” Vis. Res. 132, 3–33 (2017).
[Crossref]

D. T. Miller, “Retinal imaging and vision at the frontiers of adaptive optics,” Phys. Today 53(1), 31–36 (2000).
[Crossref]

J. Liang, D. R. Williams, and D. T. Miller, “Supernormal vision and high-resolution retinal imaging through adaptive optics,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 14, 2884–2892 (1997).
[Crossref]

Montés-Micó, R.

A. J. Del Águila-Carrasco, I. Marín-Franch, P. Bernal-Molina, J. J. Esteve-Taboada, P. B. Kruger, R. Montés-Micó, and N. López-Gil, “Accommodation responds to optical vergence without feedback, but not to defocus blur alone,” Invest. Ophthalmol. Visual Sci. 58, 1758–1763 (2017).
[Crossref]

Palczewska, G.

S. Marcos, J. S. Werner, S. A. Burns, W. H. Merigan, P. Artal, D. A. Atchison, K. M. Hampson, R. Legras, L. Lundstrom, G. Yoon, J. Carroll, S. S. Choi, N. Doble, A. M. Dubis, A. Dubra, A. Elsner, R. Jonnal, D. T. Miller, M. Paques, H. E. Smithson, L. K. Young, Y. Zhang, M. Campbell, J. Hunter, A. Metha, G. Palczewska, J. Schallek, and L. C. Sincich, “Vision science and adaptive optics, the state of the field,” Vis. Res. 132, 3–33 (2017).
[Crossref]

Paques, M.

S. Marcos, J. S. Werner, S. A. Burns, W. H. Merigan, P. Artal, D. A. Atchison, K. M. Hampson, R. Legras, L. Lundstrom, G. Yoon, J. Carroll, S. S. Choi, N. Doble, A. M. Dubis, A. Dubra, A. Elsner, R. Jonnal, D. T. Miller, M. Paques, H. E. Smithson, L. K. Young, Y. Zhang, M. Campbell, J. Hunter, A. Metha, G. Palczewska, J. Schallek, and L. C. Sincich, “Vision science and adaptive optics, the state of the field,” Vis. Res. 132, 3–33 (2017).
[Crossref]

Roorda, A.

A. Roorda, “Adaptive optics for studying visual function: a comprehensive review,” J. Vis. 11(5):6, 1–21 (2011).
[Crossref]

Schallek, J.

S. Marcos, J. S. Werner, S. A. Burns, W. H. Merigan, P. Artal, D. A. Atchison, K. M. Hampson, R. Legras, L. Lundstrom, G. Yoon, J. Carroll, S. S. Choi, N. Doble, A. M. Dubis, A. Dubra, A. Elsner, R. Jonnal, D. T. Miller, M. Paques, H. E. Smithson, L. K. Young, Y. Zhang, M. Campbell, J. Hunter, A. Metha, G. Palczewska, J. Schallek, and L. C. Sincich, “Vision science and adaptive optics, the state of the field,” Vis. Res. 132, 3–33 (2017).
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Sincich, L. C.

S. Marcos, J. S. Werner, S. A. Burns, W. H. Merigan, P. Artal, D. A. Atchison, K. M. Hampson, R. Legras, L. Lundstrom, G. Yoon, J. Carroll, S. S. Choi, N. Doble, A. M. Dubis, A. Dubra, A. Elsner, R. Jonnal, D. T. Miller, M. Paques, H. E. Smithson, L. K. Young, Y. Zhang, M. Campbell, J. Hunter, A. Metha, G. Palczewska, J. Schallek, and L. C. Sincich, “Vision science and adaptive optics, the state of the field,” Vis. Res. 132, 3–33 (2017).
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Smithson, H. E.

S. Marcos, J. S. Werner, S. A. Burns, W. H. Merigan, P. Artal, D. A. Atchison, K. M. Hampson, R. Legras, L. Lundstrom, G. Yoon, J. Carroll, S. S. Choi, N. Doble, A. M. Dubis, A. Dubra, A. Elsner, R. Jonnal, D. T. Miller, M. Paques, H. E. Smithson, L. K. Young, Y. Zhang, M. Campbell, J. Hunter, A. Metha, G. Palczewska, J. Schallek, and L. C. Sincich, “Vision science and adaptive optics, the state of the field,” Vis. Res. 132, 3–33 (2017).
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S. Marcos, J. S. Werner, S. A. Burns, W. H. Merigan, P. Artal, D. A. Atchison, K. M. Hampson, R. Legras, L. Lundstrom, G. Yoon, J. Carroll, S. S. Choi, N. Doble, A. M. Dubis, A. Dubra, A. Elsner, R. Jonnal, D. T. Miller, M. Paques, H. E. Smithson, L. K. Young, Y. Zhang, M. Campbell, J. Hunter, A. Metha, G. Palczewska, J. Schallek, and L. C. Sincich, “Vision science and adaptive optics, the state of the field,” Vis. Res. 132, 3–33 (2017).
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S. Marcos, J. S. Werner, S. A. Burns, W. H. Merigan, P. Artal, D. A. Atchison, K. M. Hampson, R. Legras, L. Lundstrom, G. Yoon, J. Carroll, S. S. Choi, N. Doble, A. M. Dubis, A. Dubra, A. Elsner, R. Jonnal, D. T. Miller, M. Paques, H. E. Smithson, L. K. Young, Y. Zhang, M. Campbell, J. Hunter, A. Metha, G. Palczewska, J. Schallek, and L. C. Sincich, “Vision science and adaptive optics, the state of the field,” Vis. Res. 132, 3–33 (2017).
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S. Marcos, J. S. Werner, S. A. Burns, W. H. Merigan, P. Artal, D. A. Atchison, K. M. Hampson, R. Legras, L. Lundstrom, G. Yoon, J. Carroll, S. S. Choi, N. Doble, A. M. Dubis, A. Dubra, A. Elsner, R. Jonnal, D. T. Miller, M. Paques, H. E. Smithson, L. K. Young, Y. Zhang, M. Campbell, J. Hunter, A. Metha, G. Palczewska, J. Schallek, and L. C. Sincich, “Vision science and adaptive optics, the state of the field,” Vis. Res. 132, 3–33 (2017).
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[Crossref]

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Zernike spherical defocus for a fixed wavefront target and for a partial wavefront correction. All Zernike coefficients were set to zero except for spherical defocus, which was set to 1 D on the left panel and left uncorrected on the right panel. The gray horizontal lines on both panels are the desired Zernike coefficient.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Schematic diagram of the AO system. Lenses L1, L2, L3, and L5 are achromatic doublets; lenses L4, L6, and L7 are singlets; M1, M2, and M3 are flat mirrors; and BS is a pellicle beam splitter. Redrawn from [14].

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Spherical defocus in D (upper panels), SA in μm (panels in the second row), vertical and oblique tetrafoil in μm (panels in the third row), and RMS error (lower panels) of correction of odd-order aberrations for a 4 mm pupil for the naïve (left panels) and drift-correction (right panels) algorithms. The AO closed loop algorithm was intended to leave spherical defocus and all other even-order aberrations uncorrected while correcting the odd-order aberrations. The dashed horizontal line represents 0 D of defocus.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Same as Fig. 3, except the AO closed loop was intended to change vergence sinusoidally at 0.2 Hz and with 1 D amplitude while leaving all other even-order aberrations uncorrected.

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

Accommodative demand in D (amount of defocus) induced by the deformable mirror (upper panels) and corresponding accommodative response in D (middle panels) of the eye. Other details as for Fig. 3.

Equations (2)

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w = M I a .
a = M C w .

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