Abstract

Using polarization as an additional parameter apart from amplitude and phase in spatial filtering experiments offers additional advantages and possibilities. An S-waveplate that can convert a linearly polarized light into radially or azimuthally polarized light can also be used for isotropic edge enhancement. For anisotropic edge enhancement, introduction of a polarizer at the output was recommended and edge selection was done by orientation of the polarizer. But the full potential of the S-waveplate as a spatial filter has not been exploited so far. Unlike the standard amplitude and phase-based Fourier filters, which are independent to the state of polarization of the illuminating beam, the S-waveplate acts in a different way depending on the state of polarization. The edge selection does not need to be carried out by changing the orientation of the polarizer. With a fixed polarizer at the output, we show that either isotropic or anisotropic edge enhancement in any desired orientation can be performed by operating the same spatial filter setup in different illuminating polarization states.

© 2017 Optical Society of America

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