Abstract

We report on an interband cascade laser (ICL)-absorption spectrometer for absolute, calibration-free, atmospheric CO amount fraction measurements, addressing direct traceability of the results. The system combines first-principles direct tunable diode laser absorption spectroscopy (dTDLAS) with a metrological validation. Using a multipath cell with 76 m path length, our detection limit is 0.5 nmol/mol at Δt=14  s. The system is highly linear (slope: 0.999±0.008) in the amount fraction range of 0.1–1000 μmol/mol and thus is interesting for industrial as well as environmental applications. The sensor repeatability at 300 nmol/mol is 0.06 nmol/mol (with Δt=10  min). The sensor’s absolute response is in excellent agreement with the gravimetric values of a set of primary gas standards used to test the sensor accuracy. The relative expanded uncertainty (k=2) of the measured CO amount fraction is 2.8%. Due to this performance and the calibration-free approach, the spectrometer may be used as an optical transfer standard (OTS) if gas standards are for whatever reason not available or applicable, e.g., for airborne instruments. Our dTDLAS approach has shown excellent stability and accuracy in H2O detection [Appl. Phys. B 116, 883 (2014) [CrossRef]  ] even when compared to primary standards. We therefore deduce that the ICL spectrometer (after its adaptation to field conditions, similar to our H2O spectrometers) has good potential to meet the 2 nmol/mol compatibility goal stated by the World Meteorological Organization for atmospheric CO measurements, and serve as an OTS which does not need frequent calibrations using reference gases.

© 2017 Optical Society of America

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References

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2016 (4)

Z. Du, W. Zhen, Z. Zhang, J. Li, and N. Gao, “Detection of methyl mercaptan with a 3393-nm distributed feedback interband cascade laser,” Appl. Phys. B 122, 100 (2016).
[Crossref]

C. Li, C. Zheng, L. Dong, W. Ye, F. K. Tittel, and Y. Wang, “Ppb-level mid-infrared ethane detection based on three measurement schemes using a 3.34-μm continuous-wave interband cascade laser,” Appl. Phys. B 122, 185 (2016).
[Crossref]

L. Richard, I. Ventrillard, G. Chau, K. Jaulin, E. Kerstel, and D. Romanini, “Optical-feedback cavity-enhanced absorption spectroscopy with an interband cascade laser: application to SO2 trace analysis,” Appl. Phys. B 122, 247 (2016).
[Crossref]

L. Dong, F. K. Tittel, C. Li, N. P. Sanchez, H. Wu, C. Zheng, Y. Yu, A. Sampaolo, and R. J. Griffin, “Compact TDLAS based sensor design using interband cascade lasers for mid-IR trace gas sensing,” Opt. Express 24, A528–A535 (2016).
[Crossref]

2015 (3)

K. M. Manfred, G. A. D. Ritchie, N. Lang, J. Röpcke, and J. H. van Helden, “Optical feedback cavity-enhanced absorption spectroscopy with a 3.24  lm interband cascade laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 106, 221106 (2015).
[Crossref]

A. Pogany, S. Wagner, O. Werhahn, and V. Ebert, “Development and metrological characterization of a tunable diode laser absorption spectroscopy (TDLAS) spectrometer for simultaneous absolute measurement of carbon dioxide and water vapor,” Appl. Spectrosc. 69, 257–268 (2015).
[Crossref]

I. Vurgaftman, R. Weih, M. Kamp, J. R. Meyer, C. L. Canedy, C. S. Kim, M. Kim, W. W. Bewley, C. D. Merritt, J. Abell, and S. Höfling, “Interband cascade lasers,” J. Phys. D 48, 123001 (2015).
[Crossref]

2014 (5)

B. Buchholz, N. Böse, and V. Ebert, “Absolute validation of a diode laser hygrometer via intercomparison with the German national primary water vapor standard,” Appl. Phys. B 116, 883–899 (2014).
[Crossref]

J. A. Nwaboh, O. Werhahn, and V. Ebert, “Line strength and collisional broadening coefficients of H2O at 2.7  μm for natural gas quality assurance applications,” Mol. Phys. 112, 2451–2461 (2014).
[Crossref]

J. A. Nwaboh, O. Witzel, A. Pogány, O. Werhahn, and V. Ebert, “Optical path length calibration: a standard approach for use in absorption cell-based IR-spectrometric gas analysis,” Int. J. Spectrosc. 2014, 132607 (2014)..
[Crossref]

N. H. Ngo, D. Lisak, H. Tran, and J.-M. Hartmann, ““Erratum to “An isolated line-shape model to go beyond the Voigt profile in spectroscopic databases and radiative transfer codes” [J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer. 129: 89–100 (2013)],” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 134, 105 (2014).
[Crossref]

J. Tennyson, P. F. Bernath, A. Campargue, A. G. Csaszar, L. Daumont, R. R. Gamache, J. T. Hodges, D. Lisak, O. V. Naumenko, L. S. Rothman, H. Tran, N. F. Zobov, J. Buldyreva, C. D. Boone, M. D. De Vizia, L. Gianfrani, J.-M. Hartmann, R. McPheat, J. Murray, N. H. Ngo, O. L. Polyansky, and D. Weidmann, “Recommended isolated-line profile for representing high-resolution spectroscopic transitions (IUPAC Technical Report),” Pure Appl. Chem. 86, 1931–1943 (2014).

2013 (4)

A. Pogany, O. Ott, O. Werhahn, and V. Ebert, “Towards traceability in CO2 line strength measurements by TDLAS at 2.7  μm,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 130, 147–157 (2013).
[Crossref]

L. S. Rothman, I. E. Gordon, Y. Babikov, A. Barbe, D. Chris Benner, P. F. Bernath, M. Birk, L. Bizzocchi, V. Boudon, L. R. Brown, A. Campargue, K. Chance, E. A. Cohen, L. H. Coudert, V. M. Devi, B. J. Drouin, A. Fayt, J.-M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, J. J. Harrison, J.-M. Hartmann, C. Hill, J. T. Hodges, D. Jacquemart, A. Jolly, J. Lamouroux, R. J. Le Roy, G. Li, D. A. Long, O. M. Lyulin, C. J. Mackie, S. T. Massie, S. Mikhailenko, H. S. P. Müller, O. V. Naumenko, A. V. Nikitin, J. Orphal, V. Perevalov, A. Perrin, E. R. Polovtseva, C. Richard, M. A. H. Smith, E. Starikova, K. Sung, S. Tashkun, J. Tennyson, G. C. Toon, V. G. Tyuterev, and G. Wagner, “The HITRAN2012 molecular spectroscopic database,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 130, 4–50 (2013).
[Crossref]

N. H. Ngo, D. Lisak, H. Tran, and J.-M. Hartmann, “An isolated line-shape model to go beyond the Voigt profile in spectroscopic databases and radiative transfer codes,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 129, 89–100 (2013).
[Crossref]

J. A. Nwaboh, O. Werhahn, P. Ortwein, D. Schiel, and V. Ebert, “Laser-spectrometric gas analysis: CO2–TDLAS at 2 μm,” Meas. Sci. Technol. 24, 015202 (2013).
[Crossref]

2012 (2)

S. Wagner, M. Klein, T. Kathrotia, U. Riedel, T. Kissel, A. Dreizler, and V. Ebert, “Absolute, spatially resolved, in situ CO profiles in atmospheric laminar counter-flow diffusion flames using 2.3  μm TDLAS,” Appl. Phys. B 109, 533–540 (2012).
[Crossref]

S. Lundqvist, P. Kluczynski, R. Weih, M. l. von Edlinger, L. Nähle, M. Fischer, A. Bauer, S. Höfling, and J. Koeth, “Sensing of formaldehyde using a distributed feedback interband cascade laser emitting around 3493  nm,” Appl. Opt. 51, 6009–6013 (2012).
[Crossref]

2011 (2)

M. Berglund and M. E. Wieser, “Isotopic compositions of the elements 2009 (IUPAC Technical Report),” Pure Appl. Chem. 83, 397–410 (2011).
[Crossref]

J. A. Nwaboh, O. Werhahn, and D. Schiel, “Measurement of CO amount fractions using a pulsed quantum-cascade laser operated in the intrapulse mode,” Appl. Phys. B 103, 947–957 (2011).
[Crossref]

2010 (1)

D. M. Sonnenfroh, R. T. Wainner, and M. G. Allen, “Interband cascade laser-based sensor for ambient CH4,” Opt. Eng. 49, 111118 (2010).
[Crossref]

2007 (1)

2005 (2)

V. Ebert, H. Teichert, C. Giesemann, H. Saathoff, and U. Schurath, “Fasergekoppeltes in-situ-laserspektrometer für den selektiven nachweis von wasserdampfspuren bis in den ppb-bereich (Fibre-coupled in-situ laser absorption spectrometer for the selective detection of water vapour traces down to the ppb-level),” Tm-Tech. Messen Plattform Für Methoden Syst. Anwendungen Messtech. 72, 23–30 (2005).

D. Chandler-Horowitz and P. M. Amirtharaj, “High-accuracy, midinfrared (450  cm−1  ≤ w ≤ 4000  cm−1) refractive index values of silicon,” J. Appl. Phys. 97, 123526 (2005).
[Crossref]

1993 (1)

P. Werle, R. Mücke, and F. Slemr, “The limits of signal averaging in atmospheric trace-gas monitoring by tunable diode-laser absorption spectroscopy (TDLAS),” Appl. Phys. B 57, 131–139 (1993).
[Crossref]

Abell, J.

I. Vurgaftman, R. Weih, M. Kamp, J. R. Meyer, C. L. Canedy, C. S. Kim, M. Kim, W. W. Bewley, C. D. Merritt, J. Abell, and S. Höfling, “Interband cascade lasers,” J. Phys. D 48, 123001 (2015).
[Crossref]

Allen, M. G.

D. M. Sonnenfroh, R. T. Wainner, and M. G. Allen, “Interband cascade laser-based sensor for ambient CH4,” Opt. Eng. 49, 111118 (2010).
[Crossref]

Amirtharaj, P. M.

D. Chandler-Horowitz and P. M. Amirtharaj, “High-accuracy, midinfrared (450  cm−1  ≤ w ≤ 4000  cm−1) refractive index values of silicon,” J. Appl. Phys. 97, 123526 (2005).
[Crossref]

Babikov, Y.

L. S. Rothman, I. E. Gordon, Y. Babikov, A. Barbe, D. Chris Benner, P. F. Bernath, M. Birk, L. Bizzocchi, V. Boudon, L. R. Brown, A. Campargue, K. Chance, E. A. Cohen, L. H. Coudert, V. M. Devi, B. J. Drouin, A. Fayt, J.-M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, J. J. Harrison, J.-M. Hartmann, C. Hill, J. T. Hodges, D. Jacquemart, A. Jolly, J. Lamouroux, R. J. Le Roy, G. Li, D. A. Long, O. M. Lyulin, C. J. Mackie, S. T. Massie, S. Mikhailenko, H. S. P. Müller, O. V. Naumenko, A. V. Nikitin, J. Orphal, V. Perevalov, A. Perrin, E. R. Polovtseva, C. Richard, M. A. H. Smith, E. Starikova, K. Sung, S. Tashkun, J. Tennyson, G. C. Toon, V. G. Tyuterev, and G. Wagner, “The HITRAN2012 molecular spectroscopic database,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 130, 4–50 (2013).
[Crossref]

Bakhirkin, Y.

Barbe, A.

L. S. Rothman, I. E. Gordon, Y. Babikov, A. Barbe, D. Chris Benner, P. F. Bernath, M. Birk, L. Bizzocchi, V. Boudon, L. R. Brown, A. Campargue, K. Chance, E. A. Cohen, L. H. Coudert, V. M. Devi, B. J. Drouin, A. Fayt, J.-M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, J. J. Harrison, J.-M. Hartmann, C. Hill, J. T. Hodges, D. Jacquemart, A. Jolly, J. Lamouroux, R. J. Le Roy, G. Li, D. A. Long, O. M. Lyulin, C. J. Mackie, S. T. Massie, S. Mikhailenko, H. S. P. Müller, O. V. Naumenko, A. V. Nikitin, J. Orphal, V. Perevalov, A. Perrin, E. R. Polovtseva, C. Richard, M. A. H. Smith, E. Starikova, K. Sung, S. Tashkun, J. Tennyson, G. C. Toon, V. G. Tyuterev, and G. Wagner, “The HITRAN2012 molecular spectroscopic database,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 130, 4–50 (2013).
[Crossref]

Bauer, A.

Berglund, M.

M. Berglund and M. E. Wieser, “Isotopic compositions of the elements 2009 (IUPAC Technical Report),” Pure Appl. Chem. 83, 397–410 (2011).
[Crossref]

Bernath, P. F.

J. Tennyson, P. F. Bernath, A. Campargue, A. G. Csaszar, L. Daumont, R. R. Gamache, J. T. Hodges, D. Lisak, O. V. Naumenko, L. S. Rothman, H. Tran, N. F. Zobov, J. Buldyreva, C. D. Boone, M. D. De Vizia, L. Gianfrani, J.-M. Hartmann, R. McPheat, J. Murray, N. H. Ngo, O. L. Polyansky, and D. Weidmann, “Recommended isolated-line profile for representing high-resolution spectroscopic transitions (IUPAC Technical Report),” Pure Appl. Chem. 86, 1931–1943 (2014).

L. S. Rothman, I. E. Gordon, Y. Babikov, A. Barbe, D. Chris Benner, P. F. Bernath, M. Birk, L. Bizzocchi, V. Boudon, L. R. Brown, A. Campargue, K. Chance, E. A. Cohen, L. H. Coudert, V. M. Devi, B. J. Drouin, A. Fayt, J.-M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, J. J. Harrison, J.-M. Hartmann, C. Hill, J. T. Hodges, D. Jacquemart, A. Jolly, J. Lamouroux, R. J. Le Roy, G. Li, D. A. Long, O. M. Lyulin, C. J. Mackie, S. T. Massie, S. Mikhailenko, H. S. P. Müller, O. V. Naumenko, A. V. Nikitin, J. Orphal, V. Perevalov, A. Perrin, E. R. Polovtseva, C. Richard, M. A. H. Smith, E. Starikova, K. Sung, S. Tashkun, J. Tennyson, G. C. Toon, V. G. Tyuterev, and G. Wagner, “The HITRAN2012 molecular spectroscopic database,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 130, 4–50 (2013).
[Crossref]

Bewley, W. W.

I. Vurgaftman, R. Weih, M. Kamp, J. R. Meyer, C. L. Canedy, C. S. Kim, M. Kim, W. W. Bewley, C. D. Merritt, J. Abell, and S. Höfling, “Interband cascade lasers,” J. Phys. D 48, 123001 (2015).
[Crossref]

Birk, M.

L. S. Rothman, I. E. Gordon, Y. Babikov, A. Barbe, D. Chris Benner, P. F. Bernath, M. Birk, L. Bizzocchi, V. Boudon, L. R. Brown, A. Campargue, K. Chance, E. A. Cohen, L. H. Coudert, V. M. Devi, B. J. Drouin, A. Fayt, J.-M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, J. J. Harrison, J.-M. Hartmann, C. Hill, J. T. Hodges, D. Jacquemart, A. Jolly, J. Lamouroux, R. J. Le Roy, G. Li, D. A. Long, O. M. Lyulin, C. J. Mackie, S. T. Massie, S. Mikhailenko, H. S. P. Müller, O. V. Naumenko, A. V. Nikitin, J. Orphal, V. Perevalov, A. Perrin, E. R. Polovtseva, C. Richard, M. A. H. Smith, E. Starikova, K. Sung, S. Tashkun, J. Tennyson, G. C. Toon, V. G. Tyuterev, and G. Wagner, “The HITRAN2012 molecular spectroscopic database,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 130, 4–50 (2013).
[Crossref]

Bizzocchi, L.

L. S. Rothman, I. E. Gordon, Y. Babikov, A. Barbe, D. Chris Benner, P. F. Bernath, M. Birk, L. Bizzocchi, V. Boudon, L. R. Brown, A. Campargue, K. Chance, E. A. Cohen, L. H. Coudert, V. M. Devi, B. J. Drouin, A. Fayt, J.-M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, J. J. Harrison, J.-M. Hartmann, C. Hill, J. T. Hodges, D. Jacquemart, A. Jolly, J. Lamouroux, R. J. Le Roy, G. Li, D. A. Long, O. M. Lyulin, C. J. Mackie, S. T. Massie, S. Mikhailenko, H. S. P. Müller, O. V. Naumenko, A. V. Nikitin, J. Orphal, V. Perevalov, A. Perrin, E. R. Polovtseva, C. Richard, M. A. H. Smith, E. Starikova, K. Sung, S. Tashkun, J. Tennyson, G. C. Toon, V. G. Tyuterev, and G. Wagner, “The HITRAN2012 molecular spectroscopic database,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 130, 4–50 (2013).
[Crossref]

Boone, C. D.

J. Tennyson, P. F. Bernath, A. Campargue, A. G. Csaszar, L. Daumont, R. R. Gamache, J. T. Hodges, D. Lisak, O. V. Naumenko, L. S. Rothman, H. Tran, N. F. Zobov, J. Buldyreva, C. D. Boone, M. D. De Vizia, L. Gianfrani, J.-M. Hartmann, R. McPheat, J. Murray, N. H. Ngo, O. L. Polyansky, and D. Weidmann, “Recommended isolated-line profile for representing high-resolution spectroscopic transitions (IUPAC Technical Report),” Pure Appl. Chem. 86, 1931–1943 (2014).

Böse, N.

B. Buchholz, N. Böse, and V. Ebert, “Absolute validation of a diode laser hygrometer via intercomparison with the German national primary water vapor standard,” Appl. Phys. B 116, 883–899 (2014).
[Crossref]

Boudon, V.

L. S. Rothman, I. E. Gordon, Y. Babikov, A. Barbe, D. Chris Benner, P. F. Bernath, M. Birk, L. Bizzocchi, V. Boudon, L. R. Brown, A. Campargue, K. Chance, E. A. Cohen, L. H. Coudert, V. M. Devi, B. J. Drouin, A. Fayt, J.-M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, J. J. Harrison, J.-M. Hartmann, C. Hill, J. T. Hodges, D. Jacquemart, A. Jolly, J. Lamouroux, R. J. Le Roy, G. Li, D. A. Long, O. M. Lyulin, C. J. Mackie, S. T. Massie, S. Mikhailenko, H. S. P. Müller, O. V. Naumenko, A. V. Nikitin, J. Orphal, V. Perevalov, A. Perrin, E. R. Polovtseva, C. Richard, M. A. H. Smith, E. Starikova, K. Sung, S. Tashkun, J. Tennyson, G. C. Toon, V. G. Tyuterev, and G. Wagner, “The HITRAN2012 molecular spectroscopic database,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 130, 4–50 (2013).
[Crossref]

Brown, L. R.

L. S. Rothman, I. E. Gordon, Y. Babikov, A. Barbe, D. Chris Benner, P. F. Bernath, M. Birk, L. Bizzocchi, V. Boudon, L. R. Brown, A. Campargue, K. Chance, E. A. Cohen, L. H. Coudert, V. M. Devi, B. J. Drouin, A. Fayt, J.-M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, J. J. Harrison, J.-M. Hartmann, C. Hill, J. T. Hodges, D. Jacquemart, A. Jolly, J. Lamouroux, R. J. Le Roy, G. Li, D. A. Long, O. M. Lyulin, C. J. Mackie, S. T. Massie, S. Mikhailenko, H. S. P. Müller, O. V. Naumenko, A. V. Nikitin, J. Orphal, V. Perevalov, A. Perrin, E. R. Polovtseva, C. Richard, M. A. H. Smith, E. Starikova, K. Sung, S. Tashkun, J. Tennyson, G. C. Toon, V. G. Tyuterev, and G. Wagner, “The HITRAN2012 molecular spectroscopic database,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 130, 4–50 (2013).
[Crossref]

Buchholz, B.

B. Buchholz, N. Böse, and V. Ebert, “Absolute validation of a diode laser hygrometer via intercomparison with the German national primary water vapor standard,” Appl. Phys. B 116, 883–899 (2014).
[Crossref]

B. Buchholz and V. Ebert, “18 month long, metrological validation of SEALDH-II–an airborne and calibration-free dTDLAS reference hygrometer,” Atmos. Meas. Tech. (2017, to be submitted).

Buldyreva, J.

J. Tennyson, P. F. Bernath, A. Campargue, A. G. Csaszar, L. Daumont, R. R. Gamache, J. T. Hodges, D. Lisak, O. V. Naumenko, L. S. Rothman, H. Tran, N. F. Zobov, J. Buldyreva, C. D. Boone, M. D. De Vizia, L. Gianfrani, J.-M. Hartmann, R. McPheat, J. Murray, N. H. Ngo, O. L. Polyansky, and D. Weidmann, “Recommended isolated-line profile for representing high-resolution spectroscopic transitions (IUPAC Technical Report),” Pure Appl. Chem. 86, 1931–1943 (2014).

Campargue, A.

J. Tennyson, P. F. Bernath, A. Campargue, A. G. Csaszar, L. Daumont, R. R. Gamache, J. T. Hodges, D. Lisak, O. V. Naumenko, L. S. Rothman, H. Tran, N. F. Zobov, J. Buldyreva, C. D. Boone, M. D. De Vizia, L. Gianfrani, J.-M. Hartmann, R. McPheat, J. Murray, N. H. Ngo, O. L. Polyansky, and D. Weidmann, “Recommended isolated-line profile for representing high-resolution spectroscopic transitions (IUPAC Technical Report),” Pure Appl. Chem. 86, 1931–1943 (2014).

L. S. Rothman, I. E. Gordon, Y. Babikov, A. Barbe, D. Chris Benner, P. F. Bernath, M. Birk, L. Bizzocchi, V. Boudon, L. R. Brown, A. Campargue, K. Chance, E. A. Cohen, L. H. Coudert, V. M. Devi, B. J. Drouin, A. Fayt, J.-M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, J. J. Harrison, J.-M. Hartmann, C. Hill, J. T. Hodges, D. Jacquemart, A. Jolly, J. Lamouroux, R. J. Le Roy, G. Li, D. A. Long, O. M. Lyulin, C. J. Mackie, S. T. Massie, S. Mikhailenko, H. S. P. Müller, O. V. Naumenko, A. V. Nikitin, J. Orphal, V. Perevalov, A. Perrin, E. R. Polovtseva, C. Richard, M. A. H. Smith, E. Starikova, K. Sung, S. Tashkun, J. Tennyson, G. C. Toon, V. G. Tyuterev, and G. Wagner, “The HITRAN2012 molecular spectroscopic database,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 130, 4–50 (2013).
[Crossref]

Canedy, C. L.

I. Vurgaftman, R. Weih, M. Kamp, J. R. Meyer, C. L. Canedy, C. S. Kim, M. Kim, W. W. Bewley, C. D. Merritt, J. Abell, and S. Höfling, “Interband cascade lasers,” J. Phys. D 48, 123001 (2015).
[Crossref]

Chance, K.

L. S. Rothman, I. E. Gordon, Y. Babikov, A. Barbe, D. Chris Benner, P. F. Bernath, M. Birk, L. Bizzocchi, V. Boudon, L. R. Brown, A. Campargue, K. Chance, E. A. Cohen, L. H. Coudert, V. M. Devi, B. J. Drouin, A. Fayt, J.-M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, J. J. Harrison, J.-M. Hartmann, C. Hill, J. T. Hodges, D. Jacquemart, A. Jolly, J. Lamouroux, R. J. Le Roy, G. Li, D. A. Long, O. M. Lyulin, C. J. Mackie, S. T. Massie, S. Mikhailenko, H. S. P. Müller, O. V. Naumenko, A. V. Nikitin, J. Orphal, V. Perevalov, A. Perrin, E. R. Polovtseva, C. Richard, M. A. H. Smith, E. Starikova, K. Sung, S. Tashkun, J. Tennyson, G. C. Toon, V. G. Tyuterev, and G. Wagner, “The HITRAN2012 molecular spectroscopic database,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 130, 4–50 (2013).
[Crossref]

Chandler-Horowitz, D.

D. Chandler-Horowitz and P. M. Amirtharaj, “High-accuracy, midinfrared (450  cm−1  ≤ w ≤ 4000  cm−1) refractive index values of silicon,” J. Appl. Phys. 97, 123526 (2005).
[Crossref]

Chau, G.

L. Richard, I. Ventrillard, G. Chau, K. Jaulin, E. Kerstel, and D. Romanini, “Optical-feedback cavity-enhanced absorption spectroscopy with an interband cascade laser: application to SO2 trace analysis,” Appl. Phys. B 122, 247 (2016).
[Crossref]

Chris Benner, D.

L. S. Rothman, I. E. Gordon, Y. Babikov, A. Barbe, D. Chris Benner, P. F. Bernath, M. Birk, L. Bizzocchi, V. Boudon, L. R. Brown, A. Campargue, K. Chance, E. A. Cohen, L. H. Coudert, V. M. Devi, B. J. Drouin, A. Fayt, J.-M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, J. J. Harrison, J.-M. Hartmann, C. Hill, J. T. Hodges, D. Jacquemart, A. Jolly, J. Lamouroux, R. J. Le Roy, G. Li, D. A. Long, O. M. Lyulin, C. J. Mackie, S. T. Massie, S. Mikhailenko, H. S. P. Müller, O. V. Naumenko, A. V. Nikitin, J. Orphal, V. Perevalov, A. Perrin, E. R. Polovtseva, C. Richard, M. A. H. Smith, E. Starikova, K. Sung, S. Tashkun, J. Tennyson, G. C. Toon, V. G. Tyuterev, and G. Wagner, “The HITRAN2012 molecular spectroscopic database,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 130, 4–50 (2013).
[Crossref]

Cohen, E. A.

L. S. Rothman, I. E. Gordon, Y. Babikov, A. Barbe, D. Chris Benner, P. F. Bernath, M. Birk, L. Bizzocchi, V. Boudon, L. R. Brown, A. Campargue, K. Chance, E. A. Cohen, L. H. Coudert, V. M. Devi, B. J. Drouin, A. Fayt, J.-M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, J. J. Harrison, J.-M. Hartmann, C. Hill, J. T. Hodges, D. Jacquemart, A. Jolly, J. Lamouroux, R. J. Le Roy, G. Li, D. A. Long, O. M. Lyulin, C. J. Mackie, S. T. Massie, S. Mikhailenko, H. S. P. Müller, O. V. Naumenko, A. V. Nikitin, J. Orphal, V. Perevalov, A. Perrin, E. R. Polovtseva, C. Richard, M. A. H. Smith, E. Starikova, K. Sung, S. Tashkun, J. Tennyson, G. C. Toon, V. G. Tyuterev, and G. Wagner, “The HITRAN2012 molecular spectroscopic database,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 130, 4–50 (2013).
[Crossref]

Coudert, L. H.

L. S. Rothman, I. E. Gordon, Y. Babikov, A. Barbe, D. Chris Benner, P. F. Bernath, M. Birk, L. Bizzocchi, V. Boudon, L. R. Brown, A. Campargue, K. Chance, E. A. Cohen, L. H. Coudert, V. M. Devi, B. J. Drouin, A. Fayt, J.-M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, J. J. Harrison, J.-M. Hartmann, C. Hill, J. T. Hodges, D. Jacquemart, A. Jolly, J. Lamouroux, R. J. Le Roy, G. Li, D. A. Long, O. M. Lyulin, C. J. Mackie, S. T. Massie, S. Mikhailenko, H. S. P. Müller, O. V. Naumenko, A. V. Nikitin, J. Orphal, V. Perevalov, A. Perrin, E. R. Polovtseva, C. Richard, M. A. H. Smith, E. Starikova, K. Sung, S. Tashkun, J. Tennyson, G. C. Toon, V. G. Tyuterev, and G. Wagner, “The HITRAN2012 molecular spectroscopic database,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 130, 4–50 (2013).
[Crossref]

Csaszar, A. G.

J. Tennyson, P. F. Bernath, A. Campargue, A. G. Csaszar, L. Daumont, R. R. Gamache, J. T. Hodges, D. Lisak, O. V. Naumenko, L. S. Rothman, H. Tran, N. F. Zobov, J. Buldyreva, C. D. Boone, M. D. De Vizia, L. Gianfrani, J.-M. Hartmann, R. McPheat, J. Murray, N. H. Ngo, O. L. Polyansky, and D. Weidmann, “Recommended isolated-line profile for representing high-resolution spectroscopic transitions (IUPAC Technical Report),” Pure Appl. Chem. 86, 1931–1943 (2014).

Daumont, L.

J. Tennyson, P. F. Bernath, A. Campargue, A. G. Csaszar, L. Daumont, R. R. Gamache, J. T. Hodges, D. Lisak, O. V. Naumenko, L. S. Rothman, H. Tran, N. F. Zobov, J. Buldyreva, C. D. Boone, M. D. De Vizia, L. Gianfrani, J.-M. Hartmann, R. McPheat, J. Murray, N. H. Ngo, O. L. Polyansky, and D. Weidmann, “Recommended isolated-line profile for representing high-resolution spectroscopic transitions (IUPAC Technical Report),” Pure Appl. Chem. 86, 1931–1943 (2014).

De Vizia, M. D.

J. Tennyson, P. F. Bernath, A. Campargue, A. G. Csaszar, L. Daumont, R. R. Gamache, J. T. Hodges, D. Lisak, O. V. Naumenko, L. S. Rothman, H. Tran, N. F. Zobov, J. Buldyreva, C. D. Boone, M. D. De Vizia, L. Gianfrani, J.-M. Hartmann, R. McPheat, J. Murray, N. H. Ngo, O. L. Polyansky, and D. Weidmann, “Recommended isolated-line profile for representing high-resolution spectroscopic transitions (IUPAC Technical Report),” Pure Appl. Chem. 86, 1931–1943 (2014).

Devi, V. M.

L. S. Rothman, I. E. Gordon, Y. Babikov, A. Barbe, D. Chris Benner, P. F. Bernath, M. Birk, L. Bizzocchi, V. Boudon, L. R. Brown, A. Campargue, K. Chance, E. A. Cohen, L. H. Coudert, V. M. Devi, B. J. Drouin, A. Fayt, J.-M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, J. J. Harrison, J.-M. Hartmann, C. Hill, J. T. Hodges, D. Jacquemart, A. Jolly, J. Lamouroux, R. J. Le Roy, G. Li, D. A. Long, O. M. Lyulin, C. J. Mackie, S. T. Massie, S. Mikhailenko, H. S. P. Müller, O. V. Naumenko, A. V. Nikitin, J. Orphal, V. Perevalov, A. Perrin, E. R. Polovtseva, C. Richard, M. A. H. Smith, E. Starikova, K. Sung, S. Tashkun, J. Tennyson, G. C. Toon, V. G. Tyuterev, and G. Wagner, “The HITRAN2012 molecular spectroscopic database,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 130, 4–50 (2013).
[Crossref]

Dong, L.

C. Li, C. Zheng, L. Dong, W. Ye, F. K. Tittel, and Y. Wang, “Ppb-level mid-infrared ethane detection based on three measurement schemes using a 3.34-μm continuous-wave interband cascade laser,” Appl. Phys. B 122, 185 (2016).
[Crossref]

L. Dong, F. K. Tittel, C. Li, N. P. Sanchez, H. Wu, C. Zheng, Y. Yu, A. Sampaolo, and R. J. Griffin, “Compact TDLAS based sensor design using interband cascade lasers for mid-IR trace gas sensing,” Opt. Express 24, A528–A535 (2016).
[Crossref]

Dreizler, A.

S. Wagner, M. Klein, T. Kathrotia, U. Riedel, T. Kissel, A. Dreizler, and V. Ebert, “Absolute, spatially resolved, in situ CO profiles in atmospheric laminar counter-flow diffusion flames using 2.3  μm TDLAS,” Appl. Phys. B 109, 533–540 (2012).
[Crossref]

Drouin, B. J.

L. S. Rothman, I. E. Gordon, Y. Babikov, A. Barbe, D. Chris Benner, P. F. Bernath, M. Birk, L. Bizzocchi, V. Boudon, L. R. Brown, A. Campargue, K. Chance, E. A. Cohen, L. H. Coudert, V. M. Devi, B. J. Drouin, A. Fayt, J.-M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, J. J. Harrison, J.-M. Hartmann, C. Hill, J. T. Hodges, D. Jacquemart, A. Jolly, J. Lamouroux, R. J. Le Roy, G. Li, D. A. Long, O. M. Lyulin, C. J. Mackie, S. T. Massie, S. Mikhailenko, H. S. P. Müller, O. V. Naumenko, A. V. Nikitin, J. Orphal, V. Perevalov, A. Perrin, E. R. Polovtseva, C. Richard, M. A. H. Smith, E. Starikova, K. Sung, S. Tashkun, J. Tennyson, G. C. Toon, V. G. Tyuterev, and G. Wagner, “The HITRAN2012 molecular spectroscopic database,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 130, 4–50 (2013).
[Crossref]

Du, Z.

Z. Du, W. Zhen, Z. Zhang, J. Li, and N. Gao, “Detection of methyl mercaptan with a 3393-nm distributed feedback interband cascade laser,” Appl. Phys. B 122, 100 (2016).
[Crossref]

Ebert, V.

A. Pogany, S. Wagner, O. Werhahn, and V. Ebert, “Development and metrological characterization of a tunable diode laser absorption spectroscopy (TDLAS) spectrometer for simultaneous absolute measurement of carbon dioxide and water vapor,” Appl. Spectrosc. 69, 257–268 (2015).
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J. A. Nwaboh, O. Witzel, A. Pogány, O. Werhahn, and V. Ebert, “Optical path length calibration: a standard approach for use in absorption cell-based IR-spectrometric gas analysis,” Int. J. Spectrosc. 2014, 132607 (2014)..
[Crossref]

J. A. Nwaboh, O. Werhahn, and V. Ebert, “Line strength and collisional broadening coefficients of H2O at 2.7  μm for natural gas quality assurance applications,” Mol. Phys. 112, 2451–2461 (2014).
[Crossref]

B. Buchholz, N. Böse, and V. Ebert, “Absolute validation of a diode laser hygrometer via intercomparison with the German national primary water vapor standard,” Appl. Phys. B 116, 883–899 (2014).
[Crossref]

J. A. Nwaboh, O. Werhahn, P. Ortwein, D. Schiel, and V. Ebert, “Laser-spectrometric gas analysis: CO2–TDLAS at 2 μm,” Meas. Sci. Technol. 24, 015202 (2013).
[Crossref]

A. Pogany, O. Ott, O. Werhahn, and V. Ebert, “Towards traceability in CO2 line strength measurements by TDLAS at 2.7  μm,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 130, 147–157 (2013).
[Crossref]

S. Wagner, M. Klein, T. Kathrotia, U. Riedel, T. Kissel, A. Dreizler, and V. Ebert, “Absolute, spatially resolved, in situ CO profiles in atmospheric laminar counter-flow diffusion flames using 2.3  μm TDLAS,” Appl. Phys. B 109, 533–540 (2012).
[Crossref]

V. Ebert, H. Teichert, C. Giesemann, H. Saathoff, and U. Schurath, “Fasergekoppeltes in-situ-laserspektrometer für den selektiven nachweis von wasserdampfspuren bis in den ppb-bereich (Fibre-coupled in-situ laser absorption spectrometer for the selective detection of water vapour traces down to the ppb-level),” Tm-Tech. Messen Plattform Für Methoden Syst. Anwendungen Messtech. 72, 23–30 (2005).

J. A. Nwaboh, S. Pratzler, O. Werhahn, and V. Ebert, “Tunable diode laser absorption spectroscopy sensor for calibration free humidity measurements in pure methane and low CO2 natural gas,” Appl. Spectrosc., published online (2016), doi: 10.1177/0003702816658672..
[Crossref]

B. Buchholz and V. Ebert, “18 month long, metrological validation of SEALDH-II–an airborne and calibration-free dTDLAS reference hygrometer,” Atmos. Meas. Tech. (2017, to be submitted).

J. A. Nwaboh, Z. Qu, O. Werhan, and V. Ebert, “ICL-based CO dTDLAS sensor for atmospheric application,” in Imaging Applied Optics (2016), paper LM3G.4.

Fayt, A.

L. S. Rothman, I. E. Gordon, Y. Babikov, A. Barbe, D. Chris Benner, P. F. Bernath, M. Birk, L. Bizzocchi, V. Boudon, L. R. Brown, A. Campargue, K. Chance, E. A. Cohen, L. H. Coudert, V. M. Devi, B. J. Drouin, A. Fayt, J.-M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, J. J. Harrison, J.-M. Hartmann, C. Hill, J. T. Hodges, D. Jacquemart, A. Jolly, J. Lamouroux, R. J. Le Roy, G. Li, D. A. Long, O. M. Lyulin, C. J. Mackie, S. T. Massie, S. Mikhailenko, H. S. P. Müller, O. V. Naumenko, A. V. Nikitin, J. Orphal, V. Perevalov, A. Perrin, E. R. Polovtseva, C. Richard, M. A. H. Smith, E. Starikova, K. Sung, S. Tashkun, J. Tennyson, G. C. Toon, V. G. Tyuterev, and G. Wagner, “The HITRAN2012 molecular spectroscopic database,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 130, 4–50 (2013).
[Crossref]

Fischer, M.

Flannery, B. P.

W. H. Press, S. A. Teukolsky, W. T. Vetterling, and B. P. Flannery, Numerical Recipes in C, 2nd ed. (Cambridge University, 1992).

Flaud, J.-M.

L. S. Rothman, I. E. Gordon, Y. Babikov, A. Barbe, D. Chris Benner, P. F. Bernath, M. Birk, L. Bizzocchi, V. Boudon, L. R. Brown, A. Campargue, K. Chance, E. A. Cohen, L. H. Coudert, V. M. Devi, B. J. Drouin, A. Fayt, J.-M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, J. J. Harrison, J.-M. Hartmann, C. Hill, J. T. Hodges, D. Jacquemart, A. Jolly, J. Lamouroux, R. J. Le Roy, G. Li, D. A. Long, O. M. Lyulin, C. J. Mackie, S. T. Massie, S. Mikhailenko, H. S. P. Müller, O. V. Naumenko, A. V. Nikitin, J. Orphal, V. Perevalov, A. Perrin, E. R. Polovtseva, C. Richard, M. A. H. Smith, E. Starikova, K. Sung, S. Tashkun, J. Tennyson, G. C. Toon, V. G. Tyuterev, and G. Wagner, “The HITRAN2012 molecular spectroscopic database,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 130, 4–50 (2013).
[Crossref]

Fraser, M. P.

Gamache, R. R.

J. Tennyson, P. F. Bernath, A. Campargue, A. G. Csaszar, L. Daumont, R. R. Gamache, J. T. Hodges, D. Lisak, O. V. Naumenko, L. S. Rothman, H. Tran, N. F. Zobov, J. Buldyreva, C. D. Boone, M. D. De Vizia, L. Gianfrani, J.-M. Hartmann, R. McPheat, J. Murray, N. H. Ngo, O. L. Polyansky, and D. Weidmann, “Recommended isolated-line profile for representing high-resolution spectroscopic transitions (IUPAC Technical Report),” Pure Appl. Chem. 86, 1931–1943 (2014).

L. S. Rothman, I. E. Gordon, Y. Babikov, A. Barbe, D. Chris Benner, P. F. Bernath, M. Birk, L. Bizzocchi, V. Boudon, L. R. Brown, A. Campargue, K. Chance, E. A. Cohen, L. H. Coudert, V. M. Devi, B. J. Drouin, A. Fayt, J.-M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, J. J. Harrison, J.-M. Hartmann, C. Hill, J. T. Hodges, D. Jacquemart, A. Jolly, J. Lamouroux, R. J. Le Roy, G. Li, D. A. Long, O. M. Lyulin, C. J. Mackie, S. T. Massie, S. Mikhailenko, H. S. P. Müller, O. V. Naumenko, A. V. Nikitin, J. Orphal, V. Perevalov, A. Perrin, E. R. Polovtseva, C. Richard, M. A. H. Smith, E. Starikova, K. Sung, S. Tashkun, J. Tennyson, G. C. Toon, V. G. Tyuterev, and G. Wagner, “The HITRAN2012 molecular spectroscopic database,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 130, 4–50 (2013).
[Crossref]

Gao, N.

Z. Du, W. Zhen, Z. Zhang, J. Li, and N. Gao, “Detection of methyl mercaptan with a 3393-nm distributed feedback interband cascade laser,” Appl. Phys. B 122, 100 (2016).
[Crossref]

Gianfrani, L.

J. Tennyson, P. F. Bernath, A. Campargue, A. G. Csaszar, L. Daumont, R. R. Gamache, J. T. Hodges, D. Lisak, O. V. Naumenko, L. S. Rothman, H. Tran, N. F. Zobov, J. Buldyreva, C. D. Boone, M. D. De Vizia, L. Gianfrani, J.-M. Hartmann, R. McPheat, J. Murray, N. H. Ngo, O. L. Polyansky, and D. Weidmann, “Recommended isolated-line profile for representing high-resolution spectroscopic transitions (IUPAC Technical Report),” Pure Appl. Chem. 86, 1931–1943 (2014).

Giesemann, C.

V. Ebert, H. Teichert, C. Giesemann, H. Saathoff, and U. Schurath, “Fasergekoppeltes in-situ-laserspektrometer für den selektiven nachweis von wasserdampfspuren bis in den ppb-bereich (Fibre-coupled in-situ laser absorption spectrometer for the selective detection of water vapour traces down to the ppb-level),” Tm-Tech. Messen Plattform Für Methoden Syst. Anwendungen Messtech. 72, 23–30 (2005).

Gordon, I. E.

L. S. Rothman, I. E. Gordon, Y. Babikov, A. Barbe, D. Chris Benner, P. F. Bernath, M. Birk, L. Bizzocchi, V. Boudon, L. R. Brown, A. Campargue, K. Chance, E. A. Cohen, L. H. Coudert, V. M. Devi, B. J. Drouin, A. Fayt, J.-M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, J. J. Harrison, J.-M. Hartmann, C. Hill, J. T. Hodges, D. Jacquemart, A. Jolly, J. Lamouroux, R. J. Le Roy, G. Li, D. A. Long, O. M. Lyulin, C. J. Mackie, S. T. Massie, S. Mikhailenko, H. S. P. Müller, O. V. Naumenko, A. V. Nikitin, J. Orphal, V. Perevalov, A. Perrin, E. R. Polovtseva, C. Richard, M. A. H. Smith, E. Starikova, K. Sung, S. Tashkun, J. Tennyson, G. C. Toon, V. G. Tyuterev, and G. Wagner, “The HITRAN2012 molecular spectroscopic database,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 130, 4–50 (2013).
[Crossref]

Griffin, R. J.

Harrison, J. J.

L. S. Rothman, I. E. Gordon, Y. Babikov, A. Barbe, D. Chris Benner, P. F. Bernath, M. Birk, L. Bizzocchi, V. Boudon, L. R. Brown, A. Campargue, K. Chance, E. A. Cohen, L. H. Coudert, V. M. Devi, B. J. Drouin, A. Fayt, J.-M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, J. J. Harrison, J.-M. Hartmann, C. Hill, J. T. Hodges, D. Jacquemart, A. Jolly, J. Lamouroux, R. J. Le Roy, G. Li, D. A. Long, O. M. Lyulin, C. J. Mackie, S. T. Massie, S. Mikhailenko, H. S. P. Müller, O. V. Naumenko, A. V. Nikitin, J. Orphal, V. Perevalov, A. Perrin, E. R. Polovtseva, C. Richard, M. A. H. Smith, E. Starikova, K. Sung, S. Tashkun, J. Tennyson, G. C. Toon, V. G. Tyuterev, and G. Wagner, “The HITRAN2012 molecular spectroscopic database,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 130, 4–50 (2013).
[Crossref]

Hartmann, J.-M.

N. H. Ngo, D. Lisak, H. Tran, and J.-M. Hartmann, ““Erratum to “An isolated line-shape model to go beyond the Voigt profile in spectroscopic databases and radiative transfer codes” [J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer. 129: 89–100 (2013)],” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 134, 105 (2014).
[Crossref]

J. Tennyson, P. F. Bernath, A. Campargue, A. G. Csaszar, L. Daumont, R. R. Gamache, J. T. Hodges, D. Lisak, O. V. Naumenko, L. S. Rothman, H. Tran, N. F. Zobov, J. Buldyreva, C. D. Boone, M. D. De Vizia, L. Gianfrani, J.-M. Hartmann, R. McPheat, J. Murray, N. H. Ngo, O. L. Polyansky, and D. Weidmann, “Recommended isolated-line profile for representing high-resolution spectroscopic transitions (IUPAC Technical Report),” Pure Appl. Chem. 86, 1931–1943 (2014).

N. H. Ngo, D. Lisak, H. Tran, and J.-M. Hartmann, “An isolated line-shape model to go beyond the Voigt profile in spectroscopic databases and radiative transfer codes,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 129, 89–100 (2013).
[Crossref]

L. S. Rothman, I. E. Gordon, Y. Babikov, A. Barbe, D. Chris Benner, P. F. Bernath, M. Birk, L. Bizzocchi, V. Boudon, L. R. Brown, A. Campargue, K. Chance, E. A. Cohen, L. H. Coudert, V. M. Devi, B. J. Drouin, A. Fayt, J.-M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, J. J. Harrison, J.-M. Hartmann, C. Hill, J. T. Hodges, D. Jacquemart, A. Jolly, J. Lamouroux, R. J. Le Roy, G. Li, D. A. Long, O. M. Lyulin, C. J. Mackie, S. T. Massie, S. Mikhailenko, H. S. P. Müller, O. V. Naumenko, A. V. Nikitin, J. Orphal, V. Perevalov, A. Perrin, E. R. Polovtseva, C. Richard, M. A. H. Smith, E. Starikova, K. Sung, S. Tashkun, J. Tennyson, G. C. Toon, V. G. Tyuterev, and G. Wagner, “The HITRAN2012 molecular spectroscopic database,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 130, 4–50 (2013).
[Crossref]

Hill, C.

L. S. Rothman, I. E. Gordon, Y. Babikov, A. Barbe, D. Chris Benner, P. F. Bernath, M. Birk, L. Bizzocchi, V. Boudon, L. R. Brown, A. Campargue, K. Chance, E. A. Cohen, L. H. Coudert, V. M. Devi, B. J. Drouin, A. Fayt, J.-M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, J. J. Harrison, J.-M. Hartmann, C. Hill, J. T. Hodges, D. Jacquemart, A. Jolly, J. Lamouroux, R. J. Le Roy, G. Li, D. A. Long, O. M. Lyulin, C. J. Mackie, S. T. Massie, S. Mikhailenko, H. S. P. Müller, O. V. Naumenko, A. V. Nikitin, J. Orphal, V. Perevalov, A. Perrin, E. R. Polovtseva, C. Richard, M. A. H. Smith, E. Starikova, K. Sung, S. Tashkun, J. Tennyson, G. C. Toon, V. G. Tyuterev, and G. Wagner, “The HITRAN2012 molecular spectroscopic database,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 130, 4–50 (2013).
[Crossref]

Hill, C. J.

Hodges, J. T.

J. Tennyson, P. F. Bernath, A. Campargue, A. G. Csaszar, L. Daumont, R. R. Gamache, J. T. Hodges, D. Lisak, O. V. Naumenko, L. S. Rothman, H. Tran, N. F. Zobov, J. Buldyreva, C. D. Boone, M. D. De Vizia, L. Gianfrani, J.-M. Hartmann, R. McPheat, J. Murray, N. H. Ngo, O. L. Polyansky, and D. Weidmann, “Recommended isolated-line profile for representing high-resolution spectroscopic transitions (IUPAC Technical Report),” Pure Appl. Chem. 86, 1931–1943 (2014).

L. S. Rothman, I. E. Gordon, Y. Babikov, A. Barbe, D. Chris Benner, P. F. Bernath, M. Birk, L. Bizzocchi, V. Boudon, L. R. Brown, A. Campargue, K. Chance, E. A. Cohen, L. H. Coudert, V. M. Devi, B. J. Drouin, A. Fayt, J.-M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, J. J. Harrison, J.-M. Hartmann, C. Hill, J. T. Hodges, D. Jacquemart, A. Jolly, J. Lamouroux, R. J. Le Roy, G. Li, D. A. Long, O. M. Lyulin, C. J. Mackie, S. T. Massie, S. Mikhailenko, H. S. P. Müller, O. V. Naumenko, A. V. Nikitin, J. Orphal, V. Perevalov, A. Perrin, E. R. Polovtseva, C. Richard, M. A. H. Smith, E. Starikova, K. Sung, S. Tashkun, J. Tennyson, G. C. Toon, V. G. Tyuterev, and G. Wagner, “The HITRAN2012 molecular spectroscopic database,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 130, 4–50 (2013).
[Crossref]

Höfling, S.

I. Vurgaftman, R. Weih, M. Kamp, J. R. Meyer, C. L. Canedy, C. S. Kim, M. Kim, W. W. Bewley, C. D. Merritt, J. Abell, and S. Höfling, “Interband cascade lasers,” J. Phys. D 48, 123001 (2015).
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S. Lundqvist, P. Kluczynski, R. Weih, M. l. von Edlinger, L. Nähle, M. Fischer, A. Bauer, S. Höfling, and J. Koeth, “Sensing of formaldehyde using a distributed feedback interband cascade laser emitting around 3493  nm,” Appl. Opt. 51, 6009–6013 (2012).
[Crossref]

Jacquemart, D.

L. S. Rothman, I. E. Gordon, Y. Babikov, A. Barbe, D. Chris Benner, P. F. Bernath, M. Birk, L. Bizzocchi, V. Boudon, L. R. Brown, A. Campargue, K. Chance, E. A. Cohen, L. H. Coudert, V. M. Devi, B. J. Drouin, A. Fayt, J.-M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, J. J. Harrison, J.-M. Hartmann, C. Hill, J. T. Hodges, D. Jacquemart, A. Jolly, J. Lamouroux, R. J. Le Roy, G. Li, D. A. Long, O. M. Lyulin, C. J. Mackie, S. T. Massie, S. Mikhailenko, H. S. P. Müller, O. V. Naumenko, A. V. Nikitin, J. Orphal, V. Perevalov, A. Perrin, E. R. Polovtseva, C. Richard, M. A. H. Smith, E. Starikova, K. Sung, S. Tashkun, J. Tennyson, G. C. Toon, V. G. Tyuterev, and G. Wagner, “The HITRAN2012 molecular spectroscopic database,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 130, 4–50 (2013).
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Jaulin, K.

L. Richard, I. Ventrillard, G. Chau, K. Jaulin, E. Kerstel, and D. Romanini, “Optical-feedback cavity-enhanced absorption spectroscopy with an interband cascade laser: application to SO2 trace analysis,” Appl. Phys. B 122, 247 (2016).
[Crossref]

Jolly, A.

L. S. Rothman, I. E. Gordon, Y. Babikov, A. Barbe, D. Chris Benner, P. F. Bernath, M. Birk, L. Bizzocchi, V. Boudon, L. R. Brown, A. Campargue, K. Chance, E. A. Cohen, L. H. Coudert, V. M. Devi, B. J. Drouin, A. Fayt, J.-M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, J. J. Harrison, J.-M. Hartmann, C. Hill, J. T. Hodges, D. Jacquemart, A. Jolly, J. Lamouroux, R. J. Le Roy, G. Li, D. A. Long, O. M. Lyulin, C. J. Mackie, S. T. Massie, S. Mikhailenko, H. S. P. Müller, O. V. Naumenko, A. V. Nikitin, J. Orphal, V. Perevalov, A. Perrin, E. R. Polovtseva, C. Richard, M. A. H. Smith, E. Starikova, K. Sung, S. Tashkun, J. Tennyson, G. C. Toon, V. G. Tyuterev, and G. Wagner, “The HITRAN2012 molecular spectroscopic database,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 130, 4–50 (2013).
[Crossref]

Kamp, M.

I. Vurgaftman, R. Weih, M. Kamp, J. R. Meyer, C. L. Canedy, C. S. Kim, M. Kim, W. W. Bewley, C. D. Merritt, J. Abell, and S. Höfling, “Interband cascade lasers,” J. Phys. D 48, 123001 (2015).
[Crossref]

Kathrotia, T.

S. Wagner, M. Klein, T. Kathrotia, U. Riedel, T. Kissel, A. Dreizler, and V. Ebert, “Absolute, spatially resolved, in situ CO profiles in atmospheric laminar counter-flow diffusion flames using 2.3  μm TDLAS,” Appl. Phys. B 109, 533–540 (2012).
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Kerstel, E.

L. Richard, I. Ventrillard, G. Chau, K. Jaulin, E. Kerstel, and D. Romanini, “Optical-feedback cavity-enhanced absorption spectroscopy with an interband cascade laser: application to SO2 trace analysis,” Appl. Phys. B 122, 247 (2016).
[Crossref]

Kim, C. S.

I. Vurgaftman, R. Weih, M. Kamp, J. R. Meyer, C. L. Canedy, C. S. Kim, M. Kim, W. W. Bewley, C. D. Merritt, J. Abell, and S. Höfling, “Interband cascade lasers,” J. Phys. D 48, 123001 (2015).
[Crossref]

Kim, M.

I. Vurgaftman, R. Weih, M. Kamp, J. R. Meyer, C. L. Canedy, C. S. Kim, M. Kim, W. W. Bewley, C. D. Merritt, J. Abell, and S. Höfling, “Interband cascade lasers,” J. Phys. D 48, 123001 (2015).
[Crossref]

Kissel, T.

S. Wagner, M. Klein, T. Kathrotia, U. Riedel, T. Kissel, A. Dreizler, and V. Ebert, “Absolute, spatially resolved, in situ CO profiles in atmospheric laminar counter-flow diffusion flames using 2.3  μm TDLAS,” Appl. Phys. B 109, 533–540 (2012).
[Crossref]

Klein, M.

S. Wagner, M. Klein, T. Kathrotia, U. Riedel, T. Kissel, A. Dreizler, and V. Ebert, “Absolute, spatially resolved, in situ CO profiles in atmospheric laminar counter-flow diffusion flames using 2.3  μm TDLAS,” Appl. Phys. B 109, 533–540 (2012).
[Crossref]

Kluczynski, P.

Koeth, J.

Lamouroux, J.

L. S. Rothman, I. E. Gordon, Y. Babikov, A. Barbe, D. Chris Benner, P. F. Bernath, M. Birk, L. Bizzocchi, V. Boudon, L. R. Brown, A. Campargue, K. Chance, E. A. Cohen, L. H. Coudert, V. M. Devi, B. J. Drouin, A. Fayt, J.-M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, J. J. Harrison, J.-M. Hartmann, C. Hill, J. T. Hodges, D. Jacquemart, A. Jolly, J. Lamouroux, R. J. Le Roy, G. Li, D. A. Long, O. M. Lyulin, C. J. Mackie, S. T. Massie, S. Mikhailenko, H. S. P. Müller, O. V. Naumenko, A. V. Nikitin, J. Orphal, V. Perevalov, A. Perrin, E. R. Polovtseva, C. Richard, M. A. H. Smith, E. Starikova, K. Sung, S. Tashkun, J. Tennyson, G. C. Toon, V. G. Tyuterev, and G. Wagner, “The HITRAN2012 molecular spectroscopic database,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 130, 4–50 (2013).
[Crossref]

Lang, N.

K. M. Manfred, G. A. D. Ritchie, N. Lang, J. Röpcke, and J. H. van Helden, “Optical feedback cavity-enhanced absorption spectroscopy with a 3.24  lm interband cascade laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 106, 221106 (2015).
[Crossref]

Le Roy, R. J.

L. S. Rothman, I. E. Gordon, Y. Babikov, A. Barbe, D. Chris Benner, P. F. Bernath, M. Birk, L. Bizzocchi, V. Boudon, L. R. Brown, A. Campargue, K. Chance, E. A. Cohen, L. H. Coudert, V. M. Devi, B. J. Drouin, A. Fayt, J.-M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, J. J. Harrison, J.-M. Hartmann, C. Hill, J. T. Hodges, D. Jacquemart, A. Jolly, J. Lamouroux, R. J. Le Roy, G. Li, D. A. Long, O. M. Lyulin, C. J. Mackie, S. T. Massie, S. Mikhailenko, H. S. P. Müller, O. V. Naumenko, A. V. Nikitin, J. Orphal, V. Perevalov, A. Perrin, E. R. Polovtseva, C. Richard, M. A. H. Smith, E. Starikova, K. Sung, S. Tashkun, J. Tennyson, G. C. Toon, V. G. Tyuterev, and G. Wagner, “The HITRAN2012 molecular spectroscopic database,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 130, 4–50 (2013).
[Crossref]

Li, C.

C. Li, C. Zheng, L. Dong, W. Ye, F. K. Tittel, and Y. Wang, “Ppb-level mid-infrared ethane detection based on three measurement schemes using a 3.34-μm continuous-wave interband cascade laser,” Appl. Phys. B 122, 185 (2016).
[Crossref]

L. Dong, F. K. Tittel, C. Li, N. P. Sanchez, H. Wu, C. Zheng, Y. Yu, A. Sampaolo, and R. J. Griffin, “Compact TDLAS based sensor design using interband cascade lasers for mid-IR trace gas sensing,” Opt. Express 24, A528–A535 (2016).
[Crossref]

Li, G.

L. S. Rothman, I. E. Gordon, Y. Babikov, A. Barbe, D. Chris Benner, P. F. Bernath, M. Birk, L. Bizzocchi, V. Boudon, L. R. Brown, A. Campargue, K. Chance, E. A. Cohen, L. H. Coudert, V. M. Devi, B. J. Drouin, A. Fayt, J.-M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, J. J. Harrison, J.-M. Hartmann, C. Hill, J. T. Hodges, D. Jacquemart, A. Jolly, J. Lamouroux, R. J. Le Roy, G. Li, D. A. Long, O. M. Lyulin, C. J. Mackie, S. T. Massie, S. Mikhailenko, H. S. P. Müller, O. V. Naumenko, A. V. Nikitin, J. Orphal, V. Perevalov, A. Perrin, E. R. Polovtseva, C. Richard, M. A. H. Smith, E. Starikova, K. Sung, S. Tashkun, J. Tennyson, G. C. Toon, V. G. Tyuterev, and G. Wagner, “The HITRAN2012 molecular spectroscopic database,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 130, 4–50 (2013).
[Crossref]

Li, J.

Z. Du, W. Zhen, Z. Zhang, J. Li, and N. Gao, “Detection of methyl mercaptan with a 3393-nm distributed feedback interband cascade laser,” Appl. Phys. B 122, 100 (2016).
[Crossref]

Lisak, D.

J. Tennyson, P. F. Bernath, A. Campargue, A. G. Csaszar, L. Daumont, R. R. Gamache, J. T. Hodges, D. Lisak, O. V. Naumenko, L. S. Rothman, H. Tran, N. F. Zobov, J. Buldyreva, C. D. Boone, M. D. De Vizia, L. Gianfrani, J.-M. Hartmann, R. McPheat, J. Murray, N. H. Ngo, O. L. Polyansky, and D. Weidmann, “Recommended isolated-line profile for representing high-resolution spectroscopic transitions (IUPAC Technical Report),” Pure Appl. Chem. 86, 1931–1943 (2014).

N. H. Ngo, D. Lisak, H. Tran, and J.-M. Hartmann, ““Erratum to “An isolated line-shape model to go beyond the Voigt profile in spectroscopic databases and radiative transfer codes” [J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer. 129: 89–100 (2013)],” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 134, 105 (2014).
[Crossref]

N. H. Ngo, D. Lisak, H. Tran, and J.-M. Hartmann, “An isolated line-shape model to go beyond the Voigt profile in spectroscopic databases and radiative transfer codes,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 129, 89–100 (2013).
[Crossref]

Long, D. A.

L. S. Rothman, I. E. Gordon, Y. Babikov, A. Barbe, D. Chris Benner, P. F. Bernath, M. Birk, L. Bizzocchi, V. Boudon, L. R. Brown, A. Campargue, K. Chance, E. A. Cohen, L. H. Coudert, V. M. Devi, B. J. Drouin, A. Fayt, J.-M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, J. J. Harrison, J.-M. Hartmann, C. Hill, J. T. Hodges, D. Jacquemart, A. Jolly, J. Lamouroux, R. J. Le Roy, G. Li, D. A. Long, O. M. Lyulin, C. J. Mackie, S. T. Massie, S. Mikhailenko, H. S. P. Müller, O. V. Naumenko, A. V. Nikitin, J. Orphal, V. Perevalov, A. Perrin, E. R. Polovtseva, C. Richard, M. A. H. Smith, E. Starikova, K. Sung, S. Tashkun, J. Tennyson, G. C. Toon, V. G. Tyuterev, and G. Wagner, “The HITRAN2012 molecular spectroscopic database,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 130, 4–50 (2013).
[Crossref]

Lundqvist, S.

Lyulin, O. M.

L. S. Rothman, I. E. Gordon, Y. Babikov, A. Barbe, D. Chris Benner, P. F. Bernath, M. Birk, L. Bizzocchi, V. Boudon, L. R. Brown, A. Campargue, K. Chance, E. A. Cohen, L. H. Coudert, V. M. Devi, B. J. Drouin, A. Fayt, J.-M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, J. J. Harrison, J.-M. Hartmann, C. Hill, J. T. Hodges, D. Jacquemart, A. Jolly, J. Lamouroux, R. J. Le Roy, G. Li, D. A. Long, O. M. Lyulin, C. J. Mackie, S. T. Massie, S. Mikhailenko, H. S. P. Müller, O. V. Naumenko, A. V. Nikitin, J. Orphal, V. Perevalov, A. Perrin, E. R. Polovtseva, C. Richard, M. A. H. Smith, E. Starikova, K. Sung, S. Tashkun, J. Tennyson, G. C. Toon, V. G. Tyuterev, and G. Wagner, “The HITRAN2012 molecular spectroscopic database,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 130, 4–50 (2013).
[Crossref]

Mackie, C. J.

L. S. Rothman, I. E. Gordon, Y. Babikov, A. Barbe, D. Chris Benner, P. F. Bernath, M. Birk, L. Bizzocchi, V. Boudon, L. R. Brown, A. Campargue, K. Chance, E. A. Cohen, L. H. Coudert, V. M. Devi, B. J. Drouin, A. Fayt, J.-M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, J. J. Harrison, J.-M. Hartmann, C. Hill, J. T. Hodges, D. Jacquemart, A. Jolly, J. Lamouroux, R. J. Le Roy, G. Li, D. A. Long, O. M. Lyulin, C. J. Mackie, S. T. Massie, S. Mikhailenko, H. S. P. Müller, O. V. Naumenko, A. V. Nikitin, J. Orphal, V. Perevalov, A. Perrin, E. R. Polovtseva, C. Richard, M. A. H. Smith, E. Starikova, K. Sung, S. Tashkun, J. Tennyson, G. C. Toon, V. G. Tyuterev, and G. Wagner, “The HITRAN2012 molecular spectroscopic database,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 130, 4–50 (2013).
[Crossref]

Manfred, K. M.

K. M. Manfred, G. A. D. Ritchie, N. Lang, J. Röpcke, and J. H. van Helden, “Optical feedback cavity-enhanced absorption spectroscopy with a 3.24  lm interband cascade laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 106, 221106 (2015).
[Crossref]

Massie, S. T.

L. S. Rothman, I. E. Gordon, Y. Babikov, A. Barbe, D. Chris Benner, P. F. Bernath, M. Birk, L. Bizzocchi, V. Boudon, L. R. Brown, A. Campargue, K. Chance, E. A. Cohen, L. H. Coudert, V. M. Devi, B. J. Drouin, A. Fayt, J.-M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, J. J. Harrison, J.-M. Hartmann, C. Hill, J. T. Hodges, D. Jacquemart, A. Jolly, J. Lamouroux, R. J. Le Roy, G. Li, D. A. Long, O. M. Lyulin, C. J. Mackie, S. T. Massie, S. Mikhailenko, H. S. P. Müller, O. V. Naumenko, A. V. Nikitin, J. Orphal, V. Perevalov, A. Perrin, E. R. Polovtseva, C. Richard, M. A. H. Smith, E. Starikova, K. Sung, S. Tashkun, J. Tennyson, G. C. Toon, V. G. Tyuterev, and G. Wagner, “The HITRAN2012 molecular spectroscopic database,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 130, 4–50 (2013).
[Crossref]

McPheat, R.

J. Tennyson, P. F. Bernath, A. Campargue, A. G. Csaszar, L. Daumont, R. R. Gamache, J. T. Hodges, D. Lisak, O. V. Naumenko, L. S. Rothman, H. Tran, N. F. Zobov, J. Buldyreva, C. D. Boone, M. D. De Vizia, L. Gianfrani, J.-M. Hartmann, R. McPheat, J. Murray, N. H. Ngo, O. L. Polyansky, and D. Weidmann, “Recommended isolated-line profile for representing high-resolution spectroscopic transitions (IUPAC Technical Report),” Pure Appl. Chem. 86, 1931–1943 (2014).

Merritt, C. D.

I. Vurgaftman, R. Weih, M. Kamp, J. R. Meyer, C. L. Canedy, C. S. Kim, M. Kim, W. W. Bewley, C. D. Merritt, J. Abell, and S. Höfling, “Interband cascade lasers,” J. Phys. D 48, 123001 (2015).
[Crossref]

Meyer, J. R.

I. Vurgaftman, R. Weih, M. Kamp, J. R. Meyer, C. L. Canedy, C. S. Kim, M. Kim, W. W. Bewley, C. D. Merritt, J. Abell, and S. Höfling, “Interband cascade lasers,” J. Phys. D 48, 123001 (2015).
[Crossref]

Mikhailenko, S.

L. S. Rothman, I. E. Gordon, Y. Babikov, A. Barbe, D. Chris Benner, P. F. Bernath, M. Birk, L. Bizzocchi, V. Boudon, L. R. Brown, A. Campargue, K. Chance, E. A. Cohen, L. H. Coudert, V. M. Devi, B. J. Drouin, A. Fayt, J.-M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, J. J. Harrison, J.-M. Hartmann, C. Hill, J. T. Hodges, D. Jacquemart, A. Jolly, J. Lamouroux, R. J. Le Roy, G. Li, D. A. Long, O. M. Lyulin, C. J. Mackie, S. T. Massie, S. Mikhailenko, H. S. P. Müller, O. V. Naumenko, A. V. Nikitin, J. Orphal, V. Perevalov, A. Perrin, E. R. Polovtseva, C. Richard, M. A. H. Smith, E. Starikova, K. Sung, S. Tashkun, J. Tennyson, G. C. Toon, V. G. Tyuterev, and G. Wagner, “The HITRAN2012 molecular spectroscopic database,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 130, 4–50 (2013).
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Mücke, R.

P. Werle, R. Mücke, and F. Slemr, “The limits of signal averaging in atmospheric trace-gas monitoring by tunable diode-laser absorption spectroscopy (TDLAS),” Appl. Phys. B 57, 131–139 (1993).
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Müller, H. S. P.

L. S. Rothman, I. E. Gordon, Y. Babikov, A. Barbe, D. Chris Benner, P. F. Bernath, M. Birk, L. Bizzocchi, V. Boudon, L. R. Brown, A. Campargue, K. Chance, E. A. Cohen, L. H. Coudert, V. M. Devi, B. J. Drouin, A. Fayt, J.-M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, J. J. Harrison, J.-M. Hartmann, C. Hill, J. T. Hodges, D. Jacquemart, A. Jolly, J. Lamouroux, R. J. Le Roy, G. Li, D. A. Long, O. M. Lyulin, C. J. Mackie, S. T. Massie, S. Mikhailenko, H. S. P. Müller, O. V. Naumenko, A. V. Nikitin, J. Orphal, V. Perevalov, A. Perrin, E. R. Polovtseva, C. Richard, M. A. H. Smith, E. Starikova, K. Sung, S. Tashkun, J. Tennyson, G. C. Toon, V. G. Tyuterev, and G. Wagner, “The HITRAN2012 molecular spectroscopic database,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 130, 4–50 (2013).
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Murray, J.

J. Tennyson, P. F. Bernath, A. Campargue, A. G. Csaszar, L. Daumont, R. R. Gamache, J. T. Hodges, D. Lisak, O. V. Naumenko, L. S. Rothman, H. Tran, N. F. Zobov, J. Buldyreva, C. D. Boone, M. D. De Vizia, L. Gianfrani, J.-M. Hartmann, R. McPheat, J. Murray, N. H. Ngo, O. L. Polyansky, and D. Weidmann, “Recommended isolated-line profile for representing high-resolution spectroscopic transitions (IUPAC Technical Report),” Pure Appl. Chem. 86, 1931–1943 (2014).

Nähle, L.

Naumenko, O. V.

J. Tennyson, P. F. Bernath, A. Campargue, A. G. Csaszar, L. Daumont, R. R. Gamache, J. T. Hodges, D. Lisak, O. V. Naumenko, L. S. Rothman, H. Tran, N. F. Zobov, J. Buldyreva, C. D. Boone, M. D. De Vizia, L. Gianfrani, J.-M. Hartmann, R. McPheat, J. Murray, N. H. Ngo, O. L. Polyansky, and D. Weidmann, “Recommended isolated-line profile for representing high-resolution spectroscopic transitions (IUPAC Technical Report),” Pure Appl. Chem. 86, 1931–1943 (2014).

L. S. Rothman, I. E. Gordon, Y. Babikov, A. Barbe, D. Chris Benner, P. F. Bernath, M. Birk, L. Bizzocchi, V. Boudon, L. R. Brown, A. Campargue, K. Chance, E. A. Cohen, L. H. Coudert, V. M. Devi, B. J. Drouin, A. Fayt, J.-M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, J. J. Harrison, J.-M. Hartmann, C. Hill, J. T. Hodges, D. Jacquemart, A. Jolly, J. Lamouroux, R. J. Le Roy, G. Li, D. A. Long, O. M. Lyulin, C. J. Mackie, S. T. Massie, S. Mikhailenko, H. S. P. Müller, O. V. Naumenko, A. V. Nikitin, J. Orphal, V. Perevalov, A. Perrin, E. R. Polovtseva, C. Richard, M. A. H. Smith, E. Starikova, K. Sung, S. Tashkun, J. Tennyson, G. C. Toon, V. G. Tyuterev, and G. Wagner, “The HITRAN2012 molecular spectroscopic database,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 130, 4–50 (2013).
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N. H. Ngo, D. Lisak, H. Tran, and J.-M. Hartmann, ““Erratum to “An isolated line-shape model to go beyond the Voigt profile in spectroscopic databases and radiative transfer codes” [J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer. 129: 89–100 (2013)],” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 134, 105 (2014).
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J. Tennyson, P. F. Bernath, A. Campargue, A. G. Csaszar, L. Daumont, R. R. Gamache, J. T. Hodges, D. Lisak, O. V. Naumenko, L. S. Rothman, H. Tran, N. F. Zobov, J. Buldyreva, C. D. Boone, M. D. De Vizia, L. Gianfrani, J.-M. Hartmann, R. McPheat, J. Murray, N. H. Ngo, O. L. Polyansky, and D. Weidmann, “Recommended isolated-line profile for representing high-resolution spectroscopic transitions (IUPAC Technical Report),” Pure Appl. Chem. 86, 1931–1943 (2014).

N. H. Ngo, D. Lisak, H. Tran, and J.-M. Hartmann, “An isolated line-shape model to go beyond the Voigt profile in spectroscopic databases and radiative transfer codes,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 129, 89–100 (2013).
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Nikitin, A. V.

L. S. Rothman, I. E. Gordon, Y. Babikov, A. Barbe, D. Chris Benner, P. F. Bernath, M. Birk, L. Bizzocchi, V. Boudon, L. R. Brown, A. Campargue, K. Chance, E. A. Cohen, L. H. Coudert, V. M. Devi, B. J. Drouin, A. Fayt, J.-M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, J. J. Harrison, J.-M. Hartmann, C. Hill, J. T. Hodges, D. Jacquemart, A. Jolly, J. Lamouroux, R. J. Le Roy, G. Li, D. A. Long, O. M. Lyulin, C. J. Mackie, S. T. Massie, S. Mikhailenko, H. S. P. Müller, O. V. Naumenko, A. V. Nikitin, J. Orphal, V. Perevalov, A. Perrin, E. R. Polovtseva, C. Richard, M. A. H. Smith, E. Starikova, K. Sung, S. Tashkun, J. Tennyson, G. C. Toon, V. G. Tyuterev, and G. Wagner, “The HITRAN2012 molecular spectroscopic database,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 130, 4–50 (2013).
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Nwaboh, J. A.

J. A. Nwaboh, O. Witzel, A. Pogány, O. Werhahn, and V. Ebert, “Optical path length calibration: a standard approach for use in absorption cell-based IR-spectrometric gas analysis,” Int. J. Spectrosc. 2014, 132607 (2014)..
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J. A. Nwaboh, O. Werhahn, and V. Ebert, “Line strength and collisional broadening coefficients of H2O at 2.7  μm for natural gas quality assurance applications,” Mol. Phys. 112, 2451–2461 (2014).
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J. A. Nwaboh, O. Werhahn, P. Ortwein, D. Schiel, and V. Ebert, “Laser-spectrometric gas analysis: CO2–TDLAS at 2 μm,” Meas. Sci. Technol. 24, 015202 (2013).
[Crossref]

J. A. Nwaboh, O. Werhahn, and D. Schiel, “Measurement of CO amount fractions using a pulsed quantum-cascade laser operated in the intrapulse mode,” Appl. Phys. B 103, 947–957 (2011).
[Crossref]

J. A. Nwaboh, Z. Qu, O. Werhan, and V. Ebert, “ICL-based CO dTDLAS sensor for atmospheric application,” in Imaging Applied Optics (2016), paper LM3G.4.

J. A. Nwaboh, S. Pratzler, O. Werhahn, and V. Ebert, “Tunable diode laser absorption spectroscopy sensor for calibration free humidity measurements in pure methane and low CO2 natural gas,” Appl. Spectrosc., published online (2016), doi: 10.1177/0003702816658672..
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Orphal, J.

L. S. Rothman, I. E. Gordon, Y. Babikov, A. Barbe, D. Chris Benner, P. F. Bernath, M. Birk, L. Bizzocchi, V. Boudon, L. R. Brown, A. Campargue, K. Chance, E. A. Cohen, L. H. Coudert, V. M. Devi, B. J. Drouin, A. Fayt, J.-M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, J. J. Harrison, J.-M. Hartmann, C. Hill, J. T. Hodges, D. Jacquemart, A. Jolly, J. Lamouroux, R. J. Le Roy, G. Li, D. A. Long, O. M. Lyulin, C. J. Mackie, S. T. Massie, S. Mikhailenko, H. S. P. Müller, O. V. Naumenko, A. V. Nikitin, J. Orphal, V. Perevalov, A. Perrin, E. R. Polovtseva, C. Richard, M. A. H. Smith, E. Starikova, K. Sung, S. Tashkun, J. Tennyson, G. C. Toon, V. G. Tyuterev, and G. Wagner, “The HITRAN2012 molecular spectroscopic database,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 130, 4–50 (2013).
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Ortwein, P.

J. A. Nwaboh, O. Werhahn, P. Ortwein, D. Schiel, and V. Ebert, “Laser-spectrometric gas analysis: CO2–TDLAS at 2 μm,” Meas. Sci. Technol. 24, 015202 (2013).
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Ott, O.

A. Pogany, O. Ott, O. Werhahn, and V. Ebert, “Towards traceability in CO2 line strength measurements by TDLAS at 2.7  μm,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 130, 147–157 (2013).
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Perevalov, V.

L. S. Rothman, I. E. Gordon, Y. Babikov, A. Barbe, D. Chris Benner, P. F. Bernath, M. Birk, L. Bizzocchi, V. Boudon, L. R. Brown, A. Campargue, K. Chance, E. A. Cohen, L. H. Coudert, V. M. Devi, B. J. Drouin, A. Fayt, J.-M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, J. J. Harrison, J.-M. Hartmann, C. Hill, J. T. Hodges, D. Jacquemart, A. Jolly, J. Lamouroux, R. J. Le Roy, G. Li, D. A. Long, O. M. Lyulin, C. J. Mackie, S. T. Massie, S. Mikhailenko, H. S. P. Müller, O. V. Naumenko, A. V. Nikitin, J. Orphal, V. Perevalov, A. Perrin, E. R. Polovtseva, C. Richard, M. A. H. Smith, E. Starikova, K. Sung, S. Tashkun, J. Tennyson, G. C. Toon, V. G. Tyuterev, and G. Wagner, “The HITRAN2012 molecular spectroscopic database,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 130, 4–50 (2013).
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Perrin, A.

L. S. Rothman, I. E. Gordon, Y. Babikov, A. Barbe, D. Chris Benner, P. F. Bernath, M. Birk, L. Bizzocchi, V. Boudon, L. R. Brown, A. Campargue, K. Chance, E. A. Cohen, L. H. Coudert, V. M. Devi, B. J. Drouin, A. Fayt, J.-M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, J. J. Harrison, J.-M. Hartmann, C. Hill, J. T. Hodges, D. Jacquemart, A. Jolly, J. Lamouroux, R. J. Le Roy, G. Li, D. A. Long, O. M. Lyulin, C. J. Mackie, S. T. Massie, S. Mikhailenko, H. S. P. Müller, O. V. Naumenko, A. V. Nikitin, J. Orphal, V. Perevalov, A. Perrin, E. R. Polovtseva, C. Richard, M. A. H. Smith, E. Starikova, K. Sung, S. Tashkun, J. Tennyson, G. C. Toon, V. G. Tyuterev, and G. Wagner, “The HITRAN2012 molecular spectroscopic database,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 130, 4–50 (2013).
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Pogany, A.

Pogány, A.

J. A. Nwaboh, O. Witzel, A. Pogány, O. Werhahn, and V. Ebert, “Optical path length calibration: a standard approach for use in absorption cell-based IR-spectrometric gas analysis,” Int. J. Spectrosc. 2014, 132607 (2014)..
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Polovtseva, E. R.

L. S. Rothman, I. E. Gordon, Y. Babikov, A. Barbe, D. Chris Benner, P. F. Bernath, M. Birk, L. Bizzocchi, V. Boudon, L. R. Brown, A. Campargue, K. Chance, E. A. Cohen, L. H. Coudert, V. M. Devi, B. J. Drouin, A. Fayt, J.-M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, J. J. Harrison, J.-M. Hartmann, C. Hill, J. T. Hodges, D. Jacquemart, A. Jolly, J. Lamouroux, R. J. Le Roy, G. Li, D. A. Long, O. M. Lyulin, C. J. Mackie, S. T. Massie, S. Mikhailenko, H. S. P. Müller, O. V. Naumenko, A. V. Nikitin, J. Orphal, V. Perevalov, A. Perrin, E. R. Polovtseva, C. Richard, M. A. H. Smith, E. Starikova, K. Sung, S. Tashkun, J. Tennyson, G. C. Toon, V. G. Tyuterev, and G. Wagner, “The HITRAN2012 molecular spectroscopic database,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 130, 4–50 (2013).
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Polyansky, O. L.

J. Tennyson, P. F. Bernath, A. Campargue, A. G. Csaszar, L. Daumont, R. R. Gamache, J. T. Hodges, D. Lisak, O. V. Naumenko, L. S. Rothman, H. Tran, N. F. Zobov, J. Buldyreva, C. D. Boone, M. D. De Vizia, L. Gianfrani, J.-M. Hartmann, R. McPheat, J. Murray, N. H. Ngo, O. L. Polyansky, and D. Weidmann, “Recommended isolated-line profile for representing high-resolution spectroscopic transitions (IUPAC Technical Report),” Pure Appl. Chem. 86, 1931–1943 (2014).

Pratzler, S.

J. A. Nwaboh, S. Pratzler, O. Werhahn, and V. Ebert, “Tunable diode laser absorption spectroscopy sensor for calibration free humidity measurements in pure methane and low CO2 natural gas,” Appl. Spectrosc., published online (2016), doi: 10.1177/0003702816658672..
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Press, W. H.

W. H. Press, S. A. Teukolsky, W. T. Vetterling, and B. P. Flannery, Numerical Recipes in C, 2nd ed. (Cambridge University, 1992).

Qu, Z.

J. A. Nwaboh, Z. Qu, O. Werhan, and V. Ebert, “ICL-based CO dTDLAS sensor for atmospheric application,” in Imaging Applied Optics (2016), paper LM3G.4.

Richard, C.

L. S. Rothman, I. E. Gordon, Y. Babikov, A. Barbe, D. Chris Benner, P. F. Bernath, M. Birk, L. Bizzocchi, V. Boudon, L. R. Brown, A. Campargue, K. Chance, E. A. Cohen, L. H. Coudert, V. M. Devi, B. J. Drouin, A. Fayt, J.-M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, J. J. Harrison, J.-M. Hartmann, C. Hill, J. T. Hodges, D. Jacquemart, A. Jolly, J. Lamouroux, R. J. Le Roy, G. Li, D. A. Long, O. M. Lyulin, C. J. Mackie, S. T. Massie, S. Mikhailenko, H. S. P. Müller, O. V. Naumenko, A. V. Nikitin, J. Orphal, V. Perevalov, A. Perrin, E. R. Polovtseva, C. Richard, M. A. H. Smith, E. Starikova, K. Sung, S. Tashkun, J. Tennyson, G. C. Toon, V. G. Tyuterev, and G. Wagner, “The HITRAN2012 molecular spectroscopic database,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 130, 4–50 (2013).
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Richard, L.

L. Richard, I. Ventrillard, G. Chau, K. Jaulin, E. Kerstel, and D. Romanini, “Optical-feedback cavity-enhanced absorption spectroscopy with an interband cascade laser: application to SO2 trace analysis,” Appl. Phys. B 122, 247 (2016).
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Riedel, U.

S. Wagner, M. Klein, T. Kathrotia, U. Riedel, T. Kissel, A. Dreizler, and V. Ebert, “Absolute, spatially resolved, in situ CO profiles in atmospheric laminar counter-flow diffusion flames using 2.3  μm TDLAS,” Appl. Phys. B 109, 533–540 (2012).
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Ritchie, G. A. D.

K. M. Manfred, G. A. D. Ritchie, N. Lang, J. Röpcke, and J. H. van Helden, “Optical feedback cavity-enhanced absorption spectroscopy with a 3.24  lm interband cascade laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 106, 221106 (2015).
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Romanini, D.

L. Richard, I. Ventrillard, G. Chau, K. Jaulin, E. Kerstel, and D. Romanini, “Optical-feedback cavity-enhanced absorption spectroscopy with an interband cascade laser: application to SO2 trace analysis,” Appl. Phys. B 122, 247 (2016).
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Röpcke, J.

K. M. Manfred, G. A. D. Ritchie, N. Lang, J. Röpcke, and J. H. van Helden, “Optical feedback cavity-enhanced absorption spectroscopy with a 3.24  lm interband cascade laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 106, 221106 (2015).
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Rothman, L. S.

J. Tennyson, P. F. Bernath, A. Campargue, A. G. Csaszar, L. Daumont, R. R. Gamache, J. T. Hodges, D. Lisak, O. V. Naumenko, L. S. Rothman, H. Tran, N. F. Zobov, J. Buldyreva, C. D. Boone, M. D. De Vizia, L. Gianfrani, J.-M. Hartmann, R. McPheat, J. Murray, N. H. Ngo, O. L. Polyansky, and D. Weidmann, “Recommended isolated-line profile for representing high-resolution spectroscopic transitions (IUPAC Technical Report),” Pure Appl. Chem. 86, 1931–1943 (2014).

L. S. Rothman, I. E. Gordon, Y. Babikov, A. Barbe, D. Chris Benner, P. F. Bernath, M. Birk, L. Bizzocchi, V. Boudon, L. R. Brown, A. Campargue, K. Chance, E. A. Cohen, L. H. Coudert, V. M. Devi, B. J. Drouin, A. Fayt, J.-M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, J. J. Harrison, J.-M. Hartmann, C. Hill, J. T. Hodges, D. Jacquemart, A. Jolly, J. Lamouroux, R. J. Le Roy, G. Li, D. A. Long, O. M. Lyulin, C. J. Mackie, S. T. Massie, S. Mikhailenko, H. S. P. Müller, O. V. Naumenko, A. V. Nikitin, J. Orphal, V. Perevalov, A. Perrin, E. R. Polovtseva, C. Richard, M. A. H. Smith, E. Starikova, K. Sung, S. Tashkun, J. Tennyson, G. C. Toon, V. G. Tyuterev, and G. Wagner, “The HITRAN2012 molecular spectroscopic database,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 130, 4–50 (2013).
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Saathoff, H.

V. Ebert, H. Teichert, C. Giesemann, H. Saathoff, and U. Schurath, “Fasergekoppeltes in-situ-laserspektrometer für den selektiven nachweis von wasserdampfspuren bis in den ppb-bereich (Fibre-coupled in-situ laser absorption spectrometer for the selective detection of water vapour traces down to the ppb-level),” Tm-Tech. Messen Plattform Für Methoden Syst. Anwendungen Messtech. 72, 23–30 (2005).

Sampaolo, A.

Sanchez, N. P.

Schiel, D.

J. A. Nwaboh, O. Werhahn, P. Ortwein, D. Schiel, and V. Ebert, “Laser-spectrometric gas analysis: CO2–TDLAS at 2 μm,” Meas. Sci. Technol. 24, 015202 (2013).
[Crossref]

J. A. Nwaboh, O. Werhahn, and D. Schiel, “Measurement of CO amount fractions using a pulsed quantum-cascade laser operated in the intrapulse mode,” Appl. Phys. B 103, 947–957 (2011).
[Crossref]

Schurath, U.

V. Ebert, H. Teichert, C. Giesemann, H. Saathoff, and U. Schurath, “Fasergekoppeltes in-situ-laserspektrometer für den selektiven nachweis von wasserdampfspuren bis in den ppb-bereich (Fibre-coupled in-situ laser absorption spectrometer for the selective detection of water vapour traces down to the ppb-level),” Tm-Tech. Messen Plattform Für Methoden Syst. Anwendungen Messtech. 72, 23–30 (2005).

Slemr, F.

P. Werle, R. Mücke, and F. Slemr, “The limits of signal averaging in atmospheric trace-gas monitoring by tunable diode-laser absorption spectroscopy (TDLAS),” Appl. Phys. B 57, 131–139 (1993).
[Crossref]

Smith, M. A. H.

L. S. Rothman, I. E. Gordon, Y. Babikov, A. Barbe, D. Chris Benner, P. F. Bernath, M. Birk, L. Bizzocchi, V. Boudon, L. R. Brown, A. Campargue, K. Chance, E. A. Cohen, L. H. Coudert, V. M. Devi, B. J. Drouin, A. Fayt, J.-M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, J. J. Harrison, J.-M. Hartmann, C. Hill, J. T. Hodges, D. Jacquemart, A. Jolly, J. Lamouroux, R. J. Le Roy, G. Li, D. A. Long, O. M. Lyulin, C. J. Mackie, S. T. Massie, S. Mikhailenko, H. S. P. Müller, O. V. Naumenko, A. V. Nikitin, J. Orphal, V. Perevalov, A. Perrin, E. R. Polovtseva, C. Richard, M. A. H. Smith, E. Starikova, K. Sung, S. Tashkun, J. Tennyson, G. C. Toon, V. G. Tyuterev, and G. Wagner, “The HITRAN2012 molecular spectroscopic database,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 130, 4–50 (2013).
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So, S.

Sonnenfroh, D. M.

D. M. Sonnenfroh, R. T. Wainner, and M. G. Allen, “Interband cascade laser-based sensor for ambient CH4,” Opt. Eng. 49, 111118 (2010).
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Starikova, E.

L. S. Rothman, I. E. Gordon, Y. Babikov, A. Barbe, D. Chris Benner, P. F. Bernath, M. Birk, L. Bizzocchi, V. Boudon, L. R. Brown, A. Campargue, K. Chance, E. A. Cohen, L. H. Coudert, V. M. Devi, B. J. Drouin, A. Fayt, J.-M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, J. J. Harrison, J.-M. Hartmann, C. Hill, J. T. Hodges, D. Jacquemart, A. Jolly, J. Lamouroux, R. J. Le Roy, G. Li, D. A. Long, O. M. Lyulin, C. J. Mackie, S. T. Massie, S. Mikhailenko, H. S. P. Müller, O. V. Naumenko, A. V. Nikitin, J. Orphal, V. Perevalov, A. Perrin, E. R. Polovtseva, C. Richard, M. A. H. Smith, E. Starikova, K. Sung, S. Tashkun, J. Tennyson, G. C. Toon, V. G. Tyuterev, and G. Wagner, “The HITRAN2012 molecular spectroscopic database,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 130, 4–50 (2013).
[Crossref]

Sung, K.

L. S. Rothman, I. E. Gordon, Y. Babikov, A. Barbe, D. Chris Benner, P. F. Bernath, M. Birk, L. Bizzocchi, V. Boudon, L. R. Brown, A. Campargue, K. Chance, E. A. Cohen, L. H. Coudert, V. M. Devi, B. J. Drouin, A. Fayt, J.-M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, J. J. Harrison, J.-M. Hartmann, C. Hill, J. T. Hodges, D. Jacquemart, A. Jolly, J. Lamouroux, R. J. Le Roy, G. Li, D. A. Long, O. M. Lyulin, C. J. Mackie, S. T. Massie, S. Mikhailenko, H. S. P. Müller, O. V. Naumenko, A. V. Nikitin, J. Orphal, V. Perevalov, A. Perrin, E. R. Polovtseva, C. Richard, M. A. H. Smith, E. Starikova, K. Sung, S. Tashkun, J. Tennyson, G. C. Toon, V. G. Tyuterev, and G. Wagner, “The HITRAN2012 molecular spectroscopic database,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 130, 4–50 (2013).
[Crossref]

Tashkun, S.

L. S. Rothman, I. E. Gordon, Y. Babikov, A. Barbe, D. Chris Benner, P. F. Bernath, M. Birk, L. Bizzocchi, V. Boudon, L. R. Brown, A. Campargue, K. Chance, E. A. Cohen, L. H. Coudert, V. M. Devi, B. J. Drouin, A. Fayt, J.-M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, J. J. Harrison, J.-M. Hartmann, C. Hill, J. T. Hodges, D. Jacquemart, A. Jolly, J. Lamouroux, R. J. Le Roy, G. Li, D. A. Long, O. M. Lyulin, C. J. Mackie, S. T. Massie, S. Mikhailenko, H. S. P. Müller, O. V. Naumenko, A. V. Nikitin, J. Orphal, V. Perevalov, A. Perrin, E. R. Polovtseva, C. Richard, M. A. H. Smith, E. Starikova, K. Sung, S. Tashkun, J. Tennyson, G. C. Toon, V. G. Tyuterev, and G. Wagner, “The HITRAN2012 molecular spectroscopic database,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 130, 4–50 (2013).
[Crossref]

Teichert, H.

V. Ebert, H. Teichert, C. Giesemann, H. Saathoff, and U. Schurath, “Fasergekoppeltes in-situ-laserspektrometer für den selektiven nachweis von wasserdampfspuren bis in den ppb-bereich (Fibre-coupled in-situ laser absorption spectrometer for the selective detection of water vapour traces down to the ppb-level),” Tm-Tech. Messen Plattform Für Methoden Syst. Anwendungen Messtech. 72, 23–30 (2005).

Tennyson, J.

J. Tennyson, P. F. Bernath, A. Campargue, A. G. Csaszar, L. Daumont, R. R. Gamache, J. T. Hodges, D. Lisak, O. V. Naumenko, L. S. Rothman, H. Tran, N. F. Zobov, J. Buldyreva, C. D. Boone, M. D. De Vizia, L. Gianfrani, J.-M. Hartmann, R. McPheat, J. Murray, N. H. Ngo, O. L. Polyansky, and D. Weidmann, “Recommended isolated-line profile for representing high-resolution spectroscopic transitions (IUPAC Technical Report),” Pure Appl. Chem. 86, 1931–1943 (2014).

L. S. Rothman, I. E. Gordon, Y. Babikov, A. Barbe, D. Chris Benner, P. F. Bernath, M. Birk, L. Bizzocchi, V. Boudon, L. R. Brown, A. Campargue, K. Chance, E. A. Cohen, L. H. Coudert, V. M. Devi, B. J. Drouin, A. Fayt, J.-M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, J. J. Harrison, J.-M. Hartmann, C. Hill, J. T. Hodges, D. Jacquemart, A. Jolly, J. Lamouroux, R. J. Le Roy, G. Li, D. A. Long, O. M. Lyulin, C. J. Mackie, S. T. Massie, S. Mikhailenko, H. S. P. Müller, O. V. Naumenko, A. V. Nikitin, J. Orphal, V. Perevalov, A. Perrin, E. R. Polovtseva, C. Richard, M. A. H. Smith, E. Starikova, K. Sung, S. Tashkun, J. Tennyson, G. C. Toon, V. G. Tyuterev, and G. Wagner, “The HITRAN2012 molecular spectroscopic database,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 130, 4–50 (2013).
[Crossref]

Teukolsky, S. A.

W. H. Press, S. A. Teukolsky, W. T. Vetterling, and B. P. Flannery, Numerical Recipes in C, 2nd ed. (Cambridge University, 1992).

Tittel, F. K.

Toon, G. C.

L. S. Rothman, I. E. Gordon, Y. Babikov, A. Barbe, D. Chris Benner, P. F. Bernath, M. Birk, L. Bizzocchi, V. Boudon, L. R. Brown, A. Campargue, K. Chance, E. A. Cohen, L. H. Coudert, V. M. Devi, B. J. Drouin, A. Fayt, J.-M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, J. J. Harrison, J.-M. Hartmann, C. Hill, J. T. Hodges, D. Jacquemart, A. Jolly, J. Lamouroux, R. J. Le Roy, G. Li, D. A. Long, O. M. Lyulin, C. J. Mackie, S. T. Massie, S. Mikhailenko, H. S. P. Müller, O. V. Naumenko, A. V. Nikitin, J. Orphal, V. Perevalov, A. Perrin, E. R. Polovtseva, C. Richard, M. A. H. Smith, E. Starikova, K. Sung, S. Tashkun, J. Tennyson, G. C. Toon, V. G. Tyuterev, and G. Wagner, “The HITRAN2012 molecular spectroscopic database,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 130, 4–50 (2013).
[Crossref]

Tran, H.

N. H. Ngo, D. Lisak, H. Tran, and J.-M. Hartmann, ““Erratum to “An isolated line-shape model to go beyond the Voigt profile in spectroscopic databases and radiative transfer codes” [J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer. 129: 89–100 (2013)],” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 134, 105 (2014).
[Crossref]

J. Tennyson, P. F. Bernath, A. Campargue, A. G. Csaszar, L. Daumont, R. R. Gamache, J. T. Hodges, D. Lisak, O. V. Naumenko, L. S. Rothman, H. Tran, N. F. Zobov, J. Buldyreva, C. D. Boone, M. D. De Vizia, L. Gianfrani, J.-M. Hartmann, R. McPheat, J. Murray, N. H. Ngo, O. L. Polyansky, and D. Weidmann, “Recommended isolated-line profile for representing high-resolution spectroscopic transitions (IUPAC Technical Report),” Pure Appl. Chem. 86, 1931–1943 (2014).

N. H. Ngo, D. Lisak, H. Tran, and J.-M. Hartmann, “An isolated line-shape model to go beyond the Voigt profile in spectroscopic databases and radiative transfer codes,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 129, 89–100 (2013).
[Crossref]

Tyuterev, V. G.

L. S. Rothman, I. E. Gordon, Y. Babikov, A. Barbe, D. Chris Benner, P. F. Bernath, M. Birk, L. Bizzocchi, V. Boudon, L. R. Brown, A. Campargue, K. Chance, E. A. Cohen, L. H. Coudert, V. M. Devi, B. J. Drouin, A. Fayt, J.-M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, J. J. Harrison, J.-M. Hartmann, C. Hill, J. T. Hodges, D. Jacquemart, A. Jolly, J. Lamouroux, R. J. Le Roy, G. Li, D. A. Long, O. M. Lyulin, C. J. Mackie, S. T. Massie, S. Mikhailenko, H. S. P. Müller, O. V. Naumenko, A. V. Nikitin, J. Orphal, V. Perevalov, A. Perrin, E. R. Polovtseva, C. Richard, M. A. H. Smith, E. Starikova, K. Sung, S. Tashkun, J. Tennyson, G. C. Toon, V. G. Tyuterev, and G. Wagner, “The HITRAN2012 molecular spectroscopic database,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 130, 4–50 (2013).
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van Helden, J. H.

K. M. Manfred, G. A. D. Ritchie, N. Lang, J. Röpcke, and J. H. van Helden, “Optical feedback cavity-enhanced absorption spectroscopy with a 3.24  lm interband cascade laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 106, 221106 (2015).
[Crossref]

Ventrillard, I.

L. Richard, I. Ventrillard, G. Chau, K. Jaulin, E. Kerstel, and D. Romanini, “Optical-feedback cavity-enhanced absorption spectroscopy with an interband cascade laser: application to SO2 trace analysis,” Appl. Phys. B 122, 247 (2016).
[Crossref]

Vetterling, W. T.

W. H. Press, S. A. Teukolsky, W. T. Vetterling, and B. P. Flannery, Numerical Recipes in C, 2nd ed. (Cambridge University, 1992).

von Edlinger, M. l.

Vurgaftman, I.

I. Vurgaftman, R. Weih, M. Kamp, J. R. Meyer, C. L. Canedy, C. S. Kim, M. Kim, W. W. Bewley, C. D. Merritt, J. Abell, and S. Höfling, “Interband cascade lasers,” J. Phys. D 48, 123001 (2015).
[Crossref]

Wagner, G.

L. S. Rothman, I. E. Gordon, Y. Babikov, A. Barbe, D. Chris Benner, P. F. Bernath, M. Birk, L. Bizzocchi, V. Boudon, L. R. Brown, A. Campargue, K. Chance, E. A. Cohen, L. H. Coudert, V. M. Devi, B. J. Drouin, A. Fayt, J.-M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, J. J. Harrison, J.-M. Hartmann, C. Hill, J. T. Hodges, D. Jacquemart, A. Jolly, J. Lamouroux, R. J. Le Roy, G. Li, D. A. Long, O. M. Lyulin, C. J. Mackie, S. T. Massie, S. Mikhailenko, H. S. P. Müller, O. V. Naumenko, A. V. Nikitin, J. Orphal, V. Perevalov, A. Perrin, E. R. Polovtseva, C. Richard, M. A. H. Smith, E. Starikova, K. Sung, S. Tashkun, J. Tennyson, G. C. Toon, V. G. Tyuterev, and G. Wagner, “The HITRAN2012 molecular spectroscopic database,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 130, 4–50 (2013).
[Crossref]

Wagner, S.

A. Pogany, S. Wagner, O. Werhahn, and V. Ebert, “Development and metrological characterization of a tunable diode laser absorption spectroscopy (TDLAS) spectrometer for simultaneous absolute measurement of carbon dioxide and water vapor,” Appl. Spectrosc. 69, 257–268 (2015).
[Crossref]

S. Wagner, M. Klein, T. Kathrotia, U. Riedel, T. Kissel, A. Dreizler, and V. Ebert, “Absolute, spatially resolved, in situ CO profiles in atmospheric laminar counter-flow diffusion flames using 2.3  μm TDLAS,” Appl. Phys. B 109, 533–540 (2012).
[Crossref]

Wainner, R. T.

D. M. Sonnenfroh, R. T. Wainner, and M. G. Allen, “Interband cascade laser-based sensor for ambient CH4,” Opt. Eng. 49, 111118 (2010).
[Crossref]

Wang, Y.

C. Li, C. Zheng, L. Dong, W. Ye, F. K. Tittel, and Y. Wang, “Ppb-level mid-infrared ethane detection based on three measurement schemes using a 3.34-μm continuous-wave interband cascade laser,” Appl. Phys. B 122, 185 (2016).
[Crossref]

Weidmann, D.

J. Tennyson, P. F. Bernath, A. Campargue, A. G. Csaszar, L. Daumont, R. R. Gamache, J. T. Hodges, D. Lisak, O. V. Naumenko, L. S. Rothman, H. Tran, N. F. Zobov, J. Buldyreva, C. D. Boone, M. D. De Vizia, L. Gianfrani, J.-M. Hartmann, R. McPheat, J. Murray, N. H. Ngo, O. L. Polyansky, and D. Weidmann, “Recommended isolated-line profile for representing high-resolution spectroscopic transitions (IUPAC Technical Report),” Pure Appl. Chem. 86, 1931–1943 (2014).

Weih, R.

I. Vurgaftman, R. Weih, M. Kamp, J. R. Meyer, C. L. Canedy, C. S. Kim, M. Kim, W. W. Bewley, C. D. Merritt, J. Abell, and S. Höfling, “Interband cascade lasers,” J. Phys. D 48, 123001 (2015).
[Crossref]

S. Lundqvist, P. Kluczynski, R. Weih, M. l. von Edlinger, L. Nähle, M. Fischer, A. Bauer, S. Höfling, and J. Koeth, “Sensing of formaldehyde using a distributed feedback interband cascade laser emitting around 3493  nm,” Appl. Opt. 51, 6009–6013 (2012).
[Crossref]

Werhahn, O.

A. Pogany, S. Wagner, O. Werhahn, and V. Ebert, “Development and metrological characterization of a tunable diode laser absorption spectroscopy (TDLAS) spectrometer for simultaneous absolute measurement of carbon dioxide and water vapor,” Appl. Spectrosc. 69, 257–268 (2015).
[Crossref]

J. A. Nwaboh, O. Werhahn, and V. Ebert, “Line strength and collisional broadening coefficients of H2O at 2.7  μm for natural gas quality assurance applications,” Mol. Phys. 112, 2451–2461 (2014).
[Crossref]

J. A. Nwaboh, O. Witzel, A. Pogány, O. Werhahn, and V. Ebert, “Optical path length calibration: a standard approach for use in absorption cell-based IR-spectrometric gas analysis,” Int. J. Spectrosc. 2014, 132607 (2014)..
[Crossref]

J. A. Nwaboh, O. Werhahn, P. Ortwein, D. Schiel, and V. Ebert, “Laser-spectrometric gas analysis: CO2–TDLAS at 2 μm,” Meas. Sci. Technol. 24, 015202 (2013).
[Crossref]

A. Pogany, O. Ott, O. Werhahn, and V. Ebert, “Towards traceability in CO2 line strength measurements by TDLAS at 2.7  μm,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 130, 147–157 (2013).
[Crossref]

J. A. Nwaboh, O. Werhahn, and D. Schiel, “Measurement of CO amount fractions using a pulsed quantum-cascade laser operated in the intrapulse mode,” Appl. Phys. B 103, 947–957 (2011).
[Crossref]

J. A. Nwaboh, S. Pratzler, O. Werhahn, and V. Ebert, “Tunable diode laser absorption spectroscopy sensor for calibration free humidity measurements in pure methane and low CO2 natural gas,” Appl. Spectrosc., published online (2016), doi: 10.1177/0003702816658672..
[Crossref]

Werhan, O.

J. A. Nwaboh, Z. Qu, O. Werhan, and V. Ebert, “ICL-based CO dTDLAS sensor for atmospheric application,” in Imaging Applied Optics (2016), paper LM3G.4.

Werle, P.

P. Werle, R. Mücke, and F. Slemr, “The limits of signal averaging in atmospheric trace-gas monitoring by tunable diode-laser absorption spectroscopy (TDLAS),” Appl. Phys. B 57, 131–139 (1993).
[Crossref]

Wieser, M. E.

M. Berglund and M. E. Wieser, “Isotopic compositions of the elements 2009 (IUPAC Technical Report),” Pure Appl. Chem. 83, 397–410 (2011).
[Crossref]

Witzel, O.

J. A. Nwaboh, O. Witzel, A. Pogány, O. Werhahn, and V. Ebert, “Optical path length calibration: a standard approach for use in absorption cell-based IR-spectrometric gas analysis,” Int. J. Spectrosc. 2014, 132607 (2014)..
[Crossref]

Wu, H.

Wysocki, G.

Yang, R. Q.

Ye, W.

C. Li, C. Zheng, L. Dong, W. Ye, F. K. Tittel, and Y. Wang, “Ppb-level mid-infrared ethane detection based on three measurement schemes using a 3.34-μm continuous-wave interband cascade laser,” Appl. Phys. B 122, 185 (2016).
[Crossref]

Yu, Y.

Zhang, Z.

Z. Du, W. Zhen, Z. Zhang, J. Li, and N. Gao, “Detection of methyl mercaptan with a 3393-nm distributed feedback interband cascade laser,” Appl. Phys. B 122, 100 (2016).
[Crossref]

Zhen, W.

Z. Du, W. Zhen, Z. Zhang, J. Li, and N. Gao, “Detection of methyl mercaptan with a 3393-nm distributed feedback interband cascade laser,” Appl. Phys. B 122, 100 (2016).
[Crossref]

Zheng, C.

C. Li, C. Zheng, L. Dong, W. Ye, F. K. Tittel, and Y. Wang, “Ppb-level mid-infrared ethane detection based on three measurement schemes using a 3.34-μm continuous-wave interband cascade laser,” Appl. Phys. B 122, 185 (2016).
[Crossref]

L. Dong, F. K. Tittel, C. Li, N. P. Sanchez, H. Wu, C. Zheng, Y. Yu, A. Sampaolo, and R. J. Griffin, “Compact TDLAS based sensor design using interband cascade lasers for mid-IR trace gas sensing,” Opt. Express 24, A528–A535 (2016).
[Crossref]

Zobov, N. F.

J. Tennyson, P. F. Bernath, A. Campargue, A. G. Csaszar, L. Daumont, R. R. Gamache, J. T. Hodges, D. Lisak, O. V. Naumenko, L. S. Rothman, H. Tran, N. F. Zobov, J. Buldyreva, C. D. Boone, M. D. De Vizia, L. Gianfrani, J.-M. Hartmann, R. McPheat, J. Murray, N. H. Ngo, O. L. Polyansky, and D. Weidmann, “Recommended isolated-line profile for representing high-resolution spectroscopic transitions (IUPAC Technical Report),” Pure Appl. Chem. 86, 1931–1943 (2014).

Appl. Opt. (2)

Appl. Phys. B (7)

Z. Du, W. Zhen, Z. Zhang, J. Li, and N. Gao, “Detection of methyl mercaptan with a 3393-nm distributed feedback interband cascade laser,” Appl. Phys. B 122, 100 (2016).
[Crossref]

C. Li, C. Zheng, L. Dong, W. Ye, F. K. Tittel, and Y. Wang, “Ppb-level mid-infrared ethane detection based on three measurement schemes using a 3.34-μm continuous-wave interband cascade laser,” Appl. Phys. B 122, 185 (2016).
[Crossref]

L. Richard, I. Ventrillard, G. Chau, K. Jaulin, E. Kerstel, and D. Romanini, “Optical-feedback cavity-enhanced absorption spectroscopy with an interband cascade laser: application to SO2 trace analysis,” Appl. Phys. B 122, 247 (2016).
[Crossref]

S. Wagner, M. Klein, T. Kathrotia, U. Riedel, T. Kissel, A. Dreizler, and V. Ebert, “Absolute, spatially resolved, in situ CO profiles in atmospheric laminar counter-flow diffusion flames using 2.3  μm TDLAS,” Appl. Phys. B 109, 533–540 (2012).
[Crossref]

J. A. Nwaboh, O. Werhahn, and D. Schiel, “Measurement of CO amount fractions using a pulsed quantum-cascade laser operated in the intrapulse mode,” Appl. Phys. B 103, 947–957 (2011).
[Crossref]

B. Buchholz, N. Böse, and V. Ebert, “Absolute validation of a diode laser hygrometer via intercomparison with the German national primary water vapor standard,” Appl. Phys. B 116, 883–899 (2014).
[Crossref]

P. Werle, R. Mücke, and F. Slemr, “The limits of signal averaging in atmospheric trace-gas monitoring by tunable diode-laser absorption spectroscopy (TDLAS),” Appl. Phys. B 57, 131–139 (1993).
[Crossref]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

K. M. Manfred, G. A. D. Ritchie, N. Lang, J. Röpcke, and J. H. van Helden, “Optical feedback cavity-enhanced absorption spectroscopy with a 3.24  lm interband cascade laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 106, 221106 (2015).
[Crossref]

Appl. Spectrosc. (1)

Int. J. Spectrosc. (1)

J. A. Nwaboh, O. Witzel, A. Pogány, O. Werhahn, and V. Ebert, “Optical path length calibration: a standard approach for use in absorption cell-based IR-spectrometric gas analysis,” Int. J. Spectrosc. 2014, 132607 (2014)..
[Crossref]

J. Appl. Phys. (1)

D. Chandler-Horowitz and P. M. Amirtharaj, “High-accuracy, midinfrared (450  cm−1  ≤ w ≤ 4000  cm−1) refractive index values of silicon,” J. Appl. Phys. 97, 123526 (2005).
[Crossref]

J. Phys. D (1)

I. Vurgaftman, R. Weih, M. Kamp, J. R. Meyer, C. L. Canedy, C. S. Kim, M. Kim, W. W. Bewley, C. D. Merritt, J. Abell, and S. Höfling, “Interband cascade lasers,” J. Phys. D 48, 123001 (2015).
[Crossref]

J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer (4)

N. H. Ngo, D. Lisak, H. Tran, and J.-M. Hartmann, “An isolated line-shape model to go beyond the Voigt profile in spectroscopic databases and radiative transfer codes,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 129, 89–100 (2013).
[Crossref]

N. H. Ngo, D. Lisak, H. Tran, and J.-M. Hartmann, ““Erratum to “An isolated line-shape model to go beyond the Voigt profile in spectroscopic databases and radiative transfer codes” [J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer. 129: 89–100 (2013)],” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 134, 105 (2014).
[Crossref]

A. Pogany, O. Ott, O. Werhahn, and V. Ebert, “Towards traceability in CO2 line strength measurements by TDLAS at 2.7  μm,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 130, 147–157 (2013).
[Crossref]

L. S. Rothman, I. E. Gordon, Y. Babikov, A. Barbe, D. Chris Benner, P. F. Bernath, M. Birk, L. Bizzocchi, V. Boudon, L. R. Brown, A. Campargue, K. Chance, E. A. Cohen, L. H. Coudert, V. M. Devi, B. J. Drouin, A. Fayt, J.-M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, J. J. Harrison, J.-M. Hartmann, C. Hill, J. T. Hodges, D. Jacquemart, A. Jolly, J. Lamouroux, R. J. Le Roy, G. Li, D. A. Long, O. M. Lyulin, C. J. Mackie, S. T. Massie, S. Mikhailenko, H. S. P. Müller, O. V. Naumenko, A. V. Nikitin, J. Orphal, V. Perevalov, A. Perrin, E. R. Polovtseva, C. Richard, M. A. H. Smith, E. Starikova, K. Sung, S. Tashkun, J. Tennyson, G. C. Toon, V. G. Tyuterev, and G. Wagner, “The HITRAN2012 molecular spectroscopic database,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 130, 4–50 (2013).
[Crossref]

Meas. Sci. Technol. (1)

J. A. Nwaboh, O. Werhahn, P. Ortwein, D. Schiel, and V. Ebert, “Laser-spectrometric gas analysis: CO2–TDLAS at 2 μm,” Meas. Sci. Technol. 24, 015202 (2013).
[Crossref]

Mol. Phys. (1)

J. A. Nwaboh, O. Werhahn, and V. Ebert, “Line strength and collisional broadening coefficients of H2O at 2.7  μm for natural gas quality assurance applications,” Mol. Phys. 112, 2451–2461 (2014).
[Crossref]

Opt. Eng. (1)

D. M. Sonnenfroh, R. T. Wainner, and M. G. Allen, “Interband cascade laser-based sensor for ambient CH4,” Opt. Eng. 49, 111118 (2010).
[Crossref]

Opt. Express (1)

Pure Appl. Chem. (2)

J. Tennyson, P. F. Bernath, A. Campargue, A. G. Csaszar, L. Daumont, R. R. Gamache, J. T. Hodges, D. Lisak, O. V. Naumenko, L. S. Rothman, H. Tran, N. F. Zobov, J. Buldyreva, C. D. Boone, M. D. De Vizia, L. Gianfrani, J.-M. Hartmann, R. McPheat, J. Murray, N. H. Ngo, O. L. Polyansky, and D. Weidmann, “Recommended isolated-line profile for representing high-resolution spectroscopic transitions (IUPAC Technical Report),” Pure Appl. Chem. 86, 1931–1943 (2014).

M. Berglund and M. E. Wieser, “Isotopic compositions of the elements 2009 (IUPAC Technical Report),” Pure Appl. Chem. 83, 397–410 (2011).
[Crossref]

Tm-Tech. Messen Plattform Für Methoden Syst. Anwendungen Messtech. (1)

V. Ebert, H. Teichert, C. Giesemann, H. Saathoff, and U. Schurath, “Fasergekoppeltes in-situ-laserspektrometer für den selektiven nachweis von wasserdampfspuren bis in den ppb-bereich (Fibre-coupled in-situ laser absorption spectrometer for the selective detection of water vapour traces down to the ppb-level),” Tm-Tech. Messen Plattform Für Methoden Syst. Anwendungen Messtech. 72, 23–30 (2005).

Other (16)

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HITRAN database, https://www.cfa.harvard.edu/hitran/ .

GUM Workbench version 2.4.1, http://www.metrodata.de .

W. H. Press, S. A. Teukolsky, W. T. Vetterling, and B. P. Flannery, Numerical Recipes in C, 2nd ed. (Cambridge University, 1992).

Bundesanstalt für Materialforschung und Prüfung (BAM), BLeast-software, http://www.bam.de .

“Gas analysis–comparison methods for determining and checking the composition of calibration gas mixtures,” .(2001).

J. A. Nwaboh, Z. Qu, O. Werhan, and V. Ebert, “ICL-based CO dTDLAS sensor for atmospheric application,” in Imaging Applied Optics (2016), paper LM3G.4.

J. A. Nwaboh, S. Pratzler, O. Werhahn, and V. Ebert, “Tunable diode laser absorption spectroscopy sensor for calibration free humidity measurements in pure methane and low CO2 natural gas,” Appl. Spectrosc., published online (2016), doi: 10.1177/0003702816658672..
[Crossref]

“18th WMO/IAEA meeting on carbon dioxide, other greenhouse gases and related tracers measurement techniques (GGMT),” , 2015, http://www.wmo.int/pages/prog/arep/gaw/documents/FINAL_GAW_REPORT_229.pdf .

Carbon monoxide (CO) WMO scale, http://www.esrl.noaa.gov/gmd/ccl/co_scale.html .

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B. Buchholz and V. Ebert, “18 month long, metrological validation of SEALDH-II–an airborne and calibration-free dTDLAS reference hygrometer,” Atmos. Meas. Tech. (2017, to be submitted).

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L. Nähle, L. Hildebrandt, M. Kamp, and S. Höfling, Laser Focus World, 2013, http://www.laserfocusworld.com/articles/print/volume-49/issue-05/features/interband-cascade-lasers--icls-open-opportunities-for-mid-ir-sen.html .

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Figures (6)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Schematic of a dTDLAS CO optical transfer standard setup.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

(a) Typical dTDLAS signal measured with the ICL-based OTS at 6 Hz. (b) Absorbance data derived for the data in (a). A Voigt profile is fitted to the data.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

(a) Plot of the Lorentzian full width as a function of the total gas pressure. A generalized linear regression (GLR) is applied to the data to determine the air-broadening coefficient (γair) of the CO line at 2154.6  cm1. The uncertainties of the air-broadening coefficients are expressed for k=2. (b) Comparison between the measured air-broadening coefficient to the value reported in the HITRAN2012 database [35]. (c) Line strength derived for the R2 CO line at 2154.6  cm1 in the work compared to the value reported in the HITRAN2012 database. The uncertainties of the line strength values are expressed for k=2.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

(a) Plot of measured line area versus Γ=ST·riso·L·ptotal/(kB·T) for a 3 μmol/mol CO in air mixture. A GLR is applied to the data. The slope value of the GLR is xCO. The uncertainty of the amount fraction results is expressed for k=2. (b) Plot of OTS CO amount fraction results as a function of gravimetric CO amount fraction values. A GLR is applied to the data, resulting in a slope value of 0.999±0.008. The two double arrows, long and short, indicate the amount fraction range measured with the single and multipass gas cells, respectively.

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

(a) Plot of OTS xCO results as a function of time. The measurements were performed at 6 Hz. (b) Allan deviation for the results in (a).

Fig. 6.
Fig. 6.

(a) Plot of atmospheric CO results measured with the OTS as function of time. A moving average is evaluated for the data at Δt=14  s. (b) Comparison of OTS xCO results to xCO values delivered by a commercial gas analyzer (Picarro). The dashed line shows that the Picarro results match those of the OTS.

Tables (2)

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Table 1. Summary of Line Data Measured in this Work for the R2 CO Line at 2154.6  cm1 and Used for Data Evaluation and Analysis

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Table 2. Uncertainty Budgets for OTS CO Results at 3 μmol/mol and 300 nmol/mol

Equations (3)

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ϕ(ν˜,L)=Tr(t)·ϕ0(ν˜)·exp{ST·riso·g(ν˜ν˜0)·L·n}+E(t),
xspecies=kB·TST·riso·L·ptotalA(ν˜)dν˜=kB·TST·riso·L·ptotal·Aline,
Δν˜L=2·pself·γself·(T0T)ns+2·fpf·γf·(T0T)nf,

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