Abstract

The polarization-dependent transverse mode properties in a few-mode nonpolarization-maintaining (non-PM) fiber amplifier with PM fiber laser seeding are investigated. In addition, the effect of spectral broadening on degeneration of the degree of polarization (DOP) is studied. The experimental results show that a high DOP can be achieved if the output laser of the non-PM fiber amplifier has good beam quality and a narrow linewidth without any broadening. A kilowatt (kW) fiber laser system with PM fiber seed and a non-PM fiber amplifier is demonstrated with the DOP at around 90% by controlling the beam quality and spectrum broadening. With the active polarization control technique, the system can achieve a kW linearly polarized output with 6.5 GHz linewidth. The M2 is around 1.1, and the polarization extinction ratio is about 14.5 dB. Unfortunately, the random self-pulsing issue arose when the output power exceeded 1093 W. We believe that a higher power of linearly polarized laser output based on adaptive polarization control in a non-PM fiber amplifier will be obtained if the self-pulsing issue is solved.

© 2017 Optical Society of America

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