Abstract

A real-time complex amplitude reconstruction method for determining the dynamic beam quality M2 factor based on a Mach–Zehnder self-referencing interferometer wavefront sensor is developed. By using the proposed complex amplitude reconstruction method, full characterization of the laser beam, including amplitude (intensity profile) and phase information, can be reconstructed from a single interference pattern with the Fourier fringe pattern analysis method in a one-shot measurement. With the reconstructed complex amplitude, the beam fields at any position z along its propagation direction can be obtained by first utilizing the diffraction integral theory. Then the beam quality M2 factor of the dynamic beam is calculated according to the specified method of the Standard ISO11146. The feasibility of the proposed method is demonstrated with the theoretical analysis and experiment, including the static and dynamic beam process. The experimental method is simple, fast, and operates without movable parts and is allowed in order to investigate the laser beam in inaccessible conditions using existing methods.

© 2016 Optical Society of America

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Supplementary Material (2)

NameDescription
» Visualization 1: AVI (4275 KB)      Interferograms with spatial phase carrier-frequency.
» Visualization 2: AVI (2062 KB)      Reconstructed phase and intensity of the aberration beam.

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