Abstract

The application of visual technology to mine robots has become a hot topic in the development of coal mine automatic production. Key techniques of robot control are the feature recognition of sampled videos and the perception of complex surroundings. However, it is difficult for features in underground images with dark hue and low target discrimination to be recognized and extracted, especially for reasons of the nonuniform illumination and heavy dust concentration in mines. Hence, an edge detection algorithm based on the Retinex theory and wavelet multiscale product is proposed in this paper for low-light-level mine image feature extraction, which employs a modified multiscale Retinex method to deal with the low frequency subplot after the wavelet decomposition, an improved fuzzy enhancement approach to handle high frequency components, and finally a revised multiscale product edge detection algorithm to obtain the ultima edge image. Compared with a variety of algorithms by detecting edges of both normal illuminated and underground images, experimental results show that with characteristics of high real-time performance and detection accuracy, the proposed algorithm can exactly meet the needs of surrounding environment perception for mine robots, which applies well to image edge detection in low illumination mines.

© 2016 Optical Society of America

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