We achieve practically a bright-field digital holographic microscopy (DHM) configuration free from coherent noise for three-dimensional (3D) visualization of an in-vitro sandwiched sarcomere sample. Visualization of such sandwiched samples by conventional atomic force microscope (AFM) is impossible, while visualization using DHM with long coherent lengths is challenging. The proposed configuration is comprised of an ultrashort pulse laser source and a Mach–Zehnder interferometer in transmission. Periodically poled lithium niobate (PPLN) crystal was used to convert the fundamental beam by second harmonic generation (SHG) to the generated beam fit to the CCD camera used. The experimental results show that the contrast of the reconstructed phase image is improved to a higher degree compared to a He–Ne laser based result. We attribute this improvement to two things: the feature of the femtosecond pulse light, which acts as a chopper for coherent noise suppression, and the fact that the variance of a coherent mode can be reduced by a factor of 9 due to low loss through a nonlinear medium.
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30 May 2017: A correction was made to Ref. 14.
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